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ccLVii. Richard Croke to Lord Cromwell; that he had 
preached three score Sermons in favour of the 
King's Supremacy, with a List of the places 

where they had been preached 3 

ccLVUi. Abbot Whiting to Cromwell, who had asked for 

. Mr. Maurice Berkeley to hare the appointments 

of Master of the Game, and of the Office of 

Keeper, with the herbage and pannage of the 

Park of Northwode 6 

ccux. Ralph Sadler to Secretary Cromwell. The King 
determines that no Hearse shall be set up in St. 
Paul's for the Princess Dowager. Letters 
stamped. Difficulty in getting the King to sign 
bills 8 

ocLX. Margaret Yemon, late Prioress of Little Marlow, 
to Secretary Cromwell, to aid in proyiding her 
with a subsistence 10 

OCLXI. Lee, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, and Sir 
Thomas Englefield, to Secretary Cromwell, up- 
on the extirpation of certain Outlaws from 
Wales 13 

ocuii. Henry Lord Stafford to Lord Cromwell. The 
Nunnery of *< White Ladies." Asks for a grant 
of the Priory of Runton 15 

CX3LXIII. Sir Simon Harcourt to Secretary Cromwell, asking 
either for the continuance in its condition, or the 
grant in fee-feum of Runton Priory in Stafford- 
shire IT 





ccLXiv. George Earl of Shrewsbury to John Scudamore, 
one of the Gentlemen Ushers of the King's 
Chamber, for his interest to procure him the 
grant of Wormesley Priory 20 

CCLXV. Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire, to Secretary 
Cromwell, agreeing to raise the allowance to his 
Son's widow from a hundred Marks to a hun- 
dred Pounds 21 

ccLXvi. Archbishop Cranmer to King Henry VIII. con- 
cerning the King's Supremacy 23 

ccLxvii. John Tregonwell to Secretary Cromwell. Visits 
Godstowe Nunnery in Oxfordshire, Ensham, 
Bruem, Wroxton, Clattercote, the Nuns of 
Catesby, Canons Ashby, Chalcombei Studley, 
Notley, Tame, Dorchester 31 

ccLxviii. The Abbot of Abingdon to Secretary Cromwell, 
that he had taken a Priest into custody, who 
travelled about practising Conjuration 41 

ccLxix. Sir Piers Dutton to Sir Thomas Audeley, giving 
an account of the Insurrection of the Abbot of 
Norton against the suppressors of his Abbey. 

Sir Piers Dutton rescues the Commissioners 42 

The Prior of Durham to Secretary Cromwell, with 

an increased Annuity for Life 44 

Margaret Cecill and John Huse to Cromwell, for 
John Reignold, one of the Princess's footmen, to 
have the ferm of the lately suppressed Priory of 

Bethekelert, in Caernarvonshire 46 

Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to Lord 
Cromwell, on the state of Gloucestershire. Ap* 
parently written about A. d. 1536 47 

ccLXxiii. Joyce, late Prioress of Catesby, to Secretary Crom- 

weU 50 

ccLxxiv. ^bert Aske, Chief Captain of the ^' Conventual 
Assembly,'' to the Commons of Yorkshire, to 
raise them for the Pilgrimage of Grace 52 

ccLXXv. Robert Aske to Lord Darcy, announcing the King's 
pardon to the Northern Parts, and praying his 
Lordship ^'to stay his quarters,'' as he had done 
himself. 58 









' ccLxxxin. 







Lancaster Herald to the Lord Privy Seal. The 
detail of his Journey to the North Parts bearing 
the King's Proclamation, after the first snbsiding 
of the "Pilgrimage of Grace." 60 

The Council of the North to the Lord Priry Seal. 
Lancaster Herald tried and executed 62 

Henry Parker Lord Morley, to the Lord Privy 
Seal, accompanying the present of Macchia- 
velli's Florentine History 63 

Ralph Lane and Thomas Lee to the Lord Privy 
Seal, after searching the Books and Goods of 
Dr. Lush, Vicar of Aylesbury 69 

Richard Layton to Lord CromweU ; inviting him to 
pay him a Visit at his Rectory at Harrow 71 

Richard Layton, William Petre, and John Freman, 
to the Lord Privy Seal, upon receiving the Sur- 
render of Bewley Abbey. The distress of the 
Sanctuary people 72 

Lee, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, to Lord 
Cromwell, on the proposed exchange of his 
Ifouse in the Strand with the Lord Beauchamp. 74 

Richard Layton to Lprd Cromwell. The death of 
the Earl of Northumberland 75 

William Lawrence to the Lord Privy Seal, that he 
had sent up the Image of our Lady of Ipswich 
by sea 78 

Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell. The arrival 
of "the Image of Our Lady which was at Ips- 
vrich." 79 

George Alysbury to the Lord Privy Seal, to aid 
his suit to the King for the Manor of Ofchirche, 
in Warwickshire 80 

George Alysbury to the Lord Privy Seal, to put 
the King in remembrance for some living. The 
charges that he had been at 81 

Sir Humphrey Wingfield to the Lord Privy Seal. 
Three felons, at Ipswich, found guilty, but 
"prayed their Book;" no Ordinary to hear 
them read, they were reprieved without judg- 
ment given upon the verdict 82 






ccLXxxix. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell; respecting his 
Households, and his Buildings which were 

going on 84 

ocxc. Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell. The Bishop 
of Hereford sends a Present of Bay-salt. 
Thacker petitions for the ferm of the snppressed 
Priory of Bredsalle Park; and afterwards for 
a Cell or Farm belonging to Repton Priory in 

Derbyshire 8T 

Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell. Again de- 
tails the Works and Repairs going dn at Crom- 
well's Houses 91 

Robert Southwell to the Lord Privy Seal, signify- 
ing the attainder of two Priests for denying the 
King's Supremacy 95 

^ocxciii. Robert, Bishop of St. Asaph, to Lord Cromwell, to 
obtain him a licence to be absent from the next 
Parliament ; and another licence to make Wrex- 
ham the Cathedral of his See :. 96 

Cicxciv. John, Bishop of Rochester, to the Lord Privy 
Seal, sending to hun the Prior of the Blackfriars 
of Cambridge, who desires to suppress an Image 
of Our Lady there 98 

ccxcv. Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell. The arrival 
of the Images of St. Anne of Buxton, and St. 
Modwenne of Burton-upon-Trent. A rich Yes- 
sel belonging to the London Merchants taken by 
Pirates upon the Sea of Norway 100 

CGXcvi. Sir John Gresham to the Lord Privy Seal, that 
one John Davy, a Welsh prophesier, has been 
brought to him, who desires to speak with the 
King 101 

ccxcvii. Richard Cromwell to his Uncle, the Lord Privy 
Seal, upon his taking possession of the effects of 

Mr. Thomas Bedyll 104 

ccxcv III. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell; reports the pro- 
gress of the buildings at Hackney and the 
Friars Augnstines. Acknowledges the receipt of 
certain Jewells and of a relic of gold and crystal 
with our Lady's milk in it 106 




ocxcix. John Baker to Lord Cromwell. The Complaint of 
the Inhabitants of Dimchnrch in Kent, against 
their parson , 108 

ccc. Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell : praying for 
the Suppression of the Priory of Darleigh, and 
to have the ferm of it. 109 

occi. Henry Lord Stafford to the Lord Priry Seal, an- 
nouncing the destruction of the Image of St. 
Erasmus 110 

oodi. William Dymham to the Lord Privy Seal, denoun- 
cing the dissimulation of Friar Alexander 
BarcUy 112 

oocin. Margaret Tewkesbury, Abbess of Godstow, to 
Cromwell. Sends a Letter, which she has de- 
vised to the King's Highness, for Cromwell's 
approbation 116 

oociv. Doctor Thomas Legh and John ap Rees to Secre- ^ 
tary CromweU. Their Visitation at Cambridge, 
Sopham Nunnery, and Denney 117 

oocv. Sir Richard Gresham to Lord Cromwell, inviting 

himtohis"FeastfulDay." 120 

oocvi. Thomas Theobald to the Lord Privy Seal, a Letter 
of News. A report prevalent that the Turk had 
returned to Hungary. Failure of a Naval At- 
tack on Barbarossa. Cardioal Pole gone to 
Rome. Confederation of the Duke of Saxony 
and the Evangelical Princes. The King of 
France about to meet the Emperor at Bour- 
deaux, who intends passing by land into Flan- 
ders 122 

cccvii. John London to Lord Cromwell. Details his 
*' rasing" of the Friars' Houses, in various 

Counties 130 

cccvui. The EarlofHertford to the Lord Privy Seal. The 

death of Lord Thomas Hov^ard 135 

cccix. The Lady Margaret Douglas to the Lord 

on the retrenchment of her Household, and the 
discharge of two servants who had belonged to 
Lord Thomas Howard 136 












John London to the Lord Privy Seal. Surrender 
of the Friars of Warwick. The greediness of 
the common people everywhere in plundering 
the Friars' Houses ../. 138 

Letter of Petition to Lord Cromwell from Dr. John 
Tregonwell 140 

John Barlo, Bean of the College of Westbnry, in 
Gloucestershire, to Lord Cromwell, complaining 
of the violent conduct of Lady Anne Berkeley. . 142 

Cuthbert Tunstal, Bishop of Durham, to King 
Henry the VIII., consoling him for the death of 
Queen Jane Seymour 146 

John Bale to Lord Cromwell, complaining of his 
sufferings and imprisonment for preaching 
against Popery 151 

Leland, the Antiquary, to Lord Cromwell ; gives 
a character of John Bale, and solicits the release 
of him from imprisonment 154 

Robert Devereux to the Lord Privy Seal ; enume- 
rating the Friaries, of which he had taken pos- 
session 156 

Richard Layton to the Lord Privy Seal. Comes 
to Barnwell Priory, near Cambridge. Delivers 
a Charge in the Chapter-house of the Priory, to 
quiet public excitement. Westacre Priory in 
Norfolk 158 

Roger Townshend to the Lord Privy Seal. The 
Punishment of a poor Woman who devised a 
Miracle of our Lady of Walsingham 162 

Richard Layton to Secretary Cromwell, how Christ- 
church, Canterbury, and St. Thomas's Shrine 
had almost been burnt. Prior of Dover. Prior- 
ies of Langdon and Folkstone 164 

Geoffrey Chamber to the Lord Privy Seal. The 
exposure of the Image called the Rood of Grace. 168 

Thomas Puynell to the Lord Privy Seal, certifying 
the suppression of the Friars' Houses at Boston, 
and how necessary the application of some of 
the materials was, for the repair of the Haven 
and Town there, to save the King*s money 170 













Richard Ryche to Lord Cromwell. Surrey of 
Abingdon Monastery in Berkshire, where the 
King thought of fixing a Residence. State of^ 
and particulars relating to, the Town of Abing- 
don 172 

Dr. London to the Lord Priry Seal, entreating for 
some of the ornaments and vestments, late be- 
longing to the suppressed Monastery of Abing- 
don, to be sent to the College in Wallingford 

Castle of which he was Dean 177 

Richard Devereux to Lord Cromwell. The sup- 
pression of various Friars' Houses towards the 

North : 179 

Richard Devereux to Lord Cromwell. Visits the 

Friars* Houses of Aylesford, Canterbury, &c.... 181 
Dr. London to the Lord Privy Seal upon his Sup- 
pressing the Religious Houses at Coventry and 

Combe Abbey 183 

Richard Devereux to Lord Cromwell ; recounts the 
Friars' Houses he had taken to the King's use 
in the far North. The hardships inflicted on 
those who had surrendered their Houses in the 
Diocese of York. The Friars' Houses at Scar- 
borough 18fi 

Richard Devereux to the Lord Privy Seal. The 
Friaries of Worcester, Bridgenorth, and Ather- 

stone 189 

Gregory Cromwell to his father, after having taken 

possession of the Priory House at Lewes 1 92 

Elis Price to Lord Cromwell, upon taking down 

the Image of Darvel Gathem 194 

Latimer, Bishop of Worcester, to the Lord Privy 
Seal, upon his appointment to preach at the 

burning of Friar Forest 202 

Richard Layton to Mr. Wrysley : how poor furni- 
ture there was in Battle Abbey 204 

Bishop Latimer to the Lord Privy Seal. Asks for 
part of the demesnes of Borsley. Recommends 
the burning of certain Images of the Virgin 
Mary 205 



cccxxxiv. Gregory Cromwell to his father. The King likely 
to come to Lewes in his Progress. The conta- 
gion of the Plague there 208 

cccxxxv. Richard Cromwell to his Uncle, the Lord Privy 
Seal. The King, after the despatch of business, 
solaces the day with the little Prince. The 
King's fondness for Hawking 209 

cccxxxvi. Richard Layton to the Lord Privy Seal. The Mer- 
chants of York turned Maltsters to the decay of 
the City. Layton desires to be employed abroad. 211 

cocxxxvii. Dr. London to the Lord Privy Seal: with his 

Survey of the Friars' Houses of Oxford 214 

oocxxxviii. Sir Bryan Tuke to the Lord Privy Seal, for his son- 
in-law, Mr. Audeley, to have. the suppressed 
Priory of Hylton, in Staffordshire, to ferm 221 

cccxxxix. The Abbot of Hales to the Lord Privy Seal, that 
the Shrine of the feigned Relic, called the Blood 
of Hales, may be razed, to avoid superstition. . . 223 
cocxL. Doctor Layton to the Lord Privy Seal, respecting 

the House of the Trinitarian Friars, at Hounslow. 224 
cocxu* Richard Layton to Lord Cromwell. Binds the 
Abbot of Hales in a recognizance. Intends, ac- 
cording to commandment, to pay the Friai^s 

debts to the Inhabitants of Hounslow 227 

cccxui. John Hales to the Lord Privy Seal, announcing the 
suppression of Sulby Monastery, in Northamp- 
tonshire 228 

cccxLUi. Thomas Arundell to the Lord Privy Seal. The 
Abbess and Convent of Shaftesbury offer five 
hundred marks to the King, and one hundred 
poimds to his Lordship, to be allowed to remain 
under any other name and apparel as his Ma- 
jesty's Bede-women. The Abbot of Ceme 

makes a similar offer 230 

cccxuv. Catherine Bulkeley, Abbess of €k>d8tow, to Lord 
Cromwell. Begs his acceptance of the Steward- 
ship of that Monastery 232 

oocxLv. Catherine Bulkeley, Abbess of Godstow, to the 
Lord Privy Seal. Thanks for his kind conduct 
toward their House 233 




cccxLvi. Thomas Parry to Cromwell. The jewels of the 
Convent of St. Swithin at Winchester purchased 
of the Prior and Monks by one Bestyan, a Jew- 
eller : the same who had been to diyers religious 
Houses through the Realm for the same pur- 
pose 235 

cccxLVii. The Warden of the Grey Friars in London to Lord 

Cromwell, to change his habit. 236 

ccGXLTiii. John Winchcombe to my Lord Privy Seal, who 

had written for a thousand pieces of Kerseys... 238 
cocxux. Richard Whiting, Abbot of Glastonbury, to Lord 
Cromwell, excuses himself from coming to Par- 
liament, from sickness and infirmity 241 

cccL. Richard Layton to the Lord Priyy Seal. Dissolu- 
tion of the Priory of Clerkenwell. The Bishop 
of London at the point of death. Adam Traves, 
one of the Canons residentiary of Exeter, also 
" in extremis." 243 

cocLi. The Mayor and Aldermen of Caermarthen to the 
. Lord Privy Seal, asking for the dissolved House 
of the Gray Friars there, that they may estab- 
lish a Grammar School in it 245 

oocui. Richard Layton to the Lord Privy Seal, in excuse 
for his commendation of the Abbot of Glaston- 
bury 247 

cccuii. Bishop Latimer to Lord CromweU. The surren- 
der of Evesham Abbey : and the Examination 
and Exposure of the Miracle of the Blood of 
Hales 249 

cccLiv. Gregory Cromwell to the Lady his Wife from Ca- 
lais. Lady Anne of Cleves expected. The 
manner of her travelling, and the preparations 
for her reception 261 

occLV. The Earl of Worcester to Lord Cromwell, in reply 
to a request that he might purchase the Earl's 
and his Countess's life interest in certain lands 
at Cheshunt, in Hertfordshire 254 

cocLVi. Ralph Lane to Lord Cromwell, sending Popish 

books taken with a Priest committed 256 




cccLvii, Henry Dowes to Mr. Gregory Cromwell : with the 
substance of Mr. Hierome's recantation Ser- 
mon 258 

cccLviii. Richard Layton to the Lord Privy Seal ; from Bis- 

ham Abbey, in Bei'kshire ;.... 265 

cccux. John Freman to the Lord Privy Seal, that the ra- 
sing of the Abbeys in Lincolnshire would be 
costly to the King ,.. 268 

occLX. Sir Richard Gresham to the Lord Privy Seal. His 
proposal to purchase lands belonging to Foun- 
tains Abbey, in Yorkshire 270 

cccLXi. WilUam Benson, Abbot of Westminster, to Lord 
Cromwell, to be relieved from the care and go- 
verance of his Monastery 272 

cccLxii. Lee, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, to Crom- 
well. His Thanks for obtaining for him the 
ferm of Stafford Priory. The Castle of Mon- 
mouth. Brecknock Castle. The Commortha 
forbidden by Statute : but a placard for one 
granted by the King, to one George Matthew of 
South Wales 274 

cccLXiii. Thomas Goldwell, Prior of Christchurch, Canter- ^ 
bury, to Lord Cromwell, upon the Change in the 
Cathedral, from a Prior and Convent to a Dean 
and Canons 277 

occLXiv. Sir William Eure to the Lord Privy Seal of England 
relating his conversations vrith a Mr. Bellendyn 
concerning the Court, and character of James 
the Fifth. He details the particulars of an In- 
terlude which had been played at Linlithgow. 
A.D. 1640 279 

cocLXV. Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, to Sir William 
Paget, after he had quitted his conmiand at Bou- 
logne 286 

cocLXvi. Thomas Fisher to the Duke of Somerset, Protector, 
apprizing him of Intelligence he had received 
concerning tumults at Edinburgh ; and of hosti- 
lities committed by the French and Almains. . . 291 

occLXvii. Edward, Duke of Somerset, to Francis None and 







Owen Hopton, Esquires, committing to them 
the hearing of a Suit 301 

Dr. Day, Bishop of Chichester, to Secretary Cecil, 
for his liberty, haying been deprived and impri- 
soned for disobeying the King's command for 
substituting Communion Tables instead of Altars 
in his Diocese, a. d. 1550 302 

The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Sussex and 
Sir Richard Southwell, for the punishment of 
two persons who had stolen some young Hawks 
from a Lanner's nest, and who would not con- 
fess for whom they had procured them 304 

The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Sussex, a 
second Letter relating to the stolen Hawks from 
Winfarthing. The thieves still obstinate. Ex- 
amination of them by torture proposed 308 

The Council to Sir Philip Hobye, resident with 
the Emperor; announcing the death of King 
Edw. VI., 8th July, 1553 309 

The Council to the Commissioners in Flanders, 11th 
July,1563 310 

Francis Yaxley to Sir William Cecil, with News 
from the Court 312 

Queen Mary I. to her Commissioners at Calais, to 
procure the French King^s interest with such 
Members of the Conclave as were at his devo- 
tion to assist in elevating Cardinal Pole to the 
Popedom 315 

Mary of Guise to Queen Mary of England, re- 
questing a Safe-conduct and Passport for Greorge 
LordSeytonn 318 

Queen Elizabeth to the Keeper of the Palace of 
Westminster and to Sir Ralph Sadler^ enclosing 
a Warrant for placing money in his hands to be 
employed on Secret Service upon the frontier to- 
ward Scotland 331 

Lord Robert Dudley to John Scudamore, Esq., re- 
garding the Wardship of the lattei's Nephew. . . 334 

The Portuguese Ambassador to Lady Cecil, offer- 



ing to put the Affairs of his King into Sir Wil- 
liam Cecil's hands, and promising a pension 
of two thousand pieces of gold 335 

cccLXXix. Conach O'Donnell to the Lord Depnty of Ireland, 
complaining of John O'Neill and Hugh 0*Don- 

neU 336 

occLXXX. Owen Rowe to the Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieute- 
nant, offering his services with two hundred men. 339 

OOCLXXXI. The Bailiffs of Dundalk to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland, concerning mutual restitution of Cattle 
between their Town and Shane O* Neile 340 

cocLXXXii. A Complaint from three Inhabitants of Dundalk to 
the Queen's Majesty's Commissioners, against 
Cowly Mac Cormuck, who had robbed them of 
some Cattle , 342 

cccLxxxiii. The Earl of Sussex to Patrick MMiowry ; charging 
him to retain in safe custody, or to surrender to 
him, the brother of M<^. Mahon, whom he had 
taken 342 

cocLxxxiv. The Bailiffs and Magistrates of Dundalk to the 
Lord Lieutenant und Council of Ireland, stating 
that Shane O'Neile had refused to restore a prey 
he had made upon them 343 

cccLxxxv. Naidogh MacPryor to the Lord Lieutenant, to ob- 
tain the liberty of his Son, whom Shane O'Neile 
kept as aprisoner 345 

cccLXXXVi. Patrick Rowry, Captain of Feamay, to the Lord 
Deputy, desiring redress for a hundred and sixty 
Cows which had been stolen from him 346 

cccLxxx VII. James Prendergast to the Earl of Ormond and 
Ossory, concerning injuries sustained from 
Morris Fitz-Garatt and others..... 347 

cccLxxxvm. Alexander Mac Randyllboy to the Lord Lieute- 
nant, complaining of spoils committed upon his 
property by 6' Neil and Ferdorca M*'. Donyll 
Oge 348 

cccLxxxix. Edmund Grindal, Bishop of London, to Sir Wil- 
liam Cecil, upon the state of Cowpland, a part 
of Cumberland, where the Bishop was bom 349 














Edmund Scambler, Bishop of Peterborough, to Sir 
William Cecil : upon the proposal to change the 
Name of an Individual at Confirmation 350 

Lord Rich to Sir William Cecil, concerning the 
Wardship of one Sarah Stane 362 

Richard Cheney, Bishop of Gloucester, to Sir Wil- 
liam Cecil ; expressing his desire to resign his 
Bishopricks of Gloucester and Bristol, a .d. 1 563. 353 

Edmund, Bishop of London, to Sir William Cecil ; 
expressing his hope that the Queen would take 
notice of the Duke of Wirtemberg's kindness to 
the English Protestants, who were Exiles at 
Strasburgh 356 

The Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the Lord- 
Lieutenant, upon the depredations of the Earl of 
Desmond 357 

Queen Elizabeth to Mr. afterwards Sir Thomas 
Randolph, her Ambassador in Scotland, privately 
to sound the Earl of Argyle, and find how he 
was affected to her interest with regard to the 
Rebellion in Ireland 359 

Albert of Brandenburgh, to Queen Elizabeth, with 
a Present of Ten Falcons 363 

Edmund, Bishop of London, to Sir WiUiam Cecil, 
noticing the Custom of Creeping to the Cross as 
used at Dunbar 364 

Bishop Grindal to Sir WiUiam Cecil; desiring 
that the Bishop of Ross may not be sent to him. 365 

Robert Home, Bishop of Winchester to the Lord 
Treasurer, to be delivered from the Bishop of 
Ross 367 

Draught of a Letter from the Marquess of Win- 
chester to Queen Elizabeth in 1571, upon the 
state of the Crown Debt 369 

George Buchanan to Mr. Thomas Randolph, jeer- 
ing him upon his second Marriage. Busied on 
the Story of Scotland. Knox's History. Com- 
mends Beza*s Poetry. 1572 373 

Sir Thomas Smith to Sir Francis Walsingham. 
The Massacre of St. Bartholomew 376 



coocm. William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester, and Ro- 
bert Home, Bishop of Winchester, to Sir Henry 
Radcliffe, Captain of Portsmonth, and the 
Mayor and Officers there, to examine all Stran- 
gers who resort into the Kingdom, under pre- 
tence of Liberty of Conscience 380 










Richard Croke to Lord Cromwell; that he had 
preached three score Sermons in favor of the King^s 
Supremacy y with a List of the places where they 
had been preached. 

[sTAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. coRRESP. 2 Ser. vii. 695. OrigJ] 

Please yt yowr good Lordeshippe to be aduer- 
tysed that I have syns the tyme of my lycence gyven 
me by yowr Lordeshippe to pfeche, made thys yere 
upon the poynte off threscore Sermons, not failing in 
every on off them to speke effectually ayenste the 
usurped power off the Busshoppe of Rhome, and 
somtyme, as the mater gave me occasion, ayenste 
th*abomination off hym, his Cardinalls, and hys 
cloystered hypocrites, wherein I have taken thys 

Firste, I have shewed them that Petre, by whom 



the Biisshoppe of Rhome chalengeth his primacye, 
never had no sutch thinge gyven him by God. 

Secondaryly that the scriptures wherby they wolde 
maynteyne the primacye off Petre, were not spoken 
nor mente to Petres person, but al busshoppes and 
pristes and to the whole chyrche. 

Thyrdely, I lay the presedent off Nicene Counsel 
naming foure patriarks, wheroff the Bushoppe off 
Rhome is laste. 

Forthely, that in primitiva Ecclesia that the name 
and authorite off bushoppe and priste were al but on 
thinge unto the tjrme that mannys policye, to avoyde 
schismes, devised the pre-eminence amongste pristes 
by the name off a busshoppe. 

Fiftely, I shew that the Bushoppes of Rhome have 
always, for mayntenance off theyr pompes and fruteles 
ceremonyes, bene cause off al the greatest scismes that 
hathe bene in Christs Chyrche. 

Sixtely, I shew that th'especial off a bushoppe ys to 
preche and teche, whiche because the Bushoppe off 
Rhome can nothing do here, nor in none other places 
but only in Rhome, I conclude that he can in no 
wyse be bushoppe here or in any other place, but 
only in Rhome, and by consequent primate in no 
place but there, seing that he chalengith this pri- 
macye by his fimction episcopal only. 

These things declared, and proved by evident rea- 
'>n grounded upon scripture ; by authorite off th'aun- 


cient doctors; by the saing off More and other 
papists them se\& ; by semilitudes mete to make the 
people to perceve the force off my reasons made in that 
be halffe, I have often founde the people so inclinable 
unto the treuth, that, in divers places, many as wel off 
the lay men as off the pristes hathe after my Sermons 
comen to me, and lamenting theyr ignorance and 
longe lacke off instruction in these things, desyered 
me to repete som off my reasons and authorityes 
agayne. So that yff al prechers, at the leste in those 
places where they never did preche before, wolde 
syncerely and effectually toche these maters, I douzt 
not but the people wolde be sone enducyd to be 
utter enemyes unto the Bushoppe of Rhome and al 
his cloysters. 

I have enclosyd herein a byl off the names off the 
Chyrches wherin I have prechid, that yff it please 
yowr Lordeshippe the same may by examination off 
the mater shortely prove whither I have handellyd 
my selff as syncerely and emestely in those matters 
as I have pretendyd. And the Chyrche^ wher I have 
bene more than ons, I have marked with certayne 
pricks before the name off the same, declaring how 
many tymes I have prechyd thys y^e, in som on off 

Beseeching yowr Lordeshippe that myne absence 
from the College, for the tyme that I am thus occu- 
py ed, may never be prejudicial unto me, and I truste 

^ mrsRs. 

I ^ML ic At 5^«^ IBghnes suttch service as 

I^oidcaUot^ «^ diinke to be worthy muche 

thanks Awi «fc»^ ^ ^^eeche the most blyssed Trinite 

evermore i^w««^ ?«» Lordeshippe. At Bugbye, 

the 5nrvu%, rf Mwche, 

Yav' ht^ 

\^^^;«l<^ Panel 

. \Uforde 

i^s moste bounden bedeman 

Stony Stratforde 
Leghton Bosarde 

Saint Probas 
Brikchyl the tho- 

Brikchyl the more 
Fenny Stratforde 

Potters Purg 

Pullers Purge 

..Maides Morton 

. . Lechampstede 
. .Lillingstone Darel 
. . Lillingstone LoTel 



4^1 Whiting to Cromwell^ who had asked for Mr. 

Maurice Berkeley to have the appointments of MaS' 

ter of the Game, and of the Office of Keeper, with 

the herbage and pannage of the Park of Northwode. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xiii. 61. Orig.l 
Right honorable my singler goode Lorde, my 
*'ecommendac6ns remembred unto your good 

bf in Nortluunptoiiahue, to flie ineambenej of which CiolDe was 
9 CrowB, in right of the Duchy of LaneMter, June ISth, 1531. Reg. 


Lordshipp. Pleaseth itt youre saide goode Lord- 
shippe to be advertised thatt the xxiiij*^ daye of this 
moneth of Marche, I received yo' honorable and 
mooste lovinge lettres, perceivinge by the same thatt 
youre Lordshippes pleasure ys t^iatt I shulde inde- 
layedly graunte unto your servaunte JMr. Maurice 
Berkeley, by my Convente Seall, the Maistershippe 
of th^game, th'office of the Keper, and the herbage 
and pawnage of my Parke of Northwode in revercion 
after Thom^ Alen, my keper there. My good 
Lorde, soo itt is thatt the Maistershipp of the game as 
well of thatt parke as of all wother my parkes be all 
redie graunted att the contemplacon of your goode 
Lordeshipp unto M'. John Wadhame,.your servaunte. 
And as touching the herbage and pannage of my 
said Parke, I have made a lease therof to the saide 
Thomas Alen and one Robert Hyatt, for terme of 
vij. yeres, wherof thre yeres be fullye past, yeldinge 
and payinge yerely for the same xxvij^J. vj*. viij**., and 
also to fynde yerly sufficiente pasture for ij. stallens, 
xiiij. mares and there ffoles, and to leve sufficient 
pasture for one thousaunte dere and sufficient hey 
for them in wynter, and to repaire and scoure all the 
dicheis within the pale att their propre costes and 
charges, with diners other convenaimtes conteyned in 
the same leasse. And also the same Thomas Alen 
hath the kipinge of the said Parke duringe the said 
terme ; Sot exercisinge wherof he hath yerely ffy ve 


marks withoute any other profites or avauntages. 

And I am charged to the Kinge for the said Parke 

accordinglye. My singler good Lorde, by thes my 

lettres I have advertised youre good Lordeshipp the 

truth of every thinge concemynge yo*" pleasure and 

desier by yo' said honorable lettres. Wherfor the 

premisses considered by your good Lordeshipp (in 

whom is my singler truste) I am veray well contented 

to accomplisshe your Lordeshipps pleasure, wherewith 

I shalbe as gladde as any man lyvinge, as knowith 

the blessed Trinitie, whoo alwayes preserve your good 

Lordeshipp in prosperous helth and honor. Att 

Glastonbury, the xxviij*** day of March. 

Yo' Lordeshipps assured bedeman 

Ric. Abbott ther. 
To the right honorable and myne especiall 
goode lorde, Thomas Lorde Oromewells 
goode Lordeshipp, be this dd. 


Ralph Sadler to Secretary Cromwell The King de^ 
termines that no Hearse shall be set up in St, PauVs 
for the Princesti Dowager. Letters stamped. Diffi-- 
culty in getting the King to sign bills. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xxzvii. 2S. Orxg,'\ 
Sir, it may please you to be advertised that uppon 

my repayre this morning unto the Eangs Highnes, I 
'ared unto his Grace all things conteyned in my 


Memoryall, whereunto his Grace answered that as 
for any Herse to be had at Paules, surelie it should 
be to his Grace more charge then is eyther requysite 
or nedefull; sayeng (uppon my replieng that his 
Grac's suster had one at Paules) that she was a 
Queue," and that fforasmoche as the Pryncesse dowa- 
gier shalbe buryed at Peterborough with so grete so- 
lempnisacion, and the Emperors Ambassador with 
other astats to be there present, it shalbe sufficyent 
manyfestacion to the worlde without any ferther 
charge ; fynally determyning that there shall nede no 
herse to be at Paules. To the Frensh Ambassador 
also, his Highnes sayeth it shall not be requysite to 
gyve any mor^yng vesture ; with the residue of the 
order taken by you and M' Comptroller, his Grace is 
veray well pleased. 

As touching th'Instructions for my Lorde Wittm 
and Bisshop elect of Saynt Assaph, the Kyngs High^ 
nes first appoynted me to com to him at masse tyme 
to rede the same unto his Grace: at which tyme, 
when I cam he saied he wold take a tyme of more 
leysor, commandyng me to tary untill the evenyng 
when he saied he should have best leysour, because 
he wolde maturely advyse and peruse the saide In- 
structions. And I doubt lest his Grace will cause 
me to tary here veray late, wherefore. I thought good 
to signifie this unto you, and also to sende all the 

• Mary the French Queen died on Midaummer Eve 1533, and was buried at St. 

B 5 


lettres that be stamped by this berer. I thinke also 
it wolbe harde to gette any Billes signed at this 
tyme, seeng that I have myssed to have them don at 
masse tyme ; I shall, nevertheles, do the best I can, 
albeit, as ye knowe, his Grace is alwayes loth to 
signe, and I thinke he deferred the reding of the In- 
structions at masse tyme because he was not willing 
to signe. 

I delyuered unto his Grace your locke, and open- 
ed unto him all the gynnes of the same, which his 
Grace lyketh marvelously well, and hertely thankd 
you for the same. Thus the Holie Trynyte preserve 
yo' long lif and good helth with th'encrease of honor. 
At Greenwich, this Tewsdaye at none with the rude 
and hastie hand of Y*^ humble servante, 

To the right honourable and his singuler 
good M', M"^ Thomas Crumwell, prin- 
cipal! Secretary to the Kings Highnes. 


Margaret Femon, late Prioress of Little Marlow^ to 

Secretary Cromwell, to aid in providing her with a 


[ibid. 2 Ser. xlv. 109. Orig,'\ 

*«* Margaret Vernon was the last Prioress of Little Marlow, and 
evidently a woman of a cultivated mind. Several other Letters from 
her, beside this before the reader, are preserved among Crom- 
well's papers. Cromwell made her the earliest preceptress of 


his son. In one, she says, '* Right worschipfall Sir, with all my 
hart I recommend me unto you, certifying you that your son is in 
good helth, and is a very good skoler, and can constrew his Pater- 
HMteTy Ave, and Credo. I dowght not but at your comyng next to 
me ye shall lyke hym very well/' In another, " And yf it like you 
to here of your son and his master, they byn boothe in good helth, 
thankyd be God, and doth prospere in leming more now in oon day 
than before in a weeke, be reson of Nycholas Saddelar, who is of 
yery good condicions and diligent. Sir, M' Copland every morning 
geyith to every of them a laten, the which Nycholas dooth bere a 
wey, as well Gregori's lesson as his ovnie, and makyth the same 
Gregory perfit ayenst his tyme of rendryng; in the which their 
Master takyth such comford that thryse on the day he spendith vnth 
them a tyme." 

Willis, in a manuscript Note to his History of Mitred Abbies, 
says she occurs as Prioress of Little Marlow in 1534. Afterwards, 
probably by Cromwell's interest, she was elected Abbess of Mali- 
ing. This latter Monastery she surrendered to the King Oct. 29th, 
1538, 30 Hen. VIII,, and had a pension of 40/. a-year, while no 
nun of the House had a higher pension than 3/. 6«. 8(2. : the clear 
value of Mullingy, according to Dugdale, producing no more than 
218/. 4« 2i</. 

After most humble comendations, &c. Pleaseth 
it your goodnes to be advertised that I have d3rvers 
tymes ben at the Rolles to have spoken with your 
Mastership^ but by the reason of the grisat multitude 
of suters, and also for lacke of frendship within your 
Mastership his Howse, I am kepte backe, so that I 
can not come to your presens to sollicite my cause.* 

* The Bolls was a place of great business with Lord Cromwell. Sir Ralph Sad- 
ler, in one of his Letters to Cromwell, 1536, says — " All whiche the Kings Mageste 
taketh in veray good parte ; sayeng nothing dies to me, for answer of all those 
thinges which in dede be not moche answerable, but that your Lordeship was in 
the same case, when ye cam to the Bolles, as his Grace was when he cam to West- 
minster ; for when he is there, he sayed he had moche a do to gett thens : and so 
your Lordeship he sayed, when ye com to the Holies, have no lesse a do to get 
awaye." Stat. Pap. Off. 1830, vol. i. p. 510. 


Wherfore, I most humblye besech you to lycens me 
to write my mynde at large. And that it maye 
stand,e with your pleasor to comande one within your 
Howse to put you in remembrance for any answare 
of your determination and pleasor. Syr, my request 
ys to desire you to call to remembrance your good 
and comfortable promises made both unto me and 
unto my frendes, whereunto I have ever hitherto 
trusted : besechinge your goodnes to open unto me 
some parte of your determinacon what thing ye mynde 
that I shall have : or els to helpe me to some reason- 
able lyvinge, so that I maye not contynue this longe 
sute. For I have but senglye provyded for my self to 
maynteyne it with all, be cause your Mastership 
comanded me that I shuld nothing imbecill or take 
awaye, but leave the Howse as wealthie as I cowld, 
which comandement I folowed. I hope all shalbe 
for the best. I praye oure Lorde put in your hearte 
to make provision for me accordinge to his holy will 
and pleasor, and wholye to rule your Mastership by 
his spirite. Amen. Written from Stepney, the daye 
after S. Paull. 

Your assured and most humble beydewoman, 


late Priores of litle Marhw. 

To the right worshipfiill Master Grumwell, 
the Kynge his Chief Secretary. 



Lee Bishop of lAckfield and Coventry^ and Sir Thomas 
Englejieldy to Secretary Cromwell^ tipon the extirpa- 
turn of certain Outlaws from Wales. 
[ibid. xxy. 930. Orig,} 

After my moste hartj recommendacons^ this 
shalbe t'advertise you that we have receaved from you 
the twoo outlawes^ named David Lloide or Place, 
and John ap Richard Hockilton, with Richard ap 
Howell, alias Somner, the murderer at Munmouth, 
ffoi the which we hartely thanke you. And the said 
twoo outlawes we have sent to their triall, according 
to Justice, which to morowe they shall recey ve (God 
pardon their sowles). And ffarther, within twoo 
dayes after the receyving of the saide theves, were 
brought to us iiij. other outlawes as great or greater 
then the forsaide David and John were, and twoo of 
the ffirst of them had byn outlawed thies xvj. years; 
wherof iij. were in liffe, and oone slayne brought in 
a sacke trussed uppon a horse, whom we have cawsed 
to be hanged uppon the galowes here for a signe. 
Wolde God ye had seen the ffashion therof. Hit 
chaunced the same day to be markett daye here, by 
reason wherof iijC. people ffolowed to see the said 
Cariage of the saide thief in the sacke, the maner 
wherof had not been seen heretofore. What shall 


wee say ffarther : all the theves in Wales qwake ffor 
fFeare, and, att this day, we doo assure you, ther is 
but oone thief of name of the sorte of outlawes, 
whose name is Hugh Duraunt, trustyng to have him 
shortely. So that nowe ye may boldely affirme that 
Wales is reduct to that state that oone thief taketh 
an other, and oone Cowe kepith an other ifor the 
moste parte, as Lewes, my seryaunt, at his retome 
shall more at large enforme you* The takers of thies 
outlawes were my Lord of Richmonds tenaunts, off 
Keviliske and Amstley, moste parte ffor ffeare and 
money, and parte ffor to have thanks, and partely to 
have some of their kynredd discharged. Beseching 
you that the Kyngs Highnes may be advertised 
hereof. And thus the Holy Trinitie preserve you. 
From Ludlowe, the xix* daye of January. 
Your most bownden 


At your comaundment, 


f Dicken ap ho" dio Bagh 
Howell ap ho" dio Bagh, alias ho" Bannor 
Howell ap David Vayne 
John Dee Jmydw, alias John ap Meredith. 


To the right worshipfull Master Thomas 
Crumwell, Chief Secretary unto the 
Kings Highnes, this be yoven. 



Henry Lord Stafford to Lord CromwelL The 
Nunnery of " White Ladies.'' Asks for a grant of 
the Priory of Runton. 

[IBID. 2 Ser, xl. 578. Orxg.'] 

%* ^^ Wliite Ladies " mentioned in this Letter was the Cistercian 
Nunnery of Brewood in Shropshire, contra-distinguished from 
'' Black Ladies/' another Nunnery, but of the Benedictine Order, 
which stood in Staffordshire, though in the same parish. 

The site of '^ White Ladies" was granted in the 31st of Henry 
VIII. to William Whorwood. It is still called "White Ladies," 
and is the same House mentioned in the Accounts of the Escape of 
Charles the Second after the battle of Worcester. 

Dugdale mentions Lord Stafford as leaving behind him three sons 
and a daughter. In a Letter already printed in the second series of 
these Yolumes, addressed to Henry VIII. in 1629, Lord Stafford 
speaks of seven children. In this Letter, written in 1536, he says, 
" I have twelve poor children on my hand." 

My duty to your goud Lordeship humbly remem- 
bied, pleasith the same to be aduertised that the 
Commissioners wilbe in Staffordshire on Sunday 
ftext ; and on Frydaye last, oone Sutcote, sewer of 
the Xingis Grace chamber, came downe to the 
White Ladys and schowed theym that he .[had] 
the Kyngis Grace lettre to have the said Howse, e^d 
hath offerd hit to dy vers to selle on suche a price that 
no man will gladly by hit at hys hand. Also, I un- 
derstand that the Prior of Stone hathe goud hope 
that his howse schall stand wherof all the contree is 


righte glad, and praye full hertily fo« your Lordeship 
therfore. So that my sute is in vaine except hit 
will please your goud Lordeship to helpe me to the 
Priory of Rontone, ffor the which I was the first 
suter, as dothe appere in the bills which I have de- 
lyuered to your Lordship. 

Howe be hit I understand Syr Symon Hercorte 
makith grete labor for hit, and, with owte youre 
speciall favor, ys lyke to opteyne hit, wherof our Lord 
knoweth he hath no nede. 

My Lorde, my trust hath byn and ys oonely 
in youre Lordeship, for ellis I woulde haue made 
other ffryndis to have sued for me, but the goud 
comforte that I had allwaies of yo^ Lordeship and the 
letter that Maister Rychard Cromwell sent me, made 
me to put no doubte therin, as I knowe well I nede 
not yf hit woulde plese youe to speke but oone goud 
worde to the Kyngis Highnes for me. I haue 
twelve pore childeme on my hand, and my Ijrving 
not so goud by ffourty poundis a yere as hit hathe be 
aforetyme. And I will gyve as myche to the Kyngis 
Highnes as any man will lyvyng, and youre Lorde- 
ship fourty poundes for youre fauor to optajoi^ hit 
for me, and my service and prayer duryng my lyfe. 
Humbly desyring youre Lordeshipe that I maye be 
assertaynyd of youre pleas' by this berer in writing, 
for yf I have hit not I muste schortly leve this countre, 
as knowith AUmyghty God, who long preserve your 


good Lordeship in honor to his pleas'. At my pore 
house^ beside Stafford^ the xij*^ daye of Marche. 
Your Lordshipes to comaud, 

To the Right Honorable and his singrnler 
goud Lorde, My Lorde Priuyseale^ this 
be delyuered. 


Sir Simon Harcourt to Secretary Cromwell, asking 
either for the continuance in its condition, or the 
grant in fee-farm of Bunton Priory in Stafford- 

[ibid. xvi. 123. OrigJ] 

%* This is probably one of the most honoorable and disinterested 
applications which Cromwell received for a grant of the site and 
domains of a Religious House doomed to be dissolved. The little 
Priory of Runton had been founded by the ancestors of the appli- 
cant, many of whom lay buried in the Priory-chapel. Could it be 
continued and preserved in its monastic condition, the writer offers 
1002. to the King, and 1002. to Cromwell, and an annuity to the lat- 
ter of 201, a-year for life. If it was the King's pleasure that it 
should not be continued, then, on account of its proximity to his 
estate. Sir Simon Harcourt asks for a grant of it and its lands to 
him and his heirs in fee-farm. For the service of procuring it he 
woidd give Cromwell a hundred marks. At the Dissolution here 
were seven religious. The revenue of the Convent in gross was 
1022. 11«. Id. ; in the clear, 902. 2«. lOj^d. Sir Simon Harcourt was 
not successful in his application. The site of Runton was granted 
in the 30th Hen. VIII. to John Wiseman. 

Sir Simon was the second, but eldest surviving son of Sir 
Christopher Harcourt, and distinguished himself at the sieges 
both of Terouenne and Toumay, as well as in the Battle of the 
Spurs on August 18th, 1613. He died Jan. 16th, 1547, and was 


interred at Stanton Harcourt in Oxfordshire, whence the present 
Letter is dated. 

Pleasith it your honorable Maistership to vn- 
derstand that I am enformed that it is enacted by the 
Kyngs moste honorable Parlyament that certen Re- 
ligiouse Howses within this Realme shall be dys- 
solved, of the whiche nomber ther is a ly ttle howse of 
Channons in Staffordshire named Ronton, the whiche 
my power auncestors dyd buyld, and gave awey vnto 
the same frome them and their heires for ever a grete 
porcyon of their lands, for this intent, ther to be 
prayed for perpetually. And so, many of them be 
there tumulate and buryed. In consideracyon wher- 
of, I wolde gladly be a suter vnto the Kings Highnes 
for the same, if I knewe that my sute myght be hard 
of his Majestie. But for as moche as I am vncerten 
how that his graciouse pleasor is sett, I dare not be so 
bolde as to move his Grace therin. Wherefore I 
moste instauntly desiar your honorable Maistership 
to be a mediator unto the Kings Grace for me, that 
the said pore howse may contynnewe. And his 
Grace shall have a CK, and your Maistership, if it be 
brought to pass, a C*i. for your payn, and xx^ *i. ffee 
of the said Monastery whilest yowe lyve. And if it 
be soo that his Grace be fyxed to have the said Rely- 
giouse Howse dyssolved, then my desier also is that it 
may lyke yow to move the Kings Highnes for me that 


I and my heires may have the foresaid Monastery, and 
all the lands and commodities therunto apperteyning, 
to fe ferme; for as muche as it was sume tymes 
founded by my power aimcestors, and lyeth very 
comodiously for me, by the reson that it joyneth 
upon suche small lands as I have ther in that cuntree. 
And I and my heires shall yeld unto his Grace and 
his heires for ever so muche as the rent of Assyce 
cummeth to ; and gyve your Maistership, if yow 
brjrnge it to passe, a C. m^'S And I and myne 
allweis be redy to doo you suche service and plea- 
sure as in our little powers shall lie. As knoweth 
our Lorde, who send you moche prosperitie with 
dailHe encrease of honor. I hadd purposed ac- 
cording vnto my dutie to have commen myself and 
byn a suter unto your Maistership, but it is so nowe 
that I am not able to ryde ; wherfore I am compellid 
to send my sone, unto whome it may please youe to 
be as good unto as youe of your goodnes wolde be to 
me in the premisses, if I were there my self, Frome 
Staunton Harecowrte, the seconde dale of Aprile. 



To the right honorable Maister Thomas 
Crumwell, Secretary ynto the Kings 
noble Maiestie. 



George Earl of Shrewsbury to John Sciidamore, one 
of the Gentlemen Ushers of the King^s Chamber, 
for his interest to procure him the grant of Wormes- 
ley Priory. 


♦,* Wormeley or Wonnesley Priory in Herefordshire was founded 
for Austin Canons, either at the close of John's reign or the begin- 
ning of that of Henry the Third, by Gilbert Talbot. It was dedi- 
cated to St. Mary and St. Leonard. About the time of the Disso- 
lution the gross value of its revenues amounted to 89/. 3«. 9d. ; the 
net income to 73i. 10«. 2d. 

The Earl of Shrewsbury was not successful in this application : 
the site of Wormeley being subsequently granted in exchange for 
other lands, in the 37th Hen. VIII. to Edward Lord Clinton. Lord 
Shrewsbury, howerer, succeeded in two other instances. In the 
30th Hen. VIII. he obtained the site of the small Priory of Flanes- 
ford in Herefordshire, which had also been founded by an ancestor 
in 1347 ; and finally, in exchange for other property, the Cistercian 
Abbey of Rufford in Nottinghamshire, with the greatest part of ita 

Welbiloved ffrende, as hartly as I can I re- 
comaunde me vnto you, and where I vnderstande that 
for the especyall truste and confydence that the Kyngs 
Highnes hath yn you he hath appoynted you to be 
oon of his Survayors of dyuerse Abbeis within the 
Countye of Hereforde and others appoynted to be 
subpressed. Trouth it is yn the poore house of 
Wormsley, within the said Countye of Hereforde, 
which is of my foundacon, many of myn auncestors 


do lye^ and the mooste parte of the furst of the 
poore name that I am comyn of. So that yf I myght 
by any pursute to be made vnto the Kyngs Grace for 
the same, I wold be verey sorye it shuld be sub- 
pressed. And therfore I desyre and hertely pray 
you to bear your laufull favor, and to be good therin, 
at this my desyre, so that by your good helpe and 
meanes I may the soner atteyn that the same may 
stande and contynewe. And I shalbe glad to do vnto 
you pleasure at all tymes, as know*^ our Lord who 
have you in his governance. Wryten at Hansworth, 
the iiij*** day of May. 

Yo' flfelow 


To my hertly biloved fellow, John Skydmore, 
oon of the gentylmen ysshers of the Kyngs 
most honerable Chamber. 


Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire, to Secretary Crom- 
well, agreeing to raise the allowance to his Son's 
widow from a hundred Marks to a hund/red Pounds, 
[misc. corresp. 2 Ser, li. 679. Orig.'] 

\* This Letter is the sequel to that numbered cxxiv. in the 
first Series. Lady Rocheford there writes to Secretary Cromwell, 
'' to be a meane to the King's gracious Highness for her to have such 
poor stuff and plate as her husband had possessed before his death." 
Further stating, th^t although the King's Highness and her father 


had paid sums of money to the amount of two thousand marks for 
her jointure to the Earl of Wiltshire, yet that she was herself as- 
sured, during the Earl's life, of no more than a hundred marks in 
pension, which^ she adds, ^' is very hard for me to shift the world 
withall/' The King and Cromwell, it appears, both wrote to the 
Earl of Wiltshire in consequence, and he raised her stipend to one 
hundred pounds. Whether the '^ poor stuff and plate ** were re- 
stored, there is no record. 

Mastyr Secretary, in my hartyest wyse I re- 
comand me on to yow, acerteynyng yow how I haVe 
receyvyd thys mornyng a lettyr from the Kyngs 
Hyghnesse, and one od3rr from yow ; they both con- 
sernyng an augmentacon of lyvyng to my dowghtyr 
of Rochford. And for answer to the Kyngs Hyghnes 
in thys mater, and also to applye me to every thyng 
that may be to hys contentacon and plesur, al thow 
my lyvyng of late is mych decayed, I shalbe content 
that wher she hath now one hondryd marks a yere in 
hand, and odyr two hondyrd marks a yere aftyr my 
dyssesse, to gyve to hyr yerly fyfty marks a yere 
more in hand, alonly to satysfye the Kyngs desyre 
and plesur. So that from owr Ladys day last past 
she shall have one hondryd pownds a yere to lyve on, 
wher she shuld have had but one hondyrd marks. 
And thys I am content to gyfe hyr as long as I shall 
lyve, and aftyr my decesse, she is sewer to have CCC, 
marks a yere. Besechyng yow that it may plese 
yow to informe the Kyngs Hyghnesse how I do thys 
alonly for the Kyngs plesur, for the trowth is whan I 


maryd my wyffe I had but fyfty pownds to lyve on 
for me and my wyffe as long as my fadjr lyvyd ; and 
yett she browte me forth every yere a chyld. And 
now to folow the Kyngs Hyghnesse desyre and ple- 
sur I am content^ as I have wryten afore, that she shall 
have yerly one hondyrd pownd in hand, wher she 
had but one hondyrd marks before. And thus 
I make an end, prajring yow alwap, good Mastyr 
Secretary, to contynew yowr goodnesse towards me 
as my full trust is in yow, now whan I am farr of 
that shall not always be present to answer for my 
selff. From Hever, thys fyrst Sonday of July, by the 
ill hand of 

Yowr own assewrydly 


To the rygfh wonhypfull Mastyr Thomas 
Crvmwell, Chyef Secretary to the Kyngs 


Archbishop Cranmer to King Henry VIIL concerning 
the King's /Supremtict/. 

. [MS. GOTTON. CLEOP. E. TI. 232. O^f .] 

Pleasith it your Grace to be advertised, that 
where, as wel by your Graces special letters dated the 
nj* day of June in the xxvij*** yere of your Graces 
most noble reigne, as also by mouth in Wynchester 
at Michaelmas last past, your Grace commawnded al 


the prelates of your Realme that they, with al accele- 
ration and expedition, sholde do their diligence, 
every one in his dioces, fully to perswade your people 
of the Busshope of Rome his autoritie, that it was 
but a false and unjust usurpation, and that your 
Grace of veray right, and by Goddes lawe is the Su- 
preme Heade of this Churche of Englande, next im- 
mediatly unto God, I, to accomplish your Graces 
commawndment, incontinent opon my retome from 
Wynchester (knowinge that al the countrie about 
Otforde and Knol, where my most' abode was, were 
sufficiently instructed in those maters alredy) cam up 
into thies parties of Este Kent, onely by prechynge 
to persuade the people in the said two articles. And 
in myn own church at Canterbury, bicause I was in- 
formed that that towne in those two poynts was lest 
persuaded of all my Dioces, I preched there two ser- 
mons my selfe. And as it than chawnced Doctor 
Leighton was present at my first sermon, beinge than 
your Graces Visitor, of whome, if it so please your 
Grace, you may heare the reporte what I preched. 
The scope and effecte of both my sermons stode in 
three thyngs. First, I declared that the Bushope of 
Rome was not Godds Yicar in erth as he was taken, 
and, although it was so taught theis three or four 
hundreth yeres, yet it was done by the meanes of the 
Bushope of Rome, who compelled men by othes so 
to tech, to the mayntenance of his autoritie, contrary 


to Godds worde. And here I declared by what 
meanes and craft the Busshopp of Bx)me obteyned 
such usurped autoritie. Seconde, by cause the See 
of Rome was called Sancta sedes Romanay and the 
Busshope was called Sanctissimus Pcupa^ and mermys 
consciences peradventure coulde not be quyete to be 
separated from so holy a place and from Goddes most 
holy Vicar, I shewed the people that this thynge 
ought no thynge to move theym, for it was but a ho- 
lynes in name ; for indede there was no such holynes 
at Rome. And thereapon I toke occasion to declare 
the glory and pompe of Rome, the covetousnes, the 
unchast lyvynge, and the mayntenance of al vices. 
Thirde, I spake agaynst the Busshope of Rome his 
lawes, which he calleth divinas leges and sacros ca- 
nones, and maketh theym equal with Goddes lawes. 
And here I declared that many of his lawes were con- 
trary to Goddes lawes; and some of theym which 
were good an<^ laudable, yet they were not of such 
holynes as he wolde make theym, that is, to be taken 
as Goddes lawes ; or, to have remission of synnes by 
observynge of theym. And here I said that so many 
of his lawes as were good, men ought not to contemne 
and despise theym, and wilfully to breake theym : 
for those that be good your Grace had receyved as 
lawes of your realhie, untyl such tyme as other sholde 
be made. And therfore, as lawes of your realme, 
thay must be observed and not contempned. And 

VOL. III. c 


here I spake aswel of the ceremonies of the Church, 
as of the forsaid lawes ; that they ought neither to l>e 
rejected or despised, nor yet to be observed, with 
this opinion, that thay of themselfes make men holy, 
or that they remytt synne. For seirige that oure 
synnes be remitted by the deth of our Saviour Christ 
Jesus, I said it v^as to moch injurie to Christ to im- 
pute the remission of oure synnes to any lawes or ce- 
remonies of mannes makynge. For the lawes or ce- 
remonies of the Church, at their first makynge, were 
ordened for that intent. But as the common lawes of 
your Graces realm be not made to remit synne, nor no 
man doth observe theym for that intente, but for a 
common commoditie, and for a good ordre and quiet- 
ness to be observed amonge your subjettes ; evyn so 
were the lawes and ceremonies first instituted in the 
Church for a good ordre and remembrance of many 
good thynges, but not for remission of oure synnes. 
And though it be good to observe theym wel for that 
intente thay were first ordened, yet it is not good, 
but a contumelie unto Christ, to observe theym with 
this opinion, that thay remitt synne, or that the veray 
bare observation of theym in itselfe is an holynes bi- 
fore God ; although thay be remembrances of many 
holy thynges, or a disposition unto goodnes. And 
evyn so do the lawes of your Graces realme dispose 
men unto justice, to peace, and other true and perfite 
holynes ; wherefoi^ I did conclude for a general rule. 


that the people ought to observe theymas they do the 
lawes of your Graces reahne, and with no mor® 
opinion of holynes or remission of synne^ than the 
other common lawes of your Graces realme. Though 
my two sermons were longe, yet I have written 
breifly unto your Highnes the summe of theym both. 
And I was informed by sundry reportes, that the 
people were glad that thay harde so moch as thay 
did, untyl such tyme as the Prior of the blacke 
Frears at Canterbury, preched a sermon, as it was 
thought and reported, clene contrary unto al the 
three things which I had preched bifore. For as 
towchynge the first parte, where I had preched 
agajrnst the erronious doctrine of the Busshope of 
Rome his power, which errour was, that by Goddes 
hwe he shdde be Goddes Vicar here in erth, the 
Priour wolde not name the Busshope of Rome, but 
under colour spake generally that the Church of 
Christ never erred. And as towchynge the seconde 
parte, where I spake of the vices of the Busshopes of 
Rome and their See, the Prior said that he wolde not 
sclawnder the Busshopes of Rome, and he said openly 
to me in a good audience, that he knewe no vices by 
none of the Busshoppes of Rome ; and he said also 
openly that I preched uncharitably, whan I said that 
theis many yei*es I had dayly prayed unto God that I 
m^ht se the power of Rome destroyed, and tiiat I 
thanked God that I had now sene it in this Realme. 

c 2 


And yet in my sermon I declared the cause wherfore 
I so prayed, for I said that I perceyved the See of 
Rome worke so many thinges contrary to Goddes 
honor, and the welth of this realme, and I sawe no 
hope of amendement so longe as that See reigned over 
us ; and for this cause onely I had prayed unto God 
continually that we myght be separated from that 
See, and for no private malice or displeasure that I 
had either to the Busshope or See of Rome. But this 
semed an uncharitable prayer to the said Prior, that 
the power of Rome sholde be destroyed* And as for 
the fourth parte, where I preched agaynst the lawes 
©f the Busshope of Rome, that thay ought not to be 
taken as Goddes lawes, nor to be estemed so highly 
as he wolde have theym, the Priour craftely levynge 
out the name of the Busshope of Rome preched that 
the lawes of the Churche be equal with Goddes 
lawes. Thies thynges he preched as it is proved 
both by sufficient wytnes, and also by his own con- 
fession. I leave the jugement hereof unto your 
Grace and to your Cownsail, whether this were a de- 
fense of the Busshope of Rome or not, and I onely 
accordynge to my bownden duty, have reported the 
truth of the facte. But in myn opinion, if he had 
spoken nothynge elles, yet whosoever saith that the 
church never erred, maynteneth the Busshope of 
Rome his power. For if y* were not erronious that 


was taught of his power, that he is Christes Vicar in 
erth, and by Goddes lawe heade of al the worlde spi- 
ritual and temporal, and thdt al people must beleve 
that de necessitate sakctis, and that who soever doth 
any thynge agaynst the See of Rome is an heretike^ 
and that he hath authoritie also in purgatory, with 
such other many false thynges which were taught in 
tyraes past to be articles of our faith ; if thies thynges 
were not erronious, yea, and erroures in the faith^ 
than must nedis your Graces lawes be erronious that 
pronounce the Busshope of Rome to be of no more 
power by Goddes lawe than other busshoppes and 
theym to be traytores that defende the contrary. This 
is certen, that who soever sayth that the Church never 
erred, must either deny that the Church ever taught 
any such erroures of the Busshope of Rome his 
power, and than thay speke agaynst that which al the 
worlde knoweth, and al bookes wrytten of that 
matter thies three or four himdreth yeres do testifie : 
or elles thay must say that the said erroures be nonq 
erroures but truthes, and than it is both traison and 
heresye. At my first examination of hym, which 
was bifore Christmas, he said that he preched not 
against me, nor that I had preched any thynge amis ;, 
but now he sayth that I preched amisse in veray 
many thynges, and that he purposely preched agaynst 
me. And this he reporteth openly by which wordea. 


I am mervelously slawndered in tliies parties. And 
for this cause I besech your Grace that I may not 
have the jugement of the cause, for so much as be 
taketh me for a partie, but that your Grace wol 
commytt the heaxynge herof unto my Lorde Pryvey 
Seale, or ells to associate unto me some other person 
at your Graces pleasure, that we may heare the 
cause joyntly togither. If this man, who hath so 
highly offended your Grace and preched agaynst me 
openly, beinge Ordenary and Metropolitane of this 
province, and that in such matteres as conceme the 
authoritie, the myslyvynge, and the lawes of the 
Busshope of Rome, and that also within myn own 
church : if he, I say, be not loked opon, I l^ave unto 
your Graces prudence to expende what example this 
may be unto other, with like colour to mayntene the 
Busshope of B/ome his authoritie, and also of what 
estimation I shalbe reputed herafter, and what ere* 
dence shalbe gyven unto my prediynge, what so ever 
I shall say hereafter. I besech your Grrace to pardon 
me of my longe and tedious wrytynge, for I coulde 
not otherwise set the matter furth playne. And I 
most hartely thanke your Grace for the stagge which 
your Grace sent unto me from Wyndesor foreste, 
which if your Grace knowe for how many causes it 
was welcome unto me, and how many wayes it did me 
service, I am sure you wolde thynke it moch the 
better bystowed. Thus our Lorde have your High- 


nes always in his preservation and governance. 
From Forde, the 26^ day of August. 

Your Graces most humble chaplain and bedisman. 



John TregonweU to Secretary Cromwell. Visits God- 
stowe Nunnery in Oxfordshire, Ensham, Bruem, 
Wroxton, Clattercote, the Nuns of Catesby, Canons 
Ashbyy Chalcomhey Stttdley, Notley, Tame, Dor- 

[sTAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. coRRESP. 2 Ser. xlUi. 227. Orig,^ 

\* The reader has already had two or three Letters laid before 
him from persons who sought Tolnntary grants, or to make pur- 
chases from the King of the sites or lands of Religious Houses. He 
will now see a successicm oi Letters (other subjects occasionally 
intervening) detailing the particulars of the YisitatiiMis pr^aratory 
to their destruction. He may probably hare some difficulty in be- 
Uering the Visitors' statements of the deprayity found amongst 
the religious ; but he will have none as to the cruelties exercised in 
their Visitations. 

There is a transcript of a Manuscript among Cole's GoQections in 
the British Museum,* the original of which was written about 1591, 
upon tiie Fall of tiie Religious Houses and Chantry-foundatioDS in 
the time of Henry the Eighth and. Edward the Sixth, by one whose 
father and uncle witnessed the Suppression of the Monasteries ; and 
who himself bought some of the Church goods when sold in Edward 
the Sixth's time. The following Extracts probably exhibit what 
was at that time the genuine as well as general feeling of the Eng- 
lish public. 

> MS. Cole, Tol. ad. p. 1—49. 


^' Now that thou hast heard of the ways and means used to the 
overthrow of all Religious Houses and Abbeys, and of the clergy's 
wealthy and the great controversies in Religion ; in the mean time it 
shall not be amiss to let thee know how and in what order they 
were visited, spoiled, and destroyed ; so that in most places it can- 
not be perceived where they stood : and their lands are so dis- 
persed abroad into so many persons* hands, that there be few sub- 
jects of any living that have not some part thereof; yea many of 
them hath their whole inheritance forth of the Clergy land, and 
that hard it would be to know what lands belonged in times past 
and what not to the said Houses, and where the Monasteries and 
Colleges stood, if it were not for the Records of ihe Exchequer and 
other Courts ; and the conveyances of the said Houses and Lands 
made from the King to his subjects, and from one subject to an- 
otiier, that particularly doth declare every thing by itself; by the 
means whereof both the Houses and the Lands belonging to them, 
yea to every House by itself will ever be known. 

'' In the plucking down of which Houses for the most part this 
order was taken: that the Visitors should come suddenly upon 
every House and unawares (for they never looked to be visited out 
of the doors, seeing they had pleased the King so well with the ready 
money bestowed of him, in good hope of the standing thereof, as is 
aforesaid), to the end to take them napping, as the Proverb is ; 
least if they should have had so much as any inkeling of their 
coming, they would have made conveyance of some part of their 
own goods to help themselves withal, when they were turned forth 
of their houses : and both reason and nature might well have 
moved them so to have done, although it will be said all was given 
to the King before by Act of Parliament ; and so they had neither 
goods, houses, nor possessions. And there they had to give the 
King great thanks, yea pray for him upon their black beads, that 
was so gracious a Prince to them, to suffer them to stay so long 
after that all was given from them. And therefore if the Visitors, 
being the King's Officers and Conmiissioners in that behalf, took 
their dinner with them, and then turned them forth to seek their 
lodging at night, or at tiie furthest the next day in tiie morning, 
where they could find it, (as it was done indeed), they did no 
wrong ; nor truly no great right : for so soon as the Visitors were 
entred within the gates, they called the Abbot and other Officers of 
the House, and caused them to deliver up to them all their keys. 


And took an inventory of all their goods, both within doors and 
without : for all such beasts, horses, sheep, and such cattle as were 
abroad in pastures or grange places, the Visitors caused to be 
brought into their presence : and when they had so done, turned the 
Abbot with all his convent and household forth of the doors* 

^' Which thing was not a little grief to the Convent, and all the 
Servants of the House departing one from another, and especially 
such as with their conscience could not break their profession : for 
it would have made an heart of flint to have melted and wept to 
have seen the breaking up of the House, and* their sorrowful depart- 
ing ; and the sudden spoil that fell the same day of their departure 
from the House. And every person had every thing good cheap ; 
except the poor Monks, Friars^ and Nuns, that had no money to 
bestow of any thing : as it appeared by the suppression of an Ab- 
bey, hard by me, called the Roche Abbey ; a House of White 
Monks : a very Mr builded House, all of freestone ; and every 
house vaulted with freestone, and covered with lead (as the AbbeyS' 
was in England, as well as the Churches be). At the breaking up 
whereof an Uncle of mine v^as present, being well acquainted vdth 
certain of the monks there ; and when they were put forth of the 
House, one of the monks, his friend, told him that every one of the 
Convent had given to him his cell, wherein he lied : wherein was 
not any thing of price, but his bed and apparel, which was but 
simple and of small price ; which monk willed my uncle to buy 
something of him ; who said, I see nothing that is worth money to 
my use : No, said he ; give me ij**. for my cell-door, which was ne- 
ver made with v*. No, said my uncle, I know not what to do with 
it. (For he was a young man unmarried, and then neither stood 
need of houses nor doors.) But such persons as afterward bought 
their com and hay or such like, found all the doors either open, or 
the locks and shackles plucked away, or the door itself taken away, 
went in and took what they found, filched it away. 

'* Some took the Service Books that lied in the Church, and laid 
them upon tiieir waine coppes to peice the same : some took win- 
dows of the Hayleith and hid them in their hay ; and likewise they 
did of many other things : for some pulled forth the iron hooks out 
of the walls that bought none, when the yeomen and gentlemen of 
the country had bought the timber of the Church. For the Church 
was the first thing that was put to the spoil ; and then the Abbofs 
lodging, dortor, and Erater, with the cloister and all the buildings 

c 5 



thereaboiit, within ike Abbey walls ; for nothing wag spared but the 
ox-houses and swinecoates, and such other houses of office, that 
stood without the walls ; which had more favour showed them than 
the very Church itself : which was done by the advice of Cromwell, 
as Fox reporteth in his Book of Acts and Monuments. It would 
have pitied any heart to see what tearing up of the lead there was, 
and plucking up of boards, and throwing down of the sparrea ; and 
when the lead was torn off and cast down into the Church, and the 
tombs in the Church all broken (for in most Abbeys were divers 
noble men and women, yea and in some Abbeys Kings, whose 
tombs were regarded no more than the tombs of all other inferior 
persons : for to what end should they stand, when the Church over 
them was not spared for their cause), and all things of price either 
spoiled, carped away, or defaced to the uttermost. 

^'The persons that cast the lead into fodders, plucked up all the 
seats in the choir, wherein the monks sat when they said service ; 
which were like to the seats in minsters, and burned them, and 
melted the lead therewithal! : although there was vrmkI plenty 
within a flight shot of them : for the Abbey stood among the wooda 
and the rocks of stone : in which rocks was pevrter vessels found 
that was conveyed away and there hid : so that it seemeth that 
every person bent himself to filch and spoil what he could : yea even 
such persons were content to spoil them, that seemed not two daj^s 
before to allow their religion, and do great worship and reverence 
at their Mattins, Masses, and other service, and all other their 
doiiigs : which is a strange thing to say, that they that could this 
day think it to be the House of God, aud the next day the Hou^ of 
the Devil: of else they would not have been so ready to have 
spoiled it. 

. " For the better proof of this my saying, I demanded of my fa- 
t^r, thirty years after the Suppression, which had bought p^ of 
the timber of the Church, and all the timber in the. steeple, with the 
bell-frame, with others his partners therein, (in the which steeple 
hung vtiy. yea ix. bells ; whereof the least but one could not be 
bought at this day for xx*^, which, bells I did see hang there myself 
more than a year after the Suppression,) whether he thought well of 
the Religious person and of the Religion then used ? And he told 
me. Yea: for, said he, I did see no cause to the contrary. Well, 
aaid I, then how came it to pass you was so ready to destroy and 
spoil the thing that you thought well of? What should I do? said 


he. Might I not aa well as others have some profit of the spoil of 
the Abbey? for I did see all would away ; and therefore I did as 
others did. 

^'Thns yoQ may see that as well they that thought well of the 
Beligion then used, as they which thought otherwise coiild agree 
wen enough, and too well, to spoil them. Such a deyil is covetous* 
ness and Mammon ! and such is the providence of God to punish; 
sinners, in making themselves instruments to punish themselves, 
and all their posterity from generation to generation ! For no doubt 
Ihere hath been millions of millions that have repented the thing 
since ; but all too late. And thus much upon my own knowledge 
tsuching the &11 of the said Roche Abbey : which had stood about 
Ihree hundred years : for the Church was dedicated by one Ada, the 
Bishop of Coventry, in the year of our Lord God 1244.* By the fall 
whereof it may be weU known how aU the rest were used. 

^ Now you shall hear of the foil of a CoUegBy stuiding in Bother- 
ham, within three miles where I vras bor% and now do dwell, (for 
I learned at the school in the said town, at the FreeHMshool, founded 
by the founder of the iaid College, whose name was Scott, Arch- 
bishop then of York,) which is a fair house yet striding ; but God 
knoweth how kmg it shall stand ; for certain brick chimneys, and 
other brick walis (for it is all made of brick) is decayed and ftJlen 
down for lack of use : for there hath been few persons, and some- 
times none at aU, of long time dwelling therein : because it is- in the 
Earl of Shrewsbury his hands ; and, as the Report is, it is concealed 
land ; which seemeth to be the cause that he maketh no more ac- 
coiiuit thereof : and muoh less, because all the lands and possessions 
are sold from it by the King ; saving the yard, orchard, and garden, 
places lying within the walls thereof: for it is walled in with a 
brick wiai. 

** The foundation thereof was not to make a malt-house, as it is 
now used : but it was to this end and purpose, that the Master 
thereof should be a preacher, and to have three Fellows within it ; 
of the which Fellows, one should teach freely a Grammar School 
within the town for all that came to it: the second should teach 
freely a Writing School : and the third a Song School : and further 
to find six choristers for the maintenance of God's service in the 
Churchy until their voices changed, at which time they went to the 

> Hfere is a miatake. Roche Abbey wu founded in 1147. No Bishop of Lick- 
fldd and Coiyentiy, of the name of- Ads, oooum IB die Listst 


Grammar School : for by the foundation of Lincoln College in Ox- 
ford, whereof the said bishop was a founder also, the scholars that 
came from this College of Rotherham, were to be preferred to a 
Fellowship of that College before any other, which was performed 
rery well so long as the House stood, according to his first founda- 
tion. But so soon as the said House was dissolved, neither 
preacher nor schoolmaster was provided' : • but .the town hired the 
schoolmaster for many years after : until they made suit unto the 
Queen's Majesty, and obtained z}K yearly towards the finding of the 
schoolmaster for the Grammar School ; which cost the town not a 
little before they could get it. 

^' Now let every one consider what great loss this was to such a 
Town, and the country round about it ; not only for the cause of 
learning, but also for the help of the poor, that now in the town is 
not a few : for there are many more than was then. 

'^ Therefore it did appear very well how the Commissioners meant 
to answer before God for the beneficial assignment of pensions for 
such masters, preachers, and schoolmasters, when they dissolved the 
House. It will be said the masters then being, and schoolmasters 
also, lacked not their pensions during their lives. It may be true : 
but when they were dead who should play the preacher or school- 
master? So it appeareth, whether the foundation touched supersti- 
tion or sincere Religion, all was one : for all was fish that came to 
the net. Well, this College sped better than most of its fellows, that 
were far better than it both in building and possessions : for they be 
for the most part rased down to the ground, as the Monasteries for 
the most part are. For the richer House, and more costly and 
strongly builded, the worse it sped, and was dealt vdthal ; for that 
thing that was done for the long continuance of them in all such 
buildings, was the cause of their sooner overthrow. For if tiiey had 
been. as badly builded as the first religious persons builded their 
Houses and Cells, and had had no greater livings and possessions 
belonging to them, and no more riches within them, they might have 
stood until this day : therefore this saying is most true, Religio eit 
maier divUiarum, et fiUa devorat matrem. And God suffereth both 
the mother and daughter to be destroyed. 

^'If thou wilt know more of these matters, read diligently the 
Statutes made concerning Religion and the thingp thereunto pertain- 
ing, in the reign of King Henry VIII. and King Edward VI., and 
thou shalt well perceive the fair speeches there set down to be 


Spoken to bring foul acts to pass. Fistula duUe canity vohtcrem dum 

Pleasyth you to be advertised that after my de- 
partyng from Oxforde I went to Godstowe, where I 
fownde all thyngs well, and yn good order aswell yn 
the Monaster! and the Abbas there, as also yn the 
Convent of the same, excepte that one sister xiij\ or 
xiiij. yers past, beyng then of a nothere howse, brake 
her chastyte {quia peperit), the whych for correccyon 
and punysment afterward was sent to Godstowe by 
the Byschope of Lyncolne, where now and euer 
sethens that tyme she hath levyd vertuowse. 

From thens I went to Ensham, where I. fownde 
a rawe sorte of Relygyouse parsons and offence 
emongest them (almoste yn all kyndys of synne com- 
myttede, et etiam crimen pessimum) ; for the which 
offences they have byne punyschede by theire or- 
dynarye in his Visitation. Yet by as myche as I can 
perceve by inquisition th'abbot ys chaste of hys 
levyng, and dothe right well over loke the reparra- 

b The original of this Manuscript was in the possession of Thomas Porter, Esq. 
<tf Nottinghamshire and Cambridgeshire, who told Mr. Cole that he believed Cath- 
bert Shirebrook, a dignified ecclesiastic, was the author. 

It appears from the internal evidence of the Manuscript that the author, whoever 
he was, was bom near Roche Abbey, within three miles of Rotherham, at the free- 
school of which place he received his education. He continued to live, as his fikther 
and uncle had done before hun, on the spot where he was bom, at the time of writ- 
ing this Tract, in the 33^ of Elisabeth, 1691. He mentions the funeral of George 
Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury, 13th Jan. 33 Eliz. 1690—1. 

At page 6 of the Manuscript he says he translated out of Latin into English the 
Dialogues of St. Gregory. Cole says that he had these Dialogues translated into 
En^ish, and dedicated to Queen Anne, wife of James I., dated 1608, in a nnall 8vo. 
sise. The author was a Catholic, and subscribed himself P. W., perhaps Philip 


cons of his House, to whom I can obiecte nothyng 

but that he ys neglygent yn over seyng hys bretheme. 
He sayethe that hys dayly ynfyrmyty is th'occasion 
therof, whych ynfynnytye ^omwhat dyd appere byliis 
face to be trewe. 

From Ensham to Bruwerne, where th'abbot ys (as 
hyt apperyth to me) not only vertuowse and well 
lemyde in holy Scrypture, but also bathe ryght well 
reparyde the rewen and dekeye of that bowse, lefte 
by his predycessors neglygens, and the Convent 
(which heretofore were insolent) byn now brought to 
good order. 

From Breweme, I rode to Wraxton, a Howsc of 
smalle rents, and stondyth moast by husbandry. 
The Prior there althoghe he be a good husbande 
and kepyth good hospitalite to hys abylyte, yet 
he is rewde and unlernyd.. Et qualis pater tales 

From thens to Clathercott a Howse of th'Order 
of the Gilbertynes, where I fownde iij. Chanons 
besyde the Pryor. That Howse ys olde, fowle, 
and fylthe. Whethere there levyng be accordyng, 
I cannot tell, for they desyryd me that I wolde 
not vyset them by cause (as th^ sayd) that yow 
hadde gevyne (by your commyssion) full autoryte to 
the Pryor of Semperyngham to vyset all there Order, 
so that no man but he shulde medle with that Order ; 
and by cause I wolde not mittere falcem in messem 


aUenam with owt yoiir pleasure to me knowea, I de- 
parted thens negotio infecto. 

And from that howse of the Gilbertynese I came to 
a Howse of Nunnes called Catysby of Ixxxx^ landys 
yerly, of th'order of Cistiowxe, imdejr my Iiorde of 
I^yncolues jurysdiction (as I suppos) by usurpation. 
For that Order as you knowe hathe allwayes byn 
QXempte from tbe Byseiope. The Priores tkere ys 
a Yyght sadde matrone, the systers also there now 
beyng by the space of xx** yeres hath byn (by as 
mytjbe as I oaja leroe) without suspicou of inconty- 
naat levyng* 

From Catesby I rode to Ch^uons Asbye which 
how^Q ia Clx.^. yn dette, by reason of the late prefer-* 
meat of the Prior there now beyng. The Howsie 
alao, by the neglygens of his predyeessor^ ys yn rewen 
and dekey. Howbehyt the sayde Prioj (all thought 
he be unlernyde) ys dysposed to thryve,. and by the 
lemyng and good example of levyng of the Supprior 
of that Howse, the relygyowse men there byn lyke to 
doo well. 

From Chanons Asbye, I rode to Chacombe, the 
Prior ys newly come thether whoo ys competently 
well lemyde in holy Scripture. The Chanons byn 
rewde and vnlemyde. He begynnyth to bryng them 
to some order. I fere nothyng yn hym but negly- 
gens and overmyche famylyarite which he vseth 
emongest them. 


From Chacombe, I came to Burcestre, ther I fynd^ 
that the Prior doth well over loke his bretheme, and 
also the profettys of his Howse, His said bretheme 
by his tyme hathe byn yn good order, exceptyde one 
(for fraye of pimysment for his incontenent levjmg) 
ran away and soo he remaynyth at thys tyme in 

From thens, yester nyght, I came to Stoo'dlye. 
From thens, I yntende to Notley, and thens to Tame 
Abbeye, and last of all to Dorchester, where I make 
an end vnto the tyme I may knowe your farder plea- 
sure, whych (Gode wyllyng) I shall accomplysche. 
Vpon Frydaye nexte, I trust to be redye to come to 
your Masterschype accordyng to your commaunde- 
ment sent to me by yo' letters, besechyng you that I 
inaye knowe whethere you wyll remayne yn the 
Cowrte or retume to London, And thus the holy 
Goast preserve you. Frome Stoodley, the xxvij*** 
day of Septembre. 

Yours moast bownden 

To the ryght honerable M*^ Thomas 
Cromwell, Cheff Secretarye to the 
Kynges Maiestye, be this dd. w^ 



The Abbot of Abingdon to Secretary Cromwell, that 
he had taken a Priest into custody, who travelled 
about practising Conjuration. 

[ibid. misc. letters, t. HEN. VIII. I. fol. 18. b. Orig^l 

Right honorable and my very singuler good Mais- 
ter, in my mooste humble wyse I comende me vnto 
you. It shall please your Maistership to be adver- 
tesed that my Officers have taken here a Preyste, a 
suspecte parson, and with hym certeyn bokes of con- 
juracions, in the whiche ys conteyned many conclu- 
sions of that worke; as fyndyng out of tresure 
hydde, consecratyng of ryngs with stones in theym, 
and consecratyng of a cristal stone wheryn a chylde 
shall lokke, and se many thyngs. Ther ys also many 
fygors in hyt whiche haue dyuers thyngs in theym, 
and amongs all, one the whiche hath a swerde crossed 
ouer with a septor. I haue sente yo** Maistership 
the boke] by the berer herof, besechyng yo' Maister- 
ship to send me your myende what I shall do with 
the parson* Whether I shall sende hym to Oxford 
Castell or Walyngford Castell, or to any other place 
that you wyll assigne. Yf I shall so do, I beseche 
yo'^ Maistership to sende some comaundement in 
wrytyng to the Shreyffe or hys Officers that they 
wyll reseve hym. I beseche you to be my good 


Maister as you haue before tyme byn. And so Jhu 
haue you in hys blyssed kepyng. Wretyn at Aben- 
don, the yj* day of October, at your Maisterships 
comaundement, with my seruyce. 

THOMAS, Ahhas Abendonensis Monastery. 

To the right honorable and my rery aingnler 
good maister, Maister CrumweU, Chefe 
Secretary to the Kyngs Highnesse and 
Maister of his Rolles. 


Sir Piers Button to Sir Thomas Atideley, giving an 
account of the Insurrection of the Abbot of Norton 
against the suppressors of his Abbey, Sir Piers 
Dutton rescues the Commissioners. 

[ibid. miso. oorresp. S Ser. iii. 114. Or%g,'\ 

Please it your good Lordship to be advertysed M^ 
Combes and M^ BoUes, the Kyngs Commyssioners 
within this Countie of Chestre, were lately at Norton 
within the same Countie, for the suppressyng of the 
Abbey there. And when they hadde packed up 
suche joells and stuffe as they had there, and thoght 
apon the morrow after to depart thens, th'abbot 
gedred a gret company to geders to the nombre of 
two or thre hundreth persons, so that the seid Comys- 
doners weare in feare of their lyves, and weare fayne 
to take a towre there, and therapon aende a lettre 


unto me/ ascertennyng me what daungei they were 
ixkf and desyred me to come to assiste them or elU 
they were never lyke to come thens. Whiche lettre 
came to me about ix. of the clokke in the night apon 
Svnday last, > and about two of clock in the same 
nyght I came thyders with suche of my lovers and 
tenaunts as I hadde nere about me» and founde 
dyu^rse fyres made there aswell within the gates as 
without; and the seid Abbot hadde caused an oxe 
and other vitalles to be kylde and prepared for suche 
hise company as he hadde then there. And it was 
thoght in the morrowe after he hadde comforthe to 
have hadde a great nombre moo. Notwithstandyng, 
I vsed some polecy and came svdenly apon them, so 
that the companye that were there fledde, and some 
of them toke poles and waters and it was so derke 
that I colde not fynde them. And it was thoght if 
the matter hadde not byn quykly handlet it wolde 
have growen to forther vnconveniaunts, to what daun- 
ger God knotb. How be it I toke the Abbot and 
thre of his Canons and broght them to the Kyngs 
Castell of Halton, and there commytted them to 
warde to the Constable to be kept as the Kyngs 
Rebellyous apon peyne of Mf.^., and afterwarde 
sawe the seid Comyssioneres with theire stuffe con- 
veyed thens; and William Parker, the Kynga ser- 
vaunt who ys appoynted to be the Kyngs fermer 
there restqwred to hise possession. Wheifore it may 


like yo' good Lordship that the Kyngs Grace may 
have knowlege herof, and that hyse pleasure maye be 
ferther knowen therin, whiche I shalbe alwayes redye 
and gladde to accompleshe to th'uttermost of my 
power, as knoweth oure Lorde God, who euer pre- 
serve your good Lordship with moche honor. At 
Dutton, the xij day of October, by yo*" assured. 


To right honorable and my syngler good 
Lorde, Sir Thomas Audely Knyght, 
Lorde Chauncelor of Englande, this 
be delyuered. 


The Prior of Durham to Secretary Cromwell, with an 
increased Annuity for life. 

[ibid. miso. corresp. 2 Ser. ix, 97. brig,'] 

After moste humble Recommendacons unto your 
good Mastership. Pleaseth the same to be aduertised 
that where as I and my brethem, your Maistershipps 
contynuall beademen, have heretofore graunted unto 
you oone Annuitie of v*i. due at Michaelmas last 
past, whiche I did sende unto your Mastership afore 
the said feast by oone Richard Crosbie, oone auditor, 
to paie to your use ; the same Crosbie, bicause your 
Mastership was not at London at his being there, did 
bring agajme to me the same some, whiche was con-- 


trarie my mynde, and I am right sorie that it was not 
paied at the said terme, wherwith I beseche your 
Mastership to take no displeasure. And nowe inso- 
moche as I do repute the said Annuitie to be veray 
small unto your person, willing to amplifie and en- 
large the same with other v*i. yerelie, for the conti- 
nuance of your Mastershipps favourable kindness to- 
wards Sainct Cuthberts Monasterie, me and my bre- 
them, do send imto you at this tyme, by my servaunt 
the berer herof, oone graunt of Annuitie of x*i. under 
our Conventual Scale during your life, with a know-^ 
ledge of seasin and possession in the same. Humblie 
beseching your Mastership to comand our said former 
graunt of y^K to be cancelled and restored unto this 
berer, and that it will pleas you to accept this graunt 
in wourthe, with the dailie prayer of me and my said 
brethem, your assured continuall Oratours, ever 
qomitting your good Maistership to the tuicon of the 
moste blissed and holie Trinitie. At Duresm, the 
last day of Octobre, 

Your moste humble and daly bedeman, 

HUGHE, Prior of Duresme. 

To the Right Honorable Maister Secretarie 
to the King our Soueraign Lordes High- 
nes^ be this deliuered. 



Margaret Cecill and John Huse to Cromwell^ for 
John MeignoM, one of the Princesses footmen, to 
have the ferm of the lately suppressed Priory of 
Bethekelert, in Caernarvonshire. 

[ibid. misc. corresp. 2 Ser. xyiii. 404.] 

\* This petition did not succeed in its object. The site of Betii- 
kelert Priory was granted in the 27th Hen. VIII. in exchange to 
the Monastery of Chertsey in Surrey, and in the 29th Hen. VIII. 
together with Chertsey itself to the Abbey of Bisham in Berkshire. 

In oure right loving wise we recommende us unto 
you. And where as the beyrar hereof, called John 
Reignold, oon of the Princesse footmen, is moch de- 
sirous tobe fermer of the Priory of Bethekelert, in 
the Comitie of Caernarvan, in Northwalles, lately 
suppressed, as he saith; for his fertheraunce thereunto 
he hath sued unto us to write unto you in his favore 
for that ye have the letting therof, as he affermeth. 
We, considering that the said John Reignold was 
borne in those parties, and that the said fe^ne shuld 
be proufitable and commodyous for hym, desire and 
hertily praye you tobe good maister unto hym, that 
he being as beneficiall unto the Kings Grace in that 
bihalf as any othre wilbe, may have the same to ferme 
with th'appertenaunce bifore any othre, and thrathre 
for that he is the Princesse servaunt. Wherin ye may 


be assured not only hereafter to deserve right herty 
thanks of his Grace, but also have us to do you suche 
pleas' as hereafter may lie in oure powers. And be- 
sides ye shall, in our opinion, do thing meritorous 
for the refuge of the said John Reignold and to have 
hym therfore tobe youre daily Orator : not doubt- 
ing but for the annual payment of the said ferme he 
shall fynde you such sufficient suerties as ye shall 
reasonable requier of hym, as God knowith who haue 
you in his mercifull assurance. At the maner of 
Knolle, the last daye of Nouembre. 


To oiire rigbt loying frende, 
Maister Cromewell. 


Lee Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield to Lord Crom- 
well, on the state of Gloucestershire. Apparently 
written about A. D, 1536. 

[MB. HARL. 28t. foi. las.] 

*•* We have here the arraignment of a Jary for a presumed fidse 
Verdkt. By Stat 26 Hen. VIII. c. 4, in case of untrue Acquittals 
by Jurors in Wales, they were to be punished by fine and imprison- 
inent by the Lord President and Council of the Marches. 

To the Right Honorable and his very good Lord 
the Lord Cromwell, Lord Privy Seall. 


My dutye remembred to your good Lordshype 
aduertesynge the same that I have receaved your 
Letteres dated at the Courte the xvij* daye of Fe- 
bruary, wiUing me (that where dyueres complayntes 
have bene made againste Sir John Hudleston, 
Knyghte, of the one party, and S' John Bridges of 
the other parte, by divers poore men) I shduld entend 
to the reformatyon of the same, and to givfe a vigelent 
eye, and circomspectely to barken to the ordere and 
fectyones in the County of Gloucester. My good 
Lord, accordinge to my dutye thes shalbe to enforme 
the same that S'. William Sullyard knyghte, M'. 
John Vernon, and Thomas Holte, were at the 
Assyses at Gloucester, with the Justycese of Assise, 
for dyueres causes. Amonge other one was for the 
tryafl of a Cause of Rape comytted by one Roger 
Morgane, of Wales, with a greate nomber in his 
companye, in takyng a waye a widowe againste her 
will out of a Churche, wherin, althoughe pregnante, 
euidence was gyven to the enquest agaynste the sayd 
Morgane and his company (as was thought to vs all) 
yet not withstandynge the sayd mallefactores were 
acquitted to the euell example of other. And my 
good Lorde, this is a vice that is and bathe bene 
comonly vsed in Wales, and hathe moste need of re- 
formatyon (which we entendynge) caused the sayd 
persones to be brought to tryall, and at suche tyme 
as the enqueste should have ben empanelled, suche 


as were of reputac5n, and appointed to haue bene of 
the same enqueste, absented themselues so that 
we were driven to take meane men and of mean 
state ; and so thoroughe beringe and secrete labore 
the sayd partyes were acquitted. And therupon the 
sayd Jurye was and is bounde to appeare at the nexte 
assyses ; and, in the meane tyme, before the Kynges 
most honorable Counsell in the Stare Chambere, 
within X. dayes wamynge to them gyven, yf it shalbe 
seen to your and their honores* My Lord, yf this be 
not looked upon, farewell all good Rule. I have 
herw* sente vnto your Lordshipe the Coppy of the 
whole bookes of Evidence to the enteijte that the 
same scene and pervsed by your Lordshipe, I may 
knowe your Lordships pleasure, what tyme the said 
enqueste shall appere, that therupon I maye gyve 
knowledge therof to the sayd enqueste, wherof I 
hartely desyere yo' Lordshipp. At these Assyses 
were viij. condempned, wherof vj. fbr fellony and ij. 
for Treason, whose heades and quarters shalbe sent to 
viij. of the beste townes of the sheir. Those twayne 
were the Bereward and his ffellowe that were 
broughte by the Sherife from your Lordshipe ; and 
ij. other for sedytyous words agaynste the Kynges 
Highnes were sett of the pillorye and had there 
yeares nayled to the same, besydes other puneshe- 
ments accordinge to their desertes. And thus the 
Holy Trynetye longe contyneweyour good Lordshipe 



in honor. In haste, from Gloucester, the laste day 
of Februarye. 

Your Lordshipes moste bounden 



JoycBy late Prioress of Catesbtfy to Secretary Cromwell. 
[misc. oorresp. 2 Ser, v. 180. Orig,'] 

*^* From this Letter it appears that Queen Anne Boleyn took a 
lively interest in the preservation of the Nunnery of Catesby. " The 
Queen's Grace hath moved the King's Majesty for me, and hath 
offered his Highness two thousand marks in recompense of that 
House of Catesby, and hath yet no perfect answer." The money, 
being a large sum, was to be paid gradually. 

The Prioress adds, '' I trust you have not forgotten the Report 
that the Commissioners did send unto you of me and my sisters." 
The Report referred to is preserved in the Cottonian MS. Cleopatra, 
E. IV. fol 209. " Which House of Catesbye," it says, " we found in 
very perfect order, the Prioress a sure, vnse, discrete, and very reli- 
gious woman, with nine nuns under her obedience, as religious and 
devout and vrith as good obedience as we have in time past seen, or 
belike shall see. The said House standeth in such a quarter much 
to the relief of the King's people, and his Grace's poor subjects 
there likewise much relieved, as by the report of dyvers worship- 
fulls nere thereunto adjoining, as of all other, it is to us openly de- 
clared. Wherefore if it should please the King's Highness to have 
any remorse that any such religious' House shall stand, we think his 
Grace cannot appoint any House more meet to show his most gra- 
cious charity and pity on, than on the said House of Catesby." The 
Commissioners who signed this Letter were Edward Knyghtly, John 
Lane, George Gryffard, and Roger Burgoyn. 

By a subsequent Letter from George Giffard to Cromwell (MS. 
Cotton. Cleop. e. iv. fbl. 218), it appears the King was displeased. 
'' And, Sir, for as much as of late my fellows and I did write untfll 


Mr. Chancellor of the Augmenttttioss in tbe favor of the Abbey of 
St. JameS) and the Nunnery of Catesby in Northamptonshire, which 
Letter he showed unto the King's Highness in the favor of those 
Houses, when the King's Highness was displeased ; as he said to 
my servant Thomas Harper ; saying that it was like that we had 
received rewards which caused us to vmte as we did." 

The Prioress concludes witii ^ Master Only saith that he hath a 
Grant of the House. But my very trust is in God, and you to help 
forward that the Queen's Grace may obtain her request that it may 
stand." Nevertheless what Master Only said was true ; Tanner 
records tiiat the sile of Gatei^y was granted in the 25th Henry VIII. 
to John Onley. There were ten religious here at the time of the 
Dissolution. Jocosa or Joyce Bekeley, as Prioress of Catesby, was 
admitted a member of the Corpus Christi Gild at Coventry in the 
2nd of Henry the VIII.« She continued till the Dissolution. 

Pleaseth hit your Mastership to call to yo' re- 
membrance that Doctor Gwent enformed you yes- 
temyght, that the Queness Grace hath moved the 
Kjnges Majeste for me, aud hath offered his. High- 
nes too thousand marks in recompence of that Howse 
of Catisby, and hath as yet no perfet answere. Yff 
hit mey lyke you nowe in my grett sorowe and pen- 
syvenes to be so good Master to me as to opteyne 
tliat the Kynges Grace do graunte that the Howse 
may stonde and geyte me yeres of payment for the 
ijMii. marks, you shall have a C^m''* of me to by you 
a geldyng ; and my prayers duryng mye lyff, and all 
my systers duryug their lyves. I trust you have not 
forgoten the report that the Comyssioners dyd sende 
vnto you of me and my systers. Master Only saith 
that he hath a graunt of the Howse. But my very 

• Dugd. Warw. 



trust is in God, and you to help forward that the 

Queues Grace mey opteyne her request that hit may 

stonde. And this I beseche All myghty God sende 

you ever such comforth at your nede, as it was to my 

hart yester nyght when Doctor Gwent ded send me 

worde that you wold move the Kyngs Grace for me 

this momyng ayen. 

Yo"" most bounden of all creatures, 

JOYCE, late Priores of Catesby. 

To the ryght honorable and my most 
especiall good mast% M^^ Secretary. 


Robert Aske, Chief Captain of the ** Conventual As" 
sembh/y' to the Commons of Yorkshire, to raise them 
for the Pilgrimage of Grace, 

[ibid. 3 Ser. i. 27. Orig.'] 

' *^* The Dissolution of the smaller Monasteries gave rise, as the 
reader is, no doubt, aware, to two Insurrections. The first broke 
out at Louth in Lincolnshire, Oct. 2d, 1536, and was headed pardy 
by a person under the assumed name of Captain Cobler, and partly 
by Dr. Makarel, Prior of Barlings. The second, of a more formid- 
able character, broke out in the northern counties, and was directed 
by Robert Aske of Howden in Yorkshire, a man of bold character, 
who gave his undertaking the specious name of *^ The Pilgrimage of 

The great outline of this double rebellion is so fully exhibited in 
the first Volume of the State Papers published in 1830, that few 
Letters of paramount interest upon the subject remain to be pub- 
lished. Two or three only are here given, sufficient to mark the pro- 
gress and issue of the event. 


Robert Aske's Address, begiiinmg *' Lords, Knights, Maisters, 
Kynnesmen, and Friends/' is given in the Volnme already referred 
to, p. 466. The following was his Address to the humbler people, 
when first seeking to raise the mnltitade. 

Masters, all men to be redie to morow, and this 
neighte and in the momyng to ryng your bellis in 
every towne, and to assemble your selfs apon Skyp- 
withe mowre, and thare apoynte your Captayns, 
Master Hussye, Master Babthorp, and Master Gas- 
coygn, and other gentilmen; and to geff wamyng to 
all be yonde the watter to be redy vpon payn of 
dethe for the Comen Welthe ; and make your pro- 
clymacon, every man to be trewe to the Kyngs issue, 
and the noble blode ; to preserve the Churche of God 
frome spolyng ; and to be trew to the Comens and 
the welthis; and ye shall have to morowe the Ar* 
tides and causis of your assemble and peticon to the 
Xyng, and place of oure meting, and all other of 
poure and comen welthe. In haste, &c. 

By me robt. aske, Chieffe Captayn 
ofM'ches landf Thile^ and Howden 
shyre^ thomas metham, robt. 
aske Yongevy thomas salte- 


tayns of the same^ 


\* The Herald's Beport, who was sent with a prockmatioD in 
the first instance to appease the iBBurgents, affords a Sketch of the 
parties assembled in Pomfret Castle truly graphic. 

*' The manner, fashion, and ordering of me Lancaster Herald at 
Arms to our Sovereign Lord the King, sent from Scroby the 2Ist 
day of October, by the right honourable Lord the Earl of Shrews- 
bury, Lord Steward of the King's most honourable household, and 
Lieutenant General from the Trent northward, and the right ho- 
nourable Earls of Rutland and Huntingdon of the King's most ho- 
nourable Counsell, to Pomfret, with a Proclamation to be read 
amongst the traitorous and rebellious persons assembled at Pomfret 
contrary to the King's laws. And when I did approach near the 
Town of Pomfret, I overtook certain companies of the said rebel- 
lious, being common people of the husbandry, which saluted me 
gently, and gave great honour to the King's coat of arms which I 
ware. And I demanded of them why they were in harness, and 
assembled of such sort ; and they answered me that it was for the 
Commonwealth ; and said if they did not so, the Commonalty and 
the Church should be destroyed. And I demanded of them how. 
And they said that no man should bury, nor christen, nor wedd, nor 
have their beast unmarked, but thai the King would have a certain 
sum of money for every such thing, and the beast unmarked to his 
own house, which had never been seen. And I answered them and 
told them how good and gracious Lord the King had been to them, 
and how long he had kept them in great wealth, tranquillity, and 
peace ; and also that his Grace, nor none of his Counsel, never in- 
tended nor thought no such things and articles as they found them 
grieved with. And with such persuasions as I found and said to 
them, riding into the Town, I had gat grant of three or four hundred 
of the Commonalty to go gladly home to their houses, and to ask the 
King's mercy ; and said, they were weary of that life they were in. 
And resorted first to the Maiket Cross, where I should have made 
the proclamation. And Robert Aske, captain of the host, being in 
the Castle, heard tell that I was comen, and sent for me to come to 
him ; and so I did ; and as I entered into the first ward, there I 
found many in harness, of very cruel fellows, and a porter with a 
white staff in his hand ; and at the two other ward-gates every of 
them a porter with his staff, accompanied with harnessed men ; and 
so I was brought into the Hall, which I found full of people. And 
I was commanded to tarry to such time as the said traitorous cap- 


tain's pleasure was known ; and in that space I stood up at the 
high table in the Hall, and there shewed to the people the cause of 
my C(Hning, and the effect of the Proclamation ; and in doing the 
Bione, the said Aske sent for me in to his chamber ; and there keep* 
ing his port and countenance as though he had been a great Prince, 
with great rigour and like a tyrant ; who was accompanied with 
the Archbishop of York, the Lord Darcy, Sir Robert Constable, Mr. 
Magnus, Sir Christopher Danby, and divers other. And, as my 
dntie was, I saluted the Archbishop of York and my Lord Darcy, 
showing to them the cause I came thither for. And then the said 
Robert Aske, with a cruell and an inestimable proud countenance, 
stretched himself, and took the hearing of my tale, which I opened 
to him at large, in as much honour to our Sovei'eign Lord the King 
as my reason would serve me ; which the said Captain Aske gave 
no reverence tp, and superstitiously demanded the sight of my Pro- 
clamation. And then I took it out of my purse and delivered it to 
him, and, then he read it openly, without any reverence to any per- 
aoa ; and said, it should not need to call no counsell for the answer 
of the same, for he would of his own wit give me the answer^ which 
was this. He, standing in the highest place of the chamber, taking 
the high estate upon him, said, ' Herald, as a messenger you are 

* welcome to me and all my company, intending as I do. And as for 

* this Proclamation sent from the Lords, from whence you come, 
< shall not be read at the Market Cross, nor in no place amopgst my 
' people, which be all under my guiding ; nor for fear of loss of lands, 
'life, and goods, not for the power which is against us, doth not 

* enter into our hearts with fear, but are all of one accord with the 
^points of our articles, clearly intending to see a reformation, or else 
' to die in those causes.' And then I demanded of him what his 
articles was. And he said, one was that he and his company would 
go to London of pii^iinage to the King*s Highness, and there to 
have all vile blood of his Counsell put from him, and all noble blood 
fiet up again, and also the Faith of Christ and his laws to be kept, 
and full restitution of Christ's Church of all wrongs done unto it, 
and also the Commonalty to be used as they shonld be : and bade 
me trust to this, for it should be done, or he would die for it^ And 
then I required him, that he would give me this in writing, for my 
capacity would not serve to bear it away ; and he said, * With a 
good will ;' and called for his oath which he gave to his people, 
and said th'articles wbjb comprehended within the said oath, and 


delivered it in writing to me, and caused me to read it myself ; and 
he sayd, to that he would sett to his hand, and die in the quarrel, 
and his people with him. And then I prayed him to put his hand 
to the said bill, and so he did, and with a proud voice said, ' This 
is mine act, whosoever say the contrary/ And also he said, he 
meant no harm to the Kingf s person, but to see reformation. And 
I fell down on my knee before him, showing him how I was a mes- 
senger, and charged by the King's Counsell to read the Proclama- 
tion which I brought, for my discharge ; and he clearly answered 
me, that of my life I should not ; for he would have nothing put in 
his people's heads that should sound contrary to his intent ; and 
I said at all times I should have his safe conduct, to come and go in 
message, wearing the King's coat of arms, or else not : and also 
said, if my Lord of Shrewsbury, or any other of the Lords of the 
King's army, would come and speak with him, they should have of 
him their safe-conducts, to come safe and go safe ; and also said, 
* Herald, recommend me to the Lords from whence you come, and 
say to them it were mete that they were with me, for it is for all 
their wealths that I do.' And then he commanded the Lord Darcy 
to give me two crowns of five shillings to reward, whether I wold 
or no ; and then took me by the arm, and brought me forth of the 
Castle, and there made a proclamation that I should go safe and 
come safe, wearing the King's coat, in payne of death ; and so took 
his leave of me, and returned into the Castle in high honour of the 
people, as a traitor may. And I missed my horse, and I called to 
him again, for to have my horse^ and then he made a proclamation 
that who so held my horse, and brought him not again immediately, 
bad kill him without mercy. And then both my horse was deli- 
vered to me, and then he commanded that twenty or forty men 
shold bring me out of the Town where I should see the least of 
his people, nor that I should not speak with them. For surely I 
think, if I might have redd the Proclamacion and good words unto 
the people, that all the plough- commonalty would have gone home 
to their houses immediately, for they say they be weary of that life 
they lead, and if they say to the contrary to the captain's will, he 
shall die immediately. And this all to be true, I, the said Lancas- 
ter, hath written this with my hand and true report as mine Oath is.'* 

"Lancaster Herrald."* 

• Stat. Pftpen, 1830, &e. vol. 1. p. 486 


The constematioD of the Court upon the second Rebellion was 
great. Order was without delay ''taken for munitions;'' and 
Cromwell was at his wits' end to find money to pay the forces. 
Henry bade that he should '< taste the fat priests " for their benevo- 
lence ; and even directed Wriothesley to write, " His Grace's plea* 
sure is,, you shall go to the Jewel House in the Tower, and there 
take as much plate as you shall think His Grace shall not necessa- 
rily occupy, and put it strait to coining. His Majesty appeareth to 
fear much this matter, especially if he should want money.'' 

The first command against the insurgents was vested in the Earl 
of Shrewsbury, but subsequently placed with the Duke of Norfolk ; 
who, to gain time for reinforcements, proposed a Treaty, in which it 
was agreed that the insurgents should send a petition to the King, 
that the Duke should go to court; to second the petition, and that 
hostilities should cease till he and their messengers returned. 

Discontent and distress thinned the number of the rebels in the 
interval. A pardon, with exceptions, was at last brought by the 
Duke of Norfolk, for which, upon further negotiation, a general 
pardon without exceptions, and a promise to hold a Parliament at 
York, was substituted. Finally the Insurrection was suppressed, 
and Aske first, and then the Lord Darcy, invited to come to the 
King at Court. Henry's Letter of invitation, addressed to ''his 
well heloted suliecty Robert Aske, gentleman," is worthy of the 
reader's perusal. 

By the King. 
" Henry R. 
^ Trusty and well beloved. We greet you well. Xietting you wit, 
that forasmuch as by credible information We be advertised that^ 
notwithstanding your offences committed against us in the late re- 
bellion attempted in those parts, you be now, in heart, repentant for 
the same, and determined from henceforth to use yourself in all 
things like our faithful and obedient subject ; and further, that your 
said offences therein proceeded not so much of yourself, as of the 
untruth and evil disposition of others ; We have conceived a great 
desire to speak with you, and to hear of your mouth the whole cir- 
cumstance and beginning of that matter ; and for that purpose have 
not only addressed these our Letters unto you, by the which We 
command you, as our true and faithful subject, for so We do now 
repute you, to repair unto our ovm person with all possible dili- 
gence, making no man privy thereunto ; but also sent unto you, with 

D 5 


the same, our trusty and well beloved servant Peter Mewtys, this 
berer, oon of the Gentlemen of our Privy Chamber, to whom We 
woll you shall in all things give finn and undoubted credence ; as* 
suring you, that We shall perform and accomplish towards you and 
all others, our general and free pardon, already granted unto you, 
according to the tenor of our Proclamation made in that behalf. 
Trusting therefore that, at your access to our presence, you will use 
such plainness and frankness in all things that We shall demand of 
you, that We may, besides, have cause to rewarde your fidelity to- 
wards us, to be shewed in the same, which we shall not fail in such 
wise to do, that you shall have good cause hereafter to rejoice, and 
thank God of this journey. Yeven under our Signet, at our manor 
of Westminster, the 15th day of December, the 28tii year of our 

In another Letter the King addresses him as Robert Aske esquire. 


Robert Ashe to Lord Darcy, announcing the King's 

pardon to the Northern Parts, and praying his 

Lordship *Ho stay his quarters,' as he had done 


[ibid, ut mpr, 3 Ser, i. 33.] 

A TREW Copy of M^ Aske Letter sent to the 
Lord Darcy, Munday the viij*'* day of Jannar, A®. 



[Vera Copia."] My Lorde as I am boundyn in hert 
I recomend me unto you to advertysse your Lord- 
ship from the Southe parte, flirst the King is Grace is 
good and gracyous Sovendgn Lord to me, and haith 
affermed his most liberall pardon to all the North 

^ Stat. Papers, 1880, &c. vol. 1. p. 888. 


parts by his owne mowthe. For border newes, ffirst 
hys Grace haith dispached the Duke of Northfolke 
northwards. Morover his Grace intendith to hoold 
his Parliament at Yorke, and to have the Qnen is 
Grace cronyd ther^ and also haith grantyd fre elecc5n 
of knights and burgesses, and lyke lebette to the 
spyrytuallis to declare ther lemyng with out hys dis- 
pleasure ; and, my Lord, I assure yow his Grace in 
hert tendrith the Comon welth of his subiectts and 
extendith hys mercy of his own benignitie plen- 
tuously to hys people from the hert ; and, if I can, 
shalbe glad to morow to attende of your Lordship, 
trustyng your Lordship shall perceve I haue doon 
my dewtie as well to the King is Grace under his 
fauor, as to my Contrey, and plaid my parte. Thus 
the liffyng God preserve your good Lordship. My 
TuotA, I prey your Lordship to stay yo\ir quarters, 
as I have doon thes parts, and therby I trust all Ing- 
lond shall reioyse. 


%♦ On the 10th of January Lord Darcy also received a Letter 
from the King ** to repair and come to his presence, with all dili- 
gence that he might use, his health preserved/' Darcy declined the 
invitation from illness and feebleness : and was presently committed 
to prison. 



Lancaster Herald to the Lord Privy Seal. The de- 
tail of his Jov/rney to the North Parts hearing the 
King^s Proclamation^ after the first subsiding of the 
" Pilgrimage of Graced 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xix. 34. Or%g,'\ 

%* From this Letter it is evident that, though peace was out- 
wardly restored, the discontent of the country continued ; and early 
in 1537 a fresh Insurrection broke out in Cumberland. Whether 
those who had led the '' Pilgrimage of Grace ** really entered into 
new plots, is difficult to ascertain : they were at all events sus- 
pected, apprehended, and finally executed. Cromwell, in a Letter 
to Sir Thomas Wyat in Spain, dated Stepney, 8th July, 1537, says, 
" Concerning the news of this Realm nothing has succeeded since 
my last writing, but from good quiet and peace, daily to better and 
better. The traitors have been executed. The Lord Darcy at 
Tower Hill. The Lord Hussey at Lincoln. Aske hanged upon 
the dungeon of the Castle at York, The rest were executed at Ty- 
burn. So that, as far as we can perceive, all the cankered hearts 
are weeded away," 

Poor Lancaster herald was at last tried, and executed ; not for 
any neglect of duty in the Cumberland commotion, but for his mis- 
deeds in the former revolt. The charges against him rested chiefly 
upon bis conduct at Pomfret Castle, more especially for falling upon 
his knee to Aske, and for taking his reward. 

In several of the State Papers he is called Miller, but his proper 
name was Thomas Milner or Mylner. He was appointed Rouge- 
dragon Nov. 2nd, 22 Hen. VIII. A.D. 1530, and created Lancaster 
9th July, 28 Hen. VIII. 

Plesith your good Lordshipe to know that I yo' 
powre bydman Lancaster Herralde hathe bene with 
^;he Kyngs Proclamacions in the North parts, as 
Yorke, Ripon, Mydlam, Bamacastell^ Richemond, 


Dorram, Newcastell, Morpath, Anwyke, and so to 
Barwyke, and sewrly as ffer as I have gone, the peple 
ys very sory fFor theyr offences done agenst the Kyngs 
riall Magiste and his most honorable Counsel!, and 
also they be right joyes of the knolege that my Lord of 
Norfolks Grace shall come a mongest them, and doo 
justes to the powre. And also the have left all theyr 
raylynge words of theyr axtecles and of the Kyngs 
Counsell, and yf they be in herte as they show them- 
selfs outward, I trust all shalbe in great quiottnesse. 
-Fane they woldbe to have my Lord of NofFolk a 
mongest them : bott, my espeshall good Lord, so fer 
as I have gone as yett, I have fond the most cor- 
ruptyd and malicious Speritualte inward, and partly 
owt ward, that anny Prince of the world hathe in his 
Realme, and yf the trothe be perfittly known yt 
wylbe founde that they wher the greattyst corypers of 
the temporalte, and have gevyn the secrett accacion of 
all this myscheffe agenst our Soveran Lord and your 
Lordship, and other of the Kyngs Consell ; as at my 
retorne I shall more planely informe your Lordshipe 
of suche thyngs as I herd and sene. And thus I pray 
Jhu. meyteyne your Lordshypps honor, and longe to 
contenew. Wrytten at Barwyk, this Sent Stevens 
day, be your houmble headman. 


To the ryght honorable and my synguler 
good Lord, my Lord Prere Seale, de- 
lyyer this. 



The Council of the North to the Lord Privy Seal. 
Lancaster Herald tried and executed, 

[sTAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. coRRESP. 2 Ser, xix. 65. OHg.'] 

Pleas it youre right good and honorable Lord^ 
shippe to bee advertised that here have bene owre 
loving ffellowes Clarenceux King at Arms, Somerset, 
Rougedragone, and Rougecrosse, personallye pre* 
sente at th'assises nowe Koldene at the Citie of 
Yorke. And at the same assises all thies persones 
with as good effecte and diligence as coude bee de^^ 
vysed, have used theymselfs for the setting forwardes 
of th'afFayres of the Kinges Magestie here againste 
Thomas Millar late called Lancastre, who hathe suf- 
fered according to his demerites. And what hathe 
and shalbee further done in thies parties conceniyng 
aswell th'aSayres of the Kingis said Highnes as 
other matiers of Justice and occurraimtis in thies 
parties, we shall, at th'ende of this setting, more at 
lengthe advertise the ICingis said Magestie with all 
due circumstances. As knoweth our Lorde, who 
euermore haue you in his holye govemaunce, oure 
moste singler good Lorde. Writtene at Yorke, the 
sixte daye of Auguste. 


By youre Lordshippes owne to th'uttermuste of 
theire powre 


RAUFF ELLERKILL the younger, K. 






To the right honorable and oure mooste 
singler good Lorde, my Lorde Piyueseall. 


Henry Parker Lord Morley, to the Lord Privy Seal, 
accompanying the present of MacchiavelWs Floren" 
tine History. 

[misc. 00RRC8P. 2 Ser, xxix. 230. Orig.'] 

%• Thig Letter was written in 1587. The peace between Fer- 
dinand of Naples and the Florentines alluded to in it, as little more 
than fifty years passed, was concluded by the mediation of Spain in 
1486. This brings the date to something beyond 1536, and Crom- 
well, to whom it is addressed as Lord Privy Seal, was not placed in 
that office till July 8nd that year. The 13th of February 1537 seems 
therefore the appropriate date of this Letter. 

Clement the Seventh, mentioned in it as the late Pope, and to 
whom Macchiavelli dedicated his History, died in 1534. 

Macchiavelli's Florentine History first appeared at Venice in the 
year of his death, 8vo. 1527 ; and was reprinted at Florence, 4to. 
B. de Giunta, 1532 ; in wluch latter year the << Principe" also ap- 


peared in similar type and form, from the same press ; reprinted at 
Florence in 1534 ; and again, without place, in 1535. The Volume 
presented by Lord Morley eridently contained both the " Florentine 
History" and " The Prince," and was doubUess the edition of 1532. 

My synguler good Lord, after my most harty re- 
commendacion unto youe, so do I send youe by my 
trusty servaunt, this bringer, to pas the tyme with all 
in the Italyan toung^ a Boke of the Cronykle of the 
Florantyns. The Auctor of hyt, as yt apperythe in 
the Boke, wrote y t to Clement the Seventhe late Byss- 
chop of Rome. Youre Lordship will marvell moche 
when ye do reade yt, how he durst be so bolde to 
present suche a worke unto hym ; ffor he so declaryth 
theyer petygrew, that yf one schulde reade a hun- 
drethe boks, he myght lake to know of theyere usur*- 
pacion, whiche he schall fynde aparant in his fyrst 
Boke. So consequently he prosedythe to the begyn- 
yng of the Augmentaccon of the Cyte of Florans. 
And in the tellyng of theyre Jests, he tellythe frome 
the great Charlamajnae, whiche new redyfyed Flo- 
rans, most part all the Jests of the Italyans. Your 
Lordship, I have oftentymes harde you say, hath 
bene conversant among them : sene theyere factyons 
and maners. And so was I never. But yf they use 
such frauds, myscheves, treasuns, and conspyrasys, 
as he wryttyth that they do, I do not skant account 
them worthy to be nomberyd amongest Chrysten 
men. And forbecause that as I say, sythens the 


great Charles, the Byssehop of Rome hathe wythe 
all the Prynces medlyd, and bene now in lege with 
them, and somtyme otherwise at war and stryf ; now 
cursyng, now blessyng, which they lyttell pas vpon ; 
her 80 aceountyth the myschef that they have usyd to 
mayntene theyer usurpyd power and dingyty, that 
I do knowe very well youre Lordship will afFyrme to 
have redd no suche thing. At the last, in the viij*^ 
boke he declaryth of the warre which the Florantyns 
hadd agaynst the Bisschop of Rome, and Famando, 
that tyme Kyng of Naples. I think yt passys lyttell 
fyfty yeres sythens that war was. And how unjustly 
he usyd them. And forbycause the Kyng oure 
Soueraigne Lords cause and theyers be sumwhat 
lyke, ffor asmoche as agaynst all reason he dothe 
what in hym ys agaynst the Kyng, aswell by cursyng 
as by sowyng off devysyon with all nacyons agaynst 
the Kyngs Magestie and the Realme, I do exort 
youre Lordschip to note well what the Florantyns 
did agaynst the Romyssche Byssehop ; and how lyttle 
they reputyd his cursyngs ; what schamfull abusyons 
they leyde to his charge, Howe to maynteyne 
theyre righteus cause they callyd a Counsell of all 
the Bysschops of Tuskan, and causyd the prysts, 
wyll they nyll they, to do as they commandyd them : 
and appeled utterly frome his evyll dysposyd Court 
unto the generall Counsell. And this one example 
ys for oure Prynce so great a Declaracion of his 


rightfull defens, that I woold to God that not only 
all Inglysche men, but all other nacyons hadd redd 
the same ; therby to see whyther a Cytie may resyst 
in theyre right the wrongs done to them by a Byss- 
chop better than one of the most nobelyst Kyngs of 
Crystendome. And, my most especyall good Lord, I 
most hartely pray youe to schew the very words xmto 
the Kyng. For I do thinke his Majestie shall take 
great pleasure to see them. 

In conclution, bycause my Letter schuld not be 
to tedyous to youe, in suche places as the Auctor 
touches any thing consemyng the Bysschop of Bx)me, 
I have notyd it with a hand or with words in the 
marjant to the intent it schuld be in a redynes to 
youe at all tymes in the redyng. 

And ffurthermore, this Boke off Machiavelle de 
Principe ys surely a very speciall gopd thing for 
youre Lordschip, whiche are so ny abought oure 
Soueraigne Lorde in Counsell to loke upon for many 
causys, as I suppose youre self schall judge when ye 
have sene the same. Praing youre Lordschip to ac» 
cepte yt wythe no les good wyll then my mynde is to 
wyll to youe and all yours helth and honor. And 
when youre Lordschip schalbe at convenyent lessor, 
I pray youe to be so good Lord luito me as to tender 
me in suche things as Maister Rycharde Croumwell 
schall sew to youre Lordschip for me. And this I 


comyt yoiire good Lordschip to God. From Haling- 
biuy Morley, the xiij day off February. 

Al your Lordschypps to comande 


To the right honorable and my especial! 
good Lorde, the Lord Prirey Seale, 
delyuer this. 

\* Lord Morley might have spared himself the trouble of send- 
ing Macchiayelli's Works to Cromwell. Cardinal Pole, in his Apo- 
logy to Charles the Fifth, shows that Cromwell was not only well 
acquainted wilii them long before, bat in a conversation at the Car* 
dinal of York's, at a critical moment, upon the duties of a Minister 
to his Prince, immediately after Pole's first return from Italy, had 
strongly recommended Macchiavelli's book to him for its precepts. 
The passage is long ; but a few sentences of it virill give the story in 
Pole's own words. Pole subsequently states that he heard Crom- 
well had regretted having praised the book to him. 
> *^ Cum Regis intimi Consiliarii non satis inter se conrenirent, sed 
alii honesto constanter adhaererent, alii, quo ferebat Regis voluntas, 
se trahi patiebantor ; tunc quidem ille mecum, qui recens ex. Italia 
in medium hanim contentionum rediissem, captata primum ansa me 
alloquendi ex gratulatione de reditu, cum in domo Cardinalis Ebo- 
racensis me offendisset, cigus ille tunc assecla fuit, sic postea di- 
rertit in sermone de officio prudentis Consiliarii apud Principem, 
moventibus credo animum ejus, quae tunc ex dissensione Consilia* 
riorum Regis audiverat, et cogAOverat, ac volens interim tentare, 
quam in partem ipse animo inclinarem, cum sciret fieri non posse, 
at mea etiam sententia non exquireretur. Cui cum ego inter alia 
hoc in summa respondissem : meo judicio hoc pertinere ad officium 
Consiliarii, ut honori ante omnia, et utilitati Principis sui consule- 
ret, nonnullaque de honesto et utili disserui, quae maxime naturae 
lex, et piorum ac doctorum Virorum scripta decent. Tunc ille ad 
ea, quae a me dicta erant, sic respondit, ut diceret, se non negare, 
ea praeclare dici, ac disputari solere, quae in scholis saepe magnos 
applauBUS habent, nee minorem, si apud poptdum ex suggestu dice- 
rentur ; sed in secretis consiliis haec parum valere, insipida esse, 
non modo nullum applausum excitantia si saepius dicerentur, nau* 


seam, et nisi tandem vocem mutaret, et linguam, qui a talibuB argu- 
mentis inciperet, sua consilia firmare etiam odium, et tandem perni* 
ciem; causamque addidit, quia ea fere nunquam conreniunt cum 
Toluntate Principum, et arconsuetudine aul» prorsus abhorrerent. 

• • * « * 

'' Sed multo clarius hec omnia perspexi, cum in librum incidis- 
sem, quern tcaUopere apud me laudadt, quern postea vidi, non ab eo 
missum ; nam credo, P(enituisse tantum de 9ui$ anuUiisapud me ex- 
pnnnisisse, inteUexi, Sed cum admonitus essem ab his, qui secreta 
ejus studia, cum lectioni vacaret, noverant, qualia essent, non minori 
studio curabam, ut haberem, quam qui hostium codicillos intercipere, 
per quae eorum consilia reyelantur, saepe magna diligentia curat. Ta- 
lem autem librum ilium inyeni scriptum ab hoste humani generis, in 
quo omnia hostis concilia explicantur, et modi, quibus religio, pietas, 
et omnes virtutis indoles, facilius destrui possent Liber enim etsi 
hominis nomen et stylum prae se ferat, tamen, yix coepi legere, quin 
Satanas digito scriptum agnoscerem. Ut enim illi libri, qui rectam 
yiyendi normam tradunt, per quam homines maxime cum Deo in 
gratia, et secum in pace, et concordiaviyere possint, diyini maxime, 
et Dei digito scripti dicuntur, quales sunt, qui diyinas leges conti- 
nent ; sic qui talem yiam ad pemiciem patefaciunt, ut omnem yeram 
pietatem tollant, et hominum inter se societatem dirimant, qualis est 
hie liber, de quo sum dicturus, nunquam eundem Satanae dig^tis 
scriptum dubitabo dicere, etiamsi hominis nomen prae se ferat. Est 
autem (ne diutius teneam expectationem tuam) liber inBcriptu9 no- 
mine Machiavelli, cujusdam Florentini, indigni prorsus, qui tarn 
uobilem ciyitatem patriam habeat. Sed ut ubique Satanas suam pro- 
lem habet, suos filios, qui se miscent inter filios Dei, quod tandiu 
erit, donee qui yentilabrum in manu habet, purgayerit aream ; sic 
iste Satanas filius inter multos Dei filios edoctus omni malitia, ex 
ilia nobili ciyitate prodiit, et nonnulla scripsit quae omnem malitiam 
Satanae redolent. Inter reliqua yero librum de Principe fecit (sic 
enim unum suum yolumen inscripsit) in quo talem nobis Principem 
exprimit, qualem certe, si Satanas in came regnaret, et filium ha- 
beret, quem post se in regno relicturus esset, cum camem consum- 
masset, non alia prorsus praecepta filio guo daret. Ecce enim, Prin- 
cipes, audite enim nunc, et attente auscultate ; ad yos enim, et ad 
filios yestros maxime pertinet, ne hac omnium malitiosissima, et per- 
luciosissima doctrina eos absorbere patiamini. Sparsum est enim 
hoc yenenum per Principum^tilas in hujus libris, qui ubique fere 


circumferantar. Audite ergo, et auscultate ; et nee vos tantam ap* 
pello, Bed omues gentes, unirersas nationes, et populos, ut auscul- 
tatis inyito, quia omnium salutem haec doctrina petit." 

Cardinal Pole was the first writer who discoyered and denounced 
the real principles in Macchiavelli's Prince. 


Ralph Lane and Thomas Lee to the Lord Privy Seal, 

after searching the Books and Goods of Dr. Ltish, 

Vicar of Aylesbury. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. zix. 7S.] 

%* John Losche or Lusshe, DD., was instituted to the Vicarage 
of Aylesbury June 12th, 1529, on the presentation of Brian Higden, 
Prebendary of Aylesbury. Lipscombe, in the History of Bucking- 
hamshire, says he was a fellow of Eton College. He died in 1645. 

Pleaseth ytt your good Lordshepe, we have re- 
ceyyed your letters dyrected unto us to vewe and 
serche all the boks and other goodis thatt Doctor 
Lusshe, Vicar of Aillesbury, hath in his vicarage 
their. And accordyng unto your seid Lordshipps 
comaundment, we have bene their and sherched the 
seid bokS) and taken an inventory of them ; and to 
certyfie your Lorshipp of boks of importinacy, we 
ffynd non butt oon, the whiche we have sentt unto 
your Lordshippi and that is called Egisippus and 
ClifuSj both bounden in oon volume^ wherin we £^nd 
in dyuerse places in Clifus the aydyng of the Bisshope 
of Rome, raylyng ayenst them thatt speketh ayenst 


his auctorite. And in another place of the seid 
boke their is a Sermon of Thomas Beckett in the 
greatt preyse of hym, and in another place in a 
sermon upon Seyntt Peters day att Midsomer he set- 
teth flTorth the Bisshop of Bx)me auctorite with greatt 
lyez. And in the same boke we send you a Letter 
of oon Thomas Tyfiynge, prest of the Queues Colege 
in Oxford, thatt provyded the seid boke for the seid 
Doctor Lusshe, too yers past. And we allsso haue 
send unto your seid Lordshipp three sermonez well 
written with his owne hand, withoutt date, wherin we 
fiynd in one of them the Bisshop of Rome prayed 
ffor by the name of Pope, and in another sermon 
spekith ayenst the translacon of Scripture in Ing- 
lysshe, and in another sermon dispysyng servynge 
men and craftsmen for lokyng of the Newe Testa- 
mentt in Englysshe. And by cause the tyme is so 
shortt thatt we cannott loke yppon the residue of his 
other sermons as we ought to doo, by cause they be 
so evyll written to rede, therfor ffor the more suerty 
we have taken them whome to our housez to loke 
suerly on them, and if we fiynd any moe sermons 
thatt we thynke mete to be sentt vnto [your] Lord- 
shipp, ye shall shortely here of theym. And as 
towchyng his goods, which is of very small valewe 
we have taken an inventory of theym, the which 
shalbe redy and saffe att your Lordshipp comawnde- 
ment by the Grace of Qod, who euer kepe ^nou* 


Written att Ayllesbury, the xv*^ day of Marche, by 
youers to our pore power, rauffe lane. 

THOMAS lee. 
To the right honorable and our synguler 
good Lord, Lord Prevy Seale, be thia 
delyuered with spede. 


Richard Lay ton to Lord Cromwell; inviting him to 

pay him a Visit at his Rectory of Harrow. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xx. 298.] 

Hit may please your Lordeshipe tobe advertissede 

that if ye hadd cum to Harowe on Friday, your bede 

was redy and mete for yowe and your trayne. Ye 

shall have xx** bedds in the towne, wheras none de- 

partede of the siknes this yere: besydds a dosen 

bedds within the parsonage. I sende yowe by this 

bringer half a dossen partterigs. If ye cum not 

shortlye, ye shall have but a fewe to fle att. I sende 

owte my hawke this day to kyll yowe parterige for 

super on Monday. Simeon was never so glade to se 

Chryst his master, as I shalbe to se your Lordeshipe 

in this your owne house, and all that ever shalbe in 

hit for my lyffe. And fare yo*" Eordeshipe as well as 

your herte desierith. Frome Harowe, this Satterday, 

by your Lordeshippes most assurede to comaunde; 

RICHARD layton, prcste. 

To the Right honorable and my singuler 
goode Lord, my Lorde Cruwell, Lorde 



Richard Layton, William Petre^ and John Freman^ 
to the Lord Privy Seal^ upon receiving the Surren- 
der of Bewley Abbey. The di-stress of the Sanctuary 


[ibid. 2 Ser, xx. 309.] 

%♦ The Abbey of Beaulieo, or Beivley, as it was commonly 
called, in the New Forest, was founded in the beginning of the thir- 
teenth centnry by King John. The Annals of Parcolude say in 
1201 : Matthew Paris in 1206 ; by whom also we are informed that 
the Church was neither finished nor dedicated till 1246. The pri- 
vilege of Sanctuary is stated to have been conferred upon it by papal 
provision, in the time of Edward the Third. 

Margaret of Anjou and her son took refuge here ; as did Perkin 
Warbeck at a later period. 

Richard the Third seems to have entertained some jealousy of the 
privilege. In the Register of Privy Seals of his first year, preserved 
in the Harl. MS. 483, we have the entry of a Letter to the Abbot, to 
appear before the King and Council with all and every such muni- 
ments and writings by which he claimed to have sanctuary at Beau- 
lieu. The Chartulary of Beaulieu in the Cottonian Collection pre- 
serves no Instrument relating to this Sanctuary. 

Pleaseth it your Lordshipe to be advertised yes- 
terdaie we resayved the Surrendax of this Monastery 
and from that tyme have and doo travale for the dis- 
peche of all other thinges as dilygentlie as we may. 

Ther be Sayntnary men here for dett, felony, and 
murder, xxxij. ; many of them aged, some very seke. 
They have all, within iiij**., wyves and ehildem, and 
dwellynge howses and ground wherby the lyve \^ith 
their famylies, whiche beynge all assembled before 


hus, and the Kinges Highnes pleasure opened to 
thenii they have verye lamentable declared that if 
they be nowe send to other Saynturyes, not onlie 
they but their wyves and childem also shalbe utterly 
undon^ and therfbre have desired us to be means for 
theym vnto your Lordship that they may remayne 
here for terme of their lyves, so that none other be 
resaved. And bycause we have by examinacon cer- 
tayne knowlege that the great nomber of theym with 
their wyves and childem shuldbe utterly cast awaie, 
their age, impotency, and other things considered, 
yf they be sent to any other place, we have sent 
this berear unto you, beseching your Lordshipe we 
may knowe the Kings pleasure by you herin, whiche 
knowen, wee shall accordinge to our most bownden 
duetes, with all delegence accomplish the same, as 
knoweth our Lord, who have your Lorshipe in his 
blyssid kepinge* From Bewley, the iij. dale of 
April 1. 

Yo*" Lordeshippes most assurede to co&aunde 


Yo*" Lordshipps most bounden beadsman and sei^ 


Yow' pov' man john frema^. 

To the right honorable and our singuler 
good Lorde Privie Seale, be this geyen. 




Lee, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry , to Lord Crom- 

wellf on the proposed exchange of his House in the 

Strand with the Lord Beauchamp. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xxvii. 1203. Orig'.] 

%♦ Stowe, in his Survey of London, describing the buildings of 
the Strand, ip^ithin the Liberties of the Duchy of Lancaster, says, 
" There was the Bishop of Chester's (commonly called of Lichfield 
and Coventrie) his Inn or London lodging. This House was first 
built by Walter Langton Bishop of Chester, treasurer of England, 
in the reign of Edward the First." 

Right honorable, after my moste harty commen- 
dacions, thies shalbe to advertise the same that the 
flirst day of Maye I have reeeyved the Kings Graces 
most honorable lettres, and your lettres also, for the 
exchaunge of my house in Stronde with the Lorde 
Beauchampe, for a recompence for the same. My 
Lorde, I am content to gratifye my Prynce with the 
same accordyngly, as I wrote to your Lordeshipp. 
But it is to me great marvell that your Lordeshipp 
makith so little of my partye, that I furthwith shulde 
delyver my Dede, and know no thyng of my Recom- 
pence. Save only your Lordeshipp wrote to me that 
ye will kepe the Dede to such tyme I be recom- 
penced ; uppon truste wherof, and uppon that condicon 
I have sent my sayde Dede to your Lordeshipp, de- 
siring your Lordeshipp to kepe the same, and not 


otherwise to deliver it. For other wise, I doo and 
have protested it shall never be my Dede. Besech- 
yng your Lordeshipp to be my goode Lorde, consi- 
dering I have therin don your Lordeshipps mynde 
ffor my parte, to see the same executed for yours. 
And although I am not so hable to doo your Lorde- 
shipp pleasure as the Lorde Beauchamp, yet I here 
your Lordeshypp as goode a harte to my little power, 
and more than that ye cannot have, as this berer my 
trusty servaunt shall enfourme your Lordeshypp, to 
whom it may please the same to give credence. And 
thus the Holy Trinitie long preserve your goode 
Lordshipp in honor. From Wigmore, the v* day of 

Your Lordshipps most bowndon 

ROLAND, Co. et Lich. 

To the right honorable the Lorde Crumewell, 
Lorde Privy Seale, thus be yeven. 


Richard Lay ton to Lord Cromwell, The death of the^ 

Earl of Northumberland. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xx. 299, Orig.'] 

%* " Henry Earl of Northumberland died (says the Account of 
his Funeral in the Herald's College) at his manor of Hackney, now 
the King's House, between two and three in the morning on the 
29th of June 1537, 29 Hen. VIII.'' His funeral was attended Jby 

E 2 


the four Orders of Friars, and by a large number of clerks and 
priests. Lord Butler was the chief mourner. Amoog the other 
mourners were Lord Borough, Sir Antony Wingfield, Richard Crom- 
well, Esq., and Ralph Sadler, Esq. The service was performed by 
the Bishop of St. Asaph and the Abbot of Stratford. He died with- 
out issue, and his brother having been attainted in Aske's rebellion, 
the title became extinct, but was revived again in the person of his 
nephewj Thomas Percy, in 1557. 

This Earl was the person who, in conjunction with Sir Walter 
Walsh, arrested Cardinal Wolsey at Cawood. In his younger days 
he was a lover of Anne Boleyn, but withdrew his suit in conse- 
quence of the interference of his father, to whom Wolsey had com- 
municated information of the King's partiality toward her. When 
Henry's affection for Anne Boleyn (then his Queen) began to decline, 
a supposed pre-contract between the Earl and her was made the 
pretence for a divorce ; but the Earl, in a Letter still remaining in 
the Cottonian Collection,* dated Newington Green, 13th May, 28 
Hen. VIII., denied the existence of any contract or promise in the 
most solenm manner. 

The manor of Hackney, or King's-hold, as it was more usually 
called, upon the Earl of Northumberland's death, was given to Lord 
Cromwell,** and is more particularly noticed here, first, because fre- 
quent mention is made of it in two or three Letters, a few pages on, 
as one of Cromwell's residences in the plenitude of his power ; and 
secondly, because his possession of it has gone unnoticed by every 
topographer of Middlesex. This manor had originally belonged to 
the Priory of St. John of Jerusalem. 

Hit may please your Lordeshipe to be advertisede 
that this Saint Peters day, at iiij. of the cloke at 
afTternone I went to se the Erie of Northumber- 
londe, beyng sent for v« days paste to have cum unto 
hyme, and supposyng to have fownde hyme syke, as 
I was wonte, I fownde hyme languens in extremis^ 

• MS. Cotton. Otho C. x. fol. 

^ " 23 Sept., 27 Hen. VIII. Bex concessit Thomse Cromwell armig. Manerium, 
slve principale Menuagium suum jacen. et existent, in parochia de Hakney in Com. 
Mi4d'. habend. eidem Thonue bored, et assign, suis imperpetuum." Orig, ro. xxri. 


vara*^ desirouse to have spoken to me, but hit wolde 
not be. His syght begon to faile, profer he cowlde 
not one perfite worde, his stomake swollen so gret as 
I never se none, his face, brest, stomake, and all his 
bodye as yealowe as saffrone ; his memorie as yet 
goode, and vnderstanding whatsoeuer ys saide unto 
hyme, but speke he cannot. I tolde hyme for his 
cumforthe that ye sende me to se hym, and that ye 
wolde se he shulde lake nothyng, and that your 
Lordeshipe willede hym to be of goode comforth, and 
that ye wolde helpe to spede all his affayres with the 
King, nowe at your goyng to the Cowrte ; and I com- 
fortede hym before his servants in your Lordshipps 
name the beste I cowlde : but the trowthe is I sup- 
pos he cannot lyve- xxiiij. ourrs. This iij. weks he 
hade no money but by borowyng, as his servants de- 
clarede to me. He hathe made yo' Lordeshipe and 
the Bisshope of Hereforthe his executors, and the 
King his supervisor, I rede his will wiche me 
semethe is of smale treasure. 

I thowght hit to be my dewtye to advertisse yo' 
Lordeshipe of the premisses, supposyng that he 
wilbe deade before this letter cum unto your hands. 
Frome London, this Saint Peters day, at nyght, by 
yo' Lordeshippes moste bownden to comavnde. 

To the ryght honorable and my singuler good Lorde, 
My Lorde Crumwell, Lorde Privey Seal. 

• Tcry. 



WilUam Lawrence to the Lord Privy Seal, that he 

had sent up the Image of Our Lady of Ipswich 

by seal 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xix. 93. Otis'.] 

Pleasith your good Lordship, according to your 
comaundementt, I have byne with my Lord Wande- 
ford* the which was very desyriouse and glade to 
here of your Lordshjrps good helthe. I opyned to 
hyme yo' mynde concearnyng the Image of owr 
Lady, His good cownsell, and helpe of his servants, 
was so redy that shee was conveyed in to the Shipp 
that very fewe ware prevytq yt, and shall cum upp 
so shortly as the wynd will serve. And where your 
Lordship comawnded me desyfer my Lord Wende- 
forth to aquieate suche contrauersis as be here in 
Ipswiche, his wisedome was suche that he hade done 
much good in the mattere befome my comyng to his 
Lordshipp ; yeat according to your Lordshipps desyere 
for the forderance of the same, he hathe sentt for the 
baylese and cawsears therof and gevyn theme com- 
awndement to redresse 6ll suche onquieatnesse, and 
to speke the sinceare and trewe gopspell withowt 
rayling or rebukyng ony singuUure persons, butt to 
the encrease of vertewe and oppressmentt of syne 

• This ynA Thomas first Lord Wentworth, who was summoned to Parliament as 
a Peer by virtue of a writ of Summons, Dec. 1, 1529, 80 Hen. VIII. He was the 
son of Sir Richard Wentworth of Nettlested in Suffolk. He died March 3, 1&&1. 


and will diligently laywaight to haue it soperformyde 
wheryn all this contre shall be bownd to your Lord- 
shipp. So Jesus preserve you. 

By yo' beedman and seruant, 


To the right honorable and my singular 
good Lord, my Lord Privy Seaie. 


Thomas Thacher to Lord Cromwell. The arrival of 
" the Image of Our Lady which was at Ipswich.'' 

[iBiB. 2 Ser, xUi. 62. Ort^.] 

My Lorde, my moste bounden duetie doon. It 
may please your Lbrdshipp to be adrertessed that I 
have received into your place by ffi-ere Augustines, 
from William Laurence^ the Image of our Lady that 
was at Yppiswiche, which I have bestowed in your 
Wardrobe of bedds till yo*" Lordshipps pleasur shalbe 
farther therinknowen. Ther is nothyng about hir 
but ij. half shoes of sdlver^ and iiij. stones of cristall 
sett in siluer. 

Your Lordshipps houshold is in good helth^ as we 
trust your Lordshipp is, for the contynu whefof we 
doo dayly praye ; and thus Jhu preserve your good 
Lordshipp in good helth long to endur. From your 
place in London, the xxx, day of Julij. 

My Lorde, your servaunt Gawen Lancastre is this 


day buryed, and dyed as it is thought of the wounds 
he had of the officer. Albe it he had a fall in his 
lodgyng on Sonday that last was, at nyght. 

Yo*" most bounden servaunt, 

To the right honorable my Lorde Grumwelly 
Lorde Pryvey Seale. 


George AJysbury to the Lord Privy Seal, to aid his 
suit to the King for the Manor of Ofchirche^ in 

[STAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. lETTERS, t. HEN. VIII. i. 86. Ong.'] 

Fleasith yo' Lordship to be aduertised, accord- 
yng to your comaundment by yo' letter, I have sent 
herein wrytyn the names of all suche infucions which 
I have made at this tyme of Rosis, after the descrip- 
cion of mesin • ; oyle of rosis, vynagre of rosis, rose 
water, damaske water made chefly with rosis, driede 
rosis; of all thes I was comawndyd by Doctor 
Buttes and the surgeons to have store of for the 
Kyng. Yf it lyke your Lordship I wolde have made 
other, as conserue of rosis, sirop of rosis, mell rosa- 
rum, Julop of rosis, and soche other, yf I had byn so 
comawnded. I be soke yo' Lordshipe to haue me in 
remembrawnce to the Kyngs Grace for my sute con- 
serning the manor of Ofchirche, in Warwyke shire. 



I wolde have come to your Lordship at this tyme but 
the Kyng hathe comawnded me to be at Hampton 
Courte^ to do such thyngs as his Grace wull have 
done therre. And thus Ahnyghty God preserue 
your Lordship to his plesure, and your hartes desyre. 
Amen. Frome Sowthwarke, the fourthe daye of 
August^ at X. of the clocke. 

By your seruaunt to his powre. 


I recaeued yo' Lordshipes letter at viij. of the 
clocke, this present fowrth daye of Augu»t» 

To his syngnler good Lorde, Lorde Cromewell^ 
Lorde Previe Seale^ dd. this. 


George Alysbury to the Lord Privy Seal, to put the 
King in remembrance for some living ^ The charges 
that he had been at. 

[ibid. i. ST. Orig^l 

MosTE omble besekethe youre good Lordshype to 
haue youre old seruaunt in remembrance to the Kyngs 
Grace for sume lyuyng that I maye be able to do hys 
Grace seruys. Sir, I haue byn with hys Grace thys 
yere and this quarter, which I had neuer penny lowde 
me for mete, nor drynk, nor horse, nor bote hyre 
for bryngyn suche thynga as his Grace commanded 



where some euer he dyd ly, which hath byn a grate 
charge to me with my syknes, besekyng you to be 
good lord vnto me now, as you haue byn euer, as it 
was neuer more nede, as knowith oure Lord who pre- 
serue yome good Lordshjrpe to his pleser, by yowre 
servant to his pore, george alysbury. 

I wolde a wayt apon youre Lord shype as my 
dutie is, the tWthe is, and yf it lyke you, I came not 
out of my chamber thys teweUie weks, and ylyke 
youre Lord shype yf youre watar had nott byn which 
Mayst*". Broke stylld for the Kyng, I had shure dyde. 
I had taken a surfett with bred that was not baken, 
whiche laye in my stomak too dayes lyke a pece of 
lede ; as sone as euer I drank of the water it burst 
it and cause it to a voyde marvosly. 

To the ryght honorable my lord 
Prevy selle take this. 


Sir Humphrey Wingfield to the Lord Privy Seal, 

Three felons^ at Ipswichy found guilty y but ^^ prayed 

their Book;'* no Ordinary to hear them read, they 

were reprieved without judgment given upon the 


[ibid. misc. oorrbsp. 2 Ser, xli. 738. Orig,'] 

Right honorable and myn especiall good Lorde, I 

moste humbly comande me unto your good Lord- 

shipp, sygnifyinge you the same that ther wer at the 


laste Gayle delyvery holden in tbe Kings Towne of 
Ypeswiche for the deliuerye of the Grayle of the 
same Towne, iij, felons araynid upon iij. severall In- 
dictments of seuerall felonyes, and every of them 
pleded not gyltye. Wheruppon xij. men chargid to 
trye the same, fownde every of them gyltie. Ther- 
uppon every off them prayed ther book, and for that 
the See of Norwiche than was vacant, and none ordi- 
narye to here them rede, the Justices of the Pease 
that wear at the said Sessions repried the said felons 
withowt eiiy Jugement upon the said verdit by them 
gyven, because the kep3mge of them wer sumwhat 
daungerous. Whiche prisoners I assxire youx Lord- 
shipp wer as streytlye and suerly kepte as myght be 
conveniently devysyd, savynge ther lyeffs, as one off 
the bayllyes of the sayde Towne, this berer, shall 
more specially advertyse your good Lordshipp. To 
whom yt maye lyke your Lordshipp to gyve credence 
aswell concerninge the said sure kepenge as the 
fassion of ther escape, not dowtynge but that he will 
playnly and trewly declare to your Lordshipp the 
very trothe of the same in all cyrcumstances. To 
whom I humbly beseche your good Lordshippe to be 
good Lord unto, and to shewe to hym and to hys 
felowe your lawfull favor and ease in the same, so 
that the Kings Grace, by your good Lordshippes 
meanes, may graciously pytie this mater, and the 
said baylyes and all the hole Towne shall dayly praye 


to God for your honorable Estate longe to endure. 
Wretin at Ypiswiche, the viij, daye of Auguste* 
By y*" most bounden, 


To the right honorable and my especiall 
good Lorde, Lorde Gromewell^ and 
Lorde Prevye Sealle. 


Thomas Thacker to Cromwell; respecting his House- 

holds ^ and his Buildings which were going on. 

[IBID. 2 Ser. xlii. 85. Orig,'\ 

%* Thomas Thacker was Cromwell's steward. He was after* 
wards> upon Cromwell's death, taken into the service of Henry VIII. 
More will be said relating to him presently. 

Right honorable Sir, my duetie humbly doon, yt 
may please yo' Maistershipp tobe aduertessed that 
this Wedynsday, the xj*^ day of this present moneth 
of August, I have receiued yo"^ Maistership is lettre 
dated at Barkeley Herons the ix*** day of the said 
moneth, and according to your comaundement, I haue 
sehde to you the Acte in a box. Your Housholds 
at the Rolls, Augustyne ffireres, and Hakeney, be all 
in good helth, God so contynue yt. And also at 
Stepneth all in good helth, and the stere there from 
yo' lodging down to the galary fynyshed with a wyn- 
dowe there, the Jaques was very well doon. Your 
buyldyngs at Hakeney gothe fforwards apase, the 


kychjm, the breke worke thereof, with the chymiies 
ffynyshed to the rooff, the roff sett upp and tylers 
upon yt. The enlargjoig of your buttry there and 
scolary, and well brought upp aboue the ground my 
hyght, and the roofs therof in ffiramyng with all 
spede, and all other your lodgyngs trymed with 
wyndowes glasse and hangyngs there so as I thyng 
your Maistership wyll lyke yt well, as a goodly place 
in myn opynyon. The pay there on Saturday Ijwt 
made to Ixxiiij. workmen and laborers with the 
empcions and necessaries was xliiijli. xiiij*. vj**. At 
your place at Frere Augustynes, the wall of the 
kychyn towards the strete, with the wyndowes of 
ffiree stone, and also the walls of the same kychyn, 
scolary, buttry, pantry, and other houses of office 
clerely ffjmysshed, and the carpenters in reysing of 
the rooffs of the buttry and pantry and over the 
kychen, and your haU also flfynysh all the breke work 
excepte the wyndowes of the syde of the hall towards 
the Court, which taryes for the mason work, and that 
is in hande as ffast as they can. Yo*" owne lodgyng 
with all the chambers and galary above %nyshed 
and plastered, wantyng nothyng but glasyng, and 
youre stere also plastered. The pay there on Satur- 
day last past was made toxlvj. workmen and laborers 
with the empcions and necessaries was xx*i. xiiij'. vij^. 
as by the perticulers therof yt dothe appere. On 
Sonday last past I went to Ewhurst, and there vewed 


your goodly fframes ; the doble fflores of your hall 
and soler under yt be ffynyshed^ and also the twoo 
sydes of your hall, and parte of the same caryed from 
the frame to the watersyde, and more dayly shall 
come by the grace of God, They have much busy- 
nes to gett caryage by cause of haye tyme and har- 
vest ; but the parson of Ewhurst which is good and 
diligent in your busynes there, saith we shall have 
carts this next welje. Your frame is the goodlyest 
and myghtiest that I in my lyf have seen : but your 
foundacions therof, with Goddis grace, is substanciall 
and myghty 3mough to here yt. And nowe they be 
in hand with the roof of your said hall, they have 
received vjC. loode of tymber of Dandy, and he hath 
had of your Maistership paid by Webster and Chris- 
topher Roper, jCli. Dandy when I was there was in 
perell of dethe, and I suppose ded by this tyme. The 
pay there on Monday last to Carpenters and Sawyers 
for xiiij. dayes ended the xxiiij. day of July last past, 
that is to saye, to Ixvij. persones, was xxv*i. xj*^,,and 
on Saturday, that shalbe the xxj. day of this present 
moneth of August shalbe pay day ayen for a monethe, 
your Maistership so pleased. Sir, Maister Styward 
intendithe to begynne houshold at Hakeney ayenst 
yo*' comyng home assone as the housse is redye, oonles 
he haue contrary comaundement from your Maister- 
shipp. I truste by the ende of the next weke yt 
wylbe in good waye. M^ Williamson and Richard 


Lee doo as moche there in with all diligence as may 
be. All your ffolks at Canbyry be also in good 
helthe, thankyd be God. I beseche your Maister- 
shipp to pardon me of this my royde wrytyng.. Wry- 
ten in hast, at M^ Gostwyk place in London, the 
said xj*"* of August, and Jhu. preserve your Mfshipp. 
By yo^ humble and ffaithfuU servaunt, 


S^ Thomas Grene tellith me that Dandy is full 

paid for his tymbre after the rate iij'. iiij**. the lode. 

To his right honorable M', Maister 
Thomas Crumwell Squyer, Prin- 
cipall Secretory to o*" Souereine 
Lord the Kyng. 


Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell. The Bishop of 

Hereford sends a Present of Bay-Salt, Thacker 

petitions for the ferm of the suppressed Priory of 

Bredsalle Park; and afterwards for a Cell or Farm 

belonging to Repton Priory in Derbyshire. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xlii. 93. Ortg.] 

%* Thacker in this Letter asks for a farm belonging to Repton 
Priory ; but the Visitors in 1538 placed the Priory itself in his 
hands to hold for the King, and in 1540 he became its purchaser. 
The Messrs. Lysons, in their Account of Derbyshire, say he also 
purchased most of the furniture and stock at the suppression. They 
add tiiat the furniture of the high altar, and of St. John's, St, Tho- 
mas's, Our Lady's, Our Lady of Pity's Chapels, with Images, &c. 
sold for fifty shillings : the grave-stones were not then sold, nor the 
buildings. It appears that there was a Shrine of St. Guthlac at 


this Priory, to which was a great resort of pilgrims, and his bell 
was applied to the head by superstitious persons for the cure of the 

Fuller, in his Church History, on the authority of his kinsman 
Samuel Roper of Lincoln's Inn, says that one Thacker, being pos- 
sessed of Repingdon Abbey in Derbyshire, ^' alarmed with the news 
that Queen Mary had set up the Abbeys again, (and fearing how 
large a reach such a precedent might have,) upon a Sunday (belike 
the better day the better deed) called together the carpenters and 
masons of that county, and plucked down in one day (church work 
is a cripple in going up, but rides post in coming down) a most 
beautiful Church belonging thereunto, saying he would destroy the 
nest, for fear the birds should build therein again." 

Sir Henry Spehnan, in his History of Sacrilege, notices Mr. God- 
frey Thacker of Repingdon, as an instance of a person possessing 
church tithes and lands, and making a very insufficient allowance 
to the minister of his church, and remarks his having been reduced 
in his circumstances without any assignable cause. 

Gilbert Thacker, the last of this family, died in 1712, leaving one 
only daughter, who bequeathed the Priory estate to Sir Robert 
Burdett, Bart., grand&ther of the late Sir Francis Burdett. The 
name of Thacker, however, in humble life, still continues at Repton 
and in its neighbourhood. 

The remains of the Priory have since been converted into the 
school-room and offices belonging to Repton School ; and the man- 
sion, which was the seat of the Thackers, is now rented as a resi- 
dence for the head-master. 

Wollay, in his Derbyshire Collections, (MS. Addit. Brit. Mus. 
1667, p. 658,) speaks of the respectability of Thacker's family at an 
early period. He says '^ this Mr. Thacker's family had their resi- 
dence (before the Dissolution of Monasteries) at a House within 
the Liberty of Highedge, in the parish of Duffield in Derbyshire,, 
formerly called Toadmire Hall, but now generally Thacker Hall^ or 
Thacker House." 

Please yt your good Lordshipp to be aduertissed 
my Lorde, the Busshopp of Herfford hath gyven to 

• Lyions, Derb. p. 23S, from the Particulan of Sale annexed to a Copy of the 
Begiater of Tutbnzy Abbey, then in the poaaeaslon of Sis Joaeph Banki, Bast 


your Lordshipp yj. weigh of Baye Salt which I have 
receyved and bestowed in your seller at Frere Augus- 
tynes. All your housholds and servaunts here be in 
good helth^ as we trust that your Lordshipp is^ I 
pray God to contynew. Yo*" Lordshipp shall receiue 
herwith a lettre from the Lord Deputie of Lreland. 
Your buyldyngs goo well fforwards, and your work- 
men shall nor doo lack noo callyng on them to 
ffyuysh and make an ende with asmoch spede as con- 
veniently may be. 

Please it your Lordshipp, where of late I was so 
bolde to move yo' said Lordshipp to helpe me to 
haue in ferme of our Soueraine Lorde the Kyng the 
suppressed Priory of Braydsall Park in the Countie 
of Darby, beyng of the yerely value of x^i. xvii\ x**., 
which M'. Chauncellor of the Augmentacon dyd 
graimt vnto me, and put my nam^ in his booke upon 
the same: albeit the sertificate of that cuntry not 
beyng as yet come upp, oon Robert Wodd of Walt- 
ham Holy Crosse hath gotyn his name into the 
Kyngs booke, and therfor M*". Chauncellor badde me 
spye some other thyng ; and I shewed hym of a sell 
or fferme belongyng to the Priory of Repyngton 
commenly called Repton, in the Countie of Derby, 
suppressed, which M', Chauncellor so founde in his 
booke, and put my name upon yt, and hath promised 
me the same ; but nowe, within these ij. days, my bro- 
thers haue certified me from Darby, that the Prior of 


Repton nowe of late hath made a lees therof to Parson 
Leveson, for a kynsman of his, upon certeyn promises 
by the said Parson to the said Prior ; the said lees 
sealed not half yere agoo, berin date iij. or iiij. yeres 
past, as the neyghbonrs there do reporte, insomoche 
as the said Prior, hauyng knowledge of the comyng 
thedur of the Surveyars, hath caused the supposed 
fermer to bryng in parte of his stuff into the said 
fferme, so to meantene his said unjust lees, and put 
me from it, oonles your good Lordshipp is helpe 
therin. Wherfor I am nowe thus bold to besech your 
Lordshipp if any labor be or shalbe made to your 
Lordshipp for the same by the said Leveson or any 
other, to haue me in your Lordshipp is remembrance, 
and of your goodnes to helpe me to have the same in 
fferme, by the Kyngs graunt for conuenient yeris, 
orells to directe your lettre unto M*". Chauncellor 
for the same. The name of the same Sell or Ferme 
is commenly called Calk, but in the books certified 
befor this tyme in th'exchequer it is entred in this 

Aston Chelardston, ] valent in Re" et firm iBm per 
Calk, and Donasthorpp j Annum v^i. x*. iiij*^. 
but I suppose the Surveyors will nowe fynde it of 
more yerely value. . 

My Lorde, I beseche yo^ Lordshipp to pardon me 
of my bold wrytyng, which I doo by cause it is noted 
in the cuntrey that I shall haue the said fferm by 


favor and helpe of yo' Lordshipp ; as true it is if I have 
yt, by whom I am revyved and brought in estima- 
cion there and els where : I pray God that I may 
deserve with my true and delegent service. God 
knowithe my poore mynd. And so Jbu preserue 
your good Lordshipp in helth with long lyf. Wrytyn 
at the Rolls, the xv*** day of August. 

By yo'^ humble servaunt, 

To my right honorable Lord, the Lord 
Crumwell, Lord Pryvey Scale. 


Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell. Again details 

the Works and Repairs going on at CromwelVs 


[ibid. 2 Set, xlii. 91. Or%g:\ 

•»• In a Letter from Cromwell to Wolsey, in the preceding Vo- 
lume, his exhortation to the Cardinal, after his fall, to cease from 
building is remarkable. But a few years after, we find Cromwell 
indulging this taste for building himself. In London, a house near 
the Augustine Friars, on the site of what is now Draper^ Hall, was 
his early residence. The Rolls was his official house for years. 
He had a house at Hackney, another at Stepney, Canonbury House 
at Islington was a third, and Mortlake a fourth, in the vicinity of 
London. Ewhurst in Surrey, on the border of Sussex, was another 
of his residences : and works and repairs, as will be seen in this 
and a preceding Letter, were going on in most of them at the same 

Stepney he had upon lease, according to Lysons, as early as 1524. 


The grant of Hackney has been already mentioned in p. 76. Ca- 
nonbury he appears first to hare rented of the Prior of St. Bartho- 
lomew in Smithfield ; but the fee of it was granted to him upon the 
suppression of that House in 1539. The lands at Mortlake he ob- 
tained in exchange from the King by an Act of Parliament, 28 Hen. 
VIII. c. 50, A.D. 1636. 

So many Letters and Papers are dated from Stepney, that that 
was probably his most favourite residence in the nei^bourhood of 

The Editor has met with but one Letter of Cromwell's dated from 
Canonbury ; addressed " to Sir Roger Reynolds priest, Master of 
the Hospitall of Saynt Johns in Huntingdon, Rob«rt Wolf baylif 
there, and John Kytche, and to every of them be this yoven." 

'' I commend me unto you. And these shall be to advertise you 
that the King's pleasure is that ye ymmediately upon the sight of 
these my Lettres shall repayre hither to answer unto suche things as 
then shall be layd and objected to you on the King our said Sove- 
reigne lords behalf. Fayle ye not thus to do as ye will avoyde frir- 
ther perill and inconvenience. So ffare ye welL From my House 
at Ganbery the vj'^ day of September. 

Thomas Grumwell/' 

My Lordj most humbly thanckyng your Lordshipp 
for yo' lettre directed to the Surveyaxs of the sup- 
pressed Monasterys in the Countie of Darby in 
favor of my brethern, moche to my comfort and 
theyres. Please yt yo' Lordshipp, the paye made on 
Seturday, the xix*** daye of this present moneth of 
August, at your place by Frere Augustynes was 
xxxix*». ij*. V**. ob., that is to wytt to vj. brekelayers, 
Ivj. carpenters, xij. sawers, v. plasterers, and xix. 
laborers, xxviij^. xix*. j*^., and for emptions of lyme, 
sande, heyre, and other necessaries, with cariage vij*i. 
xix'. iiij**. ob., and for cariage of tymbre from Frian 


wodd to your said place xliiij*. iiij**. I paid more 
the same day to the smyth for locks and iron work 
received and rekened by M'. Williamson for Mourt- 
lake xiijli., and to the glasier for glasse workmanshipp 
ther delyuered and doon^ and the rekenyng therof 
brought also by M'. Williamson other xiiij*i. So 
that the payment at Frere Augustines, with this 
xxvi^i. at Mortlak, amounteth to lxv*i. ij'. vj^. ob. 
Your work gothe well forward. Ye must have 
eight ffodre of lead for wyndowes, gutters, dubbyng 
and suche other. I will loke for yt this weke, for 
now it wilbe best chepe for this yere, and we must 
occupie yt out of hand, and so to cover the greate 
chambre. The chymney therof they are appoynted 
to begynne on Monday next. By the next paye I 
trust in God we shalbe in good forwardnes. 

My Lord, I shall have nede of more money, which 
I am as loth to call fore as any man may bee, yo' 
busynes not letted. I have not left above xl*i. which 
must goo for leade, and then dyuers other thyngs we 
must prouide for the dispache of your said works. 
Nowe is the tyme to applye the same, which nowe 
will dekay euery daye more and more. Your work- 
men doo nor shall lack no callyng on. There must 
be doores of weynscot, as your own chambre, and 
other aboute and nere to the same, and at the stere 
hed of the hall, whiche we intende to sett ffor- 


Your works at Mourtlake goo well forward. M'. 
Williams wold haue vj. mounts of plaster, which will 
cost yj*. the mount ; and he desireth more to haue the 
glasse and selyng of the old galary, which we woU 
not delyuer vnto hym oonles your pleasure knowen 

I sende to your Lordshipp herwith a lettre that 
come from M'. Chauncellor of Augmentacion, an 
other lettre that was brought to your place by 
th'Augustyne freres, from whom I knowe not : also 
a quyver with adosen arrowes for your Lordshipp is 
crosbowe. Other newes I here of non, but that I 
am sure your Lordshipp hathe more certeyn than I 
can wryte you: and so JKu preserve your good 
Lordshipp in good helth with long lyf. Wryten at 
your Place in the Rolls, at London, the xx* day of 

By your humble servaunt 


To the right honorable lord, the Lorde 
Crumwell, Lorde of the Pryve Seale. 



Robert Southwell to the Lord Privy Seal, signifying 
the attainder of two Priests for denying the King*s 

[cotton. MS. CLEOP. E, VI. fol. 256, OHg".] 

Pleasithe it your good Lordship to vnderstand 
of Wyllyam Dikenson clerk and prestyd at Rome, 
with Wyllyam Pettye, sume tyme a frier minor in 
Jereseye, wer yestf^daye attaynted of high treasQ^ 
vppon theyr severall denyyng the Kyngs Suppre- 
micye, wheryn they stouk as errogantly as any tray- 
tors that I have mouche sene in my lyff, and more 
wold haue done iff they might have been permitted 
therto, Suerly Sir, they wer and be yett too weeds 
not meate to growe in our garden, nor none of ther 
seade that they have sowen, wherof we can as yet no 
thyng leme by ther conffessyon. Dickyngson was 
aprehendyd by the see syde in Sussex in jomey to- 
wards Rome, iff he hedd not ben stayed. Pettye is 
as suttelye wittyd as he is engenious, and hathe as 
plesant an instrument ffor the vtterance of his can- 
cred hert as I have herd. 

Sir, this day we procede to the araynment of 
felons, wherof ther is good store and very personable 
men. It shalbe a charitable deade to delyver a great 
part of them agayn this holy tyme accordyng to ther 


merits. I humbly beseche your Lordships that I 
may be advertisyd not only of the Kyngs pleasure 
concemyng the tyme of th'executyon of thesse too 
traytors that be attayntyd, but also of your pleasure 
ffor the adjomement of the Court tyll Mondaye, at 
wiche tyme the men of the Countye that hathe aJredye 
aperyd wylbe very lothe to apere so shortly agayne 
ffor lett of ther own besynes, and ther ffor wither we 
shall this daie dissolve, or adjome tyll Mundaye, I 
humbly beseche your Lordschip that I may know 
your pleasur, wiche, God thankyng, I will accom- 

Y"" Lordship's humbly to comand, 



Robert, Bishop of St. Asaph, to Lord Cromwell, to 
obtain him a licence to be absent from the next 
Parliament; and another licence to make Wrexham 
the Cathedral of his See. 

[STAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. LETTERS, t. HEN. VIII. i. 140. Orig."] 

%* Robert Warton was elected Bishop of St. Asaph June 8th, 
and consecrated July 2nd, 1536. He was translated to Hereford 
in 1554 : and died Sept. 22, 1557. This Letter* appears to have 
been written soon after he had taken possession of St. Asaph. That 
Cathedral had undergone sad changes. It had been burnt by the 
English in 1282, in their wars with the Welsh ; after which an in- 
effectual attempt was made to fix the See at Rhuddlan. In 1284, 


however, the Cathedral was rebuilt; and the stmctare then erected 
maybe considered as the present edifice, the walls having remained, 
although the church was again burnt by Owen Glyndowr in 1402. 
For near eighty years it lay in ruins, but was finally restored by 
Bishop Redman, who repaired the walls and gave the church a new 
roof. Bishop Warton was nevertheless desirous to remove the seat 
of his See to Wrexham, the church of which place was, and still is 
considered, not only as the glory of the place, but of North Wales. 

Right honorable and singler good Lorde, after 
my duetie remembred vnto yo' Lordeship, with 
humble recomendacion, pleasithe it the same to be 
aduertised that, God willing and yow, I am deter- 
myned to ride in the latter ende of this somer vnto 
my Diocess. And forsomuche as the wynter shall 
approche, and the wais growe depe and tedious, 
theise shall be therfore moste hartely to beseche yo*^ 
Lordeship to be so muche my good Lorde to gett me 
licence of the Kyngs Highnes to be absent from the 
Parliament at the next session, or ells my tarieng 
there shall be very shorte, and my retume muche 
paynfull. And if it may please your good Lorde- 
ship to haue also in yo*^ rememberance to optayne 
my lycence for to remove my See or Cathedrall 
Church to Wrexham, the boke wherof I lefte with 
Master Richard PoUarde to deliuer vnto yo*" Lorde- 
ship ymmediatlie after dissolucion of the last session 
of Parliament, yo' Lordeshipp shall bynde me as yow 
haue alredie done to owe yow my faithfuU and hartie 
service duryng my life, wherof your Lordeship shall 
be assured. 



My Lorde, yn all my causes, I have non other 
refuge but yow, wherfor I most humbly beseche 
yow, as occasions shall growe, I may be bolde to 
crave yo' aide whiche of yo' goodnes yow haue 
comanded me to doo. And I shall remajme as one 
that shall be assured yo' Lordeships duryng my life, 
as God knowith, who preserue yow with dailie en- 
crease of honour. Yow' Lordshyps bedman, 

To the right honorable and his singuler 
good Lorde, my Lorde Privie Seale, 
be this deliuered. 


Johuy Bishop of Rochester^ to the Lord Privy Seal, 

sending to him the Prior of the Blackfriars of Cam- 

bridge, who desires to suppress an Image of Our LaAg 


[ibid. 2 iSer. xxxy. 118. Orig.l 

Gratia tecum. 
My most synglar good Lord, these be to advertyse 
your Lordshyppe that thys honest man bryngar off 
this byll, the which is Prior off Cambryge yn the Black 
Freers, a man off good lemynge, and a prechare off 
Gods trewe gospell, cam unto me to desyre my 
lettres to your Lordshyppe to hyre hys humble pety- 
cion, the which ys thys. Ther hathe off longe tyme 
byn an Ymage off ower Lady yn the sayd hows off 


Freers, the which hath had myche pylgrymage unto 
her, and specyally att Sturbruge fayre, and for as 
myche as that tym drawythe nere, and alsoe that the 
sayd Prior cannott well here syche ydolatrye as^ 
hathe byn vsyd to the same, hys humble request ys 
that he may have comawndment by your Lordshyppe 
to take away the same ymage from the peoples syght. 
And now my shute and hys ys also, that hytt may 
please your Lordshyppe to take the sayd Hows unto 
the Kyngs hands to put hytt vnto syche vse as hys 
Grace shall thynke best, for nother that ydoll, nother 
thatt relygyon, evyn leek as other relygyon fayned, 
lekythe me, or thys your power man. Hytt may 
therfore please your Lordshyppe to acceptt hys 
hartty shute heryn, and bothe he and I shalbe your 
two gode contynuall Oratours. Wretyn yn London, 
the XXX** day off August. 

By your Lordsbypps oratour 


Yff yo' Lordshyppe wyll trust me to be commys- 
sionare for the sayd purpose, I wold fayne declare 
myselfe that I am nott a meynteyner off supersty- 
cyous relygion, as some (vntrewe men) beryth me yn 

To hy^ synglar and veray good Lord 
Privye Seale, thy* be yevyii. 

F 2 




ThomasThacker to Lord Cromwell. The arrival of 
the Images of St. Anne of Btixtonf and St. Mod* 
wenne of Burton-upon-Trent. A rich Vessel be- 
longing to the London Merchants taken by Pirates 
upon the Sea of Norway. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xlii. 80. OrigJ] 

My Lorde, my moste bounden duetie doon, yt 
may playse yo*" said Lordshipp to be advertessed that 
oon Basset, servaunt to my Lorde of Canturbury, 
hathe by yo' Lordshipp is comaundement, as he saith, 
brought to your place by Frere Augustynes, in Lon- 
don, the Image of Seint Anne of Bukston ; and also 
the Image of Seint Moodwyn of Burton upon Trent,' 
with hir red kowe and hir staff, which wymen labor- 
jmg of child in those parties were very desirous to 
have with them to leane upon, and to walk with yt, 
and had greate confidence in the same staff; which twoo 

» The Abbey Church of Burton-upon-Trent was dedicated to the blessed Virgin 
Mary and St. MoDWxir. This St. Modwen, or Modwenna, was an Irish Saint. of 
the ninth century, who, when her monastery in that country was destroyed, came 
to England, and, after having built two other religious houses, lired as an an- 
chorite for several years in an island of the Trent called Andredesey, where she 
was buried. Her rdiques were afterwards enshrined in this Abbey, which Leland 
says was on her account sometimes called Modwenne-ttoto, Thomas Feyld, Abbot 
of Burton from 1473 to 1408, rebuilt her chapel in Andredesey. Camden gives her 
epitaph :— 

" Ortum Modwennse dat Hibemia, Scotia finem, 

Anglia dat tumulum, dat Deus Astra poli. 

Prima dedit vitam, sed mortem terra secunda, 

Et terram terrse tertia terra dedit. 
Aufert Lanfortin quam terra Connallea preefert, 
Feliz Burtonium virginis oasa tenet." 


Imagis I have bestowed by our Lady of Ippiswich^ 
There cam nothyng with thejrm but the bare Imagis. 
Oon Mody is shipp^ my Lord, which was charged 
with marchants goodes of London from the Mart, is 
takyn by pyrats upon the See of Norway, as it is said 
here, to the greate losse of dyuerse marchant men of 
London, as Sir Rauf Waryn, good M'# Lock, Rawland* 
Hyll, and other, to the some, as is here reported, of 
X. M*i. and above. I pray God sende theym good 
recovery therof. And thus Jttu preserve yo' Lord- 
shipp in prosperous helth long to endure. From 
your Lordshipp is place in London, the ffirst of Sep- 
temVr. By your most bound servaunt, 


To the right honorable my Lorde, 
my Maister. 


Sir John Oresham to the Lord Privy Seal, that one 
John Bavy, a Welsh prophesier, has been brought 
to him, who desires to speak with the King. 

[sTAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. LETTERS, XV. 14. Orig,^ 

%* The condescension which ordinarily marked the manners of 
Henry the Eighth is frequently noticed in the History and Letters 
of his time. 1% induced many, like this prophesier, to seek an in* 
terview, which did not always secure the King's favour. There is 
a passage in a Tract of the time of the Commonwealth,^ which tells 
that Henry was himself alive to the belief of this. It says, ^* and 

• Tlie Nonesuch Charlesi 12mo. Lond. lOftl. 


who can deny, but that those are the hapi>iest men who (as King 
Henry the Eighth said) do not know a King, and whom the King 
knoweth not." 

Erasmus, in a letter to his friend Jodocus Jonas, gives an interest- 
ing account of an interview which Dean Golet had with Henry in 
the early part of his reign, in the garden of the Franciscan Convent 
adjoining to the palace at Greenwich. Golet died in 1519. It 
finishes, '^ Ubi reditum est in Regiam, rex dimissurus Coletum, 
allato poctdo prishibU, et complexua hommem humanissime, omniaque 
pollicitus quae sint ab amantissimo Rege expectanda, dimiait,'*^ 

Rop&, in the Life of his father-in-law Sir Thomas More, draws 
another picture of Henry's familiarity. *' Such entire favour," says 
Roper, ^' did the King bear him, that he made him Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster," — ^* and for the pleasure he took in his com- 
pany would his Grace suddenly sometimes come home to his house 
at Chelsea to be merry with him, whither, on a time unlooked for, 
he came to dinner, and after dinner, in a fair garden of his, walked 
with him by the space of an hour, holding his arm about his neck. 
As soon as his Grace was gone, I, rejoicing thereat, said to Sir Tho- 
mas More, how happy he was whom the King had so familiarly 
entertained, as I never had seen him do to any before, except Car- 
dinal Wolsey, whom I saw his Grax;e walk once with arm in arm. 
^ I thank our Lord, son, (quoth he^) I find his Grace my very good 
Lord indeed, and I believe he doth as singularly favour me as any 
subject within this I'ealm ; howbeit, son Roper, I m^y tell thee, I 
have no cause to be proud thereof; for if my head would win him a 
castle in France (for then there was war between us) it should not 
fail to go.' "« 

Anecdotes of coarser familiarity between Henry and his courtiers 
may be found in Puttenham's Art of English Poesie, who also says, 
" I have heard that King Henry the Eighth, her Majesty's father, 
though otherwise the most gentle and affable Prince in the world, 
could not abide to have any man stare in his face ; or to fix his eye 
too steadily upon him when he talked with them."<^ 

Henry had stooped to listen to the ramblings of Elizabeth Barton, 
and the Welsh prophesier supplicated, even should death follow, to 
be admitted to the same privilege. 

b ErMQu Epist. fol. Lugd. Bat. 170O. col. 451-^2. 

« Roper's Life of Sir Thomas More, Singer's edit. svo. Chisw. 1828, pp. 21, 29. 

i Puttenham's Art of Eng. Poesie, edit. Haslewood, p. 247. 


Please yt your good Lordeship to understond 
that ther was brought unto me one John Dauy, a 
Welcheman, whiche takythe apon hym to be a pro- 
phessyer and makythe grete dessyer to speake with 
the Kyngs Majesty^ and saithe that he will neuer 
open the truithe untyll he speake wythe his Grace : 
and if he might com to his Grace he will shew soche 
things as be nowe shortelly commyng^ whiche be 
very nedefull and necessary for his Grace to knowe. 
And also the said John Dauy saithe that when he 
hath opynyd soche things to the Kings Grace as he 
hathe in his stommacke to shew, he is contentyd to 
be commawndyd to what prysson his Grace shall 
apoynte hym unto, and ther to remayne. And yf so 
be his saings chaunsse not to be trew, he is contentyd 
to suffer dethe. My thyncke yt ys butt a weryshe 
persson to have any soche lemyng of prophessye, 
neuerthelesse he is marvelousse dessyerous to speake 
with the Eangs Grace. Wherfore I sende the sayde 
John Dauy unto your Lordeship, and here in to do yo' 
pleasure. From London, the iiij*** daie of Septembr, 
wyth the hande of all yo". 

At your Lordeships commaundement 

To the right honorable and his singuler 
good Lorde, my Lorde Prevy Seale. 



Richard Cromwell to his Uncle, the Lord Privy Seal, 

upon his taking possession of the effects of Mr. 

Thomas Bedyll, 

[ibid. misc. corresp. vii. 183. Orig,'\ 

%♦ An account of Thomas Bedyll will be found in Wood's Athe- 
nae Oxonienses, ed. Bliss, vol. ii. col. 25, and in Newcourt*s Reper- 
torium^ vol. i. p. 62, in both of which works his various preferments 
are enumerated. Amongst the latest was the Archdeaconry of Lon- 
don, which he resigned in 1534, on being collated to the Rectory of 
Booking in Essex, by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Wood says 
that in 1533 he was one of the Clerks of the King's Council : and 
soon after appointed to be one of the Commissioners for visiting 
Religious Houses in order to their dissolution. This last appoint- 
ment probably made Lord Cromwell anxious to get possession of his 
papers and effects. As Clerks of the CouncU, he and Richard Lay- 
ton examined and swore Bishop Fisher, when prisoner in the Tower, 
in verbo sacerdotii. Many of Bedyll's letters are preserved in a 
large mass of Cromwell's Correspondence, now in the State Paper 
Office ; and a few are preserved in the Cottonian Collection at the 
British Museum. One Letter in the Cottonian MS. Cleop. £. vi. fol. 
252, is dated from his house in Aldersgate Street. On Oct. 10th, 
1534, he wrote from Bugden to Cromwell, then the King's Secret- 
ary, to announce that the servants of the Princess Dowager persisted 
in calling her Queen, and that she refused to leave Bugden. Bedyll, 
as appears from the Register of the See of London, died early in 
September 1537, a day or two before the date of this Letter. 

John Raynes here spoken of, was a well-known bookseller and 
bookbinder of his day, who dwelt in St^ Paul's Churchyard. Some 
booka were printed by him, and others for him ; but there are many 
more which have his marks and devices on their covers. Herbert 
found nothing printed either by or for him, after 1544. The Sta- 
tioner's Company had a portrait of Raynes> which is supposed to 
have been lost in the fire of London. 

FLfiASE yt your Lordshipp my duetie doon^ this 
shalbe to aduertes the same that before my comyng 
to M'. Bedyll is housse in Aldersgate strete London, 


his woman had sent thyder twoo of his servaunts 
named John Pye and John Wager, which have lan- 
saked and convayed this nyght, so as nothing but 
bedyng, books, and such other there is remaynyng ; 
albeit by commimication withe Nycholas Hewet, his 
servaunt, kepyng his housse in London, I perceyued 
that M"^. Bedell by his lyfe tyme was conversant with 
John Raynes, bookseller, and with John Lay land, and 
oon Feld, and therupon I came to the said John Raynes, 
and declaryng to hym that my comyng to hyin was 
to see suche money, plate, and joyells as M', BedyU 
had lefte in his custodie, he ffurthwith confessed that 
he had a gardyvyance*of his and brought oute the same 
to me, wherein is such, plate and gold as your Lord- 
shipp, by a bill of the perticulers herin closed, may 
perceyve ; which gardyvyance,* with the said plate and 
gold, I have delyuered to the custody of my cosyn 
Williamson in your place by Frere Augustynes ; and 
for all other thyngs remaynyng in the said housse, I 
iave left fader Thacker and John Millesent to see 
and make an inventory therof, and the same to cer- 
tifie unto your Lordshipp. And thus JKu preserue 
yo' Lordshipp in good helth, long to endure. At 
London, the v*** day of Sept* 

Yo*^ most bounden nephew, 

To my very good Vncle, the Lorde Pryvey Scale. 

* A cupboard or unbiy, a portable receptacle. 

F 5 



Thomas Thacher to Cromwell ; reports the progress 
of the buildings at Hackney and the Friars Augus- 
tines. Acknowledges the receipt of certain Jewells 
and of a relic of gold and crystal with our LadAfs 
milk in it. 

[ibid. misc. oorresp. 2 Ser, xlii. 79. Ong,"] 

Right honorable Sir, mj duetie doon, yt may 

please your Maistershipp to be aduertessed that all 

your houshold> thanked be God, be in good helth, as 

we trust that your Maistershipp with all your ffamiUe 

be. God contynue the sam^ Your buyldyngs goo 

goodly ffurth though they be chargeable, as I lately 

wrote unto your Mastershipp. I trust for your 

place at Hakeney, by the next pay, which shalbe 

Saturday the xj*** day of this moneth of Septembr, 

shalbe at a good poynt. Sir^-the paye at Hakeney, 

the iiij* day of this moneth made to Ixviij. persones, 

with the emptions and necessaries, was Iviij^*; and at 

Frere Augustynes to xliij. persoties, with the emptions 

and necessaries there, xxx*i. Sir, for the two pays, 

and other your aiFerres, I receyued of M^ Willm- 

son jCxl*i., and for three weks pay at your iFrame 

ended, thys Saturday the xj*** day of Septembr, and 

cariage of tymfe, and for more tymbr bought of late, 

whereof and of all yo*" busynes there, I shall acerteyn 


your Mastershipp at my comyng from thens. I have 
nowe receiued more of M'. Williamson ]xK 

Sir, I have received of my fellov^re, William Lav^- 
rence, from Yppiswich, our Ladies Cote vnth twoo 
gorgetts of gold to put about her neck; and an 
Image of our Lady, of gold, in a tabernacle of silver 
and gilte, vnth the fether in the topp of yt gold ; and a 
lytill relyke of gold and cristall vsrith our Ladys Milk 
in yt, as they saye* 

Also that came from Seint Peters, a Crosse of siluer 
and gilt, vdth Mary and John ; a Pax of silver and 
gilt ; a Pix of silver and gilt ; a Chales silver and gilt ; 
a Sencer paxcell gUt ; and a Shipp to the same paxcell 
gilte ; twoo Cruetts of silver, parcell gilt. 

And thus the Holy Gost have your Mastershipp in 
his mercifull tuicon. Wryten at your Place at the 
Rolls, the xi*** day of Septemfer. 

By yo' humble servaunt, 


To his right honorable M% Maister 
Thomas Crumwell, Squyer, prin- 
cipaU Secretary to the Kyngs 



John, Baker to Lord Cromwell. The Complaint of the 

Inhabitants of Dimchurch in Kent, against their 


[ibid. 2 Ser, ill. 27.] 

*«* Dimchurch lies in the level of Romney Marsh, in the Hon*- 
dred of Worth in Kent, upon the sea shore. 

Robert Brachie is not mentioned by Hasted in his List of the 
Rectors of Dimchurch ; but from the Canterbury Registers it ap- 
pears that he was admitted rector there upon the death of Thomas 
Norton, 12th June, 1536. He died in July, 1563. Upon the pre- 
sent occasion he probably met with favour. 

It was on the 9th of June 1534 that the Proclamation was issued 
for abolishing the usurped powers of the Pope, ^^ and causing all 
manner prayers, oracions, rubrics, canons, or mass-books, and all 
other books in the churches wherein the said Bishop of Rome is 
named, or his presumptuous and proud pomp and authority pre- 
ferred, utterly to be abolished, eradicate, and rased out, and his 
name and memory to be never more (except to his contumely and 
reproach) remembered ; but perpetually suppressed and obscured.'' 

My dewtie in the mooste humble maner that I 
kanne remembred vnto your good Lordship^ with 
helthe and prosperitie long to endure, to the pleasure 
of Almighty God. It maye please your good Lord- 
ship to bee advertised that certein honest menne of 
Dymchurche in the Maxsche, have been with me 
and have shewed me that Roberte Brachie, their per- 
son, hathe not expelled the name of the Byshop of 
Kome out of dyuerse and sundrie bookis in his 
keping, parte belonging unto hymself, and parte of 
theim belonging unto the seid Churche : contrary to 


the comaundement to hym gyven. Whiche infor- 
snacon upon suche examinacon as I have taken there- 
in, I have founde to be true. And therupon I have 
coSytted hym to the gaole, there to remayne tille yo' 
Lordships pleasure bee further knowen in that be- 
half. Humbly beseching ytf" good Lordship that I 
may knowe your pleasure what ordre I shall take 
with the saide person, whiche I shalbe glad to accom- 
plishe to the best of my power by the grace of our 
Lorde, whoo preserve your Lordship in helth and 
prosperitie to his pleasure* Written the xij*** daye 
of Septembre, 

Yours to his small power, 


To the.righte honorable and his singoler 
good Lorde, Lorde Grumwell, Lorde 
Vrprie Seale, his good Lordship, this 
bee delyuered. 


Thomas Thacker to Lord Cromwell: praying for the 
Suppression of the Priory of Darleigh, and to have 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xlii. 95. Orig.'] 

Please y t your good Lordshipp to be aduertessed, 
I and my flfrends haue by the space of iij. monethei^ 
labored to the Abbot of Darleigh, in the Countie of 
Darby, very nyghe ther I was borne, and ad my poor 


landys lye, to surrendre hys Monastery of Darleigh 
aforesaid unto our Soueraine Lorde the Kyngs handsi 
by your Lordshypp ; and albeit that he hath hether- 
unto prolongyd tyme, I trust he is nowe at apoynt, 
and that I shall shortly have his lettre therof. Most 
humbly besechyng your good Lordshipp to helpe me 
to the same hous withe the stuffe and goodes vpon the 
same, as it shalbe praysed and valued, and thus may 
your good Lordshipp make me the more able to 
serue your Lordshipp and bynde me to prayer, as 
alredy I am boimden, that knowith God, whoo ever 
preserve your good Lordshipp in good helthe long to 
endure. From yo' Lordshipps place in London, the 
xxiij*** of Septembre. 

Your Lordshipp is most bounden seruaunt, 

To the right honorably my Lorde, 
my maister Lord Pryvey Seale. 


Henry Lord Stafford to the Lord Privy Seal, an- 
nouncing the destruction of the Image of St. 


[ibid. 2 $er, zl. 580. Ofig,'\ 

%* The present Letter is dated from Stafford, the castle and 
manor of which, with their appurtenances, as also a certain manor 
called Stafford Manor, and Stafford Rent, with all lands, tenements, 
and hereditaments thereto belonging, were granted in the 2Srd of 
Henry VIII. A.D. 1532, to Henry Lord Stafford, Ursula his wife. 


and their heirs, as parcel of the possessions of the said Henry^s late 
father the Duke of Buckingham. 

From what church the Image of St. Erasmus was removed does 
not appear. The Saint himself was one of those who were called 
Helpers in yarious diseases. He was especially prayed to to cure 
the coSck. 

Pleaseth it your goode Lordship to be advertisid 
that on Mychalmes Evene last, at nyght, a servaunt 
of myne came from Chartleye, and there the same 
daye oon Bagotte, servaunt to my Lord Ferrers, de- 
lyueryd him a letter that your Lordship sent me, 
bering date the xxviij*. daye of August, wheryn your 
pleasor was that with convenyent spede I shulde take 
and remove away the Idoll(caIlid of ignorant persons 
Sainct Erasmus), so that the people shuld have no 
occasion herafter therby to offende, wheryn your 
Lordship hathe done amerytoryous dede for mannys 
sowle. And according to yo*" pleasor the next mom- 
jmg yerly, I sent for it, and so have usid it that I 
trust no man shall therby offende in Idolatrye heraf- 
ter, assuring your Lordship that if your letter had 
come soner to my hands, it shuld not haue bene so 
longe ondone, as Crist knoweth, who longe preserve 
youe my goode Lord in honor to his pleasor. At 
my power howse nye Stafford, the ij**® daye of Oc- 
tobre. Yo' Lordshipes to command, 

To the right hon'able and my singuler 
goode Lord, my Lord Priuy Seall, 
this be delyw'yd. 



William Dynham to the Lord Privy Seal, denouncing 

the dissimulation of Friar Alexander Barcla§, 

[ibid. 2 Ser, ix. 112, OrigJ] 

%* Alexander Barclay is principally known by his ^* Ship of 
Fools/' a translation, adapted to the fools of his own country, from 
Sebastian Brandfs ^' Stultifera Navis/' He was educated at Oriel 
College, Oxford, then became a priest in the College of St. Mary 
Ottery in Devonshire, afterwards a monk of Ely, and finally took 
the habit of the Franciscans at Canterbury. 

William Dynham, the writer of the present letter, from the free- 
dom with which he addressed Barclay when at supper with the 
Prior of St. Germains, may be presumed to have known him inti- 
mately; but the observation at its close, that such hinderers of 
Truth " should be tied shorter, that the glory of God may increase," 
was not the suggestion of a friend. Barclay survived it. That he 
subsequently temporized with the changes of Religion there can be 
no doubt ; since he possessed Church preferments in the reign of 
Edward the Sixth. Herman Rynck, in a Letter to Cardinal Wolsey, 
Oct. 1528, from Cologne, among the enemies of England, after men- 
tioning Eklmundus de lapoeU (Edmund de la Pole), adds, '^ Delude 
et Wilhelmus Roy, Wilhelmus Tyntaell, Hieronimus Barlo, Alexan- 
der Barckley, et eorum adherentes." Cotton. MS. Vitell. B. xxi. 
fol. 43. 

Barclay was instituted to the vicarage of Much Badow in Essex 
in 1546 ; and to Wokey in Somersetshire, the same year. He had 
also the Church of All Saints in Lombard Street, London, on the 
presentation of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury, which was 
vacated by his death in the month of June 1552. 

His -Biographers have greatly differed whether he was an Eng- 
lishman or a Scotsman. There are no Scotticisms observable either 
in his translation from Brandt, or in the poems of his own composing. 
The probability is that he was bom, as Pitts believed, in Somerset- 
shire or Devonshire. In his will, dated July 25, 1551, and proved 
10th June, 1552, he calls himself, both at the beginning and the end. 


Alexand^ Barquelay, designating himself at the opening as doctor 
in divinity. 

MosTE humble commendacon presupposed dewe. 
to your Honor. This may be to advertise youe that 
of late I casually came to the Pryorye of Saynt Ger- 
mayne, i|^ Cornwall, where I, gentely acceptyd of 
the Pryor, sate at supper with hym, being accom- 
panyd with Alexandre Barckley, whiche over the 
daie before preached there to the dewe and condynge 
Honor of the blessed Virgen, yet not so muche in the 
edyfying of the audyence as his demeynor the next 
daye was (as I herde reportyd) to ther distruccon* 
This folowing I knowe to be true, when he and I 
mett at supper I moved suche questyons as I thought 
myght do good to the audyence, wherin truly to re- 
porte, he servyd my tume and purpose, till after a 
sodeyne dompe he brake silence, as a man that had 
spoken to well (and yet a frere in a some what 
honester twede), with a protestacon gloryfied him 
selfe and glosyd by dyssymulacyon his herers, I 
meane the Pryor and his, whiche lytle that I coulde 
perceyve favoredhym. 

Barckley first this protestyng that he wolde preache 
no new things not set out by the Kynge and his 
Councell, I aunswered him and mervelyd. I saide 
what he therby mente, when aU men of Ktterature 
and any good judgement knewe that our so Crystyen 
a Prince and his Councell set for the no newe thynge 


but the gospell of Cryste and the sincere veryte ther- 
of, and wolde every parte therof necessarye to the 
edyfying of the people were by the preachers truly 
disclosed to them without partyculer comaundement 
to teache this or that: also that mought edefye. 
Then wyshed Barckley, * I wolde to God ^at at the 
leste the lawes of God might have asmuche aucto- 
rytye as the lawes of the realme.' Wherunto I 
replyed, * what meneth your wysshe, when our moste 
Cristen Suppremyst Hed holdeth his lawes, and I 
dare saye him selfe, subjecte to Gods lawes, and 
wolde his by them to be tryed as by the onely twiche 
stone. What meane you Barckley.' 'Nothingetruely/ 
saide he, * but I thinke menne are to besye in puUinge 
downe of Ymages without especiall coinaimdement of 
the Prynce.' * I knowe none then,* saide I, ' pulled 
downe but sutche as Idolatrye was comytted unto.' 
The pullinge downe of whiche was as I supposed by 
comaundement, but well I knowe that most frequent 
places of Scripture serve and make for the pullinge 
downe of suche. I dyd putt him in remembraunce 
of Saint Margets Patent is Rode^ and the assemble, 
although some what dispraised, yet for the intente 
and good facte therof toleratyd.* Here he demaunded 
what folowed therof. I requyring him to aunswere 
hys demaunde, he saide I knewe howe manye tene-* 

• The destruction of the Rood in the churchyard of St. Margaret Pattens in 1SS8 
" hj people unknown/' is particularly noticed by Stowe, Surrey of London, 4to. 
160S, p. Sll. Rood- Lane in its name still presenres the rcmembnnce of this Rood* 


meats, and some people were brunte sone upon, 
* What, Barckley/ saide I, * here is some what movyd, 
ye have a versatile ingeyne, but were ye so sleper 
as an ielle here will I holde youe. Wulde you 
infecte this audyence with th^t opynyon that God 
for suche cause plageid them: your kanldid harte 
is disclosed, my true lytle stomake, with reverence of 
the Pryor and his horde, muste be opened leste it 
breake. You are, Barckley, a false knave and a dis- 
semblinge frere, youe get no pense might I rule here, 
you seke your owen proffytt vocall, to hindre the 
tarouthe, more than unite to sett fbrthe the true and 
pryncely endevour of our moste Crysten and of his 
Churche Supremyst Hed moste laudable enterprises, 
wherof I truste thowe shalt here.* 

That pevishe vessell of dyssimulacion, with these 
and mo suche blastes me moved, whiche I nowe 
comytt to your Lordships arbytrarye will and ple^ 
sure ; this was my juste (I truste) combatement with 
hym, and wayte for no victorye, butt as your honour 
shall seme, suche hinderers of trouthe, nowe so well 
accepted in simdry places, to be tyed shorter, that the 
glorye of God may encrease. Who preserve your 
Honour to the comforte of all true Crystens. Amen. 
Sente from Lyfton, the xij* daie of October. 

Your oratour and servaunt in harte and wyll, 

To the right honorable Lorde Gromwelly 
Lorde Pryyey Seale, this be delyrered* 



Margaret Tewkesbury y Abbess of Godstow, to Crom" 

well. Sends a Letter, which she has devised to the 

King's Highnessyfor CromwelVs approbation. 

[sT. PAP. OFF. MISC. C0RRE8P. 2 Set. xiv, 1. Orig.'\ 

%* Margaret Tewkesbury received the temporalities of her ab- 
bacy June 30th, 1518. She resigned, and was succeeded by Ra- 
therine Bulkeley, but remained resident in the Monastery till its 
dissolution. In point of date this Letter is probably misplaced. It 
could not have been written later than 1535. 

Pleasith it your Mastership, with my dayly 
prayers, to accepte your litle poor fee by this berer, 
and for Goddes sake to continue your towarde mynde 
in my sueitt to you, and for the furtheraims therof to 
peruse a letter wiche I have devysed to the Kings 
Highnes, and to delyuer the same to his Grace as you 
thincke best if it be made as it ought to be, and if not 
to sende me wourde howe I shall order my self, and 
I shall be gladde to folowe your advise and counceilL 
And I pray you gyve crednce to this berer, Doctour 
Gwent, and what so ever he doth saye to you I shall 
abide by it, with the grace of God, who kepe you 
my especiall good Master, in wourship ever to encreas 
to his pleasure. Amen. At Godstowe, this Mighel- 
mas eve* Your boimden daly beades woman, 


To the right honorable and my moost Abbes of Godstowe. 
especiall good master, Mr. Crum- 
well, Secretary to the Kings Grace. 



Doctor Thomds Legh and John ap JRees to Secretary 
CromwelL Their Visitation at Cambridge^ Sopham 
Nunnery^ and Denney* 

[ibid. misc. C0RRE8P. 2 Set, xxii. 483. Orig,'\ 

After our due commendacions, please it your 
Mastershippe to be advertised that we have as yes- 
terday e laste finished our Visitation at Camebrige, 
where the students doo saye that ye have doon more 
good there for the profitt of studie and advauncement 
of lemyng than ever any Chauncellor did there 
heretofor ; trusting that ye woU see suche direccions 
and injunctions as we have geuen theym, nowe in yo' 
name effectually putt in execution. For many of 
the hedds which be for the moste parte addicte to 
sophisticall lemyng, were not content with all that 
we have doon, and therfore maye fortune woll labor 
to have some relaxacion therof. We have founde 
theym all very conformable touching the Kings 
busynes ; but as touching sophisticall lemyng, which 
some of th'elders did yet mayntene as moche as they 
coulde, partialitie of contreys in choysing felowes, 
find divers other particular abuses we have redressed 
as well as we mought. And in divers Colleges we 
foimde the nombre of felowes decreased for that (as 
they said) they that were chosen felowes, were not 


able to paye the Kings firste frutes; wherfor we 
thinke that ye might doo a very good dede yf ye 
wolde helpe theym to be discharged of that, and geve 
theym cause to reken theymself very happie to have 
you their Chauncellor and Patrone. Their goods 
and revenues be well bestowed and no superfluitie 
amongest theym, wherfor it were pite to take any 
thing from theym, but rather to geue theym. The 
greate nomber that lacked in all the Colleges by 
reason of the said thing, and decaye of the Yniver- 
sitie, that it is nowe in more than it was wonte to be 
heretofor, moueth us this to write vnto you. 

Also being at a Noonrie hereby called Sopham, we 
foimde nother tolerable sorte of lyving nor good ad- 
ministracon there, but all ferre out of order. The 
Ladie there hathe geven a benefice being appropried 
to the House, of the yerely valewe of xxx*i., to a 
Frier, which they saye she loves well, the House not 
being able to dispende fully C*». in all. The said 
Frier is noted of the comon rumor of all the contrey 
hereabouts and also of all the susters of the said 
Hoilse to be nought with the Priores there. And to 
make you laugh, we sonde you a lettre which is sup- 
posed not without sure conjectures to be sent unto 
her from the said Fryer, as in the name of a woman, 
allthough any man maye soone perceve that it cam 
from a lovier. Wherby ye maye perceve her conver- 
saoon. There the Priores and all wold have goon 


f oorth yf we had suffiredt heym. And they had doon 

all catall> come^ and householde stuff for that intent. 

And at Deny also, there we founde half a dozen of 

full, moste instantely desired with wepyng eyes to 

goo foortfa, amongest whome one is a faire yong wo* 

man, suster to S*" Gyles Strangwige, which was and is 

maryed to one Ryvel, a merchant ventrer, at London, 

with whom she had iiij. children, and no we moved of 

sciruple of conscience, as she saith, desireth moste 

humbly to be dimised and restored to her husbande. 

And so by this ye may see that they shall not nede 

to be put foorth, but that they woll make instance 

theymself to be delivered. So that their doing shalbe 

imputed to theymself and to no other. And theis at 

Denye doo importunately crie that they lyve here 

dayli against their conscience, and therfor doo loke 

for an answer of yo' pleasure in that behalf. And 

thus Allmightie God have yo' Mastership in his 

moste blessed tuicion. From Denye, the xxx*** of 


Y®" ever assured, 


S', allthough I reken it well doon that all were out, 
yet I thinke it were best that at their owne instante 
sute they might be dimised to avoyde calumnacion 
and envie. And so compelling theym to observe 
thies injunctions ye shall have theym all to doo 
shortely. And the people shall knowe it the better 


that it Cometh upon their sute, yf they be not straight 
discharged while we be here. For than the people 
wolde saye that we wente for no other cause about 
than to expell theym, though the trueth were con- 
trarie. For they juge all thing of the effectes that 
foloweth, and not allweys of the trueth. 

Your most bounden servant, 

To the right honorable and o' singlar 
good maister, Mr. Secretarie to the 
Kings Highnes. 


Sir Richard Gresham to Lord Cromwell^ invitiiig him 
to his " Feastful Day.'' 

[ibid. 2 jSfer. xv. 31. Orig,'] 

%* Sir Richard Gresham was Lord Mayor in 1537. It had been 
the invariable custom, from the earliest period in which the City 
had a Mayor, that he should be elected on the feast of St Simon and 
St. Jude, and the next day, the 29th of October, be presented to the 
King wherever he might be in England. But in 1252 it was granted 
by charter that the Citizens, from that time forward, ^< for lack of 
the King's presence being at Westminster," should present their 
Mayor so chosen unto the Barons of the Exchequer, there to be 
sworn and admitted as he before time had been before the King.* 
The Feast, of course, followed, and so continued till the introduc- 
tion of what was termed the New Style, in 1751, when, beside the 
Act for regulating the Commencement of the Year, another Act of 
Parliament passed for the Abbreviation of Michaelmas Tenn, 24 
Geo. II. chap. 48, one section of which (§11) as follows, altered 
tbe '^feast'fia day*' to Nov. 9th. 

• Fabyan's Chron. edit. 1811, p. 387. 


" And whereas by diyers Charters heretofore granted to the Citi- 
zens of London by his Majesty's Royal Predecessors, Kings and 
Queens of England, it is directed that the Mayor of the said City, 
after he is chosen, shall be presented and sworn before the King or 
Queen of England in their Court of Exchequer at Westminster, or 
before the Barons of the said Court : And whereas the said solem- 
nity, after every Annual Election of the said Mayor, hath been 
usually kept and observed by the said City on the twenty-ninth day 
of October, except the same fall on a Sunday, and then on the day 
following ; Be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that from and 
after the said feast of St. Michael, which shall be in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty-two, the said solemnity 
of presenting and swearing the Mayors of the City of London after 
every Annual Election into the said Office, in the manner and form 
heretofore used on the twenty-ninth day of October, shall be kept 
and observed on the 9th day of November in every year, unless the 
same shall fall on a Sunday, and in that case on the day follovdng : 
any Rule or Order in any of the Charters of the said City, or the 
usage or customs thereof to the contrary, notwithstanding." 

MVn humble dieuty rememberyd to your goode 
Lordeshipe, yt shale please you to untherstand that 
the xxix. daye of this monethe shale be my feestefuU 
daye, where unto I shale moste humbly dessyer yo' 
good Lordeshipe to take the payne to be there. My 
Lorde Chaunceller, with other noble men, shale be 
dessyered in lyke weysse, and the Enbassetores of the 
Emperors and of the Frenche Kyngs, with other 
straungeres, the Juges and Sergeauntes at Lawe^ 
with meny other; I doo supose upon iiijC. measse; 
and as moche as in me ys I have and shalbe prepare 
to make them the beste chere I can. Yt shale please 
you to be soo goode Lorde unto me to move the 
Kyngs Hyghnes that yt maye please hys Grace to be 



soo goode Lorde vnto me to gyflTe me of hys Dooes as 
shale stande with hys moste graciouse pleasser. And 
thys I shale preye to God to sende you goode helthe, 
long ieyffe, with encresse of hono'. From London, 
thys Thursdaye, the xviij*** daye of Octobr. 

Y' owne at your Lordeshipes comandement, 

To the ryght honorable and hys synguUer 
goode Lorde, my Xi>rde Prevy Seale. 


Thomas Theobald to the Lord Privy Seal, a Letter of 
News, A report 'prevalent that the Turk had re^ 
turned to Hungary. Failure of a Naval Attack 
on Barharossa. Cardinal Pole gone to Rome. 
Confederation of the Duke of Saxony and the Evan* 
geUcal Princes. The King of France about to 
meet the Emperor at Bourdeaux, who intends passing 
by land into Flanders. 

[ibid, 2 Ser. xiii. 181.] 
MosTE honerable and my syngular good Lord, 
pleasethe it yower Lordshyp to understond that 
weras in my laste letters I sertyfyed yower Lordschyp 
dowbtfuUy off the Torkes retorne in to Hongaiy, 
we be at this tyme advertysed it to be off trewthe, 
that is the Torke and ij. of his sons to have passed 
the flodde of Danubie wythe a verye great armaye, 
whome the Prynce of Valachia and Moldavia, with 


xl. thowsand^ and Yiyad, other wyse called Kyng 
John, with xl. thowsand, resyste hym, and to geve 
hym hatayle. And yn the meane seasone Verdynand 
should yn Austryche and therabowt constryve an 
annye to supplye or helpe them as nede shall re« 
quyer. Thes news were sent in post from Vienna to 
the Bysshope off Salysbourge, whos secretary or 
steuard wrot them hyther imto the sayd Bysshops 
nevey, here beyng stevdiant : but thes letters were a 
monthe in commyng. To the confyrmation of thes 
news, I hare of a gentylman of Polonia, here stev- 
dentj which sayethe that he hathe sene letters at this 
present^ from a great man of ther cowntrye which do 
seitifie that wheras hathe byn contyneval warre many, 
yers betwext the Prynce of Moldavia or Valachia 
and the Kyng of Polonia. This Prynce fyndyng 
hymselfe somwhat ynferior and myche to weake, and 
besyds now beyng yn rebellion agenst the Torke, 
which ynvadeth hym on the other syde, hathe made 
yntercessyon unto the Kyng off Polonia for peace, 
offeryng hym what condycions he will desyer, to the 
furtherance of which agrement th'Emperour and 
Verdynand dyd send ther Ambassadours also, so 
that this is concluded. Yn assuerment and confyr- 
maticme o^the condycions therof this forsayd Prynce 
hethe sent his eldest sone wythe 1. horse to wayte 
apon the Kyng off Polonia, and contynewally to fol- 
low his Cowrte* And thus after this agreement 

o 2 



hathe fomyshed Kyng Jolin with thes forsayd forty 
thowsand persons, which this man sayethe be all 
horsemen. The Kyng off Polonia in this expedy- 
cion medlethe nothyng, for they say he is in a perpe- 
tual lege with the Torke for hym and his hayers. 
Also I here off the Almayns that the cyties and 
Pryncis imperiall have gravnted and determed to 
send an armey unto Verdynand agenst Marche yff 
the Torke do persever to come on Chrystendome. 

The Chrysten Navye have had but smalle successe 
nowe latelye agenst Barbarovssa, for all the greate 
crakes and promysses made heretofore. Nother he 
is I reken so greatlye in ther davnger as they semede 
• to have hym. Andreas Dorias sent ij. of his shjrps 
and ij. or iij. of the Venetians gallyes to illecte hym 
forthe of the port of Laarte wher as they thowght to 
have had hym at ther wyll, which when he perceaved 
somwhat nere the haven, and the wynde sodenly to 
cease, made owte his armey which is all yn gallies 
and toke, or rather dystroyd them, for they wold 
never yeld, but fowght manfullye unto they were 
slayne and horned ; and the revmor is here that they 
dystroyed of ther gallies also xx**., but I cannot be- 
leve that they were yj. The Venetians great Gallyon 
was in this conflycte, which should fyght with them 
by the space of v. bowers, and after skaped, but sore 
hurte, she is estemed to have in her iij. hondred pecis 
of ordynance. The cause why Andreas Dorias cam 


not to soker thes forsayde was by reason of the 
changyng of the wynde, by hope off which he had 
grownded and ynstytuted his enterprynce yn illect- 
yng his envyes by this forsayd praye or bayte, for his 
cheffe strenght and tniste is in his shyps whyche are 
in nombre fyftye or mo, which, all the wynd beyng 
alayed, cowld have done hym no servyce ; so that the 
Torkes havyng as many or mo gallyes then he, and 
better ynstrvcted, he cowld not have medlyd and 
tryed with them but by egall strenght, or we para- 
ventur to have byn somwhat the weaker, in which 
had byn great dowbt off the successe, which yff it 
should have byn agenst hym, ther Navye had byn 
dystroyed, and all Chrystendome in great davngier, 
wherfor he had rather take this lytle domage than to 
put all in a hasard. Trustyng dayly to meate wythe 
them agene at some avantage, and so to fyght and 
medel by some secvryte and lekelode of vyctorye, 
with the which his advyse and cownsel in this acte 
the Venetians and other at lenght ax content and 
satisfyed, wheras afore some dyd ympute it to feare 
or some great oversight and errour, and many did 
ympute it as a prodycion of hym agenst the Vene- 
tians, for the which at that present was great conten- 
tion, suspition, and yndignation off the Venetians and 
Pops generall agenst hym, which wold nedes have 
geven Barbaroussa batayl, but we here now all to be 
wel, and this way that is taken to have byn best. 


Forthermore, wheras in my last Letters I sertifyed 
yower Lordship off M. Pole goyng to Venys, he was 
yn dede so mjmded at that tyme^ as I was then^ and 
have byn sens adveitysed, but the same daye he 
shoTild have gone thyther, he came to Padway, and so 
contyneved his jomey on by lond to Rome. What 
dyd chang his mynd in that behalfe I cannot tel ; yowr 
Lordshyp paraventur can conjectvre ; but dyvers gen- 
tylmen of Venys cam to hym, as I here, to take ther 
leve of hym. The Venetians seuarly, what so ever 
they do pretend, they are in dede great papysts, not 
for ony opynion that they have in his little hollynes 
and lesse vertu or authorytie spirituall, but for his 
temporall power and authoryte, cheffely here yn 
Italye, wherof and of his other practyses and aydes 
yn Chrystendom, they have and do more use, and 
have as mych nede of, as of all other besydes, cheffely 
as the world hath gone now in this age, and for ther 
state ther is no man, all th3aigs consydered, with 
whome they can or temporally more commodiously 

Master Pole came not here in to the Cytie, but 
entred secretly in to a Monasterye hard by the owter ' 
walles called Seynt Justyns, wheras he is ther wyte 
God and they his blacke angells, ther he tarryed not 
passyng halfe an hower, to take his leve, rydyng from 
hens yj. myles that nyght to his bed, wheras he mete 
wy the Cardynall Contarenus which rode forthe wythe 


hym to Rome. In his trayne he had not passjng 
xvij. or twentye horses at vttennuste of which vj. or 
yij. were monkes and fryars^ archers^ and kepers 
beleke of his holly bodye, for they rydde nexte vnto 
hym. There are iij. gentylmen of Padway, j. of 
Vyncence, and ij. of Venys which do follow hym 
to Rome, and ther tarry with hym. They axe all 
lemyd, one of them of Venys is called Alovyse, a 
gentleman off a very good and rych famylye, to 
whome the wyllage and lodgyng dothe pertayne 
wheras M' Pole hathe lyen all thys wynter ; he wor- 
shyphethe and observethe hjrm for a God, and so 
dyvers moo off them, and here also. Som as ower 
cowntryemen which follow hym, and certayn other, 
do beleve that he shalbe Pope, after this mans dethe, 
which is nothyng lekely; and other as Italians do 
pretend great veneration and excydyng love tower d 
his vertue and holynes, but I reken jm that they 
coman myche that he nother hathe nother wyll take 
a bysshopryke, nother is or wylbe preste, do ymagyn 
some other fantasye above my capacite or audacyte to 

Friar Pato at this present is here at the Observant 
Fryars, to prepare hym self to ryde to Rome by M- 
P. coste and wyll. I have spoken wythe hym ons or 
twyse. Among them they have mo news owt of Yng- 
lond, and with more expedyence than all Ynglyssemen 
here or in Venys, which they have seuerly from An- 


dwarpe or from thos parties, wherfore ther is some 
marchant therunto appropriated what so ever he be. 
I do knowe the Italian at Venys which is ther factoui 
in receavyng and conveyng ther letters. I wyll make 
means afareoff to get owt of this Friax what means 
and way they vse at Andwarpe for this pourpose, for 
he is somwhat bablyng and very open, as commanly 
all off his cote be ; howbeit ellis I can perceave no 
great mallyce or vehemencye yn his comvnycation or 
behaveure, but yn his symple opynion somwhat per- 
tynate, which and supersticion, with a ly tie hjrpocrasy, 
are faster and dyper sowen in their hartes then ther 
hoodes to ther cotes. 

They have made here a wonderons matter and re- 
porte off the Shryne and bomyng of the Idols boumt 
at Canterberye, and besydes this that the Kyng his 
Hyghtnes and Cownsell to be become Sacramentari- 
ans by reason of this Ambassye, which the Devke of 
Saxony sent lately to Ynglond. 

A gentylman of Spayne of a great famylye which 
bathe long byn here resydent, departed lately hens to 
Flanders, which at this present writtethe hyther to a 
frend of his that the Devke off Saxon, the Landis- 
grave, and other Cities and Pryncis evangelycal to be 
confederated in lege with the Devke of Cleve for 
Gelders, wherfor yn Flanders they should prevely 
make provysion for warre. 

Also to this here ys a gentylman of France, which 


also at this present hathe receved letters from his 
cowntry in which he is advertysed that ther Kyng 
rydethe shortly to Bordevs, and so forthe to the bor- 
ders of Spayne, to meate wythe th'Emperour, which 
should be determed under his feythe and securite to 
enter in to» France and so to passe by land 3m to 
Flanders throw his cowntrye, and that towerd the 
spryng of the yere, in his owne persone, he wolde 
sett apone Gelders. The certaynty of this newes I 
dowbt not but yower Lordshjrpe dothe here more 
largely from thes parties, and with more expedy- 
ence, yet to declare my dylygence, I thowght I 
could do no lesse then bryevlye to declare, the 
which I beseche yower good Lordshype to accept 
and take yn good wrthe. Thus prayyng God ever 
to preserve yower Lordshype in all vertu and honor 
to his pleasure. Wrytten in hast, at Padwaye, the 
xxij. day of Octobre. 

By yower most hovmble servant and dayly beddys- 
man, thomas theabold. 

To the moste honorable ande his singulare 
good Lorde, my Lorde off the Preayy 
Seale^ this be delyuered. 

G 5 



John London to Lord Cromwell. Detaib his " rtising " 

of the Friars' Hotues^ in. various Comities. 

[ibid. miso. oorresp. 2 Ser, xxiii. 717, OrigJ] 

In my most humble maner I have me comendyd 
unto your gudde Lordeshipp^ as your most boundon 
orator and servant. I have not so moche rasyd the 
Howses I have be at as I perceve the Kings Grace 
and. your Lordeschippe ys informyd, and hadde 
rasyd noon saving for the words of suche Comissions 
as I have to schew^ and dydd nott extremely so do 
butt wher necessitee compellyd me by reason of the 
importunytie of the people^ wich els wold have 
pilledd all so as the Kings Grace schulde have hadd 
no profytt of those Howses ; and in every place I savyd 
the hole ledd unto the Elings Graces use, and the 
hole plate. Yet have I be in som very beggarly 
Howses, as now I am at oon, the Whyte Fryers in 
Northampton, wher all they have ys nott able to pay 
ther detts. And brevely I will rehersse what I dydd 
in euery Howse. 

At Reding I dydd oonly deface the Church; all 
the windoes being full of Fryers; and left the roff 
and wallys hole to the Kings use. I solde the orna- 
ments and the sellys in the dorter and certen uten- 
syls wiche els wold have be stolen as dyvers wer 


At Aylesbury, I founde them very powr and in 
dett. Ther ornaments wor very coursse and very 
litiU stuff of howshold* Ther I oonly solde the glasse 
'wyndoes and ther ornaments with ther vtensyles. I 
left the Howse hole and oonly defacyd the Churehe. 
Ther the hole churehe ys well coveryd with ledd, and 
a gudd new roff. 

At Bedford, I dydd sell the ornaments of ther 
churehe and certen vtensiles. All the ledde.I savyd 
with certen vtensyles, because I myzt leve them in 
saff custody with M'. Gostwike. 

At Stamford, I left in the Grey Fryers all ther 
brewyng vessels, and ther kechyn stuff wasse so gud 
that I'Cowde gete butt viij*. for all. I solde ther 
ornaments and glasse of their church with certen 
stuff, and sold no glasse in the Grey, Whyte^ or 
Blacke Fryers, saving oonly in their churches. At 
the Austen Fryers I sold all ther glasse, for els all 
wold have be stoUyd, ffor it stondeth owt of the 
town. In thre Fryers ther I sold ther brewyng 
vessels wich wer very tiy worn. 

In Coventry, I dydd partly rase that Howse of the 
Gray Fryers, thou after the powr people lay so sore 
vpon ytt. Butt the Whyte Fryers I dydd litill 

At Warwick, the Fryers Howse ys withowt the 
town, an olde ruynose howse and no ledd butt gutters 
and the coueryng of the steple. Ther I defacyd the 


churche wyndoes and the sellys of the dorter as I 
dydd in euery place saving in Bedford and Aylisbury 
wher were few byars. I puUyd down no Howse 
thorowly at noon of the Fryers: butt so defaeyd 
them as they shuld nott lyztly be made Fryerys 

At Tellisford Crosse Fryers, I have oonly recyvyd 
the surrendere : and have left the Howse with all the 
stuff in safe custody with the late mynyster and oon 
of the Kings seruants dwelling therbye. In that 
Howse I must farther> know your Lordeships pleasur 
or I do any more, as Jjy my servant I shall shordy 
more at lengeth expresse every thing. Ther wasse a 
fonde fasschon of Idolytrye. In the body of the 
Churche wasse an Image at an Awters end callyd 
Mayden Cutbrogh, and vnder her feete wasse a 
trowgh of wodde descending undre the Awter wich 
wasse holow. Thyder resortyd suche as wer trobelyd 
with the hedde ache, or hadde any slottiche wydowes 
lockes, viz. here growen to gether in a tufte. Ther 
must they putt in to the trowgh a peckke of oots, and 
when they wer oons slydyd vndre the Awter, the 
Crosse Fryers schuld behynd the Awter pryvily stele 
them owt, and the sykk person must geve to the 
Fryer a peny for a pynte of these Maydon Cutbrogh 
oots, and then ther beds schuld ak no more till the 
next tyme. I have pullyd downe thys Idoll with 
herre manage. 


At Northampton, I fynd the Prior of Augustyns 
lyk a Fryer, and oon of the most unthrifts that yet I 
have mett with all: yet have I found butt few trew 
or gud, and amongs many blessyd reformations don 
by the Kings Grace, I suppose thys be nott the lest, 
vtterly to suppresse theis Fryars, in whom I fynd so 
moch dissymylation as may be in men. I trust to 
bring all ther falshudds here to lyzt, butt in the mean 
tyme I am fayne to sett the Prior and almost all hys 
brethem in warde. They have delyuered owt of 
ther Howse all ther plate and gudd stuff, and made 
billes of sale and knowledging of receipt of certen 
sommys of money wher they receyvyd, nor owzt, oon 
peny, and all to disseyve the Kinge. I have in som 
of those billes her enclosyd, and moo I will have or 
I depart, and have agen the best stuff I saw yet, and 
more I trust to have. Howbeit by hys own confes- 
sion he made away thys yere above a C*i. plate. He 
ys a great lyar and a gyvelar.* 

I will hensforth deface no Howse unlesse I have 
your or the Kings Grace speciall comaundment. Butt 
then if ther be no Surveyor to do ytt immedyatly or 
som suer man to inhabitt the same, the Howsys will 
be so spoylyd as litill profytt will com of them. I 
thowzt I dydd for the beste in defacinge those 
Howses, and have to the Kings Grace use above all, 
dispacchyng of the Fryers, pajoig ther detts and re- 

• A base fellow, « ribald, a bufGoon. To jUBe ia to •hville, ia N. BriUin. 


warding every oon of them, savyng also all the cover- 
3mg and wallys of the Howses, aswell in ledde, slatt^ 
as tyle, and my chardges of expens bom, and all the 
plate also thorowly savyd hole to the Kings use. 
CC^. and above in gudd gold. And have also savyd 
to the Kings use the best ornaments wher any were 
with all. I will now owt of hand upon All Halon tyde 
send vppe or I execute any of these commissions last 
sent from your Lordeschippe to me. For I have a great 
dele of gudd plate wiche I wold fayn be dischargyd 
of. Thus I besech your Lordeschipp to take my 
powr meanyng in gudd partt, intending to my litill 
powr truly to serve the Kings Grrace, and so I dowbt 
nott butt his Majesty will accept my doings when his 
Grace knowith what beggarly and crafty merchants I 
have be occupyed with all. And most humble I do 
thank your gudd Lordeshippe for your gudnes and 
gudd mediation vnto hys most noble Grace for me, 
and shalbe during my liff your assured seruant and 
orator vnto Almyztie Godd long to preserue your 
gudd Lordeshipp with increse of moch honor. At 
Northampton, xxix« Octobris. 

Your most bovndon orator and seruant, 




The Earl of Hertford to the Lord Privy Seal. The 

death of Lord Thomas Howard. 

[iND. 2 Ser. XTii. 223. Orig,"] 

%* A.D. 1536. << In the month of July, Lord Thomas Howard, 
youngest brother to the Duke of Norfolk, was sent to the Tower of 
London for making a privie contract of matrimony with the Ladie 
Margaret Douglas, daughter to the Queen of Scots by the Earle of 
Angus, and neece to King Henry of Englaad : the said Lord Tho- 
mas was attaint by Parliament, and also the said Lady Margaret 
Douglas was after committed to the Tower for the same.''* 

Again, A.D. 1537. '^ On Alhallowe £yen. Lord Thomas How- 
ard, brother to the Duke of Norfolk, died prisoner in the Tower of 
London, and was buried at Thetford ; and then the Lady Margaret 
Douglas was pardoned, and released out of the Tower.'"* 

The reader need hardly be told that Lord Thomas Howard was 
the uncle of Lord Surrey ; who, in the Sonnet in which he renounced 
his affection for the fair Geraldine, thus alludes to Lord Thomas's 
imprisonment and death : 

" For you yourself doth know, it is not long ago, 

Sith tlut for love one of the race did end hia life in woe, 

In tow*r both strong and high ; for hia assured tmtii ; 
Whereas in tears he spent his breath, alas I tlie more the ruth. 

This gentle beast* so died, whom nothing could remove. 
But willingly to seek his death for loss of his true loye." 

Lord l^omas Howard's death did not reconcile Henry to his 
niece, as the succeeding Letter to this will show. She was reproved 
for entertaining two servants who had belonged to Lord Thomas : 
'' the cause for which she took them was the poverty she saw them 
in, and for no cause else." 

Lady Margaret Douglas was afterwards the mother of Lord 

• Stowe, Annals, sub. an. ^ Ibid. 

< FrobaUy alluding to the lion as the Howard Crest. 

' In a Book of Pityments by the Treasurer of the Household from Candlemas day 


Ml Lord, I have schouid the Kings Highnes of 
mi Lord Thomas deth as Mast. Wrisli desirid me, as 
all so mi Ladi his Mothers request for the bering of 
him. His Grace is content sche hath him according 
to your aduis, so that sche hire him with owght pomp. 
Yo' Lordeshipes louuing frind, 

To the right honerabull mi Lord PrevlBelle. 


The Lady Margaret Douglas to the Lord on 

the retrenchnent of her Household, and the discharge 
of two servants who had belonged to Lord Thomas 

[MS. COTTON. YESPAS. F« XIII. 138 b. Otig,'] 

My Lord, 
What cawse hawe I to gyve you thanks, and how 
moche bownd am I vnto you, that be your menys 
hath gotten me, as I trust, the Kyngs Grace ys ffaver 
agene, and besydes that that yt plesyt you to wryt, 
and to gyve me knowleg wherin I myght have hes 

S9 Hen. VIII. to Midtummer day 33 Hen. VIII. MS. Arundel, Brit. Mub. 97. In 
the 39th Hen. VIII., we have, 

" Item, paid to Thomas Ashe poticaxy by the Kingis comaundment, certifyed by 
My Loxd Privy Seals letter, for certain medicines by Dr. Cromer and other phesi- 
dons, and by the Poticarye employed for the relief and conservation of the hdth of 
the Lady Marg. Douglas duringe the tyme of her beinge in the Tower of London, 
and also sins the same, liiij". ii^^. 

*' Item, paide to my Lady Margret Douglas, daughter to th'erle of Anguishe, for 
the saide Lade's servaunts and gentil womens wagis and bord wagis by the Kings 
eommaundment, certified by my Lord Pryvi Scales letter, xnvK vij*. x'. 


Graceys desplesuer agen, wych I pray owr Lord 
sooner to send me deth then that ; and I assure you, 
my Lord, I wyll never do that thyng wyllyngly that 
shuld offend hes Grace. And my Lord, wher as yt 
ys informyd you that I do charge the howse with 
agreter nomber then ys conuenyent, I assuer you I 
have but ij. mo then I had in the Court, wych in ded 
wer my Lord Thomas sarvands : and the cavse that I 
tok them for, was ffor the poverty that I saw them in, 
and ffor no cause els. Bvt seyng, my Lord, that yt 
ys your plesuer that I shall kepe non that ded be 
long vnto my Lord Thomas, I wyll put them fro me. 
And I be seche you not to thynk that eny fancy doth 
rejnayn in me towchyng hym ; but that all my study 
and car ys how to plese the Kyngs Grace and to con- 
tynv in hys ffaver. And my Lord, wher yt ys your 
plesuer that I shall kepe but a ffew here with me, I 
trust ye wyll think that I can hawe no fewer than I 
hawe : ffor I hawe but a gentyllman and a grom that 
keps my aparell, and a nother that keps my chamber, 
and a chaplean that was with me always in the Court. 
Now my Lord, I be seche you that I may know your 
plesur yff you wold that I shuld kep any ffewer. 
Howbed, my Lord, my sarvents hath put the howse 
to small charg, for they hawe nothyng but the revers- 
syon of my bowrd ; nor I do call ffor nothyng but 
that that ys gyven me ; howbed I am very well in- 
treted. And my Lord, as for resort, I promes you I 


hawe non, except yt be gentylwemen tliat comes to 
se me, nor never had sens I cam hether ; ffor yff eny 
resort of men had com yt shold nother abecum me to 
a sen them, nor yet to haue kept them company, 
beyng a mayd as I am. Now my Lord, I besech you 
to be so good as to get my power ssarvends ther 
wagys; and thys I pray owr Lord to preserve you 
both solle and body, 

by her that has her trust in you, 



John London to the Lord Privy Seal. Surrender of 
Friars of Warwick, The greediness of the common 
people every where in plundering the Friars^ homes. 
[misc. corresp. 2 Ser, xxiii. 715. Orig.l 

In my most humble maner I have me comendyd 
vnto your gudde Lordeschippe acertenyng the same 
that at my being in Warwik, in the tyme I reeeyvide 
the surrender of the Fryers ther, thys berar, a very 
honest person, hadde fellyd oerten trees in a grove 
behynde the place, and having sale of them made to 
hym, with moo by the Prior, intendyd to fell and 
cary the same. And forasmoche as I toke it nott to 
be within the meanyng of the Kings Grace commis- 
sion directyd vnto me ther to determe any lesys or 


salys made, I dydde inhibit hym the felling and 
cariage of any trees ther vntill suche tyme as he hadde 
befor your Lordeschippe declaryd hys bargyn. At 
my being at Warwik thys man, with dyvers other the 
honest inhabitants ther, dydd helpe me all they cowde 
to saue euery thing, butt the power people thorowly 
in every place be so gredy vpon thees Howsys when 
they be suppressyd that by night and daye, nott 
oonly of the townys, butt also of the contrye, they do 
contynually resortt as long as any dore, wyndoo, 
yren, or glasse, or lowse ledde remaynythe in any of 
them. And if it were so don oonly wher I goo, the 
more blame myzt be layd to me, butt yt ys vniuer- 
sally that the people be thus gredy for yren, wyndoes, 
doores, and ledde. In every place I kepe wacche as 
longe as I tary, and prison those that do thus abuse 
them selvys, and yet other will nott refrayne. My 
seruant schalbe with your Lordeschipp, Godde will- 
ing, this weke, with such plate as hytherto I have 
recejrved, wiche bycause yt ys of gudd valor and from 
sondre places browzt to Oxford, I thowzt gudd to 
be dischardgyd of thys or I medelyd with any moo. 
And now, Godd wiUyng, I schull accomplishe the 
rest of the Kings Highnes pleasur and yo' Lorde*- 
schipps with all faythfull diligens to the best of my 
litill powr. And I besek Almyzly Jhs long to pre- 
serve your gudde Lordeschipp with increse of moch 
honor* Oxon, v®. Novembris. 


The Kings Grace hath a kechyn in bilding at 
"Warwik Castell. Ther ys oon roff of Ix. fote long 
and more at the Fryers wold serve ther, and the old 
tile ys very gudd, els all ys old and litill worth. 
Yo' Lordeschips most bounden 

Orator and Servant, 


To my right honorable and most singnler 
gud Lord, my Lorde of the Privye Seale. 


Letter of Petition to Lord Cromwell from Dr. John 


[STAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. coRRESP. 2 ScT. xliii. 226. Ovig.'] 

•»• John Tregonwell, a native of Cornwall, was educated at Ox- 
ford, where he was admitted LL.D. June 23d, 1522. In 1529 he 
was one of the King's proctors when the King and Queen were 
cited before the Legates at the Black-friars; and he was one of the 
counsel for the King when the final sentence of divorce was pro- 
nounced at Dunstable by Oramner. For his service in this last 
business a part of his reward consisted in a pension of forty pounds 
a-year, the resignation of which, in 1539, helped to liquidate the 
purchase from the Grown of the site of the House of Milton Abbas 
in Dorsetshire, together with the church, belfry, bells, and church- 
yard, advowson of the vicarage, manor, and rectory, with the cha- 
pels of WoUand, Lyscombe, and Wydcombe, the tithes of the de- 
mesnes in Milton, Huish, Ghurchcombe, and a portion of the tithes 
in Milbome St. Andrew, to be held by Knighfs service as the tenth 
part of a Knight's fee, paying yearly 122. 0«. 4d, The money con- 
sideration, beside resigning the pension, was a thousand pounds. 
In 1550 he was made one of the Gommissi(mers of the Great Seal 
during the sickness of Lord Chancellor Rich. He wa« knighted 


Oct. 2iid, 1553, and in that year sate in Parliament for Scarborough. 
In 1554, he was Sheriff of the Counties of Dorset and Somerset. He 
died Jan. 13th, 1565, and was interred in the month of February 
following at Milton. 

Iff hit maye stonde with your Masterships plea- 
sur to opteyne of the Kyngs Highnes the ferme of 
oon of thes undrewreten Monasteryes for your mooast 
bawnden Jo. Tregonwell, to be letten to him at a 
convenyent rent, wherbye he maye have some helpe 
towards his levyng, and fyndyng of his wiff and chil- 
drene, your kindnese therin schalbe consyderyde 
with suche rewarde as schall content your Mastre- 
shipe ; and besyds that you schall bjmde him, and all 
his, perpetually to pray to All Myghty Godde for 
your prosperytye and helthe longe t'endur. 
Byndon . . . Wiltes. 

Dorchester. . . Oxon. 

Breweme . • Oxon. 





Mayden Bradley . . Wiltes. 

Ivechirche . . • Wiltes. 




John Barlo, Dean of the College of Westbury in 
Gloticestershire, to Lord Cromwell, complaining of 
the violent conduct of Lady Anne Berkeley* 

[ibid. misc. coreesp. 2 Ser, iii. 65.] 

%* The Lady Amie Berkeley who fonns the chief subject of this 
Letter was a singular character. She was the daughter of Sir John 
Savage of Frodsham, and became the second wife of Thomas sixth 
Lord Berkeley. The match was supposed to haye been made by 
Anne Boleyn and King Henry the Eighth. 

Fosbrooke, in his Extracts from Smyth's Lives of the Berkeley 
Family, pp. 181, 185, says, ^' this Lady Anne, when at any of her 
country houses, would betimes, in winter and summer mornings, 
take her walks to visit her stable, bames, dayries, poultry, swine- 
troughs, and the like; which huswifry her daughter-in-law, the 
Lady Catherine Howard, wife of the hord Henry her son, seeming 
to decline, and to betake herself to the delights of youthful great- 
ness, she would some times say to those about her, * By God's 
blessed sacrament, this gay girle vnll beggar my son Henry.' 

'^ During some fiunily squabbles," says the same author, '^ Maurice 
Berkeley, Nicholas Poyntz, &c., and a riotous company of their 
servants and others, entered the park of Lady Anne, at Yate, and 
having havocked her deere at pleasure, sware, amongst themselves, 
they would, to fret and damage her the more, set the great hay- 
ricke on fire ; meaning a great rick of hay for winter's provision, 
inclosed with a high pale, at the stable end adjoininge to the house, 
wishing the fire might catch the house, and bume the lady with her 
werish boy in the midst of it ; and * Then, Maurice,' quoth Giles 
Poynz, ^ thou shalt be heire, and we have an end of all our sutes.' 
There chanced at the same time another company of hunters to be 
in the same parke, stealing also of this lady^s deere, who perceiving 
a stronger pack of thieves than themselves to be in the place, and 
better provided, had dravnie themselves secretly for shelter under 
the hay-rick, where, close standing and hearing what was said and 
determined, and fearing to be either descried or burned, presently 


ran away and fled; which being perceiyed by Maurice and his 
company, and by them thoiight to be of the Lady's family, and such 
as she and her keepers had drawn together, they also, as loth to be 
discovered or taken, fled as fast ; and thus was a great danger pre- 

"From this and other aggressions the above Lady Anne fled to 
her old master King Henry VIII., who granted her a special Com- 
mission, under the Great Seal, to enquire, hear, and determine 
these riots and other misdemeanors, and made her one of the Com- 
missioners and of the Quorum; whereupon she came to Gloucester, 
and there sate on the bench in the publique Sessions-hall, impa- 
nalled a j.ury, receiv^ evidence, found Sir Nicholas Poyntz and 
Maurice Berkeley, and their followers, guilty of divers riots and 
disorders, and fined them ; and hence it is that the common people 
in these parts of Yate and Mangotsfield will, with some stiffness of 
opinion, to this day, to the honor of this Lady, as they suppose, 
maintaine that she was a Justice of the Peace, and sat with them 
upon the Bench.'* 

The College of Westbury was founded about 1288 by Godfrey 
Gifford, Bishop of Worcester, who, after much opposition from the 
Prior and Convent of his Cathedral, made several churches of the 
patronage of his See prebendal to this of Westbury ; and here be- 
came a College for a Dean and Canons dedicated to the Holy Tri- 
nity. It was afterwards augmented by various benefactions. John 
Carpenter, Bishop of Worcester, sometimes styled himself Bishop of 
Westbury. The House was valued in the 26tii Hen. VIII., at 
SS22. 14«. O^d. per annum, and was granted 35 Hen. VIII. to Sir 
Ralph Sadler. 

Plesith it your good Lordship that wher I uppon 
Mihehnas day last past, lydyng toward Gloucetf, to 
serve the Kyng accordyng to my moste bowden 
douly at the Quarter Cessions holden ther, fownde 
in my.sayd jomay, at the Churche Howse of the 
parish of Yate, in the Counte of Gloucett' afore 
said, wher the Lady Anne Barkley dwellith, divers 
evyll disposed persons, to the number of xiiij., 


playng at the unlawful! and forbydden game of 
tennes at Divine serues tyme in the momynge, who 
at my comynge toward them avoided and fledde a 
way. Neverthelesse, with moche difficulte I gotte 
some of ther names, intendyng at my comyng to the 
Cessions to have sett them forward for ther dew 
ponishment accordyng to the statute in that behalfe ; 
but at my comyng to the said Cessions, ther was 
soche a bande of the sayd Lady Barkleys ^ervaunts 
and retayners, beyng Comon Jurers all, as she hath 
no small number of soche, and wer impanneld the 
same tyme in Jures ther, rather to lett then to pre- 
ferre Justice, as I then mistrusted, and as most 
comonly they use to do. For fere of the same I 
thought it good to differre the settynge forth of the 
said matter tyll the comyng of the Justices of th'as- 
size, wherew* the said Lady Barkley uppon knowlege 
geven to hur of the same, gretly beyng displesed, un- 
charitably rayled with mony sklaunderus and oppro- 
brious words agenst me in the presens of diverse 
gentillmen; wisshyng that the sayd evill disposed 
persons had beten me ; sayng that I shuld have ben 
well beton in dede if she had had knowlege before of 
my comyng thither: and further with thretenynge 
words sayd, the same tyme, that she wolde sytte 
uppon my skyrtes. Sens the wich tyme, accordynge 
to hur thretenyngs, at a purchased gaole delyuery 
holdon at Gloucett*", the yj. day of this present 


monyth of November, the said Lady Barkley of 
malice have caused me with diverse of my frends, 
and servaunts wrongefuUy to be indited by hurre 
said seruants of diuers trespaces. And on of the said 
trespaces is for that I caused on Sir William Norton, 
a priste, more than a yere past, to be attached for 
the kepyng of certen prohibited boks that I founde 
with hym, as Portuces not reformed of the Busshop 
of Romes names, and a boke of Busshop Fysshiers 
for the mayntenans of the sayd Bisshop of Romes 
pretensed supreme ecclesiasticall power, wherof Sir 
Nicolas Poyntz and I gave informacons to yo' Lord- 
ship, and ye remitted it down to the Shere to be 
determined ther; which matter notwithstandyng it 
was and yet is very notorius, and pregnant evidens 
is of the same, yet by reson the said priste is retayn- 
ing to the sayd Lady Barkley it cowde never be 
fownde to this day. And to declare the rest of the 
trespaces that I am indited of to yo' lordeship, it wer 
to tedius, the wich if it shalbe your plesure to here, 
Sir Nicolas Poyntz can declare them, to whom I have 
wrytten the hole matter at large ; and thus I make 
an ende, besekyng your Lordship of your lawfuU' 
ayde, as hitherto I have fownde it allways redy in my 
resonable sewtes, and in this distresse now that I am 
in, so to provyde for me that I be not thus lefte in 
rebuke and shame, for doynge the Kyngs Grace trew 
and faithfull service in the ministracon of Justice, 



from the wich no injuste vexacons can cause me to 
desiste, haujng your Lordshipps lawfull favor and 
ayde in that behalf as my speciall truste is in the 
same* Wrytten att Westbury College, the xij. day 
of November. 

Yo' Lordshippes bownde orator, 
JOHN BARLO, Deaue there. 

To the right honorable and my singler 
good Lorde, the Lorde Cromwell, 
Lorde Privy Seale. 


Cuthbert Tunstal, Bishop of Durham, to King Henry 
the VIII. f consoling him for the death of Queen 
Jane Seymour. 

[MS. COTTON. TITUS. B. I. fol. 121. Ofig,'] 

Plese it your Highnes to understonde that wher 
now of late it hath pleasyd Almyghty God to take 
unto his mercy out off thys present lyff the most 
blessyd and vertuouse lady your Graces most derest 
wyffe the Oueny's Grace, whose ftoule God pardon, 
and newys theroff sorowful to all men came into 
these parties, surly it cannot wel be expressyd how 
all men off al degrees dyd greatly lament and mome 
the death of that noble lady and princesse, takyn out 
off thys world by bringinge furth off that noble frute 
that is spronge off your Maiesty and Hir to the great 


joy and inestimable comforte off al your subjects, 
consideringe withal that thys noble frute, my Lord 
Prince, in his tendre age interyng in to thys worlde is 
by hir deth leffte a dear Orphan, commencinge therby 
thys miserable and mortal lyffe not oonly by wepinge 
and waylinge, as the misery of mankynde requyryth, 
but also reffte in the begynnynge off his lyffe from 
the copiforte off his most dere moder. And albeyt 
to hym by tendirnesse off his age it is not known 
what he hath lost, yet we that do know and fele it, 
have mych more cause to morne, seinge such a ver- 
tuouse Princesse who hath shewyd so grete hope off 
mych frute to come off hir body, is so sodenly taken 
from us. But thys not withstondinge your Maieste, 
whom thys chaunch most towcheth, must by your 
hygh wysdom consydere the. misery off the mortal 
lyffe off mankynde, which no man bom in thys world, 
prince nor poer man, can exchue, seinge it is the sen- 
tence off Almyghty God, sainge in the begynnyng 
aswel to the woman, In dolore paries filios tuos, as 
to the man, and by him to al his posterite, Puhis es, 
et in puherem reverteris. In which mortal lyffe who 
so ever is mor vexyd and troblyd, yff he take it pa- 
tiently, ys more accepte to God, and callyd in the 
Scripture thereby blessyd ; as it is written in the boke 
off Job, Beatus Jiomo qui corripitur a Deo, increpa- 
tionem ergo Domini ne reprobes, quia ipse vuherat et 
medetur, percutit et manus ejus sanabunt. And it 

H 2 


is written in th'epistle off James lykwyse, Beattu vir 
qui suffert tentationem, quam autem cum prohatus 
fuerity accipiet coronam vUa, And as S**. Paul saith 
to the Hebrews, It is a suer tokyn that God favoryth 
them as his chyldren to whom he sendeth adversitei 
sainge, Quern enim diUgit Dominus castigate Jlagellat 
autem omnem fiUum quern recipit. In discipUna 
perseverate, tanquam Jilys vobis se offert Deus. Quis 
enimfMus quern non corripet pater y quia si extra disci^ 
pUnam estis, cujus participes facti sunt omnes, ergo 
adulteri et non filij estis. And albeyt the discipline 
off adversite be ful off hevynesse for the tyme, yet it 
endith always in yoy, as ther foloyth, Omnis autem 
discipUna in presenti quidem non videtur esse gaudvj 
sed merorisy postea autem fructum pacatissimum ex- 
cercitatis per eam reddet justiciamm And like as al 
men more do favor those their servaunts that in a 
long viage do sustein more adversite, so Almighty 
God in thys lyffe, which al is but a viage, for 
as S*'. Paul saith, Non habem/us hie manentem 
civitatem sed Jnturam inquirimus, most acceptith 
those his servaunts that do sustein most adversite 
patiently, and S*. Paule, considerynge the instabilite 
off this world, exhorteth al men to use al things 
therin as transitory and not permanent, both in pros- 
perity and in adversite, for nedyr off both doth tary, 
but brevely overpasse, sainge, Tempus breve est, reti- 
quum esty ut qui habent uxores, tanquam non haben- 


tes sint, et qui flent^ tanquam non flentes ; et qui 
gaudent tanquam non gaudentes ; et qui emunt tan- 
quam non possidentes f et qui utuntur hoc muhdoy tan-- 
quam non utantur; prceterit enimjlgura mundi hujv^. 
Then sens prosperite is fugitive and taryyth not, lat 
us not trust to yt ; and sens adversite soon overpasseth 
and abydyth not, lat us not esteme it ; for afflter it 
sustenyd patiently, sure we be that yoy shal succede, 
Consyder, yff it lyke your Maieste, how offte tymes 
sens your most noble regne began, God hath sent 
you diverse and many times grete flowinge of prospe- 
rite, and therfor yff God sum tyme do send a droppe 
off adversite, sustein yt by your hygh wysdome with 
patient sufferance, as I trust assuredly and dobt not 
but your Hyghnes wyl. And assuryd ye may be that 
God for your so doinge shal hyghly requite yt farre 
beyond your Hyghnes expectation. Grete cities, 
towns, and regions, al peple in them, and princes off 
the same, offte do sustein adversite by cause the hole 
world is alway subgiet to mutabilite; and lyke as 
affter lygth succedith darknes, and after somer 
comyth winter, so darknes taryyth not, but lygth 
doth folow; and winter gyffeth place to the somer 
again; so that I dobt not, but, God willinge, thys 
storme off sorowful season shal by your Maiesties 
wysdome affter a tyme overpasse, and the somer off 
yoyful gladnes shal succede, not oonly to your Graces 
comforte, but to the comforte off al your subgeittes, 


mycli momyng at thys tyme in their hartes with 
your Hyghnes. And wher AJmyghty God hath 
taken from your Grace to your grete discomforte a 
most blessyd and vertuouse lady, consyder what he 
hath gyffen your Hyghnes again to your comforte 
and to the rejoyse off all us you^r subgiettes, our 
most uoble Prince, to whom God hath ordenyd your 
Maiestie not only to be fadyr, but also as the tyme 
now requiretb to supply the rowme off a modyr also ; 
so that therby he shal heraffter have doble cause to 
honor your Hyghnes, as it is not to be dobtyd, but, 
God grauntynge hym lyffe, heraffter he wyl doo. In 
whom, in the mean tyme, Almyghty Gt)d off his in- 
finite mercy graunt that your Grace, puttinge away 
al soroful pensivenesse, may to the comforte off your 
most noble harte longe rejoyce, which shalbe also to 
the hygh comforte off al the subgettes of your Graces 
realme. And sens itiournyng can in no wyse amend 
the mater, and thankes gyffen to God may sonner 
over blowe thys storme, best shal be to conclude 
with Job, sainge, Dominus dedit Dominus absttdit, 
sicut Domino placuit ita factum est : sit nomen Domini 
benedictum. God gaff youre Grace that noble lady, 
and God hath takyn hir away ; as it plesyd hym so it 
is doon, laude be gyffen to hym, and for to consyder 
also, how Job exhorteth by his example al men 
beinge in lyke case to patience, sainge, Si bona sus- 
cepimus de manu Domini, mala autem quare non stu~ 


tineamuSf which your Highnes^ for your great wys- 
dome and lemynge can mych better consyder then I 
can advertise the same, onlesse sorofulnesse for the 
tyme put it out off remembraunce. Almyghty God 
off his infinite mercy graunt your Grace spiritual 
comforte, and putting away al worldly hevynesse 
ever to rejoyse in hym, who have your Maiesty 
alway in his blessyd protection to your hartes desyre, 
with increse off mych honore. From your Citie off 
Yorke, the xij*** day of November. 

By your Graces most humble subgiette, servaunt, 
and chapleyn, 



John Bale to Lord CromweU^ complaining of his suf- 
ferings and imprisonment for preaching against 

[mb. cotton, cleop. e. iv. fol. 134. Orig."] 

Grace and goodnes from God the fader, and 
from hys sone Jesus Crist, be euer with yow. Amen, 

Be yt knowne unto your Highnes (most honorable 
Lorde) that I, John Bale, doctor of dyvynyte, un- 
wurthye, and at the onlye desyr of faythfull Cristen 
menne, late parrysh pryst of Thomdon, in Sothfolke, 
for zele of Godd*s wurde, and most faythfull obedi- 
ent love towards my Prince, have not only forsaken 


my owne welth and plesur, as God and the worlde 
knoweth, but also suffired poverte, persecucyon, and 
hate of yll persons for yt^ zea, and at this present 
season soch vylenes^ stynke, penurye, colde, and 
other incommodyes as the preson conteyneth, with 
opprobryose rebuks of my kepars, and opyn shame 
of the worlde* But for as moch as I liave evydently 
knowne most rightose iugements to have place in 
zow by the gracyose gyft of God, in hys behalf I in- 
teyrlye desyr you to waye my por cawse, and late me 
not for my faythfulnes fare the wurse. The balye 
of Thorndon, whych maketh her ageynst me, ys 
nother Godds frynde, my Princys, nor zowrs, as 
many substancyall honest men in Sothfolke can and 
wuld also ber wytnes, wer yt not for soch dysplesur 
as thei fer to have by my Lorde of Sothfolk, throwgh 
hys thretenyng, zea, and one honest man ys now 
present in the Cyte, which wuld be glad to enforme 
ze of yt, and also of soch langage as he had of zou at 
Lyncolne, j{ yt wuld plese zou to hear hym, with 
whom many honest men schall also wytnes. I wuld 
to God zo*" honor knewe of soch doblenes as my 
Lorde Wentworth, Master Edward Grrymston, and 
other wurchypfull men cowde tell zow of hjrm, wyth' 
gyfts and rewards to them whych knoweth not hys 
deuyllysh cawtels. He hath made stironge byldyngs 
ageynst me, and hath grownded them upon lyes, sup- 
posyng through my troble and punnyshment to 


escape daungers, to have his full plesur, and to accom- 
plysh hys promyse to certayn popish prysts, whych 
hath hyred hym to persecute the trewth. Of them 
that hath sealed agaynst me, one lyeth bedred in his 
howse, and never harde me preche ; an other sort wer 
at Lyncolne, whan I preched, and hath sealed only 
upon the wytnes of ther wyves ; sum wer thretened 
to lose the copye londe that thei holde of my Lorde 
of Sothfolke yf thei wuld not wytnes ageynst me ; 
sum for that I rebuked their wyves for unfaythfuU 
langage ageynst their prince, sealyd ageynst me ; and 
sum of them ar knowne for common perjurs. And 
for a conclusyon the mor part of them knoweth not 
throwghlye whereto thei have sealed, and thei which 
now knoweth yt wyll not afferme yt. And sens 
Cristmas, ther wer non other matters that thei had 
ageynst me than thei wuld have clerlye dyscharged 
me of befor honest men, so that I wuld have for- 
saken the towne, and nomor to have cum ther. 
The Artycles whych thei have gadred upon my 
prechyng wer never my sayngs, as I wyll answer be- 
for God ; the whych Artycles thei have twyse altred 
sens the begynnyng. In one maner of style thei left 
them with my Ldrde "Wentworth to examyn me 
upon them, and in an other wurse kynde with Syr 
Vmfraye Wyndfylde. If I have, for want of cownsell 
lor dewe cyrcumspeccyon, takyn to moch upon me in 
Godd's cawse and my Princes, zea, whan I have 

H 5 


harde zo' honor^ my Lorde of Caunterbery, of Hely, 
of Worcetur, of Salysbery, Saynt David's, and other, 
slaunderoslye reported, I schall be contented herafter 
to folowe zo' gracyose informacyon. My conscyenae 
geveth me that I have nother offendyd God nor my 
Prince, in that I have done. Zet am I not so sur 
but I may be disseyued. Wherfor, I desyr zo' 
gracyose goodnes, if I have offended mor than I can 
perseyve in my self, gracyoslye to ber with myn yg- 
norant blyndnes. And I schall not only endeuoiir 
my self to amend that ys past, but also applye to my 
uttmost powr, from hens forth, to serve God and my 
Prince with mor sobemes. Who ever preserue zow 
in longe helth to contynewe. Amen. 

Yo*^ contynuall orator and bedeman. 


To the most honorable Thomas Gnimwell, 
Lorde of the Preuye Seale, to our most 
redowted Prince Kynge Henry the vi^. 
of Yn^ond and France. 


Leland, the Antiqtuzry, to Lord Cromwell; gives a 
character of John Bale, and solicits the release of 
him from imprisonment. 

[sTAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. GORRESP. xxii. 594. Orig^^ 

Syr, I beseche you most humbely to admitte my 
homble writing at this tyme, seing that the multitude 


of your waty matens suflfre not me to have conuenient 
accesse on to you. Doctor Bale, sum tyme a whight 
frere, and now a secular preest, ys deteined at Green- 
wiche yn the porters warde, upon certein Articles of 
preching. Wherin I desier your good Lordship, in 
the way of charite, that he may fauorably make his 
purgation, and so to receyue as he hath merited. The 
world is ful of yl tunges, and yl wil can not say 
welle. Surely if the man be not more strungly 
chaunged, ther is in hym leming, jugement, modesty, 
with many other goode qualites, and worthier he 
was, if he be not lately altered, to haue a better for- 
tune then to be a poore paroch preste* His brother 
hath brought up a certificat, dubscribed by the most 
honest menne of the paroch wher he dwelled. And 
as for sum of the articles laide on to him be so folisch 
that they be worthy no lemed mannes answer. Now, 
my good Lord, the trouthe knowen, I most humbely 
beseche yow, in the name of good letters, and charite, 
that he may trye hym self, and so to receyve as ye 
shaal se the cause to require. And I shaul pray yn 
the meane tyme for yo*^ prosperitie. At London, the 
XXV. day of January, by your poore louer and ser- 
uantt at comaundement, 


To the right honorable and my singular 
good Lorde, my Lord of the Priuy 



Robert Devereux to the Lord Privy Seal; enumerating 

the Friaries, of which he had taken possession* 

£iBiD, 2 Ser, viii. IIT. Orig,"] 

My singular good Lorde, in my humely maner, 
plesethe yt your Lordshipe to understande that sithe 
I was with you laste I have receyued in to my bandis 
to the ELingis use, the Blacke Freres in Dunstabeill, 
the Greye in Ware, the Grey in Babwell, the Grey 
in Walsingham, the 31ack and White in Norwich, 
the Blacke, thp White, and the Grey, in Yarmouthe^ 
the Austen in Gorleston, the Blacke and Grey ii^ 
Dunwich, the Austen in Oxforde, the Blacke and 
White in Ipsewich, the Austen in Clare, the Grey in, 
Colchester, the White in Maldon, and the Blacke in 
Chemsforde. The more parte of these, the substans 
before my cuming was conweid and gone; sum 
soUde, sum stollen, and sum plegeid; so that litill 
was lefte, neither in plate, leade, nor other imple- 
ments. Yet, fio I have ordereid them, that bothe 
plate and leade ys cum to lighte, so that yt ys .col- 
lected to the Kingis use, and sum thinge more as by 
myne accownteis yt shall appere. Sithe that I re- 
cejrueid these Convents I have be in Langley, and 
putte owte the freres ther, and taken an inventory 
of that Howse, and causeid preisars to pryse all, and 


browthe the plate to the Kingis use ; as that I have 
don other, so that Howse ; I have the order of yt in 
:my hands, trusting in your good Lordshipe that ye 
will helpe that I shall have yt with the profeteis 
during my liffe ; for withowte yt I maye dispende no 
peny to life with. And that litill that I had of my 
frindis, meche of yt I have spente ther. 

My good Lorde, theis xij yeris, ye have ben my 
singular helpar, and I labor to non but yo*" Lorde- 
shipe, yet I here that ther ys labor for that Howse by 
on of the Kingis chamber ; and yf yt shallde by his 
Grace be graunteid, for lacke of sute before made for 
me, yt war to my utter ondoing. Werfor, my good 
Lorde, for Goddis sake, have pitey on your true and 
feithfuU seruante that ys glade to do the servis that 
he can to the uttermost of his powre, bothe for the 
King's hyethnes plesure and profite, and also for 
yower, and ever will do to heis liveis ende. I am 
cownselleid to tarey and foloWe my sute for the same, 
but yf that I have your favor in yt, I will streite in 
to Kente and Sussexe to receyve all those Howseis to 
the Kingis use before Christmas ; for thei have wretin 
to me that excepte I cum before Christmas thei muste 
sell the tile and lead of their Howseis, for other 
thingis thei have non ; and sum of them have sollde 
aUredey bothe leade and Howseis as I here saye. 

And yf eny more Howseis be in Ynglond to dis- 
charge streithe after Christmas, I will discharge them. 


and not returne to London till I have don all. But 
for Gods sake late me have sum comforte for my 
Howse before that I shall departe after Christemas : 
and I pray you late non inedeill ther but I for the 
Kings Grrace. I truste to see that ys ther, bothe 
leade and other^ saveid and ordereid to the Kingis 
profite so well as eny man els. And yf that I knov^e 
your plesure all the leade ther shall be in stablois in 
Christmas tyme, the which will be wery mete for 
the More*^: for I here say that thei carey leade 
thither iij tymes so farre as that ys. My good 
Lorde yo' plesure in these my suteis, so that yt maye 
be to my comforte, and that I maye departe in to 
Kentte, for Christemas ys nere. 

Your feythefull servauntt and trewe orator. 


To my singular good Lorde Crumwell, 
Lorde Preuey Seale, this delyver. 


Michard Layton to the Lord Privy Seal. Comes to 

Barnwell Priory, near Cambridge. Delivers a 

Charge in the Chapter-hotise of the Priory, to quiet 

public excitement. Westacre Priory in Norfolk. 

[misc. corresp. 2 8er. xx. 260. Oiig-.] 

%• OromweU'B opinion of the Prior and Convent of Westacre 
seems to have been somewhat different from that of his Visitor. 

■ The More was a manor of the King's, at Bickmeresworth, in Hertfordahire ; see 
an aecount of it in the Fint Series of these Letters, rol. L p. 877, note. 


William Wingfield, tiie last head, i^as Prior in 1526. He sub- 
scribed to the Ring's supremacy in 15S4, and with eight of his monks 
surrendered his Priory to the Iting, January 14th, 29th Hen. VIII. 
At the Dissolution he received a pension of 402. per annum, and was 
living in 1555. He became Rector of Bumfaam Thorpe in Norfolk, 
in King Edward the Sixth's reign, and was a married priest* 

In the Compendium Gompertorum Prior Wingfield and twelve of 
his monks are accused of most flagrant acts of incontinency ; but 
the pensions granted to the Prior and several pf these very persons, 
indicate the statement to have been untrue. There could have been 
no necessity under such circumstances to have bestowed rewards 
when the Convent was suppressed. 

Hit may please your Lordeshipe tobe advertisede 
that at my cmnyng to Bamewell Priorie on xij* 
EvyDj hit was immediatly bmtede in Cambrige that 
the Priorie shulde be evyn then suppressede, and 
that I wolde go from thens to Ely and to Byiye, and 
suppres where so ever I came, and that the Kings 
Highnes was fully determynede to suppres all 
Monasteries^ and that M*^. Sothewell and I were 
sent into Northfooke only for that purposse : which 
brute to stope, and to satisfye the people, I wente 
with expedition to th'Abbays and Priores, callyng 
unto me all suche gentihnen and honeste men as 
were nygh Inhabitans there, and opynly in the 
ohapitre house comaundede and chargede th* Abbotts 
and Priors with their Conventts, in the Kings be- 
halffe, that they shulde not in no wysse, for fere of 
any suche brute or vayne babullyng of the people, 
waste, distroye, or spoile ther woodds, nor sell ther 

> Blomef. Hiat Norf. iy. 761 • 


plate or Jewells of ther Churche, or morgage^ or plege 
any parte or parcell of the same for any suche intent ; 
no ther late oute ther grayngeis, pasturs^ or glebe, 
ever retaynede in ther hands for mayntenance of ther 
House and Hospitalitie ; nor to make excesse of 
fynes, renewyng evere mannes leasse to one hundrethe 
yere that was wyllyng therfore to sewe ; nother they 
shulde not sell or alienate ther londes and revenewys 
nor diminishe ther rentts, nor sell any maner, porcion, 
pension, quite rent, or any suche lyke appertaynyng 
to ther Monasterie. And finally to save evere thyng 
in the same state as they have done always heretofore 
and as they of right be bownde ; and not to gyve any 
credite to the vayne babullyng of the people, and 
whatsoever they were that persuadede them tomake 
any suche alienation or salle: allegeyng that the 
Kyng wolde suppresse them and all other religiouse 
bowses, and that better hit shulde be for them 
tomake ther hands betyme then to late. All suche 
personnes, what so ever they were, whether they 
were knyghtes, gentilmen, or yeomen, or of the 
meane and buyssyste sorte, they were gretly tobe 
blamede, and in ther so doyng utterly sklaunderede 
the King ther naturale Soveraygne Lorde and our 
most graciouse Prince. I willede them therfore that 
frome thens forthe they shulde innowyse beleve any 
suche babullers of what astat or degre so ever they 
were ; and in casse they were villaynnes and knaves 


that SO wolde reporte, I comaunded th' Abbotts and 
Priors to set them in the stokks. If they were gentiU 
men that then they shulde certifye your Lordeshipe 
and other the Kings moste honorable Cownsell of 
ther reportts and words immediatly withoute delay, 
evyn as they wolde answer in that behalf at ther fur- 
ther parell. This digression therfore hath sumwhat 
hynderede us for Westeacre, wiche if I shulde not have 
spede before the dissolution of the same, the rumor 
wolde have so gretly increassede in the hedds of the 
comon people, that surely all Abbots and Priorrs 
wolde have made fowle shyffls before we cowlde have 
made full expedicion, and all finisshede at Westeacre. 
Your comandemente therfor gyven unto me in your 
galerie in that behalff, was muche more weyghtye 
then I at that tyme jugede or supposede, of wolde 
have belevede yff I hade not sen^ the veraye expe- 
rience therof. 

Nowe for Westeacre, what untrewthe and dissimu- 
lation we fynde in the Prior, what falsehode in fals 
knaves emongist the Covent, what briberie, spoile, 
and ravyne with craffty colours of bargannes con- 
trivide by th'ynhabitantts, hit were to long to wryte. 
But for a conclusion all ther wrenches, wyles, and 
gyles shall nothyng thenrprevaile, and so, Gode wiU- 
yng, we shall serve the King trewly, and, as I truste, ' 
fully satisfye th'expectation of faithefulnes that yowre 
Lordeshipe hath concey vede in us : and thus I pray 


Gode longe to continewe your Lordeshipe in helthe 
with honoure. From "Westeacre, xviij. Januarij. By 
your Lordeshippes most humble to comaunde^ 


To the right honorable and my singuler 
goode Lorde, my Lorde Priyey Seale. 


Roger Townshend to the Lord Privy Seal. The 
Punishment of a poor Woman who devised a Mir 
rack of our Lady of Wahingham, 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xliii. 193. OrigJ] 

Please itt your good Lordshipp to be avertysed 
that ther was a pore woman of "Wellys besyde Wal- 
syngham^ that imagyned a falce tale of a Myrade to 
be doon by the Image of our Lady that was at "Wal- 
syngham syth the same was brought from thens 
to London; and upon the tryall therof, by my 
examynacon from one person to an other, to the 
nomber of yj. persons, and att last cam to her that 
she was the reporter therof, and to be the very auc- 
tour of the same, as ferforth as my consciens and 
perceyvyng cowd lede me ; I commytted her therfor 
to the warde of the constables of Walsyngham. The 
next day after, beyng markett day, ther I caused her 
to be sett in stokkes in the momyng, and aboute ix. 
of the clok when the seyd markett was fullest of 



people, wyth a papir sett aboute her hede, wreten 
wyth thes wordes upon the same, A reporter of fahe 
tales, was sett in a carte and so carjed aboute the 
markett stede and other stretes in the town, steyng 
in djrvers places wher most people assembled, yong 
people and boyes of the town castyng snowe balles 
att her. Thys doon and executed, was brought to 
the stokks ageyn, and ther sett till the markett was 
ended. This was her penans ; for I knewe no lawe 
otherwyse to ponyshe her butt by discrecon ; trust- 
yng itt shall be a warnyng to other lyght persons in 
suche wyse to order them self. Howe be itt, I can- 
not perceyve butt the seyd Image is not yett out of 
sum of ther heddes, I thought itt convenyent to 
auertyse yo' Lordshipp of the trouth of thys mater, 
lesse the reporte therof comyng in to many mennys 
mouthes myght be made other wyse than the trouth 
was. Therfor I have sent to your Lordshipp by 
Richard Touneshend the said examynacon. Thus 
I beseche Allmyghty Jhu euermore to have your 
good Lordshipp in hys best preseivacon. Wreten 
the XX*** of January. 

Humbly at your comande* 

To the ryght honorable and my ryght 
Bynguler good Lorde, my Lorde 
Pryry Seale. 



Richard Lay ton to Secretary Cromwell^ how Christ^ 
church, Canterbury, and St. Thomas's Shrine had 
almost been burnt. Prior of Dover. Priories of 
Langdon and Folkstone. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xx. 269.] 

Pleasit your goodnes to understonde that this 
Saterday, at nyght, I came to Canterberie to Christ 
Churche ; at one of the cloke aJOTter mydnyght, one of 
my servands callede me up sodenly or ells I hade bene 
brent in my bede. The gret dynyng chambre callede 
the Kyngs logeyng where we suppede, and wheras 
the Bisshop of "Winchestre lay the day before I came, 
was sodenly iierede by sum fierbronde or snoff of 
sum candell that iyrste sett the risshes in fier. My 
servands lyyng nygh to the saide logeyng were almost 
chokede in ther bedds, and so callede me, and anone 
afflter I fownde a bake dore oute, callede up the 
howse, and sent into the towne for helpe, and before 
ladders and water cowlde begottyn that gret logeyng 
was paste recoyerie, and so was the chamber wheras 
I lay. Thre chambers onely is brent, callede the 
new logeyng or the Kyngs logeyng ; the gabull ynds 
of the howse made of stronge bryke keppede in the 
fier from the howsjmg adjoyned with helpe of men. 
So that ther is no herme done but in that logeyng. 


Asson as I hade sett men to sqwenche and to labor^ I 
went into the Churche, and ther taiiede continew- 
ally^ and sett iiij« monks with bandoggs to kepe the 
Shryne, and put the sexten in the revestre ther to 
kepe the Jewells, and I walkede continewally in the 
Churche above,; and sett monks in everie qwarter of 
the Churche with candills, and sent for th' Abbot off 
Saynt Augustins to be ther withinne in a redines to 
have taken downe the Shrjne, and to have sent all the 
Jewells into Saynt Augustins; but as it chaunced, 
there is no herme done more then thos iij. chambers. 
No plate nor nothyng loste. If I hade not taken that 
order for spoile within the Churche, ther wolde have 
bene harme done. Suche beddyng as was caste 
abrode in the cloistre or other placess were convayede 
away and imbeseled by poire fookks wiche came 
rather to spoile then to helpe. And this is to adver- 
tise you onely of the fier. 

The Prior of Dover and his monks be evyn as other 
be, but he the worst. ***** ther is none, for 
they nede not, they have no lake of women. Th' Ab- 
bott of Langdon- passe the all that ever I knew in 
profounde baudrie; the dronkynest knave lyvyng. 
All his chanons be evyn as he is, not one sparke of 
vertu emongist them ; arant baudy knaves every man. 
The Abbot causede his Chapelaine to take an hore, 
and instigate hym to hit, browght hir up into his own 
chambre, toake one of his federbedds off his owne 


bede^ and made his chapelaines bede in the inner 
chamber^ within hjm, and ther causede hym to go to 
bede with his hore that th' Abbott hade providett for 
hym. To reherse you the hole storie, hit wer to 
long and to abhominable to here. The howsse is in 
utter dekaye and will shortly fawle donne. Ye must 
neds deposse hym and sodenly sequestrate the frutts^ 
and take an inventarie of the goods. Ye can do no 
lesse of justice. I have pronowncede hym perjurede 
ex multis capitibua pena reservata unto yowe. What 
ye will I shall further do in the premisses by this 
bringer my servant I pray yow sende me yo' deter- 
minat pleasur. This Abbay, caUede Langden^ is iij» 
myles from Canterberie. If hit be your pleasure I 
shall with spede ryde bake and therin do what ye 
shall comande me. 

Ther is an other Priorie called Fowlstone x. or xiL 
myles from Canterberie, wherin is but the Prior, a 
monke sike *♦***. The saide Prior hath the 
same Priorie by institucion of my Lorde of Canter- 
berie removibil ad nutum. Therof my Lorde Glyn- 
ton pretendith to be founder, but the Kyng is surely 
founder. Ther is the Parishe Churche appropriat to 
the saide Priorie, that Churche with the glebe londe 
is the hole revenews wiche holly amountith to lxx*i., 
wherof the Prior hath x*i. in pecuniis. So the 
Priorie is Ix^i. The valew of the benefices xl^., 
and xx^i. the glebe. The said Priorie was fyrste a 


Nonrie, then a Parsonage, with this Vicar indewyde. 

After that ther was a Blake Monke Bisshope of 

Cant, and when the Parson departede he made hit a 

Priorie^ and institute a Blake Monke. Nowe the 

Howse is in utter dekay. Ther is no dorter, fratre, 

eloistre ; one hale, one chamber, and a kechyng, with 

a little parlor under the grownde. No house mete 

for a Monk or two ; the Priors Monke ***** ♦^ 

the Prior hymself was an apostata, and cam theder 

as a run agate. His Monk is a Monke of Cant. Hit 

were beste to sende the Prior home wheras he was 

professede, and to punishe hym for his apostacie. 

His Monke * * * ♦ to be sent home to Canterberie 

agayne. A few catel he hath, but howssolde stuff 

ther is none. The bames be well replenished with 

come. If ye will I shall deposse hym, as I cannot 

se but ye muste, let me know your pleasure. The 

saide Priorie wilbe a good parsonage with a Vicar, 

indewede, as hit hath bene here tofore. If ye will 

make the Kyng patrone as right is, and geve hit me 

for a parsonage, I will dispache the Prior to his 

clostre. What your pleasure shalbe in this also, hit 

may please you to certify me by this bringer, my 

servant. I am informede that this Prior hath muche 

money, to serche and sequestrate I wolde. 

Yo' assurede servant, 

To the right honorable Mr. Thomas RICHARDE LAYTON. 

Grumwell, cheffe Secretarie to the 
KyngB Hyghnes, w** spede. 



Geoffrey Chamber to the Lord Privy Seal. The ex- 
posure of the Image called the Rood of Grace. 
[ibid. 2 Ser. y. 210.] 
My singler goode Lorde, my dutye remembrede 
unto your Lordeshipe this shalbe to aduertise the 
same that upon the defacyng of the late Monasterye 
of Boxley, and pluckyng down of the Images of the 
same, I founde in the Image of the Roode callede 
the Roode of Grace, the whiche heretofore hath 
beene hadd in greate veneracion of people,* certen 
ingynes and olde wyer, wyth olde roton stykkes in 
the backe of the same, that dyd cause the eyes of the 
same to move and stere in the hede thereof lyke unto 
a, lyvelye thyng ; and also the nether lippe in lyke 
wise to move as thoughe itt shulde speke ; whiche, so 
famed, was not a little straunge to me and other that 
was present at the pluckyng down of the same, 
whereupon the Abbott heryng this brut dyd thether 
resorte, whome to my litle witt and conyng, with 
other of the olde Monkes, I dyd examyn of their 
knowleg of the premisses ; who doo declare themselff 
to be ignorante of that same. So remyttyng the fur- 
ther of the premisses unto your goode Lordshype 
whan they shalle repayer unto London. Neverthe- 

• In a book of Paymenta by the Treasurer of the Household, 1 to 4 Hen. VIIL 
(Addit MS. Brit. Mu«. 7001. An. 1. 1610), we read, " July 29. For the Eiko's 
qffring at the Rood of Oraee, 6s. 6d,*' 


lesse^ the sayd Abbott is sore seke, that as yett he is 
nott able to come. Further, when I hadde seene 
this straunge sight, and consideryng that th'inhabit- 
aunce of the Cuntre of Kent hadde in tyme past a 
greate devocion to the same, and to use contynuall 
pilgramag thither, by th'advise of other that wer 
her with me, dyd convey the sayd Imag unto Mayde- 
ston this present Thursday, then beyng the markett 
day, and in the cheff of the markett tyme dyd shew 
itt openly unto all the people ther beyng present, to 
see the false, crafty, and sottell handelyng therof, to 
the dishonor of God, and illusion of the sayd people, 
whoo, I dare say thatt if in case the sayd late Mo- 
nasterye were to be defaced agayne (the Kyng's 
Grace not offended) they wold aither plucke itt down 
to the grounde, or ells bume itt, ffor they have the 
sayd matter in wonderous detestacion and hatred, as 
att my repayer unto your good Lordeshipe, and bryng- 
yng the same Image with me: wherupon I doo 
somewhatt tarrye, and for the further defacyng of 
the sayd late Monasterye, I shall declare unto youe. 
And thus almyghty Jesu preserve youe to hys plesure, 
with good liff and long. Att Maydeston the vij*^ 
day of Februarye. Yo" most boimden, 


To the right honorable and hys singler 
goode Lord, Lorde of the Preuy Seale, 
be thes delyuered, 




Thomas Puynell to the Lord Privy Seal, certifying 
the suppression of the Friars* Houses at Boston^ and 
how necessary the application of some of the mate- 
rials was f for the repair of the Haven and Town 
therCy to save the King^s money ^ 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xxxii. 216. Orig,'\ 

Right honorable and my good Lorde, my dutye 
remembred. Please yt your honorable Lord^hipp to 
knowe that the Vycetor hathe beiie with us at Boston, 
andhathe suppressed all our Freers Howses,andin as 
muche as my dutye is, beyng the Kyng's officer, to 
certyfy the Kyng, or ellys your Lordshipp, what is 
most expedyent and necessarye for to repayer, redely, 
and byuld his Graces tenements, staythes and see- 
banks within the sayd towae ; and consyderyng howe 
barron our Cuntre is bothe of stone, tymber, and tyle, 
and moreover howe chargeable the caryage of the 
same wilbe, if his Grace shuld be constrayned to by 
ytt ; therfore I advertyse your honorable Lordshipp 
that the stone, tyle, and tjnnber of the forsayd 
Howses is very apt, mete, and necessarye,' for his 
Graces purpose in this behalf, and shall save his 
Grace muche monye, wiche his Grace shuld dysburse 
if his Highenes be determynyd to make repayer, 
wiche of very necessite had nede to be done in the 


beginnyng of this yere, bothe for the savegard of the 
towne and the cuntre, wiche suerly, if shorttely re- 
medy be not ffound, it is lyke to putt a grete part of 
the lowe parts of Hollond in grete dawnger and 
jeoperde. I have dyverse and sundry tymes com- 
playned unto the counsell of Richemond ffee, and also 
to the Surveor generall, accordyng as was your 
Lordshipp comaundement^ nevertheles remedy as yet 
have we none at theyr hands. Wherfore I estcme 
if by yo' Lordshipp procurement spedy remedy be 
not had for the repayring of the diecayes aforesaid, in 
processe of small tyme there is lyke to be utter deso- 
lacyon of all his Graces lands within the sayd towne, 
wiche lyethe hooly in howssing, except onely ffyve 
mark in pasture ; and suerly if thise decayse shuld 
styll be suffired, it wuld be the very mene hereby 
his Grraces Custome dayly shuld decay. Wherfore 
if it wull please your honorable Lordshipp to stay the 
tymber, yron, and stone of the sayd Howsses for the 
purposes above rehersyd, your Lordship myght save 
the King a grete dele of monye, and deserve of the 
towne immortale memorye ; who dothe dayly make 
exclamacyon vppon me, thinkyng that I lyttyll doo 
tender the comodyte and welthe of his Graces towne. 
Wherfore I humble requere your Lordshipp to lett 
me knowe yo' Lordshipps pleasure concemyng the 
premysses wiche thing done I shall indevor my silf 
withe^ all dyligence to accomplice your comaunde- 

1 2 


menty as knowith our Lord who long preserve your 
honorable Lordshipp in the ffavor of God and our 
Kyng, Datyd at Boston the xxij* day of Februarij. 
I humble desyer your Lordshipp off pardone in as 
muche as my dutye was to have cume vpp my silf : 
but the berer hereof can certefy your Lordshipp the 
very cavse wiche is resonable. 

By yo' servaunt vnder the Kyng, 

To the right honorable Lord Crumwell, 
Lord Prevy Seale. 


Richard Ryche to Lord Cromwell, Survey of Ahing^ 
don Monastery in Berkshire^ where the King thotight 
of fixing a Residence. State of and particulars 
relating to, the Town of Abingdon. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xxxvi. 216. OrigJ] 

After my right hartie recommendacions this 
shallbe to aduertyse your Lordshyp, I, and other 
of the King's oncers, ben at this present tyme at 
Abyngdon, and have withe deliberacion vyewde 
and seen the state and ply tte of the sayd late Monas- 
terye, with the buildyngs and decaye asewell of the 
same as of the Towne there. Bequyryng your 
Lordshyp to sygnyfye to the Kynges Majestye that 
moste parte of the Howses of office thereof ben 


moche in ruyne and decaye excepte the Churchei 
whiche assuredly ys a great and goodly thyng, well 
reparyd. And, as concemyng the Abbotts lodgyng, 
I thynke yt not lyke for an habitacion for the 
Kynges Majestic onles his Highnes wiU there ex- 
pende great treasure. And as I and other can judge 
noo grounde thereaboute on the Northe Estesyde to 
be convenyently imparkyd for the Kyngs dysporte 
and pleasure onles yt shulde retorne moche to the 
hynderaunce of tyUage nere the town: nether on 
the Sowthe-syde onles his Grace imparke moche of 
the beste medowe on the Sowthe-syde of Themmes 
whiche shulde take awaye the medes wherby the 
towne of Abyngdon beyng well replenyshed withe 
people shulde decaye : moste humbly besechyng his 
Grace to sende suche of his masons, carpenters, or 
other devysers of his Graces workes to apoynt and 
lymytt what parte of the Churche, cloyster, dorter. 
Chapter howse, ffrayter, shalbe defaced. I thynke a 
greatt parte therof maye be defacyd, and yet suflfy- 
cyent lefte to the Kyngs contentacion ; besechyng you 
to sygnyfye to the Kings Majestye that the Town 
ys sore decayed, and lyke dayly more to decaye onles 
provysyon there be made to sett the people on worke 
to drape clothe, wherby undowghtydly his Grace 
shulde moche contente the people and inhabitaunts 
thereabought, whiche assurydly ben a greatt nomber. 
Sygnyfying to yow also there ys a certen clothe 


maker, callyd Tuckax, dwellyng in Burtheforde, 
which hathe requyryd me to advertyse the Kyngs 
Magestye yf his Grace wyll leatt to hym too fullyng 
mylles now decayed, the fflott gats, the ffysshyng, 
and a farme callyd the Bye, for such rents as they 
shalbe surveyd with a convenyeat howse mete for 
his occupacion, affyrmyng to me he wyll bestowe 
wykely duryng hys lyff in wages to clothe makers in 
the seyd towne a C* marks sterlyng, whiche shuld 
moche inryche the towne, and kepe the people from 
idlenes. And hereyn His Magestye shulde moche 
content the inhabytaunts, asserteynyng yow that 
wee travayll contynually in surveying the possess- 
yons, whereby aperythe as wee can yett fynde noo 
encrease, but rather kepethe the rate of the tenthe 
or imder, the cause why wee shall deiclarQ to yow, 
praying your Lordshype to commande M'. Vaughanne 
to sende downe capacytyes for theis persones whose 
names ben in a Sedule hereyn enclosed ; moste iu" 
tyerly desyrying your Lordshyp to adveit^^ me by 
your lettres of the Kyngs pleasure h^rQj©, whiche I 
shall withe all diligence accomply^hQ to my moste 
bounden duetye* My Lorde, wee lacke many Books 
of Accompts, Court Rcdls, and Eentalls^ whiche are 
supposed to be in the custodye of Button, whom I 
requyre yow to sende down to th'entent I mi^ne have 
some knowledge of hym. He hath informed me that 
the possessyons of Abyngdcm are worthe clerely 


M*.M*.Mi.D.* marks, whiche I wolde be lyght gladd 
to knowe.** And therfor I hartely desyre your Lord- 
shyp to send hym downe withe spede, besechyng 
your Lordshyp to remembre my byll for Schoburye, 
whiche ys maryshe groimde, and ever in jeoperdy of 
surrowndyng, and but of the cler yerly value of 
xxxfi. besyd the yerly reparacybns there. And if 
yt myght be sygned bowe, ye bynde me hereyn as ye 
have doon in many thyngs to owe to yow my pore 
harte and prayer, withe suche other comodytie as 
shall reste in my lytyll powar. Also M'* Baker, the 
Kyngs Attorney, requyryd me in your name to putt 
my hande to his byll concemyng the Kyngp moste 
graeyous gyfte to hym, beyng not above the clere 
yerly value of xl*i. bysjrd the reparacions, wherunto 
I have putt my hande, and lefte the same with 
M'. Hennage, comandyng my clerke that when M'. 
Hennage dyd sende the bills to, th' Austen Fryers, 
that then my seyd clerke shulde ynth spede convey 
the same byll to your good Lordshyp : whiche I dowte 
not but imedyatly after the sygnyng therof shalbe 
sent to yow. 

Sythens the wrytyng of the premysses, thys morn- 
yng, I have receyved a lettre, and for ase moche as I 
perceyve therby that M'. Robert Sowthewell, by the 
Kings comandoinent, shortly procedethe to Northe- 

• Three thousand five hundred. 
Speed says the gross revenue of this Monastery amounted to 2042/. S«. 8id. 


hamton to survey Saynte Andrewes, whom I hadd 
a poynted withe M'. Treasorer in my absens to here 
the declaracion of the partycular Accompts. I entende> 
onles yo' good Lordshyp shall advertyse me of the 
Kyngs pleasure to the contrarye, to resorte to London 
with spede, and to leave M^ Danyster and M'. Can- 
dyshe to fynyshe the reste of the Survey. And so 
to bryng tipp suche plate and other ornaments as ben 
at Abyngdon of the Kyngs: and as for any stuff, 
implements of howsolde, and catall, wee fynde there 
lytyll or noone: but- all ys delyvered to the late 
Abbott and relygyous persones. 

I entende to make and seall to the late Abbott, 
Prior, and other Monkes, their pencions, accordyng 
to the sommes wrytten in the booke delyueryd to 
me by the Commyssioners, onles the Kyngs pleasure 
shalbe to the contrarye.* 

And thus I moste hartely comytt yow to the 
tuycion of the Holy Goste, who kepe you in honor 
and helthe to your gen till contentacion. From 
Abyngdon this present xxij* day of FebruariL 

Your owne assurydly, 


* The Instrument by which the Peniions were assigned to the Abbot and Monks 
of Abingdon 1>ore date on the following day, Feb. 23, 29 Hen. VIII. See \^Ilis, 
Mit. Abb. vol. i. p. 0. 



Dr. London to the Lord Privy Seal, entreating for 
some of the ornaments and vestments, late belonging 
to the suppressed Monastery of Abingdon, to be sent 
to the College in Wallingford Cattle of which 

he was Dean. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xxiii. 719. OrigJ] 

*«* One or two preyious Letters have already made the reader 
acquainted with Dr. London. He was very active in promoting the 
Reformation, and was one of the Commissioners appointed by King 
Henry the Eighth to examine into the state of Religious Houses. 

One fiict is mentioned in the Letter before the reader, which the 
Editor believes is not elsewhere recorded, that Henry the Eighth 
''did, within these eight years past" (that is about 1530) ''build 
nearly the whole College" of Wallingford, " in manner all, as well 
the Deans as the Priests and Clerk's lodgings." 

In my most humble maner I have me comendyd 
vnto your gudde Lordeshippwithmyassurede prayer 
and boundon servys during my liff. In lyke humble 
maner, thanking your Lordeshipp for all your many- 
folde goodness schewyd unto me and to my frynde 
your Abbott of Osney, by whose preferment your 
Lordeshipp hathe nott oonly don a great benefytt to 
that ruynose Monastery and the brethem ther, butt 
also to the hole town and contry abowt Oxford. 

Having no other refuge to sew unto, saving oonly 
yow, my most singuler gudde Lorde, am at thys pre- 
sent tyme an humble sutar for the Kings Grace and 
my Lorde and Patrone our Princes Colledge in hys 
Grace is castell at Walingforde, wher it pleasyd hys 

I 5 


Maiestye of hys most benign gudnes to make me 
hys servant and Dean. Thys CoUedge wasse fyrst 
foundyd by the most noble of memory Prince Ed- 
warde, callyde the Blacke Prince, and by the Lorde 
Edmonde, som tyme Duke of Cornwall, and by them 
and by the most noble and excellent of memory the 
Kings Grace father Kinge Henry the vij***, indewyd 
with lends for the mayntenance of a Dean, yj. Prests, 
yj. Clarks, a Decon, and iiij. choristars. Every mans 
portion dewly payde, very litill remaynythe to here 
other chardges of that Chapell, wherbye suche orna- 
ments as thees noble founders gave unto that Chapell 
do oonly remayne, very olde and dyuers of them past 
mending. The Kings Grace of hys most tendre 
benyvolens bom to that hys Grace and our most 
noble Princes CoUedge dydde within thees viij. yeres 
past bylde newly the hole CoUedge, in maner all, 
asweU the Deans as the Prests and Clerks lodgyngs. 
And syns the fyrst noble founders decesyd, hys 
Grace is most noble father and hys Majestye have be 
the gretist benefactors that euer we hadde. Now we 
do herfe that M. Chaunceler of the Augmentation 
and M. Danaster schall dispose the ornaments of the 
Churche within hys Grace is Howse at Abyngdon, 
and other things perteynyng vnto the same. Wher- 
for I do most humbly besek your gudde Lordeshippe 
now to be a mean for vsse, hys most boundon Orators 
of hys Grace is CoUedg in WaUngford, to geve vnto 


vsse suche ornaments of that Churche in Abyngdon 
as be necessary for vsse. We have very few copys, 
few vestments, and butt oon awltex clothe of sylk, 
and all thees very olde. If it may please the Kings 
Grace to socor vsse, and to bestow any of those orna- 
ments vpon vsse, I will at my chardge repayer them, 
and sett in euery of them hys Grace is armys with a 
scripture of memorye that hys Grace conferryd suche 
ornaments to that hys Grace is CoUedg : and we all 
and our successors schall according to our most 
boimdon dewties pray vnto Almyztie Godde long to 
preserve hys most noble Grace and your gudde 
Lordeschippe by whose mediation we have obtaynyd 
so greatt a benyfytt. Oxon, xxiij. Februarii. 
Yo' Lordeschipp most boundon, 

To my most honorable and singaler ^dde 
lorde, my Lord of the Pry vie Scale. 


Richard Devereux to Lord Cromwell. The suppres- 
sion of various Friars^ Homes towards the North. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. viii, 112.] 

Plesethe ytt your goode Lordeshype to imder- 

stande, that, syth that I laste was with you, I have 

receyuyd to the Kyngs use xij. Howses of Freres, 

that ys, one in Huntyngton, iiij. in Boston, iiij. in 


Lyncolne, one in Grantham, one in Newewarke, and 
nowe one in Grrymesby. They all ware in pouertye 
and lytyll lefte, scaice to pay the detts, and yn some 
place nott so moche by iij^. or more, so that in these 
Houses the Kyngs Grace shall have butt the lede, 
the wyche I thynke yn all xij. Houses shalbe as I 
can judge ytt, aboute xij. score fooder or more, and 
xxiiij. bells, suche as they be ; so off euery House a 
chales off yj. or x. imc. a pese, in some place more, 
these chales I here with me, and oder sylver yff that 
I fynde ytt. 

I nowe ryde to Hull, and so to Beverlaye and to 
Skarborrowe, and Karlehyll, and to Lancaster, and 
oder Houses, as I shall here off by the waye. Good 
my Lorde, the Mayer and the Aldermen off Grymes- 
by payde a great parte off all my costs in Grymesby ; 
and to the Meyar I have commytted the House ther 
to the Kyngs use, with the lede and bells, by ynden- 
ture ; and I percyve that they wyll make sute to your 
Lordeshype to have that House to the Towne, to 
make off ytt a Comon House for Ordynans, and 
other necessarys for the defense off the Kyngs ene- 
mys yff nede be ; ytt stondethe very well for the 
purpose nere the water, and open on the see, very 
necessary for the Comon Welthe in my mynde : the 
lede off that House ys aboute xx. or xxij. foders. I 
beseche you be good Lorde to them in ther sute, and 
I ever yo*^ Orator to Jhesu, who ever preserve yo' 


goode Lordeshype to hys hye honor, Wrytten in 
Grymesby, thys xxix day off February. 

By yo*" seruante and orator, 

To my syng^lar good Lorde Cnimwell, 
Lorde Priuy Seale, thys be delyuered. 


Richard Devereux to Lord Cromwell. Visits the 

Friars' Houses of Aylesford^ Canterbury^ Sfc. 

[ibid. viii. 114.] 

My synguler goode Lorde, in my vmble maner, 
pleseyth youe to understonde that I have reeeyueyd 
the Howse of Whyte Fryers in Aylysforde in to the 
Kyngs hands, and the xiij. day of December I cam 
to Canterbury, wher that I fynde iiij. howseys, more 
in dett than all that they have ys abull to pay, and 
specyally the Austen Fryers. Ther detts, as they 
lay them, be xl*J., and all ther implements be not 
vj^i,, excepte only a lytyll plate, the whyche ys in 
weyte vj*'. and vj. vnce. The Blacke and Gray be 
abull with ther implements to pay ther detts and 
for owr costs, and lytyll more. Beyng in the Austen 
Fryers ther the xiiij. day of December, on Fryer 
ther very rudely and trayterusly vseyd hym be for 
all the cumpany, as by a byll here inclosyd ye shall 
perseyve parte. To wryght halfe hys wordds and 
order ther, yt war to longe to wryght. I perseyue- 


yng heys demenor streyte sequesteryd hym, so that 
non spake with hym. I senth for the Mayar, and or 
that he cam I examyneyd hym befor Master Spyl- 
man, and also afterwarde befor the Mayar and Master 
Spyhnan, and at all tymys he styU hylde and styll 
woU to dey for yt, that the Kynge may not be hede 
of the Chyrche of Ynglonde (but y t must be a spyry- 
tuaU father adpoynteyd by God), wherfor I requyreyd 
of Master Mayar to haue hors^ys and men to sende 
hym to yow ; chargeyng bothe the men that no man 
shulde speke with hym tyU that he wer with your 
Lordschype, and than at yowr plesur to order hym. 
I have payd bothe for horse and man. And so this 
Sonday I woll make an ende in Canterbury, and on 
Munday to Sandwyche, and on "Wedensday to Rey 
(and so to "Wynchelsey and Leweys), besecheynge 
yowr Lordschype that I may have my Howse, so that 
I may knowe sum thynge of myn owyn to resort to,' 
for now I am so pore that I have no Howse, but only 
by yowr fauor that I kepe Langley in iny handds, 
and use that under the Kyngs Grac's favor and yowrs, 
to my use tyll I knowe forther of heys Grac's plesur 
and yowrs, the whyche I truste shall be to my com- 
fortt, by yowr goode menys, in whome ys my synguler 
trost, as kn.owy th God, ho euer preserve yowr Lord- 
schype. Yowr servauntt and oreter, 

To my synguler goode Lorde Crumwell, 
Lorde Privy Seale, be this dd. with 



Dr. London to the Lord Privy Seal upon his Suppress 

sing the ReUgiom Homes at Coventry and Combe 


[ibid. 2 Ser, xxiii. 713. Orig.^ 

In my most humble maner I have me eommendyd 
unto your gudde Lordeschippe, I have with moche 
adoo dispacchyde th^ Priory of Black Monks at Co- 
ventrye, the Charterhowse, and Combe Abbay. The 
Priory wasse in dett befor he com ther, and he hathe 
made me an apparent reasonable accompte. I have 
left the Churche and Howse vnspoylede and vnde- 
facydj because as yet I do nott know the Kings 
Grace's pleasur and yowrs what schalbe don therwith. 
At the Charter howse I found ^case the valor of xx** 
noblea worth of gudds to dispach the hole Howse. 
Howbeit Godde hath so disclosyd ther crafty dealing, 
that I have gevyn every brodor xl* towards ther ap« 
pareU, have payd all the servants wages, have gevyn 
to every brodor his . . . celle, saving the Howse and a 
vestyment, have payde all ther detts within x*i., and 
yit schall the Kings Grace have above CC. vnc. of 
plate ther, wher I foimd but iij. chalyces scasly way- 
ing all iij. xl. vnc. I have gevin the Prior a salt of 
syluer with a cover, a drynking cuppe of syluer with 
a cover, a maser, a chales, a suyte of vestyments with 


bedding and other stuff, lyke an honest man, and so 
I have dispacchyd that House clerlye. 

At Combe, I have left the hole Howse with imply- 
ments vnspoylyd thorowlye, Harforde now schyryue 
of Coventrye informyd me that the Abbot of Combe 
hadde CCCCC^. in a fetherbedd at hys brodors 
Howse, Of truythe I serchyd the bedd, and the Ab- 
bot hymself, with owt any difficulty, confessed unto 
me what money was ther, and farther informyd me 
of every thing he hadd lyk an honest man, and of 
truythe ther wasse no more monye ther in that 
bedde but xxv*i,, wiche vpon hys oothe he tolde me 
that he putt yt ther to paye certeii detts with all 
now at Candelmas, wich in dede ys trew dett, and he 
layd those things at his brothers bycause he cowde 
yvill trust any servant he hadde. He surrenderyd 
hys Howse the same day twelve mony th he was made 
Master, and therfor every thing consideryd he left 
hys Howse in competent gudd state. The dyspacch- 
ing of that Howse wasse som thing chardgeable for I 
founde ther xv. monks and Ixviij. seruants. I have 
made safe the evydences in every Howse wher I com, 
and in som of them I founde the evydences dispersyd 
and negJecte, moche pytie to se ytt, Wherfor I 
beseke yowr Lordeschippe that aswell to stay the 
spoyle of the Howsys as for safgarde of suche evy- 
dences the Surveyors may com as spedyly after me 
as may be. 


I have folowyd your pleasure for your servant M. 
Whalley, at PoUesworth, wherfore I besek your 
Lordesehipp to remembre M, Cheyrey, at Bowsvale, 
Charterhowse Monks bye Notingam, or in som 
other place. 

If I hadde made rasch lyddyng of thees iij. Howsys 
I hadde don the Kings Grace butt yvell service. And 
I trust now I have don both for hys Grace is profytt, 
and as every thing y s savyd and all parts well pleasyd, 
I schall forwards mak all the spede I can possiblie. 

I have of thees iij. Howsys above DCCC. vnc. of 
plate, wich schalbe at London safly caryede by my 
commyng thedyr. And my servant now shall de- 
lyuer to yowr Lordeshippe such ornaments as I have 
sent uppe. I besek your Lordeshippe to take these 
things I do in gudd partt, for of my fayth I do truly 
my best diligence to serve the Kinge as our Lord 
knoweth, who with encrese of moch honor longe 
preserve your gudde Lordeshippe. 

Your most bounden orator and servant, 


To the right honerable and my most 
singnler goode Lorde, my Lorde of 
Prive Sealle. 



Richard Devereux to Lord Cromwell; recounts the 

Friars^ Houses he had taken to the King's use in the 

far North. The hardships inflicted on those who 

had surrendered their Houses^ in the Diocese of 

York. The Friars' Houses at Scarborough. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. viii: 120.] 

My syngulax good Lorde, plesyth ytt your good 
Lordshype to understonde that I have receyvyd sythe 
that I departyde from you xvj. covents off Frers into 
my hands to the Kyngs use : and ther be yett styll 
standynge aboute x. Houses in these parts, besyde iij. 
or iiij. Houses in Barwyke and nere Barwyke, the 
wyche I perfytly knowe nott whether Master Law- 
son have receyuyd them or no, and yff that I shulde 
ryde thether ytt ware above an hunderyd myle owt 
off my waye, so that I shulde nott be able to come 
home before Ester : wherfor I presupposynge they be 
downe, I entende nott to ryde theyr, butt yff they 
styll stande, then I beseche yo"^ Lordeshype that ye 
wolde dyrecte yo' letter to Master Laweson that he 
may receyue them into the Kyngs handds, as that he 
hathe done other; he hathe occasyon moche to be 

Further my good Lorde, in these parts, within the 
Dyocese off Yorke, the pore men that make surren- 


der off ther Houses, be hardely ojcderyd by the 
Byschops 0%cer8 att the Byschops comandement, 
so that they cau nott be sufferyd to synge, nor saye 
in any Paryshe Chnrche withoute they shewe ther 
Letters off ther Ordres; my letters or ther capa- 
cytes, notwithstondynge ; and the charges off these 
Letters off ther Ordres be so grett that the pore men 
be nott ahull to here ytt ; some muste goo an hun* 
deryd myle to seke them, and when they come ther 
the cherges of sergyng the regyster ys so grett that 
they be nott able to pay ytt, and so they come home 
ageyne confowndyd. 

I have bene with my Lorde off Yorke, and shewyd 
to hym yo' Lordeshypps letter, that . your comande- 
mente ys that they wyche so have surrenderyd ther 
Houses, shulde be suffiyde withoute interrupcon to 
synge and saye in anye churche. The Byshope 
made many obieccons, and ^ sayd that ytt muste be 
knowne whether they ware prysts or no^ and I certe- 
fyde hym that wee that receivyd the Houses make 
dewe serge wyche ware prysts and whiohe ware none, 
and so made certyfycate to yowr Lordeshyps, and yo' 
Lordeshype to the Kyngs Grace, so that by that 
meane ther capacytes ware grauntyd, wherfore I de- 
syred hym to acc^pte ther capacytes from the Kyngs 
Grace with so moche favor, as the Byshops off Bx)mes 
capacytes before, had benreceyvyd, for the wyche 
ther livas never serche made, butt streyghte obeyd* 


He att the laste grauntyd that somany as shewyd my 
hande shulde be allowyd tyll that ther capacytes 
myghte come, butt ther be many that be putte owte 
by other comyssions that have not my hande, wher- 
for yo"^ Lordeshype sholde do a charytable dede to 
wryghte yo*" letters to the Byshope that he streyte 
att the syghte off yow*^ letters myghte sende thoroughe 
hys Dyocese that all curats myght have warnynge to 
suffer soche pore men that have gyff upe ther Houses, 
to synge in ther Churches, for they all have before 
comaundement off the Byshope that they shall not 
suffer them to synge withoute they shewe ther 
Letters off ther Ordres, the wyche ys nott possyble 
for them to doo. These ij. letters, my goode Lorde, 
I beseche yow to remember, one to M*". Laweson for 
certen Covents in Barwyke and nere ytt, the other to 
the Byshope off Yorke for pore men to synge in 
Paryshe Churches withyn hys Diocese with owt 
shewyng off Letters off ther Ordres. 

My good Lorde, I nowe am in Skarborrowe where 
that I have receyvyd iij. pore Houses of Frers, to the 
Kyngs use, Blacke, Whyte, and Greye, so pore that 
they have solde the stall and partclossys in the 
Churche, so that nothynge ys lefte butt stone and 
glasse, yett ther ys metely good lede in these iij. 
places. I thynke amonge them xl*^ fooder for the 
more parte in every House, sythe that I cam from you, 
ys good lede, the wyche I have to the Kyngs Ghrace, 


and bellys, and pore chalyses, fcr other plate I fynde 
none, I shall nowe ryde, so sone as the weder wyll 
suffer me, to Carlehyll and Lancaster, and other 
Houses yff any be in the waye, or that I can here off, 
and I truste to see yo' Lordeshype on Palme Son- 
daye, be Godds grace, who preserve yo' good Lorde- 
shype. This X. daye off Marche. Wrytten be your 
servant and oratour. 

To my singlar good Lorde Crumwell, 
Lorde Preuy Scale, thys be dely- 


Richard Deveretix to the Lord Privy Seal. Hie 

Friaries of Worcester^ Bridgenorth, and Ather* 


[ibid, 2 Ser. viii, 127.] 

My syliguler goode Lorde, pleseythe yt your 
goode Lordeschype to understande that sythe I last 
wroght to you from Glowsetur I have receyvyd in to 
the Kyngs handds ij. Couents off Worsetur and 
on in Brygenorthe, and on in Atherstone, and now I 
am in Lechefylde. Off the relesse of the ij. Co- 
uents in Worsetur, my Lorde of "Worsetur had yt to 
brynge to yowr Lordeschype. The copys of the 
Inuentory, I sende to you here. The relesse off 
Brygenorthe I sende here to ^ yowr Lordschype, and 
the copy of the Inuentory, 


Dyverse of the Fryers axe very lothe to forsake 
ther Howsys, and yet they be not abull to lyve, for I 
thynke, for the more parte off them, yff all ther detts 
schuld be payd, all that ys in ther Howsys ys not 
abull to do yt. 

I am now in Lychefylde, the wyche ys in that 
takeyng, and yet lothe to gyve up. 

Blaeke Fryers in Worsetur ys a proper Howse 
with owte any led, and may dyspende by yere in 
rotton Howsys above xx. nobylls by yere (but all ys 
in decay). Ther was an Ancres with horn I had not a 
lytyll besynes to have her grauntt to cum owte, but 
owte sche ys. The Grraye Fryers ys a fayer Howse, 
and well byldeyd ; and have not a bove xl". by yere 
off harcheyardds and gardens j ij. yelys ledyd, the 
rest tyle and slate. 

The Graye Fryers in Brygenorthe, the porest 
Howse that I have seyn ; not worthe x*. by yere ; all 
the Howsys at fallyng downe. I praye youe be goode 
Lorde to yowr Oratour Nycholas Holte, he hathe 
non Howse : yt wolde do hym sum plesur. 

Atherstone ys a lytyll Howse in decay, but may 
dyspende iiij. marks by yere, off the whyche they pay 
iiij. nobylls yerly in rent : the substans off the 
ground one Ameas Hyll a seruant of the Kyngs 
hathe by lese. Ther ys no led, but Howsys in decay. 
All the stuff ther ys not worth xl*., be syde a chales 
and a bell. 


The copy of thys Inuentory I sende, mekely be- 
sechynge yowr Lordschype to be so goode Lorde to 
me to sende to tibes Fiyers ther wiEurantts to change 
ther habetts, by this bryngar ; and my good Lorde, I 
be seche yow be so goode Lorde to me to sende me 
yowr plesur whether I shall kepe styll thys order 
with the Fryers or no. I thynke in this doynge I do 
them moche goode, for in ther relygyon they be not 
abull to leve, yet many be lothe to departe, and spe- 
cyally off the Graye Fryers ; they be so close eche 
to other that no man can cum within them to know 
ther hartts. I have more besynes with them then 
with all the Fryers besyde. One of them euer 
gyuethe wamynge and consell to other, and euer so 
moche as they may prevente my purpose before that 
I cum ; yet sythe that I receyvyd yowr last letter 
non hath skepeyd: and I thynke fewe shall, withowt 
ye sende me contrary comandement. Also, my goode 
Lorde, I must beseche yow to be good Lorde to me, 
for in suche plaseys as that the Fryers gyve ^p, I 
have no peny nejrther to paye my costs nor yet taxse 
of the Howsys dewe to the Offys, so that sythe I 
toke on nobyll, I have spent xx. nobylls of suche 
money as I had off the Kyngs for Wynchelse stuffe ; 
and withowte I may in sum placeys sell for my neces- 
sars with in theys xiiij. days I shall neyther have 
money off myne owyn, nor off the Kyngs money. I 
harttely beseche your Lordeschype to sende me yowr 


plesur who I shall do for the warrants for the Fryers 
that I shall put owt, for whan that I am fare from 
London jt shall be to gret a charge to sende for ther 
warrantts, and than sende them a gayne to the place 
wher they dwell ; also yowr plesur whether I may sell 
any thynge for the costs, and to marvelous clamors I 
have for detts : also whether yowr plesar be that I 
shall kepe thys order as that I do, in puttynge owte 
off Fryers, and I ever yow"^ Orator 

Zour bedeman and servantt, 


To my syngular goode Lorde Cruinwell, 
Lorde Prevey Seale, thys be dd. with 


Gregory Cromwell to his father ^ after having taken 

possession of the Priory House at Lewes. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. vii. 172. OHg."] 

*«* The site and possessions of the Priory of St. Pancras Leweer 
were granted Feb. 16th, 1538, to Thomas Lord Cromwell, to him 
and to his heirs. Their extent was considerable. The demolition 
of the Monastery began very soon ; but the Priory Hoase was re- 
served as a place of residence for the new owner. Gregory Crom- 
weU, the son, was allowed by his fsither to reside in it. He here 
gives the particulars of his arrival, and of the reception of him and 
of his wife by the families of its neighbourhood. 

Gregory Cromwell married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Sey- 
mour of Wolshall in Wilts, and widow of Sir Anthony Oughtred, 
knight. She was sister to Queen Jane Seymour, to the Protector 
Somerset, and to the Lord Admiral Seymour. 


Gregory was afterwards created Lord Cromwell of Okeham. 
Nichols says, as his name does not appear on the Journals during 
his father's life, he was probably a minor when created. He first 
took his seat in the House of Peers Jan. 16th, 1541. He died 4th 
July, 1551, seised of the site of Laund Priory in Leicestershire, in 
the chapel of which he was buried. His Monument, against the 
north wall of the chapel, is engraved in Nichols's Leicestershire , 
vol. iii. PI. xlv. p. S26. 

The Priory House at Lewes, which afterwards obtained the 
name of "The Lord's Place," was destroyed by fire in the seven- 
teenth century. It lay a short distance to the south-east of the pre- 
sent Church of Southover. 

My bounden dewtie in moste humble and lowly 
wise rememberyd. Pleaseth it your Lordeshipp to 
understonde that I have thus longe tyme deferred to 
Wright unto you of my state and condition, and how 
both my wife and I lyke this Country by cause I 
wolde nott make reporte unto you therof before I 
had more experyence in the same then I colde have 
in a daie or tweynes proffe. Trustinge that ye woli 
so take this my longe scilence, and nott as any slowth- 
fulnes or forgottefulness of my dewtie. Wherfore as 
conceminge the Howse, and the situation of the same, 
it doth undoubtedly right moche please and content 
both me and my wife, and is unto hir so comodious 
that she thinketh hir self to be here right well 
settylled. My Lord Dakers and my Lady his wif, 
Sir John Gage, M^ Gainsforth, M^ Shelley, M^ 
Belinghom, and dyuers other gentylmen of this con^ 
trey and theire wifes hath, both with theire preasences 
and also presents, right frendely enterteigned me and 



welcomed me into thies parties : unto all whome if 
ye shall have occasion^ I moste humblie requyre yow 
to render herty thankes for their kynd gentylnesses 
unto me shewyd. And thus I desyre our Lorde to 
have you in his tuition. At Lewes, the xj* daie of 
Apryll. Your moste obedyent sone, 


T^ the right honorable and his singoler 
good Lorde and father, my Lorde 
Privy Seale. 


Elis Price to Lord Cromwell^ upon taking down the 
Image of Darvel Gathem. 
[ibid. 2 Ser, xxxiv. 480. Orig,'] 

%* In the first Series of the present Collection; vol. i. p. 82, there 
is a Letter to Lord Cromwell from this same Elis Price, to know 
what he should do with the Image of Darrell Gathem, to which the 
Welshmen made pUgrimage, and which was subsequently brought 
to London and burnt. He here informs us of the large bribe which 
was offered to him by the parson and parishioners of the parish 
where it stood, to prevent its being taken away; and of a deputation 
to save it, intending to come personally to his Lordship. 

In Michael Woddes' Dialogue between two Neighbours^ 12mo, 
1654, we read, ''If the Welshman would have a purse, he praied to 
Darvel Gatheme ; if a wife were weary of her husbsnd, she offred 
Otes at Poules, at London, to St. Uncumber. Thus have w^ been 
deluded with their Images.'' Signat. Cii. b. 

Pennant, in his Tour in North Wales, having described the neigh- 
bourhood of Pont Gilan, says, ''A little beyond the extremity 
of this romantic part, in an opening on the right, stand the church 
and village of Llan Dderfel : the first was dedicated to St. Derfel 
Gadam, and was remarkable for a vast wooden Image of the Saint, 
the subject of much superstition in antient times.''* 

» Pennaat's Tours in Wales, 8to. Lond. 1810, vol. ii. p. WJ, 


Ryghte honorable and my syngular good Lorde 
and Mayster, pleasythe yt youre good Lordshype 
that I haue repaired to the place where as the Image 
of Darvell Gadam stode, and have takin the same 
downe accordynge to the Kyngs moste honorable 
commamidmente and youres, whiche shalbe caried to 
youre Lordeshype wythe aU dylygens and expedy- 
con. The person and the parysheners of the Churche 
wherin the saide Ymage of Deruell stode profered 
me fortie powndes that the said Ymage shulde not be 
convaide to London, and because that I was nothynge 
inclynable to theyre profers and petic5ns, the saide 
person hym self wythe others ar comyn to youre 
Lordeshype not onlie to make sute and labor in the 
premisses, but allso to make fayned surmyse and 
complaynts on me. Therfore I purpose, God wyll- 
ynge, to cume and to gyve attendance upon youre 
Lordslfype wythin thys fortnyghte that I maye an- 
swere to such thyngs that they shall laye to my 
charge. And thus Jbu preserve youre Lordshype in 
welthe and honor. "Wrytyn in Northe "Wales, the 
xxviij*** daye of Aprill. 

Youre dayelye orator by duty, 

To the righte honorable and his syngalar 
good Lorde and Mayster, Lorde Crom- 
well, and Chancelor of the Ecclesiasti- 
call power and Jurisdiccon of Eng- 
lande, this be delyuered. 

K 2 


♦«* The preceding Letter is addressed to Lord Cromwell as " Chan- 
cellor of the Ecclesiastical power and jurisdiction of England/' 

There is a curious little volume, supposed to have been printed 
at Leipsic in 1542, entitled "Of the Auctorite of the Word of God 
agaynst the Bisshop of London," by Alexander Aiane, Scot. l2mo. ' 
6. /. It gives the following account of one of the meetings of con- 
clave which Lord Cromwell held as Vicar General ; now probably 
the only picture of those Meetings preserved. He says, " I did mete 
bi chance in the streate the right excellent Lord Crumwell, going 
vnto the parlament howse, in the yeare 1637. He whan he sawe me, 
called me vnto him, and toke me with him to the parlament house 
to Westmyster, where we fownd all the bisshops gathered together. 
Vnto whom as he went and toke me with him, all the bisshops and 
prelates did rise vp and did obeisance vnto him as to their Vicar 
General, and after he had saluted them he sate him down in the 
highest place, and right against hym sate the Archbishop of Cantor- 
bery, after him the Archbisshop of Yorke, and than London, Lin- 
coln, Salisbery, Bathe, Ely, Herford, Chichester, Norwich, Roches- 
ter, and Worcester, and certen other whose names I haue forgoten : 
all these did sitt at a table couered with a carpet, with certen 
prystes standing about them. 

" Than the Lord Crumwell being Vicar General of the reame. Lord 
of the Preuy Scale, and chefe secret counceler vnto the king, turned 
him self to the bisshops and sayd, ' Right reuerend fathers in Christ, 
' the Kings majesty geueth yow high thankes that ye haue so dili- 
' gentiy without any excuse assembled hether according to his com- 
^ mandment, and ye be not ignorant that ye be called hether to de- 

* termyne certen controuersys which at this tyme be moued concem- 

* yng the christen religion and faith, not only in this reame but also 
' in all nacions thorowe the world : for the King studieth day and 
' night to set a quietnes in the church, and he cannot rest vntill all 

* such controuersis be fully debated and ended thorow the deter- 
' minacyon of yow and of his whole parlament. For all though his 

* special desyre is to set a stey for the vnlemed peple whose con- 

* sciences are in dout what thei may bileue, and he him selfe by his 
' excellent leming knoweth these controuersys welinough, yet he 
' wil suffer no comon alteracyon, but by the consent of yow and of 

* his whole parlament. By the which thing ye may perceiue both 

* his high wisdom, and also his gret loue toward yow ; and he de- 
' siereth now for Christes sake that all malyce, obstynacy, and carnal 


* respect set apart, ye will frindly and loaingly dispute among your 
' selues of the controuersys moued in the church, and that ye wyl 
^ conclude all things by the word of God without all brauling, or 
' scolding ; neither will his Majesty suffer the scripture to be wrested 

* and defaced by any glosys, any papistical lawes, or by any aucto- 
' ryte of doctors or councels, and moch lesse wil he admit any ar- 

* tides or doctrine not conteyned in the scripture, but approued only 
*■ by contynuance of tyme and old custome, and by vnwritton verytes 

* as ye were wont to doo. Ye know wel inough that ye be bound 

* to shewe this seruice to Christ and to his church, and yet notwith- 

< stonding his Mi^'esty wil giue you high thanckes, if ye wil set and 
' conclude a godly and perfight vnyte, wherunto this is the only way 

* and meane if ye wil determyne all things by the scripture as God 

< commandeth now in Deuteronomy, which thing His Majesty ex- 

* faorteth and desyreth yow.' 

^* When the Lord Crumwell had spoken his mynd after this sort 
with high grauyte, (as he was a man of a gret witt, of excellent 
wisdom, and of goodly eloquence,) all the bisshops did ryse up and 
gaue thankes to the Kings Majesty for his feruent study and desyre 
toward an unite, and for this yertuos exhortacyon most worthy a 
christen King. After this began thei to dispute of the Sacramentes. 
And first of all the Bisshop of London,* which was an earnest de- 
fender of the Popes part, whom a litel before the Lord Cromwel 
had rebuked by name for defending of unwritten verites, this bisshop 
of London, I say, went about to defend that there were vij. sacra- 
ments of our Christen religion, which he wold proue by certen 
stincking gloses and old lousy writers, and he had vpon his syde 
the Archbishop of York,'»the Bisshop of Lincoln/ Bath,** Chichyster,« 
and Norwich/ The Bisshop of Salisbery,« Ely,"* Herford,* and Wor- 
cester,*^ and certen other, with the Archbisshop of Cantorbery, were 
against him. And after thei had made moch strife and contencyon 
about the saings of the doctors, one contrary to another, the Bisshop 
of Cantorbery spake and sayd thus : * It besemeth not men of lem- 

* ing and grau3rte to make moche babling and brauling about bare 

* wordes, so that we agree in the very substance and effect of the 
' matter. For to braule abowt wordes is the property of sophisters 
' and such as meane disceight and suttilty, which delight in the de- 

• John Stokesley. ^ Edward Lee. « John Longland. ^ John Clerk. • Richard 
Sampson. ' William Bugge alias Repps, s Nicholas Shazton. ^ Thomas Good, 
rich. ^ Edward Fox. ^ Hugh Latimer. 


' bate and diBsencyon of the world and in the miserable state of the 

* Church, and not of them which shuld seke the glory of Christ, and 
' shuld study for the vnyte and quietnes of the Church. There be 

* waighty controuersis now moued and put forth, not of ceremonis 

* and light things, but of the tru understonding and of the right 
' difference of the lawe and of the gospel, of the maner and way 
' how synnes be forgeuen, of cowmforting doutful and wauering 
^ consciences by what meanes thei may be certifyed that thei please 
' God, seing thei fele the strength of the lawe accusing them of 

* sinne, of the true vse of the sacramentes, whether the outward 

* work of them doth iustifye man, or whether we receyue our iusti- 

< ficacyon thorow fayth. Item, which be the good workes and the 

* true seruice and honor which pleaseth God, and whether the choise 
' of meates, the difference of garmentes, the vowys of monkes and 
' pristes and other tradicyoos, which haue no word of God to con- 
' firme them, whether these, I say, be right good workes and such 
' as make a perfight Christen man or no. Item, whether vaine ser- 

* uyce and false honoryng of Grod and mans tradicyons do bynd mens 
' consciences or no. Finally, whether the ceremonies of confirma- 

< cyon, of orders, and of annealing, and soch other (which can not 

< be proued to be institute of Christ, nor haue any word in them to 

< certifye us of remissyon of sinnes) ought to be called sacramentes, 

< and to be compared with baptism and the supper of the Lord or 

< no. Thes be no light maters, but euen the principal poyntes of 

< our Christen religion ; wherfor we contend not about wordes and 

< trifles, but of high and emest matters. Christ saith. Blessed be 
' the peace makers, for thei shal be called the sonnys of Grod. And 
' Paul commandeth bisshops to auoyde brawling and contencion 

< about words, which be profitable to nothing but vnto the subver- 
^ sion and destruction of the hearers. And he monissheth specially 
^ that he shuld resist with the scriptures whan any man disputeth 
' with him of the fieiyth, and he addeth a cause where as he sayth, 

* << Doing this thou shalt preserue both thy selfe and also them which 
' heare the.'' Now if ye wil folow these counsellers, Christ and 
' Paul, all contencyon and brauling about wordes must be set apart, 

< and ye must stablissh a godly and a perfight vnyte and concord 
' out of the scripture. Wherfor in this disputation we must first 
' agree of the nomber of the sacramentes, and what a sacrament 

* doth signify in the holy scripture, and whan we cal baptyme and 
-^ the supper of the Lord sacramentes of the gospell, what we meane 


' therby. I knowe right wel that S. Ambrose and other autors calle 
' the wasshing of the disciples fete and other things, sacramentes, 

* which I am sure yow your selues wold not suffer to be nombred 

< among the other sacramentes/ 

'^ This exhortacyon did the archbissbop make most soberly and 
discretely, as he is a man of a singular grauyte, with such swetenes 
that it did my hart good to hear him. And bicause I did signifye 
bi some token of my countnance that this admonicyon of the arch- 
bissop did please and delight me excellently wel, the Lord Crom- 
well .bad me speake what I thought of this disputacyon. .Bu1;»he 
told the bisshops before, that I was the King^ scolar, and therfor he 
desiered them to be content to heare me indifferently. Than I after 
the rude manor of the scholes, rather than after any courtly solem- 
nyte, bowing my knee for a token of curtesy and reuerence, as it 
became me, with out any preface at all, beg'd to speake after this 
maaer : ' Ryght honorable and noble lord, and yo"^ most reuerend 
' fathers and prelates of the Church, although I come vnprepared 
*' vnto this disputacyon, yet trusting in the ayde of Christ, which 
*• promiseth to geue both mouth and wisdom vnto ys whan we be 
' required of our fayth, I will vtter my sentence and iudgement of 
^this disputacyon. And I think that my lord archbisshop hath 
^ geuen you a profitable exhortacion that ye shuld first agree of the 
^ significacyon of a sacrament. Whether ye wil call a sacrament a 

* ceremony institute of Christ in the gospel to sig^ifie a special or a 
^ singular vertu of the gospel and of godiines (as Paul namith re- 
' mission of sinnes to be), or whether ye mene that euery ceremony 
^ generally which may be a token or a significacyon of an holy thing, 
' to be a sacrament. For after this latter significacyon I wil not 
^ stike to grant now that there be vij. sacramentes and more to, if 


» » • » « 

'' The Bisshop of London could scarsly suffer me to speake thus 
moch, but he brake forth and sidd thus unto me, ' Wher as ye 

< affirme all right and true sacramentes to be institute of Christ, or 

< to have the manifest scripture to prore them, or that all sacra- 

< mentes must have a significacyon of remissyon of sinnes. It is all 
' false.' Than I ^^nswered that I wold prove all that X had sayd to 
be true not only by the scripture, but by the old doctors and by the 
schole writers aUo. 

<^ But the Bisshop of Herforth (whom the Kings Grace farored 


highly both for his singular wisdom and leming, which was than 
new comme out of Germany where he had bene Imbassytor) being 
moved with the frowardnes of this Bisshop of London, sayd nnto 
me, ' Brother Alexander, contend not moch with him aboat the 

* myndes and sayngs of the doctors and schole writers, for ye knowe 
' that thei in many places doo differ among them selfes, and that thei 

* are contrary to them selves also almost in every article. And there 
' is no hope of any concord to be made if we must leane to their 
' judgementes in these maters of controuersy, and we be commanded 
' by- the Kings Grace to dispute by the holy scripture,' &c. And he 
turned him to the bisshops and made a short and pythy oracyon. 

" * Think ye not,* sayd he, * that we can by any sophistical sut- 

< tiltes steale out of the world agayn the light which every man doth 

* see. Christ hath so lightned the world at this tyme that the light 
' of the Gospel hath put to flight all misty darknes,and it wil shortly 
' have the higher hand of all cloudes, though we resist in vain never 

* so moch. The lay people do now knowe the holy scripture better 

* than many of us. And the Germanes have made the text of the 

* Bible so playne and easy by the Hebrewe and the Greke tong, 
' that now many things may be better understand without any gloses 

< at all than by all the commentarys of the doctors. And more ovet 

* thei haue so openned these controversys by their writings, that 
' women and childem may wonder at the blindnes and falshode that 

< hath ben hetherto. Wherfor ye must consider emestly what ye 
' wil determyne of these controuersys, that ye make not your selues 
*' to be mocked and laughed to scome of all the world, and that ye 
' bring them not to haue this opinion of yow to think euer more here 
' after that ye haue ne3rther one sparke of leming nor yet of godlines 

< in yow. And thus shal ye lose all your estimacyon and auctoryte 
' with them which before toke yow for lerned men and profitable 
' membres unto the comon welth of Christendome. For that which 
' yow do hope upon, that there was neuer heresy in the Church so 
' gret but that processe of tyme with the pour and auctorite of the 

< Pope hath quenched it, it is nothing to the purpose. But ye must 

* tume your opinyon, and think this surely that there is nothing so 

< feeble and weake, so that it be true, but it shall find place and be 

< able to stand against all falshode. Truth is the doughter of tyme, 
' and tyme is the mother of truth. And what so euer is beseged of 
' truth can not long continue, and upon whose syde truth doth stand, 

< that ought not to be thought transitory or that it wil ever falle. All 


' things consist not in painted eloquence and strengt or anctorite. 
^ For the truth is of so gret pour^ strength, and efficacite, that it can 
' neither be defended with wordes norbe overcomme with any strength, 
' but after she hath hidden hir self long, at length she putteth up Mr 
' head and appereth ; and as it is written in Esdra, a King is strong, 
^ wyne is strongar, yet wemen be more strong ; but Truth excellyth 

*' He spake many more things to this purpose and effect very dis- 
cretely, to the high dely te of all that hard him. And I, thinking my 
selfe to be encoraged by his oracyon, I began thus to reason agains 
the Bisshop of London. 

« » » » » 

'<Now whan the right noble Lord Crumwel, the Archbisshop> 
with the other bisshops which did defend the pure doctrine of the 
Gospel hard this, thei smyled alytle one upon another, for as moch 
as thei sawe him flee even in the very beginning of the disputacyon 
unto his rusty sophistry and unwritten verites. And I wold have 
disputed further with the bisshop to have confuted this blasphemos 
lye. But the Lord Crumwel bad me be content, for the tyme began 
to go away, and it was xij. of the clock : and thus I made an end 
with this protestacyon. ' Right reuerend master bisshop, ye denye 

* that our Christen faith and religyon doth leane only upon the word 
' of God which is writton in the Bible, which thing if I can prove 

* and declare, than ye wil grant me that there be no sacramentes 
' but those that have the manifest word of God to confirme them/ 
Unto this he did consent, and than immediately that Assemble was 
dissolved for that day. 

^* Now the next day whan the bisshops were assembled agayne, 
and I was present with the Lord Crumwel, there came unto me a 
certen archdeacon in the name of the Archbishop of Cantorbery, 
which told me that the other bisshops were grevosly offended with 
me, that I being a stranger shuld be admitted unto their disputa- 
cyon, which thing whan I had shewed unto the Lord Crumwel, he 
thought it best to gyve place unto the bisshops, specially be cause 
he wold not procure me their hatred, for he knewe wel that if thei 
had ones conceived in their hartes any malyce against any man, thei 
wold never cease til thei had goten him out of the way, and thei 
had before brought to death diverse whom the King did highly 
favor, foefor the King himself (whom thei moved by all meanes to 
put them to execucyon quickly) could perceyve and spye out their 


craft uid sattilty. Bat he bad me gyve faym the Paper wherein I 
had writton my dispntacyon, that he might showe it to the Bisshop 
of London and to the other bisshops in the Gooncel/' 

Latimer J Bishop of Worcester ^ to the Lord Privy Seal^ 
upon his appointment to preach at the burning of 
Friar Forest. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xlix. 518. Orig,'] 

\* It has been mentioned from Hall, in the first Series of these 
Letters, that Latimer preached the condemned sermon when Friar 
Forest was burnt. The reader has here the Reply which Latimer 
wrote when Cromwell imposed that odious task upon him. It be- 
gins in a manner which must be considered flippant. '*Yf yt 
be your pleasure, as h3rt ys, that I shall pla^ the fool qfter my ctu- 
tomable manner when Foreste shall suffre.'' 

Sir Thomas More, in one of his Letters to his daughter Roper, 
gives a singular picture of the ordinary extravagance of Latimer's 
manner. It was when he was cited before the Lords at Lambeth 
for refusing the Oath of Supremacy. He says, ** I was in conclu- 
sion commanded to goe down into the gardein. And thereupon I 
taried in the old burned chamber that looketh into the gardein, 
and would not goe down because of the heate. In that time saw I 
mayster doctour Lattemer come into the gardein, and there walked 
he with divers other doctours and chapleins of my lorde of Canter- 
burye. And very mery I saw him ; for he laughed, and toke one 
or twaine about the necke so handsomely, that if they had ben 
women, I would have went he had ben waxen wanton."* 

The following contemporary notice of the burning of Friar Forest 
is preserved in one of the Harleian manuscripts : — 

** M^. that one Wensday the xxij. day of May in An*' Dni. 1538 
Fryer Forest of Grenewyche a doctor of Dyvynite was brent in 
Smytheffeld for sarten poynts that he held of the Byshop of Rome, 
and for that he wold not stycke and preeche the New Testament, 
for he seyd that he wold preche but the Pops dradyscyons and his 

> Sir Tho. Mora's Works, fol. Lond. 1657, P* 14S9. 


lawse and decrese, and in them and for them he dyede. At whoos 
dethe was M'Ryc. Gressam^ meyar of thys cytte with hys Bhreflfyes, 
also the Deuke of Norffolk, the Deuke of Solffolke, the Lord Ame- 
rall, the Lord Privey Seall, with dyvars other ; and of the comens of 
the cytte a gret nomber ; and the Byshopp of Wossettar dyde preeche 
a fibre hym fface to fface, the whych bysshopp name ys Latemare/' 

Salutem in Christo plurimam. 

Ande Syre yf hyt be your plesowre, as hyt ys 
that I shull play the fooll af terr my customable maner^ 
when Foreste shall sujffur, I wolde wyssh that my 
stage stoude nere unto Fooreste, ffor I wolde indevor 
my selff so to contentt the peple, that therw* I myght 
also converte Fooreste, God so helpynge, or rather 
altogether workjmge ; wherfore I wold that he shulde 
here what I shall say, si forte, &c. , Fooreste, as I 
here, ys nat dewly accompanyd in Newgate for hys 
amendment, with the Whytt Frere of Dancaster and 

Mooks of the Charterhows in a fere moor 

lyke to induratt then to molify. Whether thorow 
the fawtt of the shreffe or of the gylere or bothe, no 
man cold soner disceme then yo' Lordshyppe. Sum 
thynke he ys rather comfortyd in his way then dis- 
couragyd. Sum thynke he ys alowyd both to here 
masse and also to receve the sacrament ; wych yf hytt 
be so, hyt ys ynough to conferme hym in hys obsti- 
nacy ; as thowgh he were to suffere for a juste cause. 
Thes thyngs wolde be nyder ut relegantur ex multis 
cordibus cogitationes, 

Hyt ys to be feryd that sum instyllyd in to hym 


that thowgh he hade perseverde in hys abjuration 
yett he shuld have sufferde afturwarde for treson, 
and so by that occasion he myght have byn inducyd 
to refuse hys abjuration. Yf he wold yett with hartt 
retourne to his abjuration, I wolde wyssh hys pardon, 
such ys my foolyshnesse. 

I thanke yo' good Lordshype for Glocester desyr- 
ynge the contynuance of your goodnesse to Master 
Nevel, for I dowtt natt butt that you wyll of your 
selff remembre my nursse. Thus I can natt butt be 
bolde with yowr Lordshype. 

Hytt were gode you wolde sum tyme sende for 
Masters of CoUegis in Cambryge and Oxforde with 
there Statuytts, ande yf the Statuytts be natt god and 
to the furtherance of god lettres, change them. Yf 
the masters be natt god butt honorary, and draw 
lachys, change them. 

Xvij. Ma. H. L. WIGOR. 

To the ryght honorable Lord Privay Seall, 
hys synguler good Lord. 


Richard Lay ton to Mr. Wrysley : how poor furniture 

there was in Battle Abbey. 

tiMD. 3 Ser, V. 46. Orig.l 

I right hertely commende me imto yowe, and so 

beggery a Howse I never se, nor so fylthye stuflfe. I 

assure yowe I wilnot xx». for all maner hangyngs in 


this House, as this bringer cantell yowe. The reves- 
trie is the worste, and the bawdiste, and the poyerist* 
that ever I se. Here is one cope of crimosyn veluet 
sumwhat imbroderede, on of grene veluet, imbro- 
derede, and two of blewe, rowsty and soyllede. If 
ye will have any of thes, sende me worde. The best 
vestment complete that I can fynde ye shall have, 
but I assure yow so many evill I never see, the 
stuffe is like the persons. I pray you helpe to dis- 
pache this bringer, my servant, for I can nothyng do 
before his cummyng towchyng the dispache of hous- 
holde. Thus fare ye well and as yo' hert disieres. 
From Batell, xxvij® Maij by yo*" flBrende assurede to 
comaunde. rycharde layton, Preste. 

To the right wurshippfoll Mr. Wrydey. 


Bishop Latimer to the Lord Privy Seal. Asks for 
part of the demesnes of Borsley. Mecommends the 
burning of certain Images of the Virgin Mary. 

[ibis. 2 Ser. xlix. 513. Orig.l 

Right honorable, salutem in eo qui unus sahare 
potest. And syus I was myndyd to have byn a 
sewtere to yoiwr Lordshype, seynge I can natt at- 
tayne to the use of my parke att Allchurch, ffor my 
prefermentt to sum good part of the demans of Bors- 

• baldest and poorest. 


lay for my mooney, wych ys evyn att hande, to re- 
lyffe of my grett nede to such thyngs ; ffor I trow noo 
man hauyng the name of so many thyngs hath the 
use of so few as I, handlede in dede lyke a warde. 
Butt now herynge that thys berere, M^ Evance, 
hathe begun and enteryd in to the same sewt be 
foore hande with your Lordshype, and ys putt in 
comforde of the same to be fortheryd therin, as I 
perceve by a lettre came to hym a laytt, I leyve my 
purpasse to begyne for my selff, ande wyssh good 
successe to hys begynnynge, very lothe to hynder or 
lett ony manys sewtt begun, Ande sewrly Syre, I 
supposse you shallbestow ytt ryght well uppon hym, 
fore I supposse hym to be a wyttye and a poHtyck 
man, both actyve and expertt in thyngs to be doon : 
ande noo lesse prompte and reedy then many ways 
able to doo you servyce in your affiuurs. Now Syre, 
the moor you inclyne your goodnesse to further hym 
in thys hys sewtt, the moor able he shallbe to doo 
you servyce from tyme to tyme as you shall call 
uppon hym, ande thowgh thys you knoo to be vere 
much bettur then I, w* owght my relatione, yett, I 
trust you wyll natt myslyk nor yll expownde, butt 
take in good partt thys my wrytynge, ffor as much 
as I muste neds, beynge desyred, sumthynge wrytt, 
thowgh never so foolysshly, after my accustoomyd 
maner. Ande you have byn soo good and hath 
shoyd yo' goodness soo largly unto me that many 


men dothe thynke my poore remembrance with a 
wurde or too unto yo' Lordshippe shuld further ther 
causes with you ; butt yett me thynke you smyell att 
one thynge, that I a man of so lytuU polycye, so 
lytull experyence of activy te, so lytull wytt and wys- 
doom^ wold take vppon me to juge a nother man 
polytyke and expertt, actyve, wyttye, and whysse. 
Well Syre, yf I have doon butt only that made you 
so smyell, to the refresshynge of your mynde in the 
myddyste of your matters, I have natt doon no- 
thynge. Ande they reste I commytt to your accus- 
tomable goodnesse, with they sewtt of my Nursse, 
wych I am certen you wyll remembyr with all opor- 
tunyty* Ande Master Nevell, makynge hym selff 
sewre of hys sewtt, hath goott the wydoo, trustynge 
sewrly in your Lordshypps goodnesse for perfoorm- 
ance of the same, nott with owgth pleggynge of my 
poor honestye in the same behalff. 

I truste your Lordshype wyll bestow our grett 
Sibyll to sum good purposse ut periat memoria cum 
tonitu. She hath byn the Devylls instrument to 
brynge many (I feere) to etemall fyre ; now she here- 
sylff, with here old syster of Walsyngham, hyr 
younge syster of Ipswych, with ther other too systurs 
of Dongcaster and Penryesse wold make a jooly mus- 
ture in Smythfeld. They wold natt be all day in 

Thus God be with you and preserve you longe to 


such good purposes that the lyving God may be 

dewly knoyn in hys spyrytt and veretye. 

13 Junij. H. wiGOR. 

Att Hartlebury. 

To the ryght honorable Lord Crumwell, 
the Lord Pryve Seall, and hys syn- 
giiler good Lord. 


Gregory Cromwell to his father. The King likely to 
come to Lewes in his Progress. The contagion of 
the Plague there. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. vii. 180. Orig,'] 

My bounde dewtie in most humble wise remem- 
bryd, pleasith it your Lordeshipp to be advertised 
that a yoman of the garde named Christofer Chapp- 
man beinge sente, as a sercher of the state of the 
cuntrey, and gever of knowledge unto those places 
wherunto tlie Kings Highnes hath dyrected the 
giests of this Ins Progresse, came the dale of mak- 
ynge hereof vnto this your Lordeshipps Hows of 
Lewes ; viewinge and perusinge the lodginges and 
offices of the same^ affyrmynge moreover that the 
Kyngs Grace wolde here be ; but how longe he wolde 
remayne or when he wolde come beynge vncertayne. 
In consyderation therof, and forasmoche as yo' Lorde- 
shipp sholde not be ignorant iir the behalf, I thowght 


it my bownden dewtie to asserteyne you of his sayde 
comynge. And forcause the contagion of the Plage 
whiche hath heretofore not a litell infected this 
towne is not as yett all whole extincte and quenched, 
I have therfore caused hime to have a trewe eertificat 
as well of oon that this daye disceased in an ynne of 
the towne^ as of all other suche as hath dyed att any 
tyme sythens Christemas within the precyncte of 
the same. Desirenge therfore that it maye please 
your Lordeshipp to geve me advertisement of your 
pleasure and comaundement therin. And thus I de- 
S3rre our Lorde to have you in his moste gratious 
tuytion. At Lewes, the xxix*^ daie of Jime. 

Your most obedyent sonne, 

To his moste honorable father, 
My Lorde Privey Scale, 


Richard Cromwell to his Uncle^ the Lord Privy Seal. 
The King, after the despatch of business, solaces the 
day with the little Prince. The Kings fondness for 

[ibid. 2 Ser. vii. 188. Orig,} 

*»* There is little perhaps in this Letter which deserves parti- 
cular notice, except the portrait it presents of Henry the Eighth, 
after the despatch of early business, passing a large portion of the 
day in mirth and Joy, dandling the infant Edward '' in his arms a 


long space, and holding him in a window to the sight and/' it is 
added, " great comfort of all the people/' 

Henry's fondness for Falconry is shown in the latter part of this 

Sir William Fitzwilliam, writing to Lord Cromwell in September 
15S7, says, '' My Lord, one thing there is, that the King's said 
Highness, at my late resort unto your Lordship willed me to speak 
unto your Lordship in ; and, at my return to His Grace, his High- 
ness asked whether I had remembred the same or not : which is, 
His Grace hath a priest, that yearly maketh his Hawks, and this 
year hath made him two, which fiy and kill their game very well, 
to his Highness singular pleasure and contentation ; and for the 
pain which the said priest taketh about the same. His Majesty 
would that he should hare one of Mr. Bedell's benefices, if there be 
any ungiven, besides that which His Grace hath already given ; 
and if there be none of the said benefices ungiven, that then your 
Lordship should have him in remembrance, that he may have some 
other, when it shall fall void." 

Yt maye please your Lordshipp to undrestond that 
the Kings Highnes toke very acceptablye and well 
the sayngs of John Boughsrowe, and this momyng 
assone as his Grace came abrowde he comunyde with 
hym in his garden, and then ymediatly sent hym to 
Hundesdon to the Lords of the Counsell, to whom 
he declaryd the same matter he shewed bifore to the 
King and youe. This done, his Grace went to the 
Prince, and there hath solacyd all this day with 
much myrth and joye, daleyng with hym in his armes 
a long space, and so holding hym in a wyndow to the 
sight and great compfort of all the people. 

Touching the Freenche Ambassador, the Kings 
Highnes is determynyd to comen with hym to mo- 


rowe after dynner at Royden, and then I trust to 
bring you knollege of there determynacion. 

Touchyng all your Hawks are come. But the 
King as yet have not seen them flye: savyng his 
Grrace comaundyd Mr. Culpepper and I to go 
see them flye, and we could fyend no game to 
flye at. 

My Lord Braye hath sent you hyther his Hawke, 
whose flyeng as yet I lyke not, not withstondyng she 
cam with a good will. I told the Kings Highnes 
of M'. Bridges Hawke and howe your Lordshipp will 
fyend a means to get hir, and bis Grace desieryth she 
maye be sent hym assone as ye have attaignyd her, 
for he is greatlye desierous of her. Thus Jhu pre- 
serve yo' good helth with long lyef. From Roydon, 
this present Thursdaye at night. 

Y' Lordshipps most bounden nephue, 

To the right honorable my Lorde of 

the Priyie Seale. 


Richard Layton to the Lord Privy Seal. The Mer- 
chants of York turned Maltsters, to the decay of the 
City, Layton desires to be employed abroad. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xx. 286. Orig,'] 
After moste humble commendacions hit may please 

yo*" Lordeshipe to be advertisede that accordyng to 


the contentts of your letter I have sent up my servant 
to deliver suche by Us off the Portingalls, as I hade of 
Ric. Hore, if he can sorte them furthe emongiste 
other writings that I have at my house ther. 

Forasmuche as the Parliament nowe affiter Ester 
(as I here say procedethe), hit may lyke yowe tobe 
advertisede of one speciall thyng here within the 
Citie of Yorke worthye reformation, wiche thyng 
hathe ben^ the onely decay therof (as I can juge) 
and in continewance shalbryng the saide citie to the 
pooreste village within the realme. Therbe here with-* 
in the towne xl. be. a hundrethe, I knowe not howe 
many malte kylnes, every marchant of the towne 
makethe hym a.kylne and maketh malte; leffes all 
trade of marchandyse and imploithe his stoke in 
come, byethe up all the wode in the contrey, tymbre 
and other, and therwith makethe malte. Whan the 
poire men of the contrey bringithe in ther malte to 
the market, offeryng the same for v*. the quarter, 
thes come graitters offerithe them vi*. and so biethe 
up the hole market, haveyng thereof gret abundance : 
serching for barly thoroweoute Lincolneshire, con- 
veying the same to Yorke by water. They sell ther 
malte to ale wyffs at ther owne price, and causethe 
all the towne to be ale-typlers ; every ydle knave and 
vacabounde ther gettithe hym an alehouse over his 
hede, and serchese no further profet nor kynde of 
lyvyng, yet the Citie stondethe the beste for trade of 


maxchandise that ever I se, London excepte ; balan- 
gers, crayese, goodly vessells may arrive galantly at 
the towne syde. Condemne ye therfore all the make 
kylnes within the towne and the suburbes, and then 
shall they of necessitie begyn agayne ther olde trade 
of marchandise. Examyne ye this of anyman of 
experience that knowethe Yorke, and hathe reason 
to marke the decay of a Comonwelthe, and I warrant 
yowe he shall affirme this to be trewe. The Towne 
never decaede before thes malte kylnes were made ; 
yet may ye not gyve credence to Sir George Lawson, 
for he hathe made nowe of late a grete newe garner 
over againste his house, lyke unto a Kings grete 
galarie, and therbye intendithe sumwhate. 

Your Lordeshipe muste pardon me if I truble 
yowe sumtyme with my folishe lettres, for I hade 
rather ye jugede me importune then tobe negligent 
of dewte. To be ydle hit is againste my nature. 
Your Lordeshipe hathe dyvers and sondry tymes 
saide unto me heretofore that ye wolde set me furthe 
in parties beyond See. If any suche occasion do occure 
wherein ye thynke I may or am able to serve the 
King or yowe vnder the King, hit may please your 
Lordeshipe to attemte and prove me in sum smale 
thyng, and as ye shall fynde my procedings, so ye 
may commite unto me graviora negocia. Your 
Lordeshipe knowes the cumpas of my wite aswell as 
myselff. Whether hit be your pleasure I shall ciun 


up to London this Parliament and Convocation tyme 

or not, I wolde gladely knowe yowr Lordeshippes 

pleasure, for withoute your expresse licence and 

comaundement I dare not nor wilnot remove hens, 

altho hit shulde be my gret cumforthe to se your 

Lordeshipe. Thus Christe continewe yowe in goode 

helthe with incresse of honowre. Frome Yorke, this 

Ester Monday. 

Yo' Lordeshippes moste bownden to comaunde. 

To the right honorable and my syngoler RIC» LAYTON. 

good Lorde, my Lorde Preve Seall. 


Dr. London to the Lord Privy Seal : with his Survey 
of the Friars^ Houses of Oxford. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xxiii. 709. OrigJ] 

In my most humble maner I have me commendyd 
unto your guedde Lordshippe with my assurede 
prayer and service during my lifF. It may like yow 
to be advertisede that M. Maier, master Aldermen, 
and I, have be, acording to the Kings Grace commis- 
sion, at all the places of the Fryers in Oxforde, and 
forasmoche as we be in dowbt of many things, we 
thowzt gudde to know your Lordeships pleasur or 
we went any further : and I schall expresse in ordre 
what hytherto we have don. 


At M. Pje is comyng home M. Maier and M. 
Fryer wer at London^ and forasmoche as we dowbtyd 
of ther spedy comyng home^ and M. Pye and I wer 
creadable informyd that it wasse tyme to be doing 
among the Friers, we went to every place of them, 
and toke sucbe a vew and stay among them as the 
tyme wolde permytt, till M. Maier com homq with 
M, Fryer. 

And fyrst went to the Whyte Friers. Ther they 
have lately solde to th' Abbot of Ensham an annuytie 
of iij*i. wiche cum owt of the same Howse of En- 
sham : and receyvid butt xl^. for ytt, wiche they have 
devyded amonge them ; and wer redy to sell a nother, 
anuytie of iiij^i., payde to them by th' Abbot of West- 
myst*. They have butt litill grounde longing to 
them, yet have they lett it owt for xxx. yeres, and 
hadde bargenyd for suche elmys as growith abowt the 
Howse ; and som wer delyuered. We have stayd the 
rest Two shrewyd husbonds, Priors ther, hathe sold 
in maner all ther iuellys and plate : suche as ys laft 
ys comprised in a byll. They have prety ornaments, 
as copys and vestments. All the gudds of the Howse 
besyd ys nott worth v*i. The Howse is notably 
ruynose. The Prior hath be a brode syns befor 
Whytsontyd: and will be at home thys weke as 
they say. In the meny tyme all thing ys made 
saf ther. 

The Augustines conteynyth nott in the hole 


grounde passing rj. or vij. acres. And the Howse ys 
notably ruynose. My Lord of Develyn, lately ther 
Prior, fellyd the best trees wer in ther ground, and 
hadde thens moch guely,* stuff, and plate to the valor 
as they say of CC. marks at the lest He left them 
butt iij. chalesses, and no other plate nor juell. They 
be in extreme poverty and all ther ornaments of ther 
Church and stuff of howshold ys yvill worthe x*'. 
Ther ys befor Whytsontyd yerly a fayer worth to the 
Fryers som yere iiij*i., som yere v*i, towards the costs 
in making ther bothes, and they can nott contynew 

The Gray Fryers hathe prayty Ilonds behynd ther 
Howse well woddyde, and the waters be thers also. 
They have oon fayer orcherd, and sondry praty gar- 
dens and lodgings. It is a great hoge** Howse con- 
teynyng moche ruynose bylding. They have im- 
pledgyd and solde most of ther plate and juellys, 
forcyd by necessitee as they do saye : and that re- 
maynethe ys in the bill. Ther ornaments of ther 
Churche be olde and litill worthe. Ther other stuff 
of howsholde ys yvill worth x^. They have taken 
vppe the pypes of ther condytt lately and have cast 
them in sowys, to the nombre Ixvij. wherof xij. be 
sold for the costs in taking uppe of the pypes as the 
Warden saith. The residew we have putt in safe 
garde : butt we have nott yet weyd them ; and ther ys 

■ jewels. ^ huge.' 


yet in the erthe remaynyng moche of the cundy tt nott 
taken uppe. In ther Groves the wynde hathe blown 
down many grett trees wich do remayne upon the 
ground. Thees Freers do receyve yerly owt of th'ex- 
chequer, of the Kings almys, 1. marks. Thys Howse 
is all coueryd with slatte and no ledde. 

The Black Fryers hathe in ther baksyde lykwise 
dyuors Ilonds well woddyd, and conteynyth in 
lengith a great ground. There quere wasse lately 
new byldede, and couered with ledde. It ys lykwise 
a bigge Howse and aU coueryd with slatt saving the 
queere. They have prety store of plate and juellys, 
and specially there ys a gudd chales of golde sett 
with stonys, and ys better then a C. marks: and 
ther ys also a gudd crosse, with other things con- 
tpynyd in the bill. Ther ornaments be olde and of 
small valor. They have a very fayer Cundytt, and 
roimythe fresshelye. Ther be butt x. Fryers, being 
Prests, besid the Anker wich ys a well disposyd man, 
and have 1. marks yerly of the Kings cofers. 

It ys rumoryd her that dyuers of the garde do in- 
tende to begge thees Howsys of the Kings Highnes : 
and that, with other considerations, moveth me now 
to be an humble petitioner unto your Lordeschippe 
for my neybors. We have in Oxforde two of the 
Kings Grace's servants, M. Banaster and M^. Pye, two 
as burgesly and as honest men as lyvith in any town, 
and hathe no thing to live upon, nother farmes abrode 



nor fees saving oonly ther wagies of the Kings Grace, 
iiij** a day. M. Banester ys now mayor/ and M. Pye 
hath be mayer to hys great chardge.** Your Lorde- 
schippe schulde do a very cherytable dede to obtayne 
for M. Banester the cyte* with the proffytts of the 
Whyte Fryers, and for M^ Pye, the cyte« with the 
proffytts of the Fryere of the Austen Fryers. M. 
Pye specially hath be diligent to bring vnto the Kings 
Grace bonds thees Howses, and therfor I besek yowr 
gudd Lordeschipp to be gudd Lord unto hym. And 
syns M. Mayer com houm he ys as diligent as maye # 
be and so ys M. Fryer. 

And forasmoche as I found your Lordeschipp 
gudd Lorde unto me in my suyte for my neighbors 
of Walingford, towchyng ther fee farme, to whom I 
besek yow to contynew gudd Lord, I am now the 
bolder to motyon yowr Lordeschippe for my neybors 
of Oxford, seyng so gudd an occasion ys com wherin 
your Lordeschipp may do unto them the hyest be- 
nefytt that ever dydd honorable man. 

The greatist occasion of the povertie of thys Town 
ys the payment of ther fee farme : for thys ys cus- 
tomablie seen that suche as befor they have be bay- 
liffs hath be prety occupyers, if in ther yere corn be 
nott at a hie price then they be nott able to pay ther 
fee farme. And for the worschipp of ther town they 

« A.D. 1537-8, W. Bannister, mayor. Peshall*! Hiat. Oxf. p. 359. 
^ A.D. 1532-3, J. Pye, mayor. Ibid. • site. 


must that yere kepe the better howsys, fest ther ney- 
bors, and wer better apparell^ wiche maMth them so 
pore that few of them can recouer agen. 

If by your gudde Lordeschips mediation the town 
myzt haue the Grey and Black Fryeres grownds after 
the Kings Grace hath be answerd for the wodd and 
buyldings with other thyngs upon the same : and lyke- 
wise the cyts*' of the Whyte and Austen Fryers after 
the decese of M. Banester and M. Pye, it wolde mer- 
velosly helpe the town, and geve them great occasion 
to fall to clothynge : ffor vpon the Grey and Black 
Fryers water be certen' convenyent and commodiose 
places to sett fulling mylles upon, and so people myzt 
be sett a worke. Now the baylys forcyd by necessitie 
takith such toll of such as passith by the town, with 
catell or any maner of cariage as makith men lothe to 
cum her bye. And Oxford ys no great thorowfare 
wherby moche resort schuld helpe them. Thys 
benefytt schuld lytell hynder the Kings Maiestie and 
mervelously helpe thys powr town. And your Lord- 
schippe schuld do a blessyd acte to helpe so many 
power men, wich by ther fee farme be notably 
poverischyd. And yet the Kings Grace schuld save 
a C. marks yerly in hys cofers by reason of the Gray 
and Black Fryers wich hathe euery of them 1. marks 
by yere. 

It may like your Lordeschipp to acerten usse of 
your pleasure. 


L 2 


Imprimis^ whether you will accept this supplica- 
tion, and if the forme be not to your Lord- 

schipps plesur to lett usse have a forme. 

Item, when we have sent upp all the namys of 
suche as hath made submission, if your Lordeschippe 
will accept itt, then that with spede we may have 
ther capacyties, ffor the longar they tary the more 
they will wast. 

Item, to have your pleasur how yow will haue the 
guddes kept when they have their capacyties. 

Item, to knowe your pleasur concemyng the 
Anker of that Howse cum into the Kings hands, 
whether he schall remayne ther or nott He byldyd 
the Howse owt of the grounde and wolde fayne end 
hys liff ther if it be the Kings Graces pleasur and 
yowr Lordeschips. 

Item, what rewards every Freer schall have wber- 
with .... at ther departinge. 

Item, whether we schall requyer of my Lord of 
Ensham such munyments as he hadde of the Whyte 
Fryers, concemyng the sayd annuytie of iij*i. 

Our Lord save your gudd Lordeschippe with in- 
crese of much honor. Oxon. viij. July. 

Your most bounden orator, 




Sir Bryan Tuke to the Lord Privy Seal^ for his son- 
in-law, Mr. Audeley, to have the suppressed Priory 
of Hylton, in Staffordshi/re, toferm. 
[ibid. 2 Ser, xliv. SIO. Orig,'\ 

%* Hilton Priory, in Staffordshire, was founded by Henry de 
Audeley, according to Tanner, in 1233. At the Dissolution its 
gross revenue amounted to 89Z. 10«. Ijd. per annum ; its clear in- 
come to 76Z. I4«. 11 id. Bryan Tuke's petition went unheeded. 
The site was granted in the 34th of Henry VIII. to Sir Edward 

My singuler and special good Lorde, I humbly re- 
commende me vnto your good Lordship, My Lorde, 
so it is there is a poore Monastery in Staffordshire, 
called Hylton, the lands wherof be as I vnderstonde 


of the yerely value of jiii**. or theraboute, and was 
of the fundacion of the Lord Audelay, whose manor, 
called Audelay, is besids it, and is nowe in the hands 
and possession of yong M, Audelay, my son in lawe, 
and of my doughter his wife, by Act of Parliament. 

My Lorde, this Monastery was not suppressed, but 
stondeth stil : and is of litel moment or importance, 
other then the value of the lands : and my said son 
in-lawe to the litel lande that he hathe in that 
countrey, whiche is al that he and my douzter have 
in recompence of her joyntor that, . by my bargain 
with Lorde Audelay, shulde have ben CCC.^i and is 


nowe skant C, marcs^ hathe no maner house to dwel 
in but an olde ruynous Castel, almost al fallen down : 
and, therfore, he was desirous, if it had ben suppress- 
ed, to have had the said Monastery in ferme, and 
had, as he shewed me, the Kings gracious favor ther- 
in. Howe be it, the House stonding, his sute was 
in vayne. 

Nowe, me thinketh by hym the incumbent of the 
said Monastery can be contented to resigne the same 
Monastery into the Kings hands, and M. Audelay 
wolde fayne sue to his Maieste, but he lakketh frends 
and redy money, to make any convenient composicion 
with his Highnes, and I knowe noon in England to 
whom I can recurre to be mediator to the Kings 
Grace for me or my frends but your Lordship, whose 
goodnes alredy shewed unto me I have not hitherto, 
ne can tel howe to deserve. And he, my Lorde, is 
nowe comen oute of Staffordshire purposely to re- 
paire unto your said Lordship for this cause, as to his 
chefe hope, to further and avanqe his humble porsute, 
desiring my lettres unto, your good Lordship in his 
favor. Wherfore, my Lorde, I humbly beseche 
your Lordship for my sake to be the better Lorde 
unto hym herin, and surely my Lorde ye shal therby 
do a right charitable dede in releving that poore 
famylie and name, by the infortune of his father so 
sorely decayed : deserving therby, as ye do of al 
noble men, eternal lawde and fame. And me your 


Lordship shal so moche more devince unto you for 
evennore as your perpetual bedeman. Thus, Al- 
myzty Jhu long preserve your good Lordship. At 
London, the penultyme of August, 1538. 

Y' humble and daily bedeman for ever 

To my singuler and special good Lorde, 
my Lorde GrumweU^ Lorde Priyey Seale. 


The Abbot of Hales to the Lord Privy Seal, that the 
Shrine of the feigned ReUc, called the Blood of 
Hales f may be razed, to avoid superstition, 

[ibid. 2 Ser, rvii. 170. Orig,'] 
Pleasith hit youre Honor, aftyr my most humble 
dewt^ with immortal thancks for youre inestymable 
goodnes towarde me ever att my nede, to be adverty- 
syd that where hit is so that the case where that 
faynyd relycke caUyd the Bloode was in doth stande 
as yet in the place there sty 11, as hit was in manner 
and fasshion of a Shryne, so that I am aferde lest hit 
shulde mynistre occasyon to any weke person, loking 
therupon, to abuse his conscyens therwith; and, 
therfore, I do beseche you to be so good Lorde unto 
me as to geve me lycens that I may putt hit downe, 
every styck and stone, so that no maner of tokyn or 
remembrans of that forgyd Relycke shall remayne 


there during the tyme that hit shall please God, oure 

soveregne Lorde the Kings Majesty, and your good 

Lordeshipe, that this pore Howse may stande. And 

as towching the valor of the sylver and golde that is 

theryn, I thynck hit is not worth xl.^, scant xxx.*i 

by estymacon, wherin hit may please yo' Lordeshipe 

to geve credyt to this berer, and by the same to lett 

me know your pleasure in the premysses, beseching 

yow most humbly to contynew my good Lorde, as ye 

have ever byn, and to accept this pore tokyn whiche 

I do send you att this tyme, a strange pece of golde. 

And this the blessyd Lorde of Hevyn longe preserve 

yo*" lyf and helth to his pleasure. Amen, Att Heiles, 

the xxiij. daye of Septembre, 

Your most boundyn bedsman, 

STEPHYN, Abbat there. 
To my most especyall good Lorde, • 

my Lorde Pryvey Seale. 


Doctor Layton to the Lord Privy Seal, respecting the 
Home of the Trinitarian Friars, at Hounshw. 
[ibid. 2 Ser. xx. 294. Orig,'\ 

%* The Priory, as it was called, at Hounslow, was founded in 
the thirteenth Century, but by whom or at what exact time is un- 
certain. Jt was dedicated to the Holy Trinity, and belonged to the 
brethren of that Order, whose peculiar office it was to solicit alms 
for the redemption of captives. At its suppression, its revenues 
were valued at 782. S«. 6(2. per annum. The manor and church of 


Bedfout, and an annual rent of 202. out of the town of Kingston- 
upon-Thames, were among the most valuable of its possessions. 

The manor of Hounslow and the site of the Priory were annexed 
by Henry VIII. to the Honor of Hampton Court 

Hit may please your Lordeshipe tobe aduertisede 
that on Friday laste the Minister off the Frears of 
Hownsley let to ferm to M'. Cheseman all his 
Howse, londs, and tenements^ for a hundrethe yere 
saue one. He topay, therfore, yerly, to the saide Mi- 
ilister, duryng his lyffe, x.^, and to evere off the 
reste v.^ and to obtayne their capacities off his coste 
and charge^ and cam unto them in your name^ sayng 
that your Lordeshipe was well content they shulde so 
do. Thys, the Minister hathe confessede unto me, 
with salle off smale parcells off jdaite ; whome I 
comaundede in your name, and as he wolde make 
answer at his further perell, that he shulde not pro- 
cede to any further sale or alienation of any his 
moveables, tyll he therin knewe your Lordshippes 
further pleasure. Yet M' Cheiseman dynede with 
me here at Harowe the laste Thorisday, the veray 
day before he towke owte this leasse, and tolde me 
that the Minister and hys brederen wolde have solde 
vnto hym all the londs and Howse, and askede myne 
advice what he shulde or myght do therin, I then 
willede hym that innowysse he shulde attempte any 
suche thyng ; but to repaire unto your Lordeshipe, 
and to oppen all ther demeanor unto yowe, the Kings 

L 5 


high Vicar generall, to whom hit appertaynede to se a 
redresse in all suche ther misgovemaunce, Neuer- 
thelesse, the morowe affter^ he obtaynede this leasse 
with the conditions above saide, as the Minister hym- 
selff hathe confessede unto me, whom I sent for to 
Harowe with spede, assone as by my neburrs I herde 
off this boute. Thus to advertise your Lordeship^ 
off this lewede frear, my nebur, I thowght expedient 
and my bownden dewtie, Howe this thyng, done in 
fraudem Regis, shall take effecte, the Prince ther 
fownder, your Lordeshipe can beste consider. 

I sende yow by this bringer, Perisse* of Harowe 
graffede by my Lorde of Duresme his owne hand;** 
and suche parterige as my hawke kylls, wheroff here 
is grett plentye. We lake but goode Hawks, and 
your Lordeshipe to se them flee. 

This Hownslowe is a hundreth marks, meate for 
M"^ Doctor Trigunwell if yo*" Lordeshipe therin have 
made no former graunte. Thus Christe continewe 
your Lordeshipe in helthe with incresse off honoure. 
Frome Harowe on the Hyll, the xxv*** of September, 
by your Lordeshippes moste bownden to comaunde 

Ri. LAYTON, preste. 

To the ryght honorable and my singuler 
goode Lorde, my Lorde Priueyseall. 

> Pears. 

^ Cutbbert Tunstall, afterwards Bishop, of Durham, had been rector of Harrow 
from 1611 to 1622. 



Richard Layton to Lord Cromwell. Binds the Ahhot 
of Hales in a recognizance. Intends^ according to 
commandment^ to pay the Iriar^s debts to the Inha- 
bitants of Hounslow. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xx. 258. Orig,'\ 

This shalbe to advertise your Lordeshipp that, ac- 
cordjnig to yo' commaimdment, I bownde th* Abbott 
of Hailes in a recognisaunce of v. hundrethe pownds . 
that he showlde not, from the day of hys departure 
from London, alyenate, nor gage, pledge, or putt 
asyde anny the movables of his House, or grawnte 
owt anny thinge by convent seale from the day of his 
prevy surrender forwardis ; and so sende hyme home. 

On Friday last I cam to Harrow. Yesterday, the 
morrow after, Iwente into the ffieldis, and such birds 
as I kyllede with my hawke I sende unto your Lorde- 
shipp by this brynger, my servante, viz., three 

To morrow, according to your commaimdement, I 
purpose to be at Hunslow, and M'. Ansam the 
grome portar also, ther to pay the pore inhabitaiince 
and vytlers of the towne, such debts as was dew by 
the lewde, dronkyne firyers, whiche, as the commyne 
reporte is, dronke wickely all the towne dry ; not a 
ly tie myssyde of the Ale typelers ; and yet when 


they wer most dronke at nygth, and lede home to 
their house by the inhabitaiince ther^ then the same 
selfe parsones wer most holly in the momynge, and 
most redy to synge masse. quanta Religio Iubc ! 
From Harrow, this Sonday, by your Lordeshippis 
most humble to comaimde 


To the ri^t honorable and my sing^er 
good Lorde, my Lord Priyey Seale. 


John Hales to the Lord Privy Seal, announcing the 

suppression of Sulby Monastery, in Northampton- 


[ibid. 2 Ser, xri. 15. OrigJ] 

*«* Sulby was an Abbey of PremonstratensianB, founded about 
the year 1155 ; valued in the 26^ Hen. VIII. at S05I. St. S^d. in 
gross, and at 2582. Ss, 5^d, in its clear revenue. The site was- 
granted in the 10*'* of Queen Elizabeth to Sir Christopher Hatton, 

Ralph Armonte, or Amonte, the last abbot, occurs in 1584. He 
had 502. a-year pension granted to him in 1588. 

Of John Hales, the writer of this laconic letter, the Editor is un- 
certain. Wood, in his Athenae Oxonienses, mentions John Hales, a 
younger son of Thomas Hales of Hales Place, in Halden in Kent, 
who was clerk of the hanaper for several years in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth ; and in 1548 was appointed a Commissioner to 
enquire into Enclosures, letting houses fall to decay, and the un- 
lawful converting of arable ground into pastures, for the counties of 
Oxon, Berks, Warwick, Leicester, Bedford, Bucks, and Northamp- 
ton. His estate lay chiefly in Warwickshire, and his residence at 


Ck>ventry, where his principal house' was called Hales Place, other- 
wise the White Friars. 

If this was John Hales, the writer of the present Letter, he had 
also the site of St. John's Hospital at Warwick, and converted it 
into a free-school, which still continues. He died Jan. 5th, 1572. 

My duetie most humbly don unto your gode 
Lordeship, accordyng to your pleasure and comande- 
ment, the papisticall denne of idle and vtterly vn- 
lemed beasts at Soulbie, is broken vp and dispersed ; 
and your servant is in possession. Wherfore I most 
humblie praie for your gode Lordeship^ otherwise I 
confesse, although I consume this wretched bodie^ I 
shall not be able in any parte to gratefie your gode 
Lordeship^ whom the blissed Trynyte preserve in 
moche honor and prosperous helthe. From Soulbie, 
the XXV*** of September. 

Yo' Lordeships faithfuU servant and ojratour, 


To the right honorable and my syngler 
good Lorde and Master, my Lorde 
Prevy Seale. 



Thomas Arundell to the Lord Privy Seal. The Abbess 
and Convent of Shaftshury offer Jive hund/red marks 
to the Kinfff and one hundred pounds to his Lord- 
shipj to be allowed to remain under any other 
name and apparel as his Majesty's Bede^women. 
The Abbot of Ceme makes a similar offer. 

[misc. letters, t. HEN. VIII. i. 125. OHg,'] 

My synguler good Lorde, aftur my lawly and 
moiste herty recommendacons, thies shalbe t'aduer- 
tyse the same that, forasmoche as your goode Lord- 
shipe, at my departure, dyd, by occasion, aske of me 
whether th* Abbes and Conuente of the Monastery of 
Shafton wolde surrendre theyr Howsse vnto the 
Kingys handys, wherunto I aimswaryde as I then 
thought that consideryng the King ys Highnes was so 
liberalle to all suche that soo wolde surrendre, they 
wolde rather be contentyde to foUowe the moo then 
otherwyse. Neuerthelesse, sythyns the comyng hyd- 
dur of Maist' Doctor Treygonnoll, the Kings Highnes 
Comissioner in that byhalfe, I haue perceyuide theyme 
to be of other sorte ; ffor, notwithstanding the long 
and emest practysing of the saide M^ Doctor for 
theyre surrendrys, they haue in right lamentable wyse 
aunswerede, that havyng the ffavor of the Kings Ma- 
iestye, they woll not by any meane wollingly ther- 


vnto aggre. Wheruppon the haue moiste hertly 
desyrede me to write vnto your goode Lordshipe to- 
move theyre peticon that it mought please the same 
tomove the Kings Maiesty that they maye remayne 
here, by some other name and apparell, hys Highnes 
poore and true Beydyswemen, ffor the whyche they 
woU gladly gyve vnto hys said Majesty fyve hondrethe 
markesy and vnto your Lordshipe, for your paynes, 
on hondrethe ponds. And haue also eftsons requirede 
me to desyre your goode Lordship t*accepte this 
theyre moiste humble peticon in goode parte, and 
that they meane in noo wyse t'offende the King is 
saide Maiesty in this bihalf. And nowe, my goode 
Lorde, evyn so I haue desyryde yo' Lordship for 
theyme ; soo must I and doo hertly praye the same 
to haue me excusyde of thys my bolde enterprise. 
But your gentill goodnes allways towards me haithe 
bene the cause therof, whiche enforsythe me thus to- 
trowble you. And sythyns my comeng home, 
th' Abbot of Ceme haythe desyrede me to maike the 
same ofiire whiche I wolbe bounden to see performyde 
also, yf it maye soo staimde with yo' goode pleasure. 
As o' Lorde knowythe, who sende yo' good Lord- 
shipe goode and long lyfe. From Shafton, the xviij*** 
daye of Decembre. 

Youre Lordschips with my seruis, 

To the right honourable and my verry 
singuler goode Lorde, my Lorde 
Pryvey Sealle. 



Catherine Bulkeley, Abbess of Godstow, to Lord 
Cromwell, Begs his acceptance of the Stewardship 
of that Monastery* 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xiv. 2. Orig,'] 

My moste especiall good Lorde. After mj moste 
humble dewtie and immortal thanks for your infyny te 
goodnes towarde me, thies be to aduertise your Honor 
that where as the laste weke I was enformyd by the 
Deane of th' Arches lettres that you ar so good Lorde 
unto me as to accepte this lyttle office of the Stew- 
ardeship of this Monasterie, I am so boulde as to 
sende unto your Honor herewith the Patente thereof 
imder our Convent Seale for terme of your lifie, be- 
seching your Honor to accepte the same, thoughe it 
be but smalle ; ffor if it were a M. tymes better you 
shuld have it with all my harte and praiers, as 
knowes our Savior Cryste, who ever preserve you in 
honor duely to increace to his pleasure. Amen. At 
Godistowe, the xij* daie of Marche. 

Yo' moste bownden bedswooman, 




Catherine Bulkeley, Abbess of Godstaw, to the Lord 
Privy Seal. Thanks for his kind conduct toward 
their House. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xiv. S. Ortg-.] 

My moste singular good Lorde, my mooste humble 
dutie, thies be speciallie to thanke you for that it 
pleasithe you to dyrecte youre letters for the staie of 
Doctor London whiche was here, redie to suppresse 
this poor House, ageinste my will and all my sisters ; 
and had done it in dede if you had not so spedilie 
sente contrarie commawndente, for the whiche youre 
goodnes you shall be well assuered, (as I am all redie 
mooste bownden,) of a poor mayden is prayer duringe 
my lyffe ; seinge I have no other riches to recompense 
youwithall. And where it pleasid you to dyrecte 
youre letters sens that tyme to me and my systers for 
the preferment of Mayster Doctor Owen to owre 
demaynes and stocke, thies be to certifie your Lord- 
shipe that we have accomplishede the same with all 
fauor and gentillnes as I truste he will reporte and 
give youre Lordeshipe thanks therefore, for no man 
levinge under the Kinge cowld have had it of hus 
withe oure good willis, savinge your Lordeshipe. 
And, therefore, as my verie truste and comforde is 
in you, I beseche you to contynewe my good Lorde, 


as I truste you shall never have cause to the contraxie ; 
for youre Lordeshipe shall be well assuered that ther 
is nother Pope nor Purgatorie, Image nor Pilgrimage, 
ne prayinge to dede Saintes, usid or regarded 
amongeste hus ; but all supersticious ceremonies set 
aparte, the verie honor of God and the trewithe of 
his holie wordes, as farre as the fraile nature of 
women may ateyne unto^ is mooste tenderlie folovnd 
and regarded withe hus. Not dowtinge but this 
garmente and facon of lifFe dothe nothinge prevaile to- 
warde oure justifyinge before God, by whome, for his 
swete Sone Jhesus sake, we onlie truste to be justified 
and saved, who ever preserve yo*" honor to his plea- 
sure. Amen. At Godstowe, this xxyj*" dale of 

Youre mooste bownden bediswbman, 
KATHERiNE BULKELEY, Abhessc there. 

To the righte honorable and my verie 
singular good lorde, my Lorde 
Previe Seale. 

ORIGINAL Letters. 


Thomas Parry to Cromwell. The jewels of the 
Convent of St. Swithin at Winchester purchased of 
the Prior and Monks by one JBestyan, a Jeweller : 
the same who had been to divers religious Houses 
through the Realm for the same purpose. 

[ibid. 2 Set, xxxii. 196. Orig^ 
After my moste humble boimden duetie, thes 
shalbe to aduertise your IMaistership that upon the 
examynacion of divers of the monkes here, according 
to your comaundement, I well perceyve that diverse 
precious stones, as emerodes, and other, to a grete 
value, taken out of the juells of the House here 
prively by the Prior and iiij. or v. Monkes of his 
affinitie, without consent or knowlege of the Convent, 
were sollde to one Bestyan, a Jeweller, who as I here 
saie, is in London in some familie of the Straungiers 
ther. And understanding that he hathe ben in 
diverse religious Houses throughout the Reallm for a 
like purpose, in case yt pleasid your Mastership to 
comaunde hym to be taken and brought bifor youe, 
he, I suppose, woUde not onely with a litell coher- 
' cyon y elide ayen suche jueUes and theasur* as he 
hathe sedicyously by his crafty meanes goten, but 
allso, disclose unto your Mastershipp thinges that 
shulld be to the Kinges Highnes moche profitable 


and to youe right singler pleasur. M'. Doctor Leigh 
is furthe in suche other affaires as je have comaundid 
hym and to morow he will retome for th'expedicion 
of our busynes her ; wherein shalbeallthe forwardnes 
of that pore seruice that I can : and bringing with 
us at our retorne the boke of perticulers of the said 
juelles, and certificat of the rest, God willing, who 
have your Mastership in his blessid tuicyon. At 
Saint Swithins, in Winchester^ the xiiij. daie of 
Marche, with th'ande of your humble servaunt, 


To his right honorable Maister, M' 
Crumwelly Chief Secretarie to 
the Kinges Highnes. 


The Warden of the Grey Friars in London to Lord 
Cromwell^ to change his habit* 

[MS. COTTON. CLEOP. E. IV. 98. OHg,'] 

Prtidentissime mi Domine, eandemque tihi sahitem. 

Yff yt may be callyd to your Lordschyppys re- 
membrans ye comandyd me to send the namys of my 
bretherne, wheruppon ye myght send a dyspensacyon 
off our papystycall slanderus apparell (the wych I 
thynke yt plesyth God that we shall no more were) 
for off truth yt hath not byn ryghtly usyd many 
yerys, and therffor I dowth not but God movys the 
herts off Prjmcys to take yt away, and many Qther 


thjnigs more yn the Chyrche off X*., sicut Ezechias 
4*® Reg. 18 fregit serpentem eneum quern fecit Moyses 
ex precepto Dei, Off the which acte we may se that 
Prynces may change a thjnige that God dyd institute, 
when yt ys not usyd to Godds yntent Also yt ys 
not on knowyn to them that be lernyd yn Godds 
law, how God gaffe to the chylder of Ysraell, and to 
clargy of Ysraell also, both ceytys and townys, &c., 
but when thay usyd themselvys with ydolatry and 
syne, then dyd the same God that gaffe the gyfts 
mowe,* and Caldeys and Babylons, yee as Scrypture 
sayth that he callyd the Babylons and the Caldeys, 
to take a way that he affore gaffe, &c., and the Apos- 
tyll sayth prima Co. x. /ubc autem omnia infigura 
nostri contingebant ilUs, scripta autem sunt ad corep- 
tionem nostrarum. No dowth but yn theys words 
the ApostyU spoke off us, and aU that shall cum after 
Cryst ; the which theynge ys now justly executyd on 
us, we specyally off the clergy, have God as a lowyng 
Father doyth corectte and callyth agayn to hym by 
thoys that hath Autoryte to change all customys, 
usages, and maners yn lemynge and apparell, that 
hath byn offensyve to Godds pepyll; the which 
autoryte wee say ys yn the Kyngs Graces hand and 
your ; and therffor all my bretheme desyry th no nother 
dyspensacyon but your Lordchyppys word, so knowyn 
to be your word and commandment by the leste let- 


ter that yowr Lordchypp can wryght. For as moche 
as ye be our heyd (under the Kyngs Grace) wee be 
exempte ffirom all Byshopys tyll yt shall plese the 
Kyngs Grace to submytte us to them. I trust your 
Lordchyppe wyll wyth sawe** to take us as your sub- 
jects exemptyd ffiro Byshoppys ; and as ffor I myselffe 
am your beydman and servant at all tymys to my 
lywys ende, and at your comandment, and styll re- 
maynyng yn soche apparell as your Lordchyppe sawe 
me yn at Chechester, and wyll tyll I shall know your 
plesur to be contrary, and then I shall obey with all 
redynes, I thynke longe tyll your dyspensacyon 
cum ffor my bretherne, and so thynk thay also. Yff 
your plesur be to make your dispensacyon by every 
mans name here, I have send them yn this other 
letter. So f^e ye well yn God and all good pros- 
peryte, for the which you have and shall have the 
dayly prayer of your orator the Warden off the Gray 
Freyrs yn London. 


John Winchcombe to my Lord Privy Seal^ who had 

written for a thousand pieces of Kerseys^ 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xli. 692. Oi%.] 

♦,* John Winchcombe, the writer of this Letter, was the son of 
John Winchcombe, otherwise Jack of Newbury, so well known in 
the reign of Henry the Eighth. 

^ wyth sawe, t*. e. vouchaafe. 


The Messrs. Lysons, in their account of the Town of Newbury in 
Magna Britannia, say, '^ A picture, which hangs in a room over 
the new market-house, in which the corporation hold their pri- 
vate meetings, being a copy from the original at Bucklesbury, is 
erroneously said to be the portrait of the celebrated Jack of New- 
bury ; whereas it is in fact that of his sod, John Smaliwode, alias 
Winchcombe, who died in 1657, as appears by the parish register. 

'< The date which accompanies the portrait is 1560, and the person 
it represents is said to have been then 61 years of age. This picture 
has been copied for the sign of Jack of Newbury, at the Inn of that 
name, which is said to stand on the site of John Winchcombe's 
dwelling-house. John Winchcombe, the son, became possessed of 
considerable landed property, chiefly by the grants of monastic es- 
tates. Henry Winchcombe, his descendant, was created a baronet 
in 1671. The title became extinct at his death." No absolute site 
of a monastery, however, appears to have been granted to John 

The following rather curious entry occurs in the Privy Council 
Book of the 32<^ Henry VIII. relating to the Winchcombe of the 
present Letter : — 

" Westminster, 15 Martij. 
*' Whereas Winchcombe of Newburie and sundry other clothiers 
did make suite unto the Kings Highnes that the Statute made in the 
27^ yeare of His Ma^^^ reigne for the making of broade clothes and 
carsayes might be dissolved, or at the leastwise the executio]i thereof 
differred, alleadging for themselves certain reasons, wheruppon they 
grounded their suite. It was declared unto them by the Counsaill 
that the King's Highnes pleasure was, the execution of the said 
Statute should be prorogued for a time, and that at the beginning of 
Easter terme next, four or six of the said clothiers should be before 
the Counsaill to saie what they could why their suite should be 
further graunted, and that in case it should appeare before the said 
Counsaill that the reasons which should be brought for the contrary 
parte were more effectual than theirs, then should they have libertie 
untill Bartlemewtide next to prepare all things necessarie for them 
for the observation of the said Statute ; and if the reasons of the 
clothiers should seeme of more efficacy, that then the said Statute 
should be annulled, and they to occupie as they doe at this present. 
Wheruppon it was agreed by the Counsaill that Poll WythypoU, S' 
Richard Gresham, knight, and such others, as were noted to be the 


setters forth of the said Acte should have warning to be readie 
against the same terme, to saje in defence of the same Act what 
they could alledge." 

My singular goode Lord (my dewtye consideride), 
I humblye commende me to your goode Lordshipe 
right glade to her of your Lordships goode helthe^ 
sertifieng your Lordshipe that I hav receyvide your 
lettre wherin I perceyve the effect is ffor a thowsand 
peces of Kerseys betwixte this and Ester, whiche tyme 
I ensur your Lordshipe is very shorte, my promises 
befor made remembride. How be hite, T trust to 
make suche shifte ffor your Lordshipe to haue readye 
ffive hundrithe peces ageynst Ester, and iff I can 
mor, your Lordshipe shalbe assuride of them* And 
as for the price, I, at my commyng upe, whiche 
shalbe shortlye, shall shew your Lordshipe the utter- 
most of my mynde therin, as knowithe Gode, who 
hav your Lordshipe always in his blesside kepinge. 
Yowr assuride to his power, 


To the right honerable ande singuler 
goode Lord Pryvye Seall,be this dd. 



Richard Whiting^ Abbot of Glastonbury^ to Lord 
Cromwell, exctises himself from coming to Parlia^ 
mentyfrom sickness and infirmity. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xiii. 63. OrigJ] 

Right honorable my singler goode Lorde, my 
dewtie in recomendac5ns in right humble wise re- 
membred unto youre goode Lordshipp. Pleasith it 
you to be advertised that I have recevid the Kings 
writte comanding me to cume unto his Graceis high 
Parleament to be holden at Westm' the xxviij*** daye 
of this present moneth of Aprile. My good Lorde, 
the trewthe is this, as knoweth our Lorde God, I 
have been greatlye diseasid with dyuers infirmyties 
mor then this halffe yere, in so muche that for the 
more parte of the tyme I haue not been able to labor 
fourthe of my housse, and I cannot ryde, nother yett 
goo well but with the helpe of my staffe, in veray 
greate payne ; by reason whereof I am not able to do 
my moste bownden dewtie unto the Kings Mageste 
as with all my hoole harte and wille I wuld do, and 
that right moche grevith me, as knoweth God. In 
consideracon whereof, good my Lord, in whom is my 
singler truste, I hartely and right humblie beseke 
you be goode Lord vnto me as ye alwayes hitherto 
have been. And if your Lordship thinke it so to be 



best, it may please you of your great charitie and 
goodeness to move the Kyngs Highnes for me that of 
his moste habundant grace and pitie it may please his 
Highenes moste graciously to pardon me, and to be 
absent at this tyme from this his Grace is saide Par- 
leament. Wherein your good Lordship may do to- 
wards me a right mercifull and charitable acte, as 
knoweth God. But if the Kings pleasure be so, I 
wulbe gladlye caryed thider in a horsse litter to ac- 
complisshe his Grace is pleasure and comaundement, 
rather then to tarye at home. My good Lorde I am 
not able to make you recompense accordinglye other- 
wise then with my moste hartye prayers, which of my 
very dewtie I am bounden to rendre unto almyghtie 
God for the greate goodenes your goode Lordeshipp 
hath alwayes doon to me herebifore, as knoweth 
God, who alwayes preserve your goode Lordshipp in 
honor. At Glastonbury the vij*** daye of Aprile. 
Your Lordshipps bedisman assured, 

Ric, Abbott ther. 

To the right honorable my singler goode 
Lord, my Lord Previe Seale, be this 
deliuered acmrdinglye. 



Richard Layton to the Lord Privy Seal. Dissolution 

of the Priory of Clerkenwell. The Bishop of Lon-- 

don at the point of death. Adam Traves^ one of the 

Canons residentiary of Exeter^ also " in extremis." 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xx. 284. Orig,] 

*»* John Stokesley, DD. was a fellow of Magdalen College, Ox- 
ford, and principal of Magdalen Hall in 1502. After enjoying va- 
rious preferments, he was sent ambassador to Rome, one of the many 
who went about the King's divorce, and upon his return had the 
bishoprick of London bestowed upon him, to which he was conse- 
crated N ov. 27th, 1630. He died Sept. 8th, 1539, upon his birth-day. 

Adam Traves was collated to the archdeaconry of Exeter Jan. 
19tfa, 1518. Le Neve, in his Fasti, gives no successor in this pre- 
ferment till 1555, the 2<* and 3** of Philip and Mary. So that pro- 
bably Adam Traves disappointed Layton's expectations. 

Hit may please your Lordshipe to be advertisede 
that this Saterday, the vj. of Septembre, we put the 
Duke of Northefooke his servande in custodye of 
ClarkenweU, and have fully dissoluede the same to 
the contentacon of the Prioresse and all hir sisters. 

The Bisshope of London cannot continewe tyll 
this letter cum unto yowe, for hit is jugede that he 
will departe this Saterday at nyght. He hath made 
his Executors M*^. Recordor of London, M*", Baker 
the Kings Attorney, M', Horewoode, and one Ewer 
his chapelayne. He hathe declared that he owythe 
the Kyng but CC^i. He confessithe to have but 
fyve hundrethe pownds in redy money. Men 

M 2 


thjnkithe he hath muche more* His plate ys 
goode ; his carpetts also. 

One Adam Traves, residensarie at Exceter, lyethe 
here at Garters house in poynt of dethe. He ys 
archedeacon of Exeter^ and hath a prebende of the 
saide Churche, and hathe other benefices in that 
contrey right goode* The names therof I knowe not, 
nor the valewe. If ye liste to prefer any off your 
chapelains to the saide archedeaconrye, or to any 
other off his benefices^ hit may please yowe to wryte 
to the Bisshope. I suppos he wilnot say yowe nay* 
To morowe, at nyght, I wilbe att Redyng, and from 
thens repaire to your Lordeshipe with spede, whome 
I pray Grode continewe with incresse of honour. 

From London, this Satterday, at nyght, the vj* of 

Y' Lordeshippes moste bownden to commande, 

Ric. LAYTON, Preste. 

To the right honorable and my singuler 
goode Lorde, my Lorde Privey Seale. 



The Mayor and Aldermen of Caermarthen to the Lord 
Privy Seal^ asking for the dissolved Home of the 
Gray Friars there, that they may establish a 
Grammar School in it. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. v. 146. Orig,^ 

%* Tanner, describing the religious foundations of Caermarthen, 
Bays " Here was a House of Grey Friars under the custody of Bris- 
tol ; which, after the Dissolution, was granted 34 Hen. VIII. to 
Thomas Lloyd, and 5 Edw. VI. to Sir Thomas Gresham.'' It seems 
probable that the Lloyd here mentioned was the same with Thomas 
Lloyd, chaunter of St Davids, spoken of in the Letter, who in- 
tended to establish a Grammar School within the site of the Friary. 
His intention, however, from some cause or other, does not seem to 
have been carried into effect; and the Town-petition was disre- 

The Grammar School of Caermarthen, which exists at the present 
time, was founded by Letters Patent, dated 7th July, 18 Eliz. A.D. 
1576, at the petition of Walter Earl of Essex, Richard Davies Bi- 
shop of St. David's, Sir James Croft Knt., Griffin Rece Esqr., and 
Walter Vaughan Esqr., aldermen of Caermarthen, and Robert Toye, 
gentleman, one of the burgesses of that town. The original endow- 
ment was 20^ per annum, payable out of the tythes of the parish of 
Ishmael, in the county of Caernarvon. 

To the righte honorable Lorde Privie Seale. 

Pleasethe it your Honor to be advertised that the 
'Cite and Mansion of the Grraie Freres in the Kinges 
Towne of Caermarthin, in Southe Wales, was of late 
surrendride in to the Kinges handes, and is, and 
haithe ever sence ben voide and desolate, ruimynge 
dayelye in contynuall ruyne and decaie : flfor there is 


no fote of lede apon anie parte therof, and it were 
pitie that suche buyldinge, in suche a baron contrie, 
shulde not be convaied to sume lawful and convenient 
use, for the mayntenance of the commen wealthe. 
Wherefore if it maye please your Lordeshipe to be a 
meane to the Kinges Magestie that the Mayre and 
Aldermen of the saide towne maye have and enjoye 
for ever^ to them and theyre successors^ the same 
Cite and Mansion with thre medoes of pasture 
grownde, with a garthin and orcherde at the backe- 
side^ to the same belonginge, beinge of th'annuall 
rente of xviij*. in the hoole^ so that they maye have a 
Grammer Scole at the coste and charge of Mayster 
Thomas Lloyd, chaunter of Sainte Davies there mayn- 
teyned, and otherwise the same to bestowe for the 
commen wealthe and commoditie of the same towne ; 
the saide Mayre and AUdermen nowe there, for the 
time beinge, will give his Magestie xl*^. sterlinge for 
the same Cite and Mansion, with th'appurtenauncis 
as is aforesaide, and to your good Lordeshipe xx^. 
for your good mediation and travaile taken to bringe 
it to passe, over and besides the contynuall praier 
and service not onlie of the saide Mayre and AUder- 
men nowe beinge, but allso of all the hoole inhabi- 
tantis of the same towne, and all the hoole cuntrie 
thereaboute. As knowes oure Lorde God, who pre- 
serve yo' Honor longe to his pleasure. Amen. 
By yo' Lordeshippes bedismen the Mayre and Al- 


dermen of the Kinges Towne of Carmarthin in 
Sowthe Wales. 


Richard Lay ton to the Lord Privy Seal, in excuse for 
his commendation of the Abbot of Glastonbury. 

[ibid. 2 iSftfT. XX. 256. OrigJ] 

Pleasithe your Lordeshipp to be advertised that 
wher as I understande by Mr. Pollarde ye muche 
marvill whie I wolde so greatly praise to the Kinges 
Magestie, at the tyme of the Visitation, th* Abbott of 
Glaston', whiche now apperithe nether then, nor now, 
to have knowyne God, nether his Prynce, nother 
anny parte of a good Christin man his religion. So 
that my excessive and indiscrete praise that tyme 
unadvisedly made to my Sovereigne Lorde, muste 
nedes now redownde to my greate foly and vn- 
trewethe, and cannot be well redubbede, but muche 
dymynishe my credytte towardes his Majestie, and 
evyne so to your Lordeshipp, whome I most humblie 
beseche to consider that I am a man, and may arr, 
and cannot be sure of my judgementt to knowe the 
inwarde thoughte of a monke, beinge fayre in wordly 
and outward apparaunce, and inwardly cankerede as 
now by your discrete inquisition apperithe. And 
althoughe that they be all fals, fayned, flatteringe. 


ypocrite knaves, as vndoubtedly ther is none other 
of that sorte, I must therfor now at this my neces- 
syte, most humblie beseche yo*" Lordshippe to par- 
done me for that my foly then committide, as ye 
have don in many tymes heretofore ; and of yo*^ 
goodnes to mitigate the Kingis Highnes Maiestie in 
the premissis: and from henesforthe I shalbe more 
circumspecte, whom I shall commende either to his 
Grace or to your Lordeshipp. This shalbe an ex- 
perience for euer in suche behalfe, yo' Lordeshippe 
therfor to contynew my father in this comon welthe 
as ye have begone I moste humblie beseche; and 
that I may continew under your tuission as your 
most bowndene and assured servaunte whiche never 
hade byne but a basket berer but only by your gpod* 
nes. Thus I pray God to contynew yo*" Lordeshipp 
in honor with increase. From Readinge, the xvj* 
day of September, 

Yo"^ Lordeshippes most humblie to comaunde, 

Ric, LAYTON, Preste. 

To the right honorable and my singnler 
good Lorde, my Lord Preyje Seall. 



Bishop Latimer to Lord Cromwell. The surrender of 
Evesham Abbey: and the Examination and Ex- 
posure of the Miracle of the Blood of Hales. 
[ibid. 2 Ser, xlix. 487. Orig,'\ 

*«* Philip Hawford, alias Ballard, a young monk of Evesham, 
was created Abbot of that Honse in 1539, upon the resignation, of 
Abbot Clement Lichfield; and on Nov. 17th in the same year 
surrendered his Monastery to the King, much to the discontent of 
his predecessor. For this acceptable service Hawford obtained a 
pension of two hundred and forty pounds per annum ; and was af- 
terwards made Dean of Worcester, as Stevens supposed in lieu of 
the pension. Wood says he died in 1557. 

Sir William Petre, in a Letter to Lord Cromwell, MS. Cotton. 
Cleop. £. iv. fol. 255, says, ^^ According to your commandment I 
have been at Evesham, and there received the resignation of th'ab- 
bot, which he was contented to make immediately upon the sight of 
your Lordship's letters, saving that he desired me very instantly 
that I would not open the same during the time of my being here, 
because (as he said) it would be noted that he was compelled to 
resign for fear of deprivation. As touching his pension and the as- 
surance thereof, he hath made certain requests, submitting himself 
to be ordered in all things as to your Jx)rdship shall be thought 

Ryght, honorable, sahitem multo plurimam in om^ 
nium Sahatore. And Syr, as to Master Wattwod, I 
have doon accordynge to the tenor of your Lordshyps 
lettresse ; and yett att my nexte spekynge with your 
Lordshype, I wyll purge my selff of bys falss accu- 
sation^ as he hym selff hath confessyd that he made 
xmtrew relation uppon me in won thynge, and 

M 5 


Ads hee, a certen man dyd wrytt unto me a laytt 
these wurds from • • • • Bartlow doth much hurtt in 
Cornwall and in Daynshyre, bothe with opon pre- 
chynge, and allso with priuatt communication, &c, 

Yff this be trew, he hath sum comforde from 
noon I fere me. And I dyvyne much of Doctor 
Nycolasse, a man with hoom my fantacye never 
wroght with all. 

And now Syre thys berer, th' Abbott of Evesham, 
requiryd me to make sum mention of hym, and too 
thank your good Lordshyp fore hym, which I am 
bownden to doo mooste hartelye. And Syre, a 
monge many that your Lordshype hathe doon foore, 
I thynke you shall fjnide butt few that wyll better 
remembyr to hys poore* your benefycyallnesse then 
he wyll. Verelye he seemyth to me a verye cyvyll 
and honeste man; and won that puttyth all hys 
truste in your good Lordshype, that of your good- 
nesse, as you have begoon with hym and made hym, 
soo you wyll contynew good Lord unto hym to the 
maynteynynge of hym in hys ryght of such thyngs 
which he hath obtaynyd by your only goodnesse. 
Thus God contynew you amonge us to doo many 
men good. 

Yo** H. L. WIGORN. 

Syr, we have byn bultynge and syfftynge the 
blud of Haylls all thys fomowne. Hytt was wun- 


derslye clossly and craftelye inclosyd and stoppyd 
upe for takyn of care. Ande hytt clevesse faste to 
[the] bothom of the lytull glasse that yt [ys] in« 
Ande verelye hytt semyth to be an unctuousse goom 
and [a] compownd of many thyngs. Hytt hath a 
certen vnctuousse moastenesse, and thowgh ytt seme 
sumwhatt lyke blude whyell ytt ys in the glasse, yett 
whan ony parcell of the same ys taken ought ytt 
tumyth to a youlownesse and ys cleevynge lycke 
glew. Butt we have natt yett examenyd aU the 
Moonks. And therfore thys my brother Abbott 
shall tell your Lordshype whatt he hath sene and! 
herde in thatt matter. And ii;i the end your Lord- 
shyp shall know all to gether. Butt we perceve natt 
by yo' commyssion whether we shall send ytt vp, or 
leve ytt here, or certefie ther of as we know. 

29 Oct. H. L. WIGORN. 

Att Haylls. 

To the right honorable and hys sdnguler 
good Lord, the Lord Privye Seale. 


Gregory Cromwell to the Lady his Wife from Calais. 
Lady Anne of Cleves expected. The manner of her 
travelling f and the preparations for her reception* 
[sTAT. PAP. OFF. MISC. coRREsp. 3 Ser, ii. 141. Orig.'] 

. %* The Harleian MS. 296, foil. 169, 170, pi-eserves the names of 

** The Noblemen and other of the Queues traynes that attendld upon 

Her Grace to Calays.'' They were — 


*^ The Erie of Ouersteyn, and vij. persons. 

The yong Erie of Nueuare and Roassenbergh, with xiij. persons. 

Sir John Dulzike, the Elector of Saxes Marshall, with x. persons. 

The Stewarde Hoggesteyn, with y. persons. 

Osliger the channcelor, with yI. persons. 

ij. Brethren called Palart, with x. persons. 

Tannagel the maistre d'hostell, with vij. persons. 

Sir John Buren, with Tj. persons. 

Hantzeler, capteyn of Myllen, with vij. persons. 

xxvij. Gentilmen, besids every of them iij. or ihj, servaunts. 

viij. Pages, whereof one is an EarFs son. 

Dyvers Officers besids. 

Mrs. Oilman, with v. persons. 

The Lady Keteler, with vj. persons. 

The wydowe of the Lorde of Wyssen, with rj. persons. 

The wyfe of the elder Palart, Lorde of Brabant, with vj. persons. 

y. yong Gentilwomen of the which one is a Baron's daughter. 

iij. other Gentilwomen as servaunts. 

The nomber of Gentilmen, whereof ij. Erles xxxviij . \ 

Pages, whereof one is an Erles son . . viij. rCCxxviij. 

Officers and servaunts . . , Ciiij.^ij.-' 

The nomber of the Ladies and Gentilwomen . ^j* ) ^-^^^v »> 
The nomber of their servaunts . . xxiij.] 

The same Manuscript, fol. 171, preserves the names of the per- 
sons appointed by the King " to receive the Lady Anne of Cleves, 
and wait upon the King." 

In a Book of Payments by the Treasurer of the Household, SO*** 
and 31'« Hen. VIII. MS. Arundel, Brit. Mus. No. 97, fol. 100. b, 
we find, in the month of November in the latter year, 

" Item, to William Gonson, by the Lord Privy Seales lettre, for- 
somuche money appoynted to be payd by way of the Kingis rewarde 
to certain lords and gentilmen, to every Lord xx^^ and to every gen- 
tilman xiy^ v*. viij**., appointed to recey ve the Lady Anne of Cleves 
at Calais, CCCCvj". xiij*. iiij<». 

'< Item, to William Wilkinson by like lettre for his charges coming 
from Cleveland to England C\ and by way of the Kings reward to 
him given vj^. xiij". iiij**. In all xj^*. xiij*. iiij<*. 

''Item, payde Coorard Heresbach, counsaillor to the Due of 


Cleves, by the Lord Privy Scales lettre, by way of the Kinges re- 
warde to him geven the some of Ixvij**. xiij*. iiij'*.** 

Bedfellow, the daie before the makjnge herof, 
we receyued the iuste newes of my Lady Annes 
repayre hither, the same beynge appoynted vppon 
Thursdaie nexte comynge, whiche thinge all thowgh 
it be nowe* newes, yet I feare that lacke of expedi- 
tion in the conveyaunce of thies my lettres shalbe 
occasion the same to be olde before they shalbe of 
you receyued, forasmoche as suche newes arr more 
sweftely sette abrode by tonges then writynge. It 
is determjnied that she shall remayne here Fiydaie 
and Satyrdaye all daie, and vppon Sondaie, wynde 
and wether seruynge, take hir passage into Englande, 
After she ons entereth the Englishe pale, both she 
and hir whole tre3nie shalbe att the Kyngs charge, 
thitherto she hath bene att hir owne. There arre in 
hir companye iijC. horsses, wherof one C. rydeth 
before for prouysion, and ijC. awayte vppon hir. 
My Lorde Deputie, with all the Speares and Officers 
of the towne shall receyue hir att the English Pale. 
My Lorde Admyral with all vs accompanyenge hime 
a litle withowte the towne. My Lady Lisle with all 
the other Ladyes and Gentlewomen att the towne 

I ame, thanks be to God, in healthe, trustinge 
shortely to here from you lyke newes, aswell of your 


self as also my little boyes, of whose encreace and 
towardenes be ye assured I ame nott a litle desyrous 
to be aduertised. And thus nott hauynge any other 
newes to wryte I bydde you moste hartely well to 
fare, Att Callays, the ix*** of Decemb^ 

Your lovinge bedeffelowe, 


To my right louinge bedfellow, 
att Ledes Castell in Kent. 

Hhe Earl of Worcester to Lord Cromwell, in reply to 
a request that he might purchase the EarVs and his 
Countesses life interest in certain lands at Cheshunt 
in Hertfordshire. 

[misc. corresp. 2 8er, xlix. 451. Orig,'] 

%* This Letter relates to the manor of Andrews, or the Mote, in 
the parish of Cheshunt, the mansion of which is still called Ches- 
hunt House. The ancient edifice, partly cased, and now mostly 
taken down, with the exception of some of the basement buildings 
and the great hall, is said to have been erected, of a quadrangular 
form, in the reign of Henry the Eighth, and to have been the occa* 
sional residence of Cardinal Wolsey, to whom the manor belonged 
from 1519 till the time of his incurring the premunire in 1529, 
whereby his estates became forfeited to the Crown ; and amongst 
them this manor, which was granted by Henry the Eighth, by let- 
ters patent, 13th April, in the 22d year of his reign, to Henry So- 
merset, second Earl of Worcester, and Elizabeth his wife, and for 
the life of the survivor of them, to hold by fealty and a rent 6i 42. 
Gs. 8d. The Earl of Worcester died on the 26th Nov. 1549, and his 
Countess in the year 1565. She was the daughter of Sir Anthony 
Brown, knt., standard-bearer to King Henry the Seventh. 

Mr., afterwards Sir Robert Dacres, received the reversionary 


grant mentioned in this Letter by a patent dated in the SOdi of 
Henry the Eighth^ which, of course, will not allow an earlier date 
to this Letter than 1539 or 1540. 

My speciall good Lord, in my liertiest maner I 
commende me unto your good Lordship, thanking 
you of your goodnes to me at all tymes shewed^ 
prayeng you of your contynuaunce. I have received 
your lettre dated at Sainct James, besides Westm', 
the xxj. daye of February last passed, perceiving 
therby your Lordships request is that I and my wif 
sholde sell unto your Lordship my and her interest 
in suche lands as I and she have in Chesthunt in the 
Countie of Hertford, of the gift of the Kings High- 
nes. I advertise your Lordship that I wolde bee 
glad to do your Lordship any pleasure that I male 
reasonably do, and that the said lands in Chesthunt 
dooth me suche pleasiure at all tymes whan I do come 
to London (because I have no other lands nigh Lon- 
don), that I maie not well spare it. Nevertheles 
bicause I wold bee verie loth to denye your Lord- 
ships desire in any thing that I have, and bicause my 
land is so small that I wold bee loth to sell any parte 
therof, I am content (if it please your Lordship to 
opteigne of the Kinge gift to me and my wif, and 
to the lenger liver of us, lands here in Wales of 
like value), that your Lordship shall have my said 
lands in Chesthunt ; so that your Lordship do loke 
it for your self and for no other : ffor I undrestande 


that Mr. Dacres, Secundarie of the Comptre in Lon- 
don, hath opteigned the revercon of the said lands 
after the decesse of me and my wif. And my trust 
and desire ys that your Lordship will not loke of me 
to departe from my said lands to any other save 
oonly to your Lordship yourself. And in this or 
any other thing that I have to do your Lordship 
pleaser for yourself, I am yours next my Prince to 
the best of my litle power. I have now sent yo' 
Lordship vj. pasteys of Lampreys bake, praying you 
to accepte the same : and if I had any better thing in 
this pore cuntrey of Wales, I wold gladlye sende it, 
as know* Jhu, who have your good Lordship in his 
blessed preservacon. At Chepstow, in Wales, the 
xxij. daie of Marche. 

Yowr Lordshyps to my lytle power, 


To the right honorable and my speciall 
good Lorde, my Lorde Prevy Seale. 


Ralph Lane to Lord Cromwell^ sending Popish hooks 

taken with a Priest committed, 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xix. 71. OrigJ] 

Right honorable and my verey good Lorde, myne 
humbliest commendacions unto your good Lordship 


remembred. Yt may pleas the same to be aduer- 
tyzed that percevyng by yo"" late lettres of the xxj"* 
of this present, yowr pleass' and comaundement to 
me addressyd for a due deUberacon to be vsyd and had 
in perusinge certeyn bookes of one Sir Thomas Cant- 
well, parson of Hardwyke, suspiciously brought to a 
pore mans house in Whitchurche, and after by me 
comytted to the salf kepyng of the Constable ther ; 
and that upon contemplacon of your said lettres, and 
upon view of my suspecte boke or bokes of suche 
sorte as shuld not be mete for hym to kepe, I shuld 
therof aduertyse youi good Lordship to th'ende due 
reformacion myght therin be made accordingly ; or 
otherwise that I shuld permytte the said parson to 
vse and occupie the said bookes, as shuld be conve*- 
nient in suche behalf; I have accordingly usyd my 
best dexteritie to my powr (as my duetie is), and 
have sent to your good Lordship flfyve bokes of the 
said parson, wherof three enty tied [Tomi] Homeliarii 
Johannis Eckii, being all three dated in A® Dno. 
M^CCCCCxxxviij,**; one boke of the liff of S\ 
Thomas Beckett ; and a Myssale wherin is the wurde 
Papa thorowoughtly vncorrected. And forasmoche 
as theis amonges the rest of his bokes (hitherto- 
wardes ouer seen) ar to me thought most suspecious ; 
I have therfor enclosyd them in a bagge sealyd to be 
deiyuered to your good Lordship by this bryngar. 
And upon knowleage of your further pleass"" I shall 


not faill (for th'accomplishment therof ) to vse my 

dexteritie and dilygence accordingly. And the 

HoUie Trynitie yeve your good Lordship long lyff 

with moche encrease of honour. From Hogshawe, 

this the xxiij*** of this Marche, A®. Regni R. H. viij"". 


By your good Lordships bounden and assuryd, 

RAUPPB -LANE, the Youfiger. 

To the right honorable and my singler 
good Lorde, Lorde Grumwell, Lord] 
Privy SeaU. 


Henry Dowes to Mr. Gregory Cromwell: with the 
substance of Mr. IRerome^s recantation Sermon. 

[MS. COTTON. CLEOP. E. v. fol. 374. Orig,"] 

%* Master Hierome, the points of whose recantation are here 
detailed, was William Jerome, vicar of Stepney, to which living he 
had been presented on May 29th, 1537. Previous to his recantation 
he was '^ convented," as he terms it, before the King's Majesty, who 
so indifferently heard him, so gently used him, and so mercifully 
forgave him, that there was never poor man that ever received like 
gentleness at any Prince's hand. He states his belief that there 
was no man so full of inhumanity, although he were nourished at a 
tiger's paps, and had part of the lion's cruelty, but the King's 
gentleness would compel him to relent and wax mild. How little 
this character was eventually justified in poor Jerome's case, will 
presently be shown in a short extract from Hall's Chronicle. 

After my bounden dewtye in moste humble wise 
remembered, thies shalbe t'aduertise yo' Maistershipp 


that, accordynge unto your pleasure and comaund- 
mente, I was this daie presente at the Sermon of M'. 
Hierome, and forasmoche as that your comaunde* 
mente hath fully persuaded me you to be nott a litle 
desyrous to receyve knowledge after what sorte he 
behaved himselfe, aswell concemyng his Recanta- 
tion, as also the reste of thinges conteyned in his 
saide Sermon, I have therfore thowght it my 
bounden dewtye herin to declare unto you, if nott 
all (for that were to moche for me to promes) 
yet att leaste the summe and effecte of that that 
was by hime uttered in the same, as ferre as my 
slender memory wolde serve to remembre and cary 

Wherfore pleaseth it you to understonde, that, 
after he hadde redde in the Englishe tongue the 
Gospell of this daie, whiche was of the apperynge of 
Christe unto theime that wente unto the Castell of 
Emaus; before that he entered into the exposition 
thereof, he made a litle preface, aflSrmynge and saye- 
inge the worlde to be suche and the iniquyte of 
menne so greate that he was bounde to wryte that he 
sholde speake, and nott to reherse any other thynge 
then he had before wrytten ; whiche thinge he wished 
that he had used and done hertofore, prayeng theime 
all nott to be hasty in takyng his wordes, but to joyne 
theime with the sentences that cometh either before 
or after, wherby that shall appere playne and many- 


festely trewe, whiche otherwise might seme false and 

That done, he toke in hande the exposition of the 
Gospell, shewynge what Christs resurrection was, 
and certeyne meanes wherby we shold be made par- 
takers therof, repellyng also partely the opynion of 
S. Augustyne and Theophilacte, who affirme that 
the breade broken in the Castell of Emaus was the 
sacramente of the altare. But forcause that over 
many of suche rehersalls sholde perchaunce be unto 
you but tedyous, I woU passe over unto the chiefe 
poynte, whiche is the artycles that he recanted ; and 
thies they be. 

Firste, whereas he hadde in a Sermon hertofore 
preached by hime att Paules Crosse, affirmed that 
Sara, Abrahams wife, betokened the Churche; and 
that lyke as she beynge a free womanne, had a free 
childe, withowte any condytion, so were we justifyed 
freely withowte any condytion by feithe onely. He 
nowe recanted that opynion, protestynge that he 
hadde therin overshotte himself, and that he owght 
to have joyned therunto penaunce, baptyme, and the 
other sacraments, whiche arre wayes and meanes to 
enter into justification; and prayed theime all that 
lyke as he nowe beyng better aduysed and further 
>enstructed, dyd abhorre, deteste, and vtterly forsake 
that opynion, that they wolde in lyke case with hime 
clerely refuse and expelle the same* 


The seconde artycle was this. Whereas he had in 
the saide Sermon preached that the Magistrates, as 
concernynge things lefte indiffeiente by Goddes 
worde, colde nott make any lawes that shold bynde 
mennes conscyences, he nowe revoked the same as 
erroneus, false, and contrary to the Scriptures, foras- 
moche as the rulers whom we arre bounde to obey 
by Goddes lawe, shold therby renne in contempte, 
and the people be browght into disobedyence, whiche 
sholde be a subversion to the publique weale, and 
the breaketh of all honeste orders and cjrvyle 

. The iij^® and laste was this, that wheras he was 
convynced by wyttenesses after the course of the 
lawe, howe in a Sermon made the laste somer he 
used opprobryous wordes of the Burgeses, callynge 
theim butterflyes, foles, and knaves; he nowe pro- 
tested the same to be yll and slanderusly spoken, 
sithens therby suche things as they sholde conclude 
and determyne uppon sholde be hadde in the lesse 
regarde and estymation. 

For whiche artycles he saide he was convented and 
brought before the Kyngs Majestic, who nott with- 
stondjmge the heynous reportes that were made of 
hime unto his Grace, yet so indifferentely herde 
hyme, so gentylly used hime, so mercyfuUy forgave 
hime, that there was never pore manne that ever 
receyved lyke gentylnes att any Prynces hande* 


And here he entered into the Kings Highnes praises, 
extollynge aswell his high vertues and excellente 
lemynge, as also the greate equytie, rare elemencie, 
and ynspeakable mercy whiche he fownde in his Ma- 
jestie; moche wonderynge that there colde be any 
traitors towardes his Grace, and chefely of theime 
that hadde the fruytion of his presence, whiche is 
able to converte any herte, be it never so cankered, 
and that there is no man so full of inhumanytie, all- 
thowgh he werre nurished att a tigers pappes, and 
had parte of the lyons crueltie, but his gentylnes 
wolde compell hime to relente and waxe mylde. 
Lastely wishinge unto himselfe the eloquence, 
either of Homere, Cicero, or Demosthenes, that he 
might worthely expresse the moste mercyfuU good- 
nes whiche his Grace had towardes hyme shewed and 

Then to take awaye the error of theime that 
walke nott accordynge unto theire justification, butt 
lyve in pleasure and voluptie, takynge Christes pas- 
sion alone to be suffycyente for theyre salvation, he 
shewed howe we are justifyede, sayeng that we 
muste receyve the sacraments and have contrition, 
whiche is to hate and abhorre the synne commytted, 
as Ezechias, the Nynyvites, David, Peter, and Mary 
Magdelene dydde, and then viuification, whiche is to 
aryse agayne by feithe, aducynge for the stablishe- 
mente herof no small numbre of authorities and 


textes of scripture. And in lyke case he approved 
the authorytie geven unto the Magistrates to make 
lawes, whiche were to longe nowe to reherse. But 
in conclusion, takinge occasion sumwhat to talke of 
his.recantynge, he saide that allthowgh he were per- 
plexed, yet was he nott utterly confounded, nor 
thowgh he was browght unto suche straytes that he 
was compelled to denye himselfe, yett was he nott 
the first that so had done ; for to denye himself is 
no more, but when adversitie shall come, as losse of 
goodes, infamyes, and other lyke trubles, then to 
denye his owne will and call upon the Lorde, say- 
enge, fiat vohinttis tua^ and so Abraham was com- 
pellyd to denye himself, and Jobe also, with many 
other. Wishinge that sume menne nowe adaies 
wolde leme to do the same, and then wolde they 
nott, contrary to the order of charytie, withowte any 
reconcyliation, so malitiusly brynge theire neigh- 
bours into infamyes and slaunders. 

This is the efiecte of his Sermon, or att least so 
moche as I, neither be3mg so placed as I might 
quyetly here his wordes, neither endewed with suche 
a memory as is wonte safely to kepe that that is to 
it comytted, cold cary away. Moste humblye de- 
syrenge you that if the same be nott so declared as 
your expectation is, that ye woU ascrybe the fawlte 
unto the lacke of power rather then good wille; 
whiche in me never shall ceasse dyligentely to accom- 


plishe all your comandements. Thus desyrenge our 
Lorde to have you in his tuytion. Att Stepneth, 
this Easter Mondaie. 

Yo' moste bounden servaunte, 

To the right worshipfull and his singuler 
good Maister, Gregory Crumwell, 

^' The thirtie day of July were drawen on herdelles out of the 
Tower to Smithfield, Robert Barnes, doctor in divinitee, Thomas 
Garard and Wyllyam Jerome, bachelors in divinitee, Powell, Fa- 
therston, and Abell. The first three were drawen to the stake, 
there before set up, and were burned ; and the latter three drawen 
to the galowes, likewise there set up, and were hanged, hedded, 
and quartered. Here ye must note, that the first three wer meane 
that professed the Gospell of Jesus Christ, and were preachers 
thereof: but wherefore thei were now thus cruelly executed, I 
knowe not, although I have searched to know the truth. But this 
I finde in their attaindor, for ye must understande that after thei 
had preached at Sainct Mary Spittle, as before I have declared, 
Barnes for leamyng his lesson no better was committed to the 
Skolehouse before prepared, whiche was the Tower, where he was 
kepte, and never called to examination till his rod that he should be 
beaten withall was made, which was a sharp and great Fire in 
Smithffelde : and for compaignie sake, was sent to the Skolehouse 
with hym, the fomamed Garet and Jerome, whiche dranke all of 
one cuppe. And as I saied before, thus muche I finde in their at- 
taindor, that thei were detestable and abhominable heretickes, and 
that thei had taught many heresies, the nomber whereof was to 
greate in the attaindor to be recited, so that there is not one alleged, 
whiche I have often wondered at, that their heresies wer so many, 
and not one there alleged as special cause of their deathe. And in- 
deede at their deathe, thei asked the Shirifes, wherfore thei were 
condempned, who answered, thei could not tell : but if I male saie 
the truthe, most menne said it was for preachyng against the doc- 
tryne of Stephen Gardiner, bishoppe of Wynchester, who chiefly 
procured this their death. God and he knoweth, but greate pitie 


it was, that snche learned menne should so bee cast awaie, without 
examioacion, neither knowyng what was laied to their charge, nor 
never caUed to answere." Hall, Chron. Edit. 1648. Hen. VIII. 
fol. 243. 

See another Account in Fox's Acts and Monuments of the Church, 
edit. 1641, vol. ii. p. 524 — ^528. Jerome, it appears, had preached 
first at St. Mary Spittle in Lent, and then at Paul's Cross. 


JStichard Lay ton to the Lord Privy Seal; from Bis- 
ham Abbey y in Berkshire, 

[misc. corresp. 2 Ser. xx. 249. Orig,'] 

\* Bysham, or Bisham Abbey, was founded in 1338, by Wil- 
liam Montacute Earl of Salisbury, as a Priory for Canons of the 
Order of St. Austin: the gross income of which in the 26th Hen. 
VIII* amounted to .285/. 11«. The Prior and Conyent having sur^ 
rendered their Monastery July 5th, 1536, King Henry the Eighth 
in the year following refounded, and, as appears by his Letters pa- 
tent, more amply endowed it with the lands of the late dissolved 
Abbey of Chertsey, and the Priories of Cardigan, Bethkelert, An- 
kerwyke, Little Marlow, Medmenham, &c. to the value of 6611. 
i4«. 9d. per annumy for the maintenance of an abbot who was to 
have the privilege of wearing a Mitre, and thirteen Benedictine 
monks. In fact, John Cordry, then Abbot of Chertsey, and his Con- 
vent, were removed to Bisham. This new Abbey, however, was but 
of short continuance, being again surrendered by Cordry and his 
monks, according to Willis, June 30th, 1539 ; according to Tanner, 
June 19th. The present Letter, dated June 22d, shows Tanner's to 
be the more correct date. From its contents we must conclude that 
the re-endowment by Henry the Eighth could only have been pro* 
mised. The mention of the Abbot shows it to allude to the last 
foundation ; but the poverty of the House is little reconcileable with 
the increased endowment. 



The site of Bisham was first granted by King Edwmrd tibe Sixth 
to his father's repudiated wife, Anne of Gleves, who hanng surren- 
dered it to the Crown again in 1559, it was giTen, not, as Tanner 
states, to Sir Edward, but to Sir Phiiip Hoby.^ 

Hit may please yo' Lordeshipe to be advertisede 
that we have tsiken th'assurance for the King; 
th' Abbot, a veray simple man ; the monks of smale 
lernjmg, and fiiuche lesse discretion; plate veray 
litle; housholde stuffe none, but th' Abbotts bade 
and one matteresse for two of his servants. I 
causede a bede to be borowede in the towne, and 
browght into th'abbay for Doctor Came and myself. 
In the lewe of hangyngs bare walls throwe oute the 
house. Catell none, but bowght this day and to 
morowe to the larder, saveynge a fewe mylche kyne, 
not xij. in numbre« In the gamers, not one busshell 
of whete, malte, or other grayne. Vestements smale 
store, and not one goode, for th' Abbot hath made 
^Ioney of all the beste, and solde them at London ; 
and even so the Churche plate ; and is so goode a 
husbonde that doubtles within one yere I juge verely 
he wolde have solde the House, lands, and all, for 
white wyne, sugar, burage leves, and seke, wherof he 
sippes nyghtly in his chamber tyll mydnyght. Money 
to dispache the housholde and monks, we muste 
make of the rotten copes and bells : al other thyngs, 

• See Repert. Orig, toI. vi. fol. 6o b. 


as well kechyng stuff as other, we shall leiffe. If 

thes two thyngs wilnot amounte to the dispache of 

the housholde, then we muste sell the kyne and the 

plowe-oxen and horse. The whete of the grownde, 

barly, with all kynds of grayne, the fayrest that ever 

I se, and gret plenty theroff ; muche medowse, and 

wodelande also. At our cumyng ye shall knowe the 

number of all the acars, and the valewe of the grayne. 

The goodeliste demaynnes that I have sene ; bycause 

hay herviste is nowe, we must retayne all the carters 

and plowemen, and so sett all thyngs in order, and 

with expedition repaire vnto your Lordshipe. This 

day we dispache the monks, for they be muche de- 

sierouse tobe gone; for yesterday, whan we were 

makyng salle of the olde vestments within the chapitre 

house, they, the monks, cryede a newc marte in the 

cloister ; every man bringyng his cowle caste upon 

his nee to be solde, and solde them in dede. Thus 

Christe continew yow in honoure and long lyffe. 

From Bisi^m, xsdj. Junii, by yo*^ servant, 

Ric. LAYTON, Ptesie, 

To the right honorable and my flinguler 
goode Lorde, the Lord Priyey Seale. 

N 2 



John Freman to the Lord Privy Seal, that the razing 

of the Abbeys in Lincolnshire, would be costly to 

the King. 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xii. 64. Orig.l 

. Hit may please your good Lordship to understond 
that the Kings Comyssion comaundeth me to pull 
downe to the grownde all the walls of the Churches, 
stepulls, cloysters, fraterys, dorters,, chapter housys, 
with all other howsys, savyng them that be necessary 
for a farmer. Sir, ther be more of greatt Howsys in 
Lyncolnshyre then be in Englonde besyde suppressid, 
of there valowis, with thykke walls, and moste parte 
of them vawtid, and fewe byars of other stone, glasse, 
or slatt, whiche myght helpe the charges of plokyng 
down of them. Wherfore, I sertefy yo' Lordship 
that yt will be chaxgabuU to the Kynge, the doune 
pullyng of. them, if I sholde folow the Comyssion, by 
the leste M**. within, the Shere. Therfore, I thynke 
it were best, to a voyde this charge, to take fyrste 
down the bells and lede, whiche I hame abowtt to doo : 
ffor I hade bothe plomer and fiynner from London 
with me, with all ma,ner of necessaries to theym ap- 
pertening ; whiche bells and ledde will rise well and 
to a great some, by the lest vj. or vij. M*. marks, and 
this done, to pouU downe the rovys, batilments, and 


stayres, and lete the wallis stonde, and charge som 
with them as a quarre of ston to make salys of, as 
they that hathe nede will fetche. If you thynke 
this not the beste waye, but that the Kyngs pleasure 
be to have theme downe, a cordyng to the Comyssion, 
it shalbe done ; whiche most haue a greatt tyme, for 
a C. menne be skant sene in a wekke in sum Howsys. 
And also harde to have so manye to doo it withall, by 
cawse they apply now theyr harviste. Wherfore, 
yo' pleasure herin I wold fayn know by this berar. 
And thus I pray to God to geve you showche helthe, 
welthe, and long lyffe, as is in hym to geue. At 
Valdey, the vij*** day of August 

Yo' powre maiie, 


Desyryng yo"^ good Lordship to have in your re- 
membraunce when ye shall see your convenyente 
tyme, my old swette," whiche is to have my ferme of 
the yefte of the Kyng, whiche is xxxv»*i by the yere, 
by cause I reconne the Kyng will thynke the gifte to 
greatt. I showid your Lordship I wold geve his 
Grace ij.C K in money, and for the rest I trust to doo 
so moche profitable sarvys at this tyme and others, 
as shall make uppe the reste of that purchas. Sir, 
good will and dewte byndith me to be soo bowld in 
yo' letter to sende recoinendacons to M^ Wrethisley, 
whoo is my fFrende as yo' Lordship knowith, fibr the 

• suit. 


whiche frenship I thanke jou therof and his goodnes 


To the right honorable my Lorde Pnuy Seale, 
this be delyyered. 


Sir Michard Grredam to the Lord Pricy Seal. His 

proposal to purchase lands belonging to Fountains 

Abbey y in Yorkshire* 

[ibid. 2 Ser. xv. 96. (Mr.] 

%* Sir Ridiard Gresham obtained considerable grants of Abbey- 
lands. . In the 82d Hen. VIII. he purchased the site and demesnes 
of Fountains' Abbey, the site of the Priory of Nun Kelynge in the 
deanery of Holdemesse, and the site of the Priory of Swinhey, all 
in Yorkshire. In the 85th Hen. VIII. he bought two Preceptories 
which had belonged to the Knights Hospitallers, one at Battisford 
in Suffolk, the other atCarbroke in Norfolk, the latter being granted 
jointly to Sir Richard Gresham and Sir Robert Southwell. In the 
87th Hen. VIII., in coivfunction with Richard Billingfbrd, he bought 
the Houses of the White and the Trinitarian Friars in Newcastle. 
Lastly, in the S8th of Henry the Eighth he purchased the site of the 
Priory of Hoxne in Suffolk. Of all these, the only purchase of 
great extent was the site and demesnes of Fountains. Sir Richard 
Gresham, for certain lands of Fountains' Abbey of the value of 300^ 
a-year, in the present Letter, offers, at the rate of twenty years* pur- 
chase, to giye the sum of 70(NM. From the original Letters patent 
it appears that he subsequently bought the site with its neighbour- 
ing lands and their appurtenances for the increased sum of 11,1872. 
11«. 8d. It appears to have been an example of (mx and iegitimiite 
purchase : followed, probably, but in few instances by those who 
then and afterwards made up the great body of Henry's grantees. 

Myn homble diewty to your goode Lordeshype, 
&c. Maye yt please you to be advertyssed that where 
I have movyd the Kyngs Magiste to porches of hys 


Grace serten launds be longyn to the Howsse of 
Fowntens, to the vallewe of thre hondred and fyvety 
pounds by yere, aftyr the rate of xx** yeres purches, 
the som of the mony amownthe unto vijMl, ii. wher 
of tobe deffalkyd jM.M,^ wyche I delyuered by the 
comawndement of the Lorde Cardinale to the Duke 
of Bokyngham, at hys goynge to Guynes. And the 
sayd Cardenale receyvyd of the sayde Ducke ij. obli- 
gacions where in staunde boundyn he and Syr 
Thomas Woodehowsse with other, to the Kyngs usse, 
for payment of the sayd M^ ^Kf and the same obliga* 
cions wher delyuered by the sayde Cardenale to 
Mastyr Mekelowe, beyng Thesaurer of the Kyngs 
ChamtSr, onely to th*intent that I shoulld be recom* 
penced to the same M^ ^. in customes, wyche yet I am 
not as your Lordeshepe doo knowe. And for the 
reste of the mony for the sayd launds, wyche ys 
^M ^•f I wylle paye in hande iijM ii., and the other 
iijM*i. to paye yerlly vC W. tyll yt be payed. Be- 
sechynge your good Loideshipe to be soo goode 
Lorde unto me that I maye knowe the Kyngs gracious 
pleasser, that yf I shale have the sayde launds that I 
maye prepare the mony to be in a redynes. And 
thus ower Lorde preserve yo*" goode Lordeshype with 
helthe. At London, the xxij. daye of Octobr. 
Your owne at your Lordeshepes comawndement, 


To the ryght hoiiora}>le and hys singuUer 
goode Lorde, my Lorde Prevy Seale. 



William Bensariy Abbot of Westminster, to Lord 
Cromwelly to be relieved from the care and govern^ 
ance of his Monastery. 

[ibid. 2 Ser, xlvii. 197. Orig,'] 

%* William Benson, otherwise Boston, who had been Abbot of 
Burton-upon-Trent, succeeded to Westminster upon the death of 
Abbot Islip in 1532. On January the 16th, 16S9-40, with twenty- 
four of the monks, he surrendered his House to the King. There ^s 
no date to the present Letter ; but it was evidently written between 
the time of the surrender and the granting of the Abbofs pension. 

On the 17th December, 1540, the Letters patent came out by 
which the Abbey of Westminster was erected into a Cathedral, 
when Benson was made the first Dean. He died in September 

On Monday, April 13th, 16S4, when Sir Thomas More came be- 
fore the Commissioners at Lambeth Palace, and refused the oath 
then offered to him, he was conmiitted, and thereupon deliyered to 
the Abbot of Westminster to be kept as a prisoner ; with whom he 
remained till the Friday following, and then was sent prisoner to 
the Tower of London. Sir Thomas More, describing what passed 
when before the Lords at Lambeth, says, *' Then said my Lorde of 
Westminster to me, that howsoever the matter semed unto mine 
owne mind, I had cause to fere that mine ovme mind was erro- 
niouse, when I se the great counsaill of the realme determine of niy 
mind the contrary, and that therefore I ought to change my con- 
sciens. To that I aunswered, that if there were no mo but myselfe 
on my side, and the whole parlement upon 4he tother, I would be 
sore afraide to leane to mine own minde only againste so many. 
But on the other side, if it so be, that in some thinges for which I 
refuse the othe, I have, as I think I have, upon my part as great a 
counsail and a greater too, I am not then bounden to change my 
consciens, and conforme it to the counsail of one realme, against the 
general counsaile of Christendome."* 

> Sir Thomas Mora's Works, fol. Lond. 1857, p* 1430. 


Abbot Benson, with others whom we have seen, bent to the 

My syngler good Lord, after most humble and 
hartye thankes for your kynde message sent unto me 
this Saturday by M'. Doctor Peter, yt may please 
youe to be so goode Lord unto me at this tyme as by 
your most excellent wysdome to devyse suche wayse 
that I may be delyvered from the cure, and to me 
the unportable burden in governance of this House, 
in suche sorte as the Kyngs Majesties indignacon be 
advoyded from me. For in good fayeth my feblenes 
is suche, by reason of dyverse most grevouse dyseases, 
that I know well taryng here I shall not only have a 
Very short paynfull bodlye lyeff, but also put my 
soule in dawnger. Alas! my Lord, what shall it 
profett eny creature that I put ether of them in 
pearell. As for my pencon, I passe not how lytle 
so euer it be, so y may have the Kyngs Hyghnes my 
gracyouse Lord, for as Paule sayth scio habundare et 
sciopenuriam patu Yf ever your good Lordeship 
wyll do me pleasure in this world, now obtayii me 
this petycon. I fable not, but meanyth truely what 
I wrytte as God, the Judge of all, knoweth, whose 
grace ever prospere your good Lordeshipp. 

Prom youre awne moste bownden orator, 


Abbott quondam of Westm. 

N 5 



Lee^ Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry ^ to CromwelL 
His Thanks for obtaining for him the ferm of 
Stafford Priory. The Castle of Monmouth. Breck- 
nock Castle. The Commortha forbidden by Statute: 
but a placard for one granted by the King^ to one 
George Matthew of South Wales. 

[ibid. 2 jSer. xxv. 1006. Orig."] 

\* The grant of tke ferm of the demesnes of the Austin Priory of 
St. Thomas at Stafford, for which Bishop Rowland Lee thanks 
Cromwell in this Letter, fixes its date to 1640. 

After my most hartj recommeavlaconsy hit may 
please the same to be adrertised that of late I re- 
ceaved letters ffirom my Surveyor, conteynyng the 
olde assured goodenes and ffiiuor of your goode harte 
contynued towards me ffirom tyme to tyme, and nowe, 
lastely, in that it pleaseth you to tendre my sute ffor 
the Priory of Saincte Thomas, although I caimot 
have it to stonde, yet ffor that ye mynde my prefer* 
ment to the fferme of the demaynes I hartely thanke 
you. As Grod judge me, I only desyre the same ffor 
quyetnes,, and ffor none advauntage as my saide Sur- 
veor shall enforme you, to whom I hartely beseche 
you to geve ffartber credence, bothe herein and other 
thingSi emongs which oone ys ffor the reparacions of 
the Costill of Monmouthe which is all decayed and 


in ruyn (the hall and the walls only excepte). And 
Iforaamoche as it shalbe a Shire towne, and that also 
this Counsaile shall Sot sondry causes repayre thither 
I thinke hit expedient the Priory here^ viz. the 
Mansion of the same, as stones, tymber, and other 
things to be reserved ffor the re-edilSeng of the saide 
Castill, which, together with CC*i. in redy moneye and 
suche as this Counsaile wolde helpe, wolde make a 
conyenyent Lodging ffor this Counsaile and other at 
the Kings Graces pleasure : . wherein his Grace plea- 
sure knowen, and money had as bifore, my diligence 
shall not ffayle to the best of my litle power. But 
there is no leade in the sayde Priory. I truste I 
have sett Brecknock Castell in as peifitt ffashion as 
he was syns his ffirst foundacion. Truste ye me 
truly, I wilbe more drcumspecte in spending the 
Kings Graces moneye then myne owne. And what 
the Kings Graces pleasure shalbe herein I praye you 
I maye be asserteyned shortly. 

And fforasmoche as abowte Arusteleye syns my 
moving unto Brecknock, in Southwales, be gathered 
together a certen cluster or company of Theves and 
Murderers, where I entended to Glocestor, I must of 
necessitie retome to Herforde and Ludlowe ffor the 
redresse of the same, which, God willing, shall not be 
(nnytted. Hartely prayeng you to remembre the 
Commission that M'. Englefild left with you: ffor 
without that we can doo no goode here. 


Farthermore ye shall understonde that wjiere ffor 
the highe commoditie and welth of Wales and the 
Marches of the same, Commortha and other exaccions 
were fordon by Statute, oone George Mathewe, gen^- 
tleman, of Southwales, hath obteigned a placarde to 
the contrary (the Kings Grace as I take it not 
playnely instructed therin) ffor there is no cause 
whye expressed, as by the copy hereinclosed hit 
doth appere, wherin I wolde gladly knowe the Eangs 
Graces pleasure shortely. Truly it is right large, all 
things considered, ffor he is so ffirended that it shall 
ron through all Wales to his advauntage, as I take it^ 
of a thowsand marks. Thus I trouble you, beseching 
you of pacyence and daily my prayer is for your pre- 
servaccon which Almighti Jhu contynewe. Fronx 
Monmouthe, the xxj*^ daye of June. 

Yours most bownden, 


To my moste entierly beloyed firende, 
Master Secretary. 

*^ Henry the Eight, by tiie grace of God Ring of Englande and 
of Fraunce, defensor of the Faythe, and iorde of Irlonde, and in 
Erthe the supreme hed of the Churche of Englande. To aU maner 
our officers, mynysters, and subjects, of what estate, degree, or con- 
dicion so ever they be, these lettres hering or seing, greting. We lett 
you wite that we of our especiall Grace have licenced, and by these 
presents doo license, our trusty and welbeloved subjecte George 
Mathewe Esquyer, to reasorte and goo duryng the space of three 
yeres next ensuyng the date hereof, from tyme to tyme,in all places 
within Wales, and to aske and demaunde suche things as his kyns- 
folk, alies, and other his ffrinds and neighbours will ffrely of their 


goode iBynds, departe with him by waye of Gommortha towards hia 
releiff, any statute, ordinaunce, or other thing made to the contrary 
hereof notwithstonding. Wherefore we woll and comaonde you 
and eyery of you not only to permytt and suffer our saide subjecte 
to use and enjoy the hole effecte of this our licence, but also to ayde 
and assiste him in the due execucion of the same at all seasons, as 
ye entende to please us and woll advoide the contrary. Yeyen un- 
der our Signet at our Manor of Grenewiche the xxj***, daye of Feb- 
ruary, the xxvij'*». yere of our reigne." 


Thomas GoMwelly Prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, 

toJaord Cromwelly upon the Change in the Cathe- 

dral, from a Prior and Convent to a Dean and 


[ibid. 2 Ser, y. 82.] 

My very speciall goode Lorde, in my right humble 
manor I recomend me vnto your goode Lordship, 
besechyng thesame your Lordschip to contynue goode 
Lord vnto me, as you have always ben in tyme past, 
and specially nowe in the chaimge of the Religion of 
this Cathedrall Churche of Caunterbury, fro Priour 
and Covent unto Deane and Canons, for I am in-- 
fourmed that suche as be, or shalbe assigned and 
apoyntedbythe Kings Maiestytobe theComyssioners 
and Vysytours for thesaid chaunge of theseid Churche 
of Caunterbury, shalbe at thesame Churche within 
litle tyme, and of the whiche Comyssioners my Lord 
of Caunterbury, as I here, shalbe the chyife (who is 


not SO ^oode Lord Tuto me as I wold that he were). 
Wherfore, without your especiall Loidship, I suppose 
my Lord of Caunterbury will putt me to asmoche 
hynderance as he can ; and also I have herd of late 
that my brother, the Warden of the Maners, Doctor 
Thomeden, is called in my Lord of Caunterburyes 
house, Deane of Cristscherche,' in Caunterbury, the 
whiche office of Deane by the favour of your goode 
Lordship I trusted to have had, and as yet trust to 
have. I have ben Priour of theseid Churche above 
XXLJ. yers, wherfore it shuld be moche displeasure to 
me in my age to be putt £ro that my levyng or fro 
my chamber and lodgyng whiche I .have hadd by all 
the seid xxij. yers. Hit hath ben also shewed unto 
me that my Lord of Caunterbury at his comyng to 
the seid Churche will take from me the keys of my 
chamber, and if he so do I dowte whether I shall have 
thesame keyes or chamber agayne or nott. I have 
or can have none other comfort or helpe in this mater 
but onely by yo"" Lordship, and where it pleased your 
Lordship of your goode mynde toward me to write 
unto me of late by your lettres that I shuld have my 
seid chamber with all comodities of the same as I 
have hadd in tyme past : the whiche your so wry tyng 
to me was and is moche to my comfort, and with the 
favour of your Lordship I trust so to have for terme 

• Richard lliomdeii, aliat Stede, was the first prebendary of the first atall by the 
diarter of foundation, April 8, 154S ; but nerer became I>ean of Canterbuiy. He 
died in the latter end of 1557> 


of my lyf (the whiche terme of my lyf by course of 

nature caimott be long for I am above th^age of 

Isij. yers). I beseche your goode Lordship that I may 

knowe your pleasure in the premysses by your lettres 

for my comfort of my levyng and my lodgyng, and I 

shall dayly pray to Almighty God for the preser- 

Tacdn of youre goode Lordship. Wretyn at theseid 

Cburche, on Tewisday, the xxiiij* day of February. 

Be yo' Lordschyppys dayly bedeman most bownde 

THOMAS, Prior of Cryste ys Churchy 

in Canterbury. 
To my yerf gpeciall goode Lord| 
my Lord Cmmwell, Lord Privy 
Seale, tfaig be delyvered. 


Sir William Eure to the Lord Privy Seal of England, 
relating his conversations mth a Mr* Bellendyn 
concerning the Court, and character of James the 
Fifth* He details the particulars of an Interlude 
which had been played at Linlithgow. A. D. 1540. 

[ms. reo. 7. c. XTi. Orig,'] 

%* The present Letter affords unquestionable proof that in 1540, 
whatever might have been Cardinal Beaton's counsels, the spirit of 
Reformation had spread from England to Scotland ; and that James 
the Fifth had decided upon a reformation of the Church. The plot 
of the Interlude, annexed to this Letter, is no other than the first 
draught of Sir David Lindsay's Satire on the Three Estates. 


Pleas it your goode Lordeshipe to be advertiside 
that at the meating whiche I had with two gentle 
men of the King of Scotts Counsaile at Caldestreme, 
for suche buysynes as I haue aduertised yo' Lord- 
shipe of in myn other lettre w* of our procedings 
in the same, I hade diuerse comynyngs with M'. 
Thomas Bellendyn^ one of the saide Councellors for 
Scotlande, a man by estymacion apperaunte to be of 
th*age of fiftye yeres or above, and of gentle and 
sage conversac5n, specially touching the staye of the 
spiritualtie in Skotlande, and gathering hym to be a 
man inclyned to the soorte vsed in our Souerains 
Realme of England, I dide soe largely breke with 
hym in thoes behalues as to move to knowe of hym of 
whate mynde the King and Counsaile of Scotland 
was inclyned unto concemyng the Busshope of 
Rome, and for the reformacon of the mysusing of the 
Spiritualtie in Scotlande; wherunto he gentlie and 
lovinglie aunswered, shewing hynx self well contented 
of that comynyng, did saye that the King of Scotts 
hym self, with all his temporall. Counsaile, was gretely 
geven to the reformacon of the mysdemeanors of 
Busshops, religious persones, and preists with in the 
B/calme, And so muche that by the Kings pleasour, 
he being prevey therunto, thay haue hade ane Enter- 
luyde played in the feaste of the Epiphane of our 
Lorde laste paste, before the King and Quene at 
Lighgive and the hoole. Counsaile spirituall and tern- 


porall. The hoole matier whereof concluded vpou 
.the declarac5a of the noughtmes in Religion, .the 
presumpeon of Busshop^, the coUucon of the spiritr 
uall Courts, called the Concistory Courts in Scotland, 
•and mysusing of preists. I iaue obteigned a noote 
fronxe a Scotts man of our aoorte being present at the 
playing of the saide Enterluyde of th'effecte thereof^ 
.whiche I doe sende vnto your Lordeshipe by thi^ 

JMy Lorde, the same M'. Bellendyn shewed me 
that after the said Enterluyd fynished, the King 
iOf Scotts dide call vpon the Busshope of Glascoe^ 
jbeing Chauncelor, and diuerse other Busshops, ex* 
orting thaym to refonne thair facons and maners of 
lyying, saying that oneles thay soe did, he wold sende 
sex of the proudeste of thaym vnto his vncle of 
England, and as tboes wer ordored, soe he wold order 
all the reste that wolde npt amende. And ther unto 
the Chauncelor shuld aunswer and say vnto the 
King that one worde of his Graces mouthe shuld 
suffice thayni to be at comaundement. And the 
King haistely and angrely aunswered that he wold 
gladely bestowe any words of his mouthe that could 
Amend thaym. I am alsoe aduertised by the same 
M^ Bellendyn that the King of Scotts is fully mynd*- 
ed to expell all spirituall men frome haying any auc- 
toritie by office ynder his Grace, either in House- 
hold or ells-where withiji the Realme, and dailye 


studietbe and devisithe for that entente; The same 
M'. Bellendyne haithe desired of me to haue an 
Abstracte of all suche Acts, Constitucions, and Pich 
clamacons as ar passed within this the King our 
Soverains Realme touching the suppression of Reli* 
gion, and gathering unto the Elings Maiestie suche 
other proffeits as befor haithe been sp[oken], witli 
the reformac5n of the mysdemeanors of the Clergye, 
saying that he trustethe to haue the King his master 
to studie the same. And haith m • • • me that if I 
cane attaigne the saide Acts, Constitucons, and Pro* 
clamacons, that I shall not adventur to sende hym 
thaym, but by suche a privy persone as he by a 
secreat token whiche is devised bitwene hym and me 
shall send vnto me for that purpose. * Further, he 
haithe aduertised me that it is appointed the Quene 
of Scotts, now being with childe, shalbe crowned on 
Sondaye, the firste daye of Februarij, and therafter 
shalbe had a Convenc5n of the Lords, for whate pur- 
poos I cannote be certefied as yet, but as is thought 
apertely for the reformacon of spiritualtie. I am ad- 
uertised by one of mjni espiells that the Kinge of 
Scotts havinge at this instaunte three shipes in redy- 
nes to goe to the Sees, haithe been at, seen, and viewed 
the same ; and that it is rumered a maings the comon 
people thay shulde be prepairede for the King to goe 
to the Meating in Fraunce. My Lord, conscidering 
th*effects of the premisses, I thought my duetie could 


be iK>e les thene of the «ame mtii deligence to aduer*- 
tise your Lordshipe^ wherein as shall further stande 
withe the Kings Maiesties pleaaur to comaunde me^ 
even soe I shall, God willing, applie myn vtter deli- 
gence by the grace of the HoUie Gooste whoe ever 
preserue your goode Lordshipe. At the Kings Ma- 
iesties Castell of Beiwike, the xvyj*** daye of Januarye, 
Your Lordship's at comaundement, 

wyll'm eure. 
To the Eight honorable and my yerey 
goode Lorde, my Lorde Privey Seale. 

^' The Gopie of the Nootes of the Interluyde. 

" In tiie firste entres come in Sofauce (whoee parte waa bnt to make 
meiy, aing baHetts with his ffellowes^ and drinke at the interluyd of 
ihe play), whoe shewede firste to «11 the Audience the Playe to be 
played, whiche was a generaJl thing, meanyng nothing in speciall to 
displeas no man, praying therfor' noe man to be angre with the 
«ame. Nexte come in a King who pajwed to hie throne, having noe 
vpeche to th'ende of the Playe (and thene to raitefie and approve as 
in playne Parliament aU things doon by the reste of the players 
whiche represented 4he three esoes). Withe hym come his cortiors, 
Placebo, Pikthanke, and Flaterye ; and suche a like garde, one 
swering he was the Instieste, starkeste, best proporcioned, and moste 
fttliannte man that ever was ; an other awear be was the beste with 
longe bowe, erose bowe, and cnlveria, in the world ; an other swear 
he was the best juster and man of armes in the world; andsoefoithe 
dnring diair parts. Tlierafter came a man, armed in haraes, with 
n sword drawen in his hande, A Bvushope, a B«rges man, and 
Experience dad like a doctor, whoe aete tfaaym all down on the 
dais vnder the King. After thayme oeme a po<Mr Man, whoe did 
goe vpe and downe the scaffidd, making a hevie eomplaynte that he 
was heryed throngke the Gortioars place, wher thionghe he hade 
atrayled his house, his wif and childeren baggyng thair brede, and 
soe of many Ihonsaund in Scotlande, whiche wolde make the Kyng's 
Grace lose of men if his Grace stod neide, saying thair was noejreme- 


dye to be gotten, for thoughe he wolde su^ to the King's Grace, he 
was naither acquaynted with controuUer nor treasurer, and with 
oute thaym myght noe man gete noe goodenes of the King. And 
Itfter he spered for the King, and whene he was shewed to the Man 
that was King in the playe,. he aunsuered and said he was noe 
King, ffor ther was but one King, whiche made all and gouemethe all, 
whoe is etemall, to whome he and all erthely Kings ar but officers, 
of the whiche thay muste make recknjmg. And soe fiirthe muche 
moor to that effecte. And thene he loked to the King, and saide he 
^as not the King of Scotlande, for ther was an other King in Scot- 
lande that hanged John Armestrang with his fellowes, and Sym 
the larde, and many other moe, which had pacified the countrey, 
and stanched thiste, but he had lefte one thing vndon, whiche per- 
teynede as well to his charge as th'other. And whene he was asked 
what that was, he made a long narracon of the oppression of the 
poor, by the taking of the corse presaunte heists, and of the herying 
of poor men by Concistorye lawe, and of many other abussions of 
the spiritualitie and Churche, withe many long stories and auctori- 
ties, . . . thene the Busshope roise and rebuked hym, saying it • • 
effered not to hym to speake such matiers, commaunded of hym 
scilence, or ells to sufier dethe for it by thair lawe. Therafter roise 
the Man of Armes, alledginge the contrarie, and comaunded the 
poor Man to speake, saying thair abusion hade been over longe 
snffered with oute any lawe. Thene the Poor Man shewed the 
greate abbsion of Busshopes, Preletts, Abbotts, reying menes wifs 
and doDghters, and holding thaym, and of the maynteynyng of thair 
childer. And of thair over bying of Lords and Barrons eldeste 
sones to their doughters, wher'thoroughe the nobilitie of the blode 
of the Realme was degenerate. And of the greate superfluous rents 
that perteyned to the Churche by reason of oyer muche temporal! 
lands given to thaym, whiche thay proved that the Kinge might 
take boothe by the Canon lawe and Civile lawe. And of the greate 
abomynable vices that reiagne in Clostures ; and of the comon Bor* 
delles that was keped in Closturs of Nunnes. All this was prouit 
by Experience, and alsoe was shewed th'office of a Busshope^ and 
prodncit the Newe Testament, with the Auctorities to that eflecte* 
And then roise the Man of Armes, and the Burges, and did saye 
that aU that was producit by the poor Man and Experience was 
reasonable, of veritie, and of greate effecte, and verey expedient to 
be reasoemede with the consent of Parliament. And the Busshope 


said he wold not consent thereunto. The Man of Armes and Burges 
saide thay were twoe^ and he hot one, wherfor thair voice shuld 
haue mooste effecte. Theraftre the King in the Playe ratefied, ap- 
proved, and confermed all that was rehersed." 


Henry Howard^ Earl of Surrey y to Sir William 
Pagety after he had quitted hit command at Bou- 

[MS. cotton. TITOS. B. II. 58. Ortg,"] 

%* The reader will not be displeased to have one Letter laid be- 
fore him of the high-minded and accomplished Lord Surrey. In 
1544, in the well-known expedition to Boulogne, Surrey was field- 
marshall of the English army, and after the taking of that Town, 
was constituted the King's lieutenant and captain-general of his 
forces within the Town and Country of Boulogne. In 1546, whilst 
endeavouring to intercept a convoy of provisions intended for the 
fort of Oultreau, he was defeated by the joint power of the Rhin- 
grave and the Marshal de Biez. Subsequently, though not at the 
immediate moment, he was recalled, and Lord Gray appointed to 
succeed him as Lieutenant. 

Who the strangers were to whom he Alludes, and whom he as- 
sisted with an additional reward to that which the King had allow- 
ed, the Editor has not discovered. He complains heavily of Lord 
Gray's conduct to two of his servants, whom he thought he had 
provided for securely at Boulogne : and speaks in no measured 
terms of the reflection which he conceived Lord Gray had cast upon 
his honour. ^^ There be in Boulogne too many witnesses that Henry 
of Surrey was never for singular profit corrupted ; nor never yet 
bribes closed his hand.'' 

The^pachinations which ended in his destruction were at this time 
beginning. He was beheaded on Tower-hill Jan. 10th, 1546—7. 

Ix may like you with my hartie commendacions 
that wheras ycster nyght I perceyved by you that the 


Kings Ma^, thincking his liberalitie sufficiently ex- 
tended towards the Straungers that have served hym, 
I have with faire words done my best so to satisfie 
them accordingly. Assuring you on my faythe that 
their necessite semed to me suche^ as it cost me a 
hundred ducates of myn owne pourse, and sumwhat 
els ; so that now ther resteth nothing to be don, but 
their paspourte and redy dispatch from you, wherin 
it may please you to consider their great chardges 

And now you shall geve me leve to come to mjm 
owne matters. Commyng from Boullougne in such 
sorte as you knowe, I left onely two of my servants 
behynd me, John Rosington and Thomas Copeland. 
To the saied John, for his notable service, I gave 
th'advantage of the Playe in Boullougne. To 
Thomas, the profecte of the Passage. Whom my 
Lord Gray put immediatly out of service after my 
departure, notwithstanding the lettres I obteyued 
from you to hym in their favour. And upon a 
better consideracion, John occupieth his rowme, and 
my Lord to his owne use occupieth th'others office 
of the Passage, sayenge that I and my predicessors 
there shuld use the same to our gayne« Whiche I 
assure you upon myn honor is untrewe ; and that it 
shuld be parcell of th'interteynement of the Deputie, 
which in Callayes was never used, and as me semeth 


t0 nere for a Deputie to grate: unlesse it were for 
ftome displeasure boime to me. 

Finally, M'. Secretary, this is th'onely sute that I 
have made you for any thing touching Boullongne 
syth my departure, wherfore it may please you that 
if my Lord Gray woE neades be Passinger, and that 
this office was no lesse wouTth to the saied Thomas 
then fyftie pounds a yeare, being plased ther by a 
Eangs Lieutenant ; which me thyncketh agreat dis- 
order that a Capytayne of Boullongne shuld displase 
for any pryvat gayne ; yet at the lest it may please 
you to require my Lord Gray to recompense hym 
with a sum of money in recompence of that that he 
hath lost, and purchased so derely with so many 
daungiers of liefe; which my saied Lord of his 
liberalite cannot refuse to do. 

And for aunswer that my saied Lord chardgeth me 
to have returned the same to my pryvat profecte ; in 
his so saying, he can have non honor, for ther be in 
Boullongne to many wytnesses that Henry of Surrey 
was never for singler profecte corrupted ; nor never 
yet bribes closed his hande. Which lesson I lemed 
of my father, and wysshe to succeade hym therin as 
in the rest. 

Further, wheras the saied Copeland^ was placed 
ther for his demerites by M'. Southwell and me of the 
garde, and that my sayd Lord Gray deteyneth from 


hjm his wages ; it may plese you, at my most hertie 
request to graunt hym your Lettres for th'obteynyng 
tkerofy and of the rest ; and to pardon my francknes, 
for that you know it is my naturall to use it with 

And thus wisshing you my 

frend till I deserve of traxy, I pray to God 

send you harte desyreth. From 

xiirj«» of July, 1546. 

Your assuryd loving ffrend, 


To the right wourshipfull Sir W» Paget, Knight, 
one of the Kings Ma**** principall Secretaryes. 











Thomas Fisher to the Duke of Somerset, Protector, 
apprizing him of Intelligence he had received con- 
cerning tumults at Edinburgh; and of hostilities 
committed hy the French and Almains. 

[MS. COTTON. CALIO. B. VII. 325. OHg,'] 

%* Amott, in his History of Edinburgh, ti^es no notice of the 
fray which is here described. The arriyal of the French and Ger- 
mans in Scotland to aid the latter country against England in 1548, 
is an occurrence of History well known, as well as the raising of 
the siege of Haddington. 

" About the same time/' says Holinshed, " there chanced a mu- 
tinie to rise betwixt the Scots and the Frenchmen in Edinburgh, by 
reason that a French soldier fell a quarelling with two or three 
Scotishmen ; and falling together by the eares, diverse Scots that 
came to depart the firaie, would have had the Frenchman to prison ; 
but other Frenchmen being there also present, would not su£^ the 
Scots to take him away. Wherupon arose a great tumult and stirre 
among them, insomuch that there were divers slain on both parts ; 
namely, James Hamilton, laird of Stanhouse, Knight, Captain of the 
Castle and Provost of Edinburgh, with his son ; and Maister Wil- 
liam Steward, one of the Queen's servants ; besides sundry other. 
For the Frenchmen doubting some contrived commotion against 

o 2 


them, assembled together in or^er of battell in the streets ; so that 
before the matter might be appeased by the captains that shewed 
their diligent endeavors therein, they had enough to bring it to pass 
as they wished. The beginner of this business was hanged the 
same day in the market place of Edinburgh, where he began first to 
pick the quarell/'* 

May it like youre Grace t'anderstonde this evening 
came hither from Edenbrughe, Thomas Carlile, who 
was taken prysoner at the first overthrowe afore 
Haddington, and remayning ever sins in Edenbrughe 
is nowe delyvered for his raunsom^ being 240 corons 
of the Sonne, whiche he hathe paid (as he saithej : 
with whom, questyoning howe thinges procede and 
arr taken betwene the Scottes and Frenche, and spe- 
cyally after the hurle lately emonge theym at Eden- 
brughe, and sins of the overthrowe of the Frenche 
and Almaynes at Haddington, he saith for the 
firste, that when this ruffle was emonges theim at 
Edenbrughe, whiche he saith contynewed a good 
hower and more, the French could no soner espie a 
Scotisheman, woman, or childe, conune out of their 
dores, or put their heddes out at a wyndoo, but 
straight way was marked with an harquebute, so as of 
that nacion they spared none ; whereat the Governor 
and his countreymen (as they durst) were not a litell 
stomaked, whiche seing. Monsieur Dessee gathered his 
hoU band in hast togethers, and that night, in a gret 
jage, nothiiig pleased towardes the Governor, departed 

• Holinah. edit. 1687, Vol. i. P. U. p. 548, 


the towne, not all after the gfentellest maner, sending 
for the Ringrave to mete him with his band (as furth- 
with he did) and ceassed not till he came to Muskel- 
burghe, where he tarryed awhile, and so to Hadding- 
ton, to their coste, as was lately wrytten to your 
Grace, They were (saith he) no soner out of Eden- 
brughe, but the gates were shutt, and then the 
townes men, seking for such French as werr lefte, 
were he sick or hoU, he was no soner founde, but 
forthwith slayne and cut in pieces ; so searched they 
♦the towne eftsones on the morrowe, and as they found 
dispatched as afore^ contynewing still the like order 
as they can get one or two French apart, which they 
kill and thrust into holes and comers to hide theym 
as they maye. He also saith that at suche tyme, M^ 
Monsieur Dessie and the Ringrave, with their bandes, 
were at Haddington (which journey he saith was re- 
solved upon fourteen daies before the execution of 
the same in this sorte) either to attempt the steling of 
that towne, or elles the forte here, and to have distroy- 
ed us in our campe. Newes came to the Governor, 
being atttyner in Edenbrughe, that the Frenche and 
Almaynes had wonne Haddington, and slayne all the 
soldiours, saving a fewe gentlemen that were gotten 
within Windham's bulwark, which they kept to be 
dely[vered] only upon promise for saving their lives, 
whiche the messenger said to the Governor, the 
French wold not so take, neither graunte, and other 


curtesie then deith (said he) they shuld not have. 
Wheruppon the Governor and the towne of Eden- 
brughe reyoicyng not a litell, and clerely forgetting 
and frankely forgeving the Frenche former mysde- 
meanors (as though it had not byn) caused his 
trumpet to wame all th'orsmen of the towne to be 
furthwith ready to ryde with him to Haddington, 
hoping to have com in tyme, either himself and his 
band, to have wonne Wyndhams Bulwark, which he 
wold have desired of Monsieur Dessie, or at the least 
to have assisted the French in the wynning therof. 
And so hastyng forwardes with his band of horsemen, 
as far as Lasterick, a mile out of Edenburghe, met 
with th'other newes of the repulse and overthrowe ; 
wherwithall, beinge astonyed, rode to a hill not farr 
of, wheras he discovered and sawe the French and 
Almaynes, commyng towardes him, wherat he cast 
downe his hed, and with all spede retomed to Eden* 
brughe, and after him came thither both Monsieur 
Dessie and the Ringrave with the Frenche and part 
of th' Almaynes, whom Thomas Carlile saith that 
standing in his ho • * • house, he sawe enter the 
towne, and with them in company either twenty 
seven or twenty eight cartes and carriages laden with 
hurt men. And when that Monsieur Dessie and the 
Ringrave had put of their hames, and shifted theim, 
they both, passing the stretes, went to the Governors 
lodging to have spoken with him, who wold not be 


spoken withall that nighty nor. this dnye untill nine a 
clock in the mornings so as they departed for that 
present. And having audience with the Governor 
this daye, unto whom not showing any firendely 
countenance, he answered, they were com rather to 
spoile and distroye the Reahne, thai to assist and 
defend yt (as was promysed), and seing np better 
successe of their service, which also considering the 
slaughter lately made by the Frenche uppon the 
liege people, and specially the Hammyltons, he told 
theim playnly and openly in the hearing of maay, 
that without more ado, the matier should be enquered 
uppon, and th'offenders shall suffre therfore, without 
remission ; and so departed from theym, and they re- 
tomed to their lodginges very saddly as he saith. Wher- 
upon the Ringrave repayred to Leghe, wheras he 
with his holl band (saving 600 left behind him with 
the Lard of Bucliughe for a season) wooU remayne 
all the wynter as yt is sayde. He saith also yt is 
reported in Edenburghe, both by the Frenche and 
Almaynes, that at this conflicte at Haddington, there 
was slayne and hurte of their best men betwene 
four and 500; and that the more part of the 
hurte men (as is supposed) cannot escape death. 
Emonge the whiche, there was slaine in the base 
courte a very nere kynesman of the Ringraves, who 
being uppon the first repulse left behind ded in the^ 
courte, certen of the worthiest Almaynes at the 


desire of their coronell, with a new showte eftsones 
approched and reentred the same, of purpose tofetche 
awey his said kynesman; of whom was also slayn 
with the culverin, being newly charged with hayle 
shot, nineteen, dyvers of th'others sore hurte, and in 
fyne retomed without their desire for the ded man, 
saving one of his armes, which they recovered and 
toke with theym ( God send them many suche hankettsy 
And saithe also the Scottes reyoiceth as moche of 
this overthrowe as we do, and that it is spoken in 
Edenbnrghe the Hamyltons Woll, for their blud- 
sheding, seeke no other amends at th'andes of the 
Frenche, but to be revenged with the sworde, and 
therefore it is thought there wolbe good sport 
emonges theym or yt be long, Marye, had not that 
affray (by the provicion of God) so tymely happened 
emonges theym, the Castell of IJdenburgh for trothe 
had byn on the morrowe morning, by the appoynt- 
ment of the Queue and the Governor, with th'assent 
of M'. Hamilton, constable of same, and the provost 
of the towne, now sore hurt, and the rest of the Go- 
vernors frendes, delyvered to th'andes and charge of 
Monsieur Dessie, which I trust woll not nowe be so 
departed withall. And yt is thought in Edenburgh 
(saith he) that yf money arryve not out of Fraunce 
within a fortenight or three wekes, the Frenche and 
Almaynes arr like to famishe for any relief they shall 
get without money, yf in the meane tyme th^ power 


of the Realme set not uppon tlieym, which (as he 
saith) is in question emonges many. And abredye 
Monsieur Dessie and the Ringrave have pledged all 
their ringes, jewelles, cheynes, plate, and credite, for 
money to satisfie their bandes, untill more com; 
which is dayly loked for. I pray God yt may be inter- 
cepted by sea, and then I doubt not youre Grace 
shal here good accompt of theym. 

Ferther he saith that, about sixteen dales paste, 
Hughe Dowglas, of long Netherye, being in Eden-, 
brughe and lodged within two houses, where he, the 
said T. Carlile, lodged, he sawe the Governer com 
to him in the evenyng, wheras they conferred three 
houres togithers, and then the Governer retorned 
home, suifring no light to be carried before him in 
the stretes, and Hugh Dowglas furthwith departed 
the towne. And saith he certenly knoweth to be him, 
by the M'. [of the] housholde to the Queue, that the 
next night after, somewhat late in the evening, the 
Lardes of Ormeston and Bromston came to the same 
lodging, unto whom also the Governer and Monsieur 
Dessie came, resorted that night in secretie, and, 
tarryeng with them the space of twoo or three howres, 
they went to their lodginges, and the two Lardes de- 
parted the towne before the breke of the next day; 
this he saith is very true, and woll so prove it unto 
their faces yf yt so please your Grace ; or elles oflfreth 
to be hanged for yt ; what juggeling may be herin 

o 5 


(unles they have ferther commission from your Grace 
then I knowe) considering there famyliarite her6, and 
the credite they arr in with som in thies parties^ your 
princely wisdom can best jndge, and for my parte I 
pray God yt be for goode as (saving your Graces re- 
formacion) I beleve yt not. 

This day also^ as he came hitherwardes^ he saith 
that betwene Edenburgh and Long Netherye, he 
met 200 horses and nagges at the leest^ of th'assured 
mens, laden with bred, butter, drinke, cheese, and 
other victuelles, going towardes Edenbrughe and 
Leghe, to relief the French and Almaynes ; and no 
daye escapeth but a nomber of them goeth thither to 
the market, and yet in thies parties, we ceasse not to 
graunt assurances. And, under your faveur, to showe 
my folishe opynyon in discharge of my bownden 
duetie unto your Grace, how had it byn possible for 
such a powere as the Frenche and Almaynes were, 
not under three thousand, or above as is reported, to 
com in the night tyme thorough our assured mens 
townes, from Muskelburgh to Haddington, arid never 
a one of them shuld heare, either of their comyng or 
passing, as they sey they did not, or as I thinke they 
wold not, although iia my judgement a goode part of 
theim knewe full well of th'entended enterprice, and 
yf they did here, or were previe thenmto, why hiad 
they not then let it be knowen by some meane to the 
Capten of Haddington, as it was not 


He ferther saith the French arr at this present in 
suche desperacion^ as they had rather adventer and 
be killed with Englishmen then by the Scottes ; and 
yet do they dayly make fayre tayles to the Scottes, and 
emonges the rest, say that for troith, open warr is 
proclaymed in Praunce betwene them and England, 
and that presently they have a mayne power afore 
the towne of Bulloigne, which th'Englishmen have 
oflSred to rendre, yf they might be suffred to departe 
with bag and bagage. Thies lyes (saving your ho- 
nour) and such like they devise and ymagen to make 
the blynd Scottes beleve that Fraunce woU so occupy 
England, as they may do their willes in Scotland ; but 
God (who seeth and knoweth all) woll, I doubt not, 
scuorge them for their untroithe and nawghtines, 
according to his most divyne wille and pleasure. 

Lastely he saith, that having had libertie to walke 
abrode in the towne of Edenbrughe with his taker, 
and somtjntnes betwene that and Leghe, he telleth that 
Leghe is entrenched round aboute, and that, besides a 
bulwarke made by the haven side towardes the sea 
on the ground where the Chapell stode, which I sup- 
pose your Grace remembreth, their is an other great- 
er bulwerk made on the mayne ground at the gret 
churche standinge at the upper end of the towne, 
towardes Edenbrughe. And that their engener 
having at the firste comyng of the Frenche, devised a 
traves walle, betwene the towne of Edenbrugh and 


the castell, the saiue^ saith he, is alredy a good piece 
builded and rysen brest highe of a man, at the charges 
[of] the Governor, which wall, with a poynted bul- 
werk in the myddes, ronneth by the jugement of his 
eyes t'whart the grene where Sir Christopher Morres 
planted th'ordenance at your Graces first approche 
there, in sorte here under grocely pricked out, and at 
the south end thereof is th'entreet her unto, which dis* 
taunce seameth to be like a base court to the castelh 
Fynally, bicause the fort here groweth nowe in 
suche strenght as yt woU not long desire tarryeng 
here of the campe, it may like your Grace to sig- 
nifie your pleasure, howe and where you mynd t'em- 
ploye the service of th'Almaynes, which as yt is 
thought might be well placed in the West bordres, 
wheras they may be doing both to annoye th'enemye 
and also well victuelled for this wynter tyme. As 
knoweth the living God, who ever prousper your 
Grace in honor and felicitie long t'endure. From 
the campe at the Pethes, the 12*** of October, 1548» 
The towne. 

A 1 11 I ~^ 

The castell. 
Your Graces most humble and bounden servante 

To the right highe and mightie Prince 
my Lorde Protector his good Grace. 



Edward Duke of Somerset^ to Francis None and 
Owen Hopton, Esquires, committing to them the 
hearing of a Suit. 

[lansd. MS. No. 2. art. 23. Orig,'} 

*,* Lord Orford, in his ** Catalogue of Royal and NoWe Au- 
thors/' noticing the good qualities of the Duke of Somerset, says, 
'' I chuse to throw into a Note a particularity on this head that it 
way be more, remarked. Great clamour was raised against him for 
a merit of the most beautiful nature; this was his setting up a 
Court of Requests within his own house, ' to hear the petitions and 
suits of poor men; and upon the compassion he took of their oppres- 
sions, if he ended not their businesses, he would send his letters to 
Chancery in their fevour.'"* 

In times. Lord Orford justly adds, when almost every Act of 
State was an Act of Tyranny, how amiable does this illegal jurisdic- 
tion appear ! 

The following is one of the Letters which were given to suitors 
on this occasion. The body is in the hand of a Secretary. The 
signature, only, that of the Protector. 

After our hartie commendacions we send unto 
yow the Supplicac5n hereinclosed, wherein we mind- 
ing direccSn by right, wherfor (knowing your wis- 
domes and upright dexterities) we will and require 
yow by vertue hereof, calling all such parties before 
yow as yow shall thinke mete for the better know- 
ledge of the truith therin, to here and examyn the 
same, and uppon due knowlage of the cace, to pro- 

• Strype, vol. ii. p. 188. 


cede without furder tract of time unto the finall 
determinacon thereof) as to righti equitie, and con- 
science shall apperteign, so as the partie complaynant 
may receive and enjoy th'ole that in conscience he 
ought to have by your order ; being yowby the tenor 
hereof authorised therunto, without furder cause 
hereafter eftsones to molest us in this behalf with 
complaint. Thus, not doubting that yow will not 
frustrate this the good opinion we have conceyved in 
yow, we bidde yow fare well. From Somerset Place, 
the xj"- of March, AM548, 

Yowr loving freend, 


To our loTuig frendsy Francis None and 
Owen Hopton esqiers. 


Dr. Day, Bishop of Chichester, to Secretary Cecil, 
for his liberty, having been deprived and imprisomed 
for disobeying the King's command for substituting 

Communion Tables instead of Altars in his Diocese. 

A. D. 1550. 

[ibid. No. 2. art. 63. Orig,1 

Gratia et Paac in Christo Jesu. Where as your 
Maistreship wylled me to wryte vuto you concern- 
ynge the coliimunication whiche it pleased you of 
late to haue with me: albeit to entreate againe of 


that Argument can be no lesse vnpleasaunt and 
daungerous vnto me^ than it is to the meichaunte 
to sayle againe in those seeis wherin he hathe suf- 
fered shipwrack before : yet I haue gone aboute to 
accomplishe your wyll and pleasure^ and haue de- 
vysed with my selffe how and what I shulde wryte of 
that mattre. But in goodde trouthe I cannot tell 
what I shulde wryte therin, otherwyse than I an- 
swered vnto my Lords of the Counsaille (before I 
was commytted to pryson) and afterwards to the 
Commissioners at the tyme of my deprivation : viz. 
that I sty eked not att the 'alteration^ either of the 
matter (as stone or wode) wherof the Altar was made, 
but I then toke, as I now take, those things to be in- 
differenty and to be ordred by them that haue autho- 
ritie. But the commaundement, whiche was gyven 
to me to take downe all Altars within my diocese, 
and in the lieu of them to sett vp a table, implyinge in 
it selffe (as I take it) a playne aholyshment of the 
Altare (iothe the name and the thinge) from the vse 
and ministration of the Holy Communion, I cowlde 
not with my conscience then execute. As I an- 
swered to my Lords of the Counsaille then, and 
afterwarde to the Kings Ma**®* Commissioners ; and 
what I shulde ells now answere I cannot tell. 

Iff I may by your helpe and Sir Jhon Chekes, in 
consyderation of the losse of my lyving, and twoo 
yeares emprysement, frely now obtayne the libertie of 


a subiecte (whiche if I shulde herafter abvse I wolde 
not desyre to lyve), I wyll dayly pray to God for the 
Kings moste excellent Ma*" and his moste honorable 
Counsaile <al vwep iffjt&v rwy pvarwy fiov. Sin mihi 
Uhertas emenda est novo conscientias certamine etperi- 
culOf prestat opinor ea carere^ quam tanto precio 
mercem tarn vulgarem et egenam compwrare. Domi* 
nus Jesus te semper incohtmem seruet, vir clarissime, 
et suo spiritu te semper dirigat ad nominis sui ghriant 
et ReipubUccB utilitatem. Ex cedibus reverendissimi 
JD. Cancellarij AnglicB, x®. Januarij. 

Tuae Dignitatis Studiosus^ 

G. DAY, 

To the right honorable Sir WUhn Cicell, Knyght, 
Secretary vnto the Kings Ma***. 


The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Sussex and 
Sir Richard Southwell, for the punishment of twa 
persons who had stolen some young Hawks from a 
Lanne/s nest, and who would not confess for whom^ 
they had procured them. 

[MS. OOTTON. TITUS. B. II. fol. 271. OrigJ] 

*,* The Gentleman's Recreation, 8vo. edit. pp. 51, 62, says, 
" You may know the Lanners by these three tokens : 1, they are 
blacker Hawks than any other; 2, they have less beaks than the, 
rest ; 3, and lastly, they are less armed and pounced than other 


Falconry has been already noticed as the favourite sport of the 
English princes and nobility from the earliest times. From the 
Wardrobe Account of the 34th Edw. I. it appears that the fees, re- 
wards, &c. to the King's falconers, for that year only, amounted to^ 
no less a sum than 248/. 7«. 4^d. 

In the 34th Edw. III. it was made felony to steal a hawk : and 
to take its eggs, even in a person's own ground, was punishable 
with imprisonment, beside a fine at the royal pleasure. For how 
long time the first part of this statute continued in force, is shewn in 
this and the succeeding Letter. Previous to the invention of the 
fowling-piece, as may be gathered from several Letters already 
printed in these volumes^ Game was chiefly obtained by Falconry.* 

From an entry upon the Originalia Rolls, vol. ii. p. 26T, anno 
85 Edw. III., we find that a falcon gentil cost 20«. ; a tersil gentil, 
108. ; a lestour, Bs,4d,; a tersil lestour, 6$, 8d. ; and a Laner, 68. Sd. 
These were the prices which the Sheriff was to give for Hawks for 
the King's use. At a later date the prices were greatly enhanced. 
Birt, in his Address to the reader, prefixed to his Treatise already 
quoted in the Note, says he *^ had for a Goshawke and a Tarsell a 
hundred marks ; both sold to one man within sixteen months." 

In the earlier period in England, the Norway hawk seems to. 
have been most prized. In the Domesday Survey, the City of Wor- 
cester, among the customary rents paid to the King, gave ten pounds^ 
or a Norway hawk. 

Among the Royal Letters in the Lansdowne Collection, there is 
one from Henry the Eighth to Thomas Dowty to furnish a Cabin in 
his ship to a servant of Sir Anthony Kingston, serjeant of his Ma- 
jesty's Hawks, sent by his master into Iceland to transport Hawks 
into England. Dated Hampton, 29th March, 1539. 

Ireland also was known for its breed of Hawks. In a volume 
of Letters and Warrants relating to that country, formerly belonging 
to Lord Kingsborough, the Editor remembers one from Queen Eli- 
zabeth to Sir Henry Sydney, the Lord Deputy, dated Windsor, 7th 
Oct. 1568, which began, *< Whereas in the second year of our reign, 
we did grant unto the right noble Ferdinand de Castro, Marques of 
Sana in the kingdom of Spain, being our right trusty and well-be- 

* Birt, in his ''Approved Treatise of Hawks and Hawking," 4to. Lond. 1619, 
•ays that on the Sussex downs, within fire weeks he killed with one hawk " four- 
score and odd partridges, five pheasants, seven railes, and four hares against his 
wiU." P. 29. 


loVed Cousin, and descended of the royal Mood of our predecessors, 
and by the House of Lancaster, that he shuld yearly have two 
Gossehawks and four greyhounds, to be delivered by our Deputy, 
or other otir principal minister in that Realm, at such seasonable 
time as he should send for the same." The giimt was to have con* 
tinuance till the Queen's pleasure should be otherwise determined. 
The Warrant went on to state that the Hawks which were wanted 
could not always be had, and that it would be well for some of tilie 
inhabitants of the parts from which they were procured, by way of 
rent or other inducement, to be enjoined to obtain them. 

Throughout Europe, it is probable that Hawks' nests now go un- 
niolested : though the Queen of England, in the nominal portion of 
her Majesty's household has still an hereditary Grand Falconer. 

In 1662, when the Ambassadors were introduced to the King 
from Russia, the Emperor and Grand Dukes sent numerous Fal- 
cons among their Presents. 

Turberville, in his ** Booke of Falconrie," 4to. Loud. 1675, pre- 
serves the memory of Queen Elizabeth's fondness for the sport of 
Hawking in a wood cut, twice repeated in his work, which repre- 
sents the Queen on horseback pursuing it, accompanied by her 
courtiers. In the later edition of 1611, a portion of the block re- 
presenting her Majesty is cut out, and James the First's figure 
amusingly substituted for the Queen. 

After our right harty commendacionsi whereas 
by the examynacion inclosed you may perceyve that 
one Anthony Man and James Gardyner being ap- 
pointed to watche a Lanner's neste within the dis- 
parked Parke of the Lady Marie's Grace of Wyn- 
farthing, in the County of Norfolk, by her Grace's 
offycer there, have confessed before Sir Richard 
Southewell and Sir Thomas Woodhowse, Knight, 
that they have stoUen thre yong Hawkes in the said 
Lanner's neste, but by whose procurement, for whom 
they were so stolen, or to whom they were delyvered, 


they very obstinately and utterly refuse to confesse, 
as by the said examinacions shall more playnly ap- 
pere to your Lordshipp : thies shalbe to require 
the same agayn t'examyne the saide Man and Gar- 
dynere so earnestly and effectually as they may 
confesse aswell by whose meanes and procurement 
they stole the saide Lanners nestes^ as also to whome 
they were delyverid, and to whose use ; to th'ende 
the said Hawkes may be restored agayne to the Lady 
Maries Grace, which if they refuse to do by gentle* 
nes, then we desire your Lordshipp to force them to 
do the same by straight handling and punyshement ; 
and in the meane tyme to give ordre that they be 
still kept in sure warde, till we advertise your Lord- 
shipp of our furder order to be taken in that behalf. 
So we byd the same hartely farewell. From Grene- 
wich, the v* of May, 1653. 

Your Lordshipps loving ffirendes, 





.... WAAD.* 

To our yery good Lorde the Earle of Sussex, 
and our loying frende Sir Richard Sowthe- 
well, Knight. 

^ A Memorandum wyn, " Thies Lettres were delyveryd unto us the above named 
Erie of Sunex and Sir Richard Southwell the x. of Moye the yere within wiighten." 



The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Sussex^ a 
second Letter relating to the stolen Hawks from 
Winfarthing. The thieves still obstinate. Examin^ 
ation of them by torture proposed. 

[ibid. II. 269. Orig,'] 

%** That the torture of the Rack, howerer illegal, was resorted 
to in the reign of Elizabeth on particular occasions, is evidenced by 
entries upon the Books of her Privy Council. One instance occurs, 
when the Council were at Otelands, 20th June, 1570. One ThomaB 
Andrewes, suspected of a murder in Somersetshire, in custody at 
the Marshalsea, would confess nothing. "A Lettre" was ordered 
'' to the Lieutenant of the Tower to cause the said Andrewes when 
he shalbe brought unto him to be sett to the Racke and offered the 
torture therof, and then be returned backe again to the Marshalsey.'^ 

After our hartie commendacions to jour Lord- 
ship, we have receyved your letters of the last of 
May, whereby we perceyve your diligence and tra- 
vayle used in the straight examination of Man and 
Gardener that stole the Hawkes out of Winfarthing, 
for which we gyve unto your Lordship right hartie 
thanks. And for as muche as it appereth unto us 
that the said lewd persones doo most obstinatly re- 
fuse to confesse the trouthe of theyr doings in this 
behalf, we have thought good to pray your Lordship 
to cause the sayd Man and Gardener to be sent 
hither unto us under oure custody, to th'end we may 
gyve such ordre for the examinacion by tortours or 
otherwyse of the sayd persones, yf they refuse to 


confesse tlie trouthe and particulareties of theyr 
lewde doings, as may be an example to other lyke 
froward and obstinate persones hereafter. And so 
we byd yo' Lordship hartely well to fare. From 
Grrenewich, the iij. of June, 1553, 

Yo' L. loving ffriends, 






To our very good Lorde, 
th'Erle of Sussex. 


The Council to Sir Philip Hohye^ resident with the 
Emperor; announcing the death of King Edw. FL, 
8th July, 1553. 

[MS. COTTON. OALBA. B. xii. 249. (. Ortg^^ 

After our very hartye commendaciones, wee 
must needs be sorye to write that which comethe 
bothe from us and goethe to you, with such ex- 
treame sorowe of the lyke newes passed under these 
our hands ; but suche is the Allmighty wille of God 
in all his creatures, that his order in tyme maye not 
be by us resisted. In one word wee muste telle you 
a great heape of infelycetye. God hathe called out of 

» Endorsedy " Thiese Lettres were delyvered to me the said Erie of Sussex the 
vy*. of June the yeie within wrighten." 


this world our Soveraigne Lord, the sixdi of this 
month, towards nighte, whos manore of deathe was 
suche towards God as assurethe us that his soule is 
in place of etemall Joye. The desease wherof he 
dyed was of the putrefaction of the lunges, beinge 
utterly uncurable. Of this evill, for die importance 
wee adverties you, knowing it to have moste com- 
forte to have byne therof ignorante. And the same 
ye may take tyme to declare to the Emperore as 
from us, which knowe assuredly that his Majestic 
will sorowe and condole with us for the departure 
and losse of a Prince of that excellencye, and so 
deare a brother and frend. Not doubtinge but his 
Majestic will have in remembrance the auntiente 
amitye that hathe byne alwayes betwixte their aun- 
cestores, for consideracion whearoff ye shall assure 
him that ther shall not bee any thinge lackinge one 
our parte, but alwayes redyenes to observe and main- 
tayne the same : and so we wisshe to us all the com- 
fort of Gods Spirite in all adversetyes. 


The Council to the Commissioners in Flanders ^ Wth 
July, 1553, 
[ibid. xii. 260.] 

After our harty commendacions ye shall perceave 
by the bearere, M'. Shelleye, and by suche letteres 


, of J as ye shalle receave from the Queenes Highnes our 
^g, Soveraigne Lady Queene Jane^ with coppy of suche 
^ Letteres as hir Grace sendethe to the Emperoure, 
^\ what is the cause of this message nowe sente to you, 
!^ and! what it is that is nowe to be done by you 
^ theare: first, Ijie signeficacion of our Soveraigne 
^ Lords deathe ; nexte, the possession of the Queenes 
^ Highnes in the Crowne of this Realme ; thirdly, the 

^ placynge of you, S'* Phillipe Hobbye, Knighte, as 

Ij^ Ambassadore theaxe resydente ; fourthely and laste, 

J the offer for your remaining there to proceed in the 

Treaty of the Peace, yf it shall so lyke the Em- 
perore. Furthermore, ye shall understand that al- 
thoughe the Lady Marye hath byne written unto 
from us to remayne quiete, yet nevere the lesse wee 
see hir not so waye the mattere, that yf she myghte 
she wold disturbe the state of this Realme, havinge 
thearunto as yet no manere apparance of helpe or 
comforte, but onelye the concurrance of a fewe 
lewde, base people; aU other the nobylletye and 
gentlemen remaininge in their dutyes to our Sove- 
raigne Ladye Queene Jane. And yet never the lese 
because the condissyones of the basser soarte of 
people is understood to be unruly yf they be not 
governed and kepte in ordere, thearfor for the meet- 
yng with all events, the Duke of Northumberlands 
Grace, accompanyed with the Lord Marques of 
Northampton, proceedethe with a conveniente powere 


in to the partyes of Norfolk to keepe thos cuntreyes 
in staye and obedyence ; and because the Emperores 
Ambassadores heare remainenge shall in this mattere 
of the pollecie not intennedle, as it is verye lickly 
they will and doe dispose them selves, the Lord 
Cobham and Sir John Masone repairethe to the 
same Ambassadors to give them notice of the 
Ladye Maxyes proceedings againste the state of thi^ 
Realme; and to pute them in remembrance of the 
nature of theire oflBice, v«rhich is notte to medle in 
theis causes of pollecie, nether directly nor indi- 
rectly ; and so to charge them to use them selves as 
they geve noe occasione of vnkyndnes to be mynes- 
tred unto them, whearof v^ee v^rold be moste sorrye 
for the amy tie which one our parte wee meane to 
concerve and maintaine. And for that percace the 
Ambassadores, and what the verye mesage is, usinge. 
it in suche soarte as thearby as the amytie maye 
best be preserved. 


Francis Yaxley to Sir William Cecily with News 

from the Court. 

[lansd. MS. 8. art. 44. Orig,'] 

My duetie unto yow and my good Lady remem* 
bred, yow shall please to be advertised that imme- 


diately vppon my arryval at Callais, I delivered your 
lettres with most harty recommendacions to my L. 
Wentworth and Sir Thomas Cornewaleys, who no 
lesse frendly then thankfully received the same, as by 
their answers herein inclosid yow may perceive. I 
talked also with M'. Auchar for your monney, and 
he said that his servaimt had ben to seke yow for the 
payment thereof, and could never fynd yow, so as 
nowe (as he shewed me) he hath wretin to his ser- 
vaunt for the payment of the said monney, which 
lettre I have, and mynde to reteigne untill your 
coming hether. 

At my retoume from Callays with lettres to the 
Queues Highnes in post, I was so tormented and 
tossed by tempest of wether and contrary winde in 
the unmercelesse seas, as after xiij**** howres sailing, 
I was enforsed to take to Callays haven and remaine 
there viij. dayes for passage. 

As for newes, yow shall understand that the Kings 
and Queues Majesties be in helth, and mery, whom 
I did see daunce togethers uppon Sunday at night, at 
the Court, where was a brave maskery of clqth of 
gold and sylver, apparailed in maryners garments, 
the cheif doer whereof I thinke was my Lord Ad- 

Uppon Thursday next, there shalbe in Smithfeld 
Giuoco di Canne; where the King and Queue 

VOL. III. p 


Here is comme hether Dtm Ferrando Gonsetga, 
Merques de Bergos, Counte de Home^ Mouns'* Dar- 
TBSy th'Emperors secretary, wlio were at Callays at my 
being there. 

The Parliament is summoned to begynne the xij* 
of the next; and for the better eleccion of the 
Knights and Burgesses, her Maiestie hath addressed 
forth her lettres to the Sheriefes of the Shores, as by 
the copie thereof herein inclosed yow shall perceive. ' 

The Artizens Spaniards wer commaunded yester- 
day to shett upp their shoppes, I thincke because, 
by th'order and lawes of the City, they may nat open 
the same being nat fre-denizens* 

It was told me this day that the Ambassador of 
Savoy was yesterday to see my Lady Elizabethes 
house at Strand, and that there was order given for 
the putting of the same in areadines for the Duke* 

Other occurrences here be none worthy the writing, 
but that all things be in good quietnes, thanks be to 
God. And I see no feare of the contrary, albe it 
there be diuers lewde and evill disposed personnes 
who do not lett to sprede abrode false and sediciouse 
rumores and tales. 

Thus wisshing unto yow and my good Lady con- 
tynewance of helthe, with the contentacion of your 

■ The Duke of Savoy, called Prince of Piedmont, arrived in England on Dec. 
27th. See Grafton, edit. 1569, p. 1347. 


vnnegodly harts desires, I make an ende. From the 
Cotirte, the xij* of October, 1554. 

Youres to do yow service, as I am most botmden, 
duering lief, 

To the right worehipfaU S' Waiiam CiciU, 


Queen Mary I. to her Commissioners at Calais, topro^ 
cure the French King's interest with such Members 
of the Conclave as were at his devotion to assist in 
elevating Cardinal Pole to the Popedom. 

[MS, COTTON. TIT. B. II, llg. Ortg,'] 

By the Quene, . 


RiOHT reverende father in God, right trusty and 
right welbeloved, and right trusty and right welbe- 
lored cousin and counsellor, and right trusty and well- 
beloved counsellor^ we grete you well. And where 
we doo consider that Christes Cathcdik Churche and 
the bole state of Chri»tendoine having byn of late so 
sundrie wayes vexed, it sbold greatly help to furder 
summe quiet staye and redresse of that is a mysse if at 
this tyme of the Popes Holines election, sume suche 
godly, learned, and well disposed personne may be 

p 2 


chosen to that place, as shalbe gyven to see good 
ordre mayntained, and all abuses in the Churche 
reformed ; and knowne besydes to the worlde to be of 
godly lyfe and disposition : and remembering on the 
other syde the greate inconvenience that were lyke 
to arryse to the state of the Churche if worldly 
respects being onely wayed in this choyse, any suche 
shold be preferred to that roome as wanting those 
godly qualities before remembredi might gyve any 
occasion of the decay of the Catholik faith : we can- 
not for the discharge of our dutie to God and the 
Worlde, but bothe earnestly wysshe and carefully 
travayle that suche a one may be chosen, and that 
withowt long delay or contention, as for all re- 
spects may be most fyttest to occupie that place to 
the furtherance of Gods glorie and quietnes of Chris- 
tendom. And knowing no personne in our mynde 
more fyt for that purpose then our deerest cousin 
the Lord Cardinal Poole, whome the greatest parte of 
Christendome hath heretofore for his long expe- 
rience, integritie of lief, and great learning, thought 
mete for that place ; we have thought good to pray 
you, that taking sume good occasion for that pur- 
pose, you doo, in our name, speake with the Cdxdi- 
nall of Lorrayne, and the Conestable, and the rest of 
the Commissioners of our good brother the Frenche 
King, praying them to recomende unto our sayd 
good brother, in our name, our sayd derest cousin to 


be named by hym to such Cardinalls as be at his 
devocon, so as the rather by his good furtheraunee 
and meanes this our mocion may take plase. Where- 
unto if it shall please hjrm to gyve his assent, lyke as 
vppon knowledge thereof, we shall for our parte allso 
labour to sett forwards the matter the best we may, 
so doubt we not but if this our good purpose take 
effect, both he and we, and the rest of all Christen- 
dom, shall have good cause to gyve God thanks, and 
rejose thereat. Assuring hym that if we had in our 
conscience thought any other personne more fyt for 
that place then our sayd deerest cousin, we wold not 
for any privat affection have preferred his advaunce- 
ment before Gods glorie and the benefite of Chris- 
tendom : the furtheraunee whereof is, we take God 
to recorde, the onely thing we seeke herein, which 
nfioveth vs to be the more earnest in this matter, the 
overture whereof we have taken in hand (as ye may 
assure them of our honno*^) without our sayd deerest 
cousins ether knowledge or consent* And by cause 
we nede not to remembre the wysdome, synceritie of 
lyfe, and other godly partes, wherewith Almighty 
God hath endowed our sayd derest cousin, the same 
being well enough known to our sayd good brother 
and his sayd Commissioners, and the rest of the 
Worlde, we doo referre the manner of the opening and 
handeling of the rest of the matter vnto your owne 
wysdomes, praying you we may vnderstand from you. 


as sone as ye may, what aunswer ye shall have 

receyved herein at the sayd Commissioners hands. 

Yeoven, vndar our Signet, at our Honnor of Hamp* 

ton Courte, the xxy^ of May, the fyrste and seconde 

yeres of our Beignes. 

To the right rererend father in God our right 
tnisty and right welbeloved counselor the 
Bisflhc^ of Winchester, oar High Chaun- 
cellor of England; to our right trusty and 
right welbeloved cousin and counsellor the 
Earie of Arundell, Lorde Steward of owr 
Howseholde; and our right trusty and wel- 
beloved counsellor the Lorde Paget; our 
Commissioners presently at Galleys. 


Mary of Guise to Queen Mary of England^ requesP- 
ing a Safe-^ondtict and Passport for George Lord 

[MS. COTTON. CALIO. B. VII. 481. Orig.'\ 

%* It was on or about the 7th of August, 1548, that Mary Queen 
of Scots set sail for France. She arrived in Brest harbour August 

In April 1664, in tiie Parliament of Edinburgh, a Commission 
from her was produced and read, which appointed her mother, 
Mary of Guise, to be regent of her realm : whereupon the Queen 
dowager accepted the hcHnage and congratalations of the assembled 
nobility. It was in this character tibat she wrote the present Letter. 
Mary of Guise was deposed by Lord Ruthven and the nobles and 
others of his faction, Oct. 22, 1559. 

Mary Queen of Scots arrived in her dominions August 19th, 1661. 


Right excellent^ richt high and mychde Princes, 
oure derrest sustir and allya. We commend ws to yow 
in oure maist hartlie maner, praying yow to grant, at 
yis oure requisitionn, youre salfconduit and sure pas- 
port in dew forme to George Lorde Seytonn, and 
with him twelf servandis in company, saulflie to cum 
within youre realme of Inglannd to ony toun, port, 
havin, burne, creak, or parte yairof, one hors or one 
fute, be sey, launde, or fresche watter, and to remane 
thainn, pas and repas throw ye samyn, to and fra ye 
partis of Fraunce, als oft as he sail think expedient, 
with yair horsses, as weill staint as geldingis, bul- 
gettis, cofferris, caskettis, fardellis, gold, silver, con- 
nyett and uncunnyett, and lettars, clos and patent, 
without ony serche, arreist, stop, trowble, or im- 
pediment to be maid or done to yame or ony of 
yame, at ony toun, port, passaige, or parte of 
youre realme and dgminions, for ye space of ane 
yeir, nixt to cum eftir ye day of ye dait of ye samyn, 
irrevocablie to indure ; and gif it happynis ye said 
Lord, or ony of his company foirsaid to trespas 
within youre realme, the personn trespassond being 
puneist yairfoir in his awin bodie and guidis, houre 
saulfconduct neviryeles to be observitt in effect to ye 
remanent behavand yame selfis honestlie, and com- 
mittis na trespas, Richt excellent, richt hie, and 
mychtie Princes, oure derrest suster and allya, we 
pray God haif yow in his keping, Gevin undir oure 


signett^ and subscrivit with oure hand, at Edinbiirt, 
ye sevint day of July, the yeir of God, one thousand 
fyve hundret fyftie and foure yens. 

Your gud suster and ally a, 

To the richt excellent, richt heigh and 
myghty Princes, oure derest suster 
and ally a the Queue of England. 




P 5 


\* The reader who has studied the Life and Reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, cannot but have been occasionally struck by the nume- 
rous traits of personal character imitative of her father. Among 
them, in the early part of her reign, wts the desire occasionally to 
examine Heretics herself. 

Cromwell, in a Letter to Sir Thomas Wyat, preserved in the 
Harleian MS. 282, dated London, 28th Nov. 1538, says, <<The 16th 
day of this present, the King's Majesty, for the reverence of the 
Holy Sacrament of th' Altar, did sit openly in his Hall, and there 
presided at the disputation, process, and judgement of a miserable 
heretick sacramentary, who wa9 brent the 20th of the same Month. 
It was a wonder to see how His Highness M^ercised there the very 
Office of a Supreme Head of his Church of England ; how benignly 
his Grace assaid to convert the miserable man ; how strong and ma- 
nifest reasons His Highness alledged' against him. I wished the 
Princes and Potentates of Christendom to have a mete place for 
them there, to have seen it : undoubtedly they should have much 
marvelled at His Mig«sty's most high vnsdom and judgement, and 
reputed him none otherwise after the same than in manner the 
Mirror and Light of all other Kings and Princes in Christendom. 
The same was openly done with great solemnity, whereby I doubt 
not but some of your friends that have good leisure shall by their 
Letters advertise you of the whole discourse thereof. • ♦ • * 
'< At the time of the condemnation of the Sacramentary the King's 
Highness caused some Proclamations to be made, the copy whereof, 
in print, ye shall receive herewith." 

The Additional MS. in the Museum, 4783, fol. 101, preserves the 
narrative of a Scene not unsimilar, when Queen Euzabeth pre- 
sided at the Council-Board : more humanely conducted, however, 
and followed by a result more favourable to the Heretic. 
^' The Examinacion of Faithfull Comin, the Dominican Fryer, who 
pretended to be a godly Preacher. Anno 1567. 

<< Faithfull Comin, of the Order of St. Dominick, Anno 1567, to 
all people's imaginations supposed to be a strict Protestant and 
against the Church of Rome, was brought before Her Grace Eliza- 
beth of England, France, and Ireland Queene, and her Ma^^ most 
honnored Councell, on Monday the fifth of Aprill, being accused to 


be a sower of Sediticm amongst Her Majesties faithful! subjects, by 
the testimony of John Clarkson, chaplaine to his Grace Mathew 
Parker, Archbishopp of Canterbury, as alsoe by the testimonyes of 
Nicholas Draper and Mary Deane, all being swome upon the holy 
Erangelists that the said Faithfull was an imposter, notwithstand- 
ing he preached against Pope Pius Quintus then Pope of Rome. 

'* The Archbishop's Question. Faithfull Comin, what profession 
art thou of? 

" Answer. Of Christ's Order. 

«Q. What order is that? 

"-4. A preacher of the Holy Gospell. 

<< Q. What Gospell is that you call the Holy GospeU ? 

^^A.The GospeU of Jesus Christ 

** Q. Under whose power doe you owne to hold that Holy Gos- 

'' A. Under Christ and his Sayntes. 

" Q. Doe you acknowledge any other power save Christ's to be 
nppon earth? 

«i. Yes, I doe. 

" Q. What power is that ? 

<' A. The Holy CathoUque Church. 

'^ Q. Doe you not acknowledge a Defender of the holy Catholique 

*^ A. God is the onely defender thereof. 

" The Archbishop to her Mt^^. Your gratious Ma*** may perceave 
that this man either hath beene instructed what to say, or otherwise 
he must be by his answers a man of craft. 

^' The Queene. I suppose soe, my Lord. 

"Then FaitlrfvU Commin being commanded to withdraw, Her 
Grace and the whole Councell consulted what to doe, and how 
to proceede further in this matter. Caused the said John 
Clerksott to com in h^ore the Board. 

" The Queene. What is your name ? 

"Joh. Clerkson. May it please your Grace my name is John 
Clerk son. 

" The Q. Were you acquainted with Faithfull Comin? 

''Jo. CI. I was. 

"TheQ. How long? 

''Jo. CI. Within this yeare and more. 


'<The Q. What have yon to say against Faithfoll Comin, that he 
is suspected to be an Imposter ? 

"^J.C. Three things. 

'< The Q. What be they? 

*' J. C. First, lett him prove his Ordination since he fell from the 
Dominican Order ; secondly, why he never cometh to the Prayers 
of the now Established Church of England, bat starteth up and 
preacheth to the people, not comeing into the Church till the prayers 
be finished ; thirdly, let him prove that he ever receaved the Sacra- 
ment according to the Church of England, from any of our orthodox 

'' Her Grace and the CounceU considering nf theee three thingSy 
sent out for the $aid FaitlrfuU Commin to com in. 

« The Archbishop. 

" Q. Were you ever ordayned ? 

" A. Yes, I was ordayned. 

"Q. By whome? 

'< A, By the Caidinall. Meaning M. Poole, 

<< Q. Had you noe other Certificate since under any of the Bi- 
shopps hands since the Reformation ? 

«^. Not any. 

'< Q. Wherefore would you dare to preach, haveing not gott a 
Lycense or Permission under some of our Bishopps hands ? How 
shall we be certified that you are not of the Romish Church ? 

*^ A, There are severall have heard my Prayers and my Sermons, 
and can testifye that I have spoken against Rome and her Pope as 
much as any of the clergy have done since they have fallen from her. 
Therfore I wonder why I should be suspected. 

^^ Archbishop, By your answer I perceave, Mr. Commin, you 
would have any one preach, soe that he speakes but against the 
Pope in his Sermons. 

<' A, Not everyone save he whose frinction it is, and he who hath 
the Spirit. 

^< Q. What Spirit is this you meane? 

<<^. The Spirit of Grace and Truthe. 

<< Q. But is this Spirit that is in you either the Spirit of Grace 
or Truthe, that doth not comply with the orders of the Church, lately 
purged or clensed from Sisme and Idolatry ? 

^^A. Therefore I endeavor to make it purer, as for as God per- 
mite mee. 


'* Q. How doe you endeavor to make the Church pure, when you 
neither commune with her in Sacrament or in Prayer ? 

"A, Yes, I endeavor it when I pray to God that he would open 
the eyes of men to see their errors ; and severall have joyned with 
mee therein when I have both given and taken the body of Christ to 
those of tender consciences, who have assembled with mee together 
in the feare of the Lord. 

<* Q. By your words you have then a Congregation who follows 

"A, Ihavesoe. 

** Q. Of what parish, andnin what Dioces ? 

"A. Neither of any certayne parish, or in any certayne Dyoces. 

" Q. Where then, I pray ? 

<M. Even in the wide world, amongst the flock of Christ, scat- 
tered over the whole earth. 

" Q. Your Dioces be verry large, Mr. Commin. 

^^ Faitl^l Cinamin being commanded to wUhdraWy the other ttoo 
witnesses were called into the general CounceU Chamber. 

<< The Queenb. Mr. Draper, what have you to say to this Faith- 
full Commin ? 

'' Draper, He came to my house at the Maidenheade in Maides- 
tovnie with severall of his ffoUowers, where he bespoke a joynte of 
motton and two hens for a dinner, hearing that my profession was 
a cooke. I shewing him a roome for him and the company that 
came vnth him, perceaved severall to come and enquire for this Mr. 
Commin, but by chance goeing upp the stayres, I heard one groane 
and weepe, which caused mee to lift up the latch; at the first I was 
startled, and stood in a maze, but enquiring of one of his followers 
what ayled the man (he replyed doe you not see that wee be all at 
prayers) the maide wondring where I was came to seeke mee, and 
found mee amongst them, and can testifye the very same. 

"The Queene. Are you Mr. Draper's mayde? 

" A, Yes, may it please your Grace. 

"Q. What is your name ? 

"ii. My name is Mary Deane. 

" Q. Did you see this Faithfull Commin, that was here before us 
now, praying to the people ? 

^^A* I saw him, and I thought he was distracted when I heard 
him pray ; but the people sayd that he was a heavenly man, and 


that it was God's Spirit made him weepe for the sinnes of the 

*< The Qceene. For how long continued they at Prayers doe you 
know, Mr. Draper? 

*^ A. May it please your Grace about two houres, or neare that 

« Q. What did they, after that they had prayed ? 
*'A, Some went from the house, and about ten or thereabouts 
stayed to eate what they had bespoken, and payed mee to the ut- 
most penny. 

<< The Queene. Call in this Faithfull Commin. Mr. Gommin, if 
you will receive orders, and become of the Church of England you 
may; otherwise you must not be permitted to pray or preach 
amoDgst my subjects ; and though you hare, as appeares by sererall 
other witnesses, preached against tlie Pope, yet hare you usurped 
oyer the power both of State and Church in doeing contrary to the 
orders that Wee, our CounceU, and Parliament have unanimously 
agreed on, by and with the whole consent of the clergy of my 

** A. Give me time to consider and to prepare my selfe, and I 
shall give your Grace a further answer in a short space. 

^< Q. Is there any will be bound for your appearance ? otherwise 
you must be kept close prisoner ; for wee haye other KTaminations 
to take, and questions to demannd. 

^ F, Cummin, I haye three that will answer for my appearance. 
^^Then earn Richard Blandy brother to the eaid Faitl^ui &y the 
mother^s eyde, and two others, which gaoe bonds for his appear^ 

** Mr. Comin appearing before Her Majesty and Councell, it was 
putt of till the next day, by reason of the Spanish Embaasador'a 
appearance before her Grace, who had that day audience ; but it 
fell oat that the said Faithfull haveing appeared according to the 
bonds of those who were bound for the said FaithfuU's appearance, 
that this sayd Faithfull gaye them all the slipp, and neyer appeared 
afterwards ; soe that the partyes being summoned to appeare for to 
answer the penalties of the bond, made this answer to the whole 
Councell, that the said Faithfull appeared, but they were not bound 
for his second appearance, by reason they neyer demaunded them to 


be bound, or gare them any further charge of him. So these bonds- 
men came off and payd nothing. 

'^ This Faithful! Commin coming before his followers the same 
day, tould them that her Majestic and the Councell had quitted 
him, and that he was warned by God to goe beyond seas, there to 
instruct the Protestants ; and that he would retume to his flock ere 
long with better success : sayeing unto the people that spirituall 
Prayers was the chiefe testimony of a true Protestant, and that the 
sett Forme of Prayer of England was but Mass translated. Soe, 
after he had prayed an extemporary, he fained a crocodile like 
weepeing before all of his flod^ and tooke leave of them, sayeng 
that he had not a farthing to support him in his journey ; yet, it 
beeing God's cause hee intended to undertake out of charity, he 
was certaine that the Almighty would raise him upp friends wher- 
ever he trayailed. Uppon this speech of hii, the poore simple 
people fell most of them a weepeing, especially the women, who 
moTeing theire husbands to contribute to this Imposter, who was 
amongst them esteemed as a Demy-Crod ; soe that it appeared up- 
pon further inquiry, after he had escaped out of England, that at 
that present the poore people collected for him to the summe of 1S(M. 
over and i^ye what the silly women gare him unknowne to theire 


'^ The next day the Councell wayteing on Her Grace at the Board, 
and seyerall numbers attending to heare this Imposter examined, 
stayed a long time. Her Grace and the Councell wondering at this 
delay, sent unto his brother Richard Bland and the other two who 
were bayle for this Imposter's appearance, they oomeing before her 
Grace and the rest of the Councell, made this answer. Wee have 
performed as much as wee under-tooke to performe ; but had wee 
receayed any further directions from your Grace and this honour- 
able Board, for to have brought him this day, and not to us, soe that 
wee supposed ourselyes to bee released of what wee had under- 
taken, haveing presented him before your Grace and this honn<M-able 

'^ It being a publique heareing, and the auditors that were pre- 
sent in expectation to have heard Commin speake, and not those 
that were bound for him, caused the Councell's ire to rage more 
than ordinary ; hereupon the Councell caused searches immediately 
to be made oyer all London and Kent, especially, wherever they 


suspected him to be, but could not finde him ; for he was fled that 
ven7 evening. Yet by this inquiry they found out several! of the 
creatures whome he had deluded, and the true relation of what 
summes of moneys the poore people had gathered and bestowed on 
him. Most of those who were supposed to have beene of this Im^- 
postures flock were examined before her Grace's Privey Councell, 
who sayd that to theire opinions and thoughts they had never be- 
held soe zealous and soe heavenly a man as he seemed to be. 

<< September the 14th. 

<< By a vessell arriveing at Portsmouth, called the Swan of Lon- 
don, John Baker being the master of the same, among other Dis- 
courses, declared how he had seene Faithful! Commin in the Low 
Countryes, and some of the Councill heareing of this man's arrival!, 
acquainted the Queene with what they had heard concerning this 
villaine ; uppon which information her Grace and the rest of the 
Privey Councell sent a Pursuivant for the said John Baker, who 
comeing to the man on the 20th of this said instant, and found liim 
a bed, the man was started, and demanded of the Pursuivant what 
was his crime. The Pursuivant made answer he knew not for what 
it was he was sent for, only it was her Grace's will and the Coun- 
cell's to speake with him; yet the poore man, whether through 
feare or to courage spiritts, called for a cupp of sack, and drank 
her Grace's health to the Pursevant, sayeing (heare *s a health to my 
Royal! Queene) if she intends to try my fidelity and imploy mee in 
her Navy, I will venture all the blood in my body to defend her 
Grace's rightes. But when he appeared before the Board, they 
demaunded of him if he had scene Faithful! Commine, he made 
answer he had seene him in the liOW Countryes, and inquireing 
further, he related this Relation as follows. 

<< < Comeing with other vessells to land some goods at Amsterdam, 
Martin von Davall, a merchant of that Citty, heareing me talke of 
this man, tould mee that this Commin had beene lately at Rome, 
and that Pope Pius the Fifth had caused him to be clapt up in 
prison, and that Commin had wrought to his Holyness the next 
day, saying that he had somettiing to say unto his Holyness, uppon 
which the Pope sent for him, and as soone as he had seene Mr. 
Commin he spoke to him, saying, Sir, I have heard how you have 
sett mee and my predecessors foorth amongst your hereticks of 
England, by rayleini; against my person and my church ; and that 


Commin made answer, I confesa my lipps have opened that which 
my hearte thought otherwayes, bat your Holyness little thinkes 
that I hare done you a kindness, notwithstanding I have spoken 
soe much against your Holyness ; and that the Pope should return 
Commin this answer, How in the name of Jesus, Mary, and of all 
his Saints hast thou done soe ? And that Commin should make this 
answer, sayeing, I preached against sett Formes of Prayer, and I 
called the English Prayers English Masse, and have perswaded 
severall to pray spiritually, and extempore, which hath taken soe 
much with the people, that the Church of England is become as 
odious to that sorte whome I instructed as Mass is to them, which 
will never be but a stumbling block in that Church whilst it is a 
Church. And that uppon this Resolution the Pope cherished him, 
and gave him 2000 ducketts for his labor.' 

'^ Her Grace and the whole Councell thankeing Mr. John Baker 
for this relation, bad him withdraw, and uppon this Information 
wrote over to her correspondents beyond seas, if possibly he might 
be sent over hither into England ; but it being talked all over Eng- 
land how that the Pope had rewarded this Imposter, some knowing 
where he was, he gave him notice, and thereby he escaped out of 
the territory into the Romish houldings. 

<' The Councell consulting vnth her Grace to prevent not onely 
Popery, but all other Sectaryes, caused an Act to be framed and 
to be enacted that the severall Ministers of severall parishes 
should take the names of all the familyes liveing vnthin the se- 
verall parishes, both male and female, from ten yeares of age : 
and that every parish should have a certaine Clerke for that pur- 
pose^ and that every house vnthin the said parishes should have a 
particuler seate for them and their familyes ; each man or woman 
missing prayers every Sunday to forfeit a shilling, excepting those 
who had Certificates under a Protestant physitian's handes to be 
sicke, the clerke to have one third parte, the poore the second third 
part, and the third towardes the Church for broomes, sweet straw- 
ing herbes, flowers, and rushes, &c. 

'^This Act at first was irksome to many : but at long running, 
rather than a master woidd pay for his family or for his servant, 
they began to com to prayers and sermons : then the Clerkes, spye- 
ing but little to be gott when the people begun to com to Church, 
neglected theire office, and severall agreeing with the Ministers of 


each parish to give them a yearly stypend, the Act ceased, aod 
Popery and Sectaryes increased. 

''This being a Coppy of the Lord Cissell's Memoraadums of 
Faithf all Commin ; many other memorandums in the same Booke 
worth the printing : which Booke was amongst Archbishop Usher's 
Manuscripts before his death." 




Queen Elizabeth to the Keeper of the Palace of West- 
minster and to Sir Ralph Sadler, enclosing a War- 
rant for placing money in his hands to be employed 
on Secret Service upon the frontiers toward Scotland. 

[ADDIT. MS. BRIT. MUS. 6751.] 

%♦ Sir Walter Scott, in the Memoir which he prefixed to Clif- 
ford's edition of Sir Ralph Sadler's State Papers^ having noticed 
the share which he took in the battle of Pinkie, and his creation 
as a knight-banneret, says he had discovered no further trace of 
Sadler being employed in public affairs during the rest of Edward's 
reign. He retained his place in the Council; but his prudence 
probably prevented him from attaching himself zealously to any of 
the factions whose strife and hatred to each other disturbed the 
quiet of their youthful Sovereign. 

In the reign of Philip and Mary he appears to have retired to his 
estate at Hackney: but again came forth upon the accession of 
Elizabeth. So soon as this event took place, he was called to the 
Privy Council of his new Sovereign, and until the day of his death, 
retained a large portion of her regard and esteen^ One Letter of 
his to Lord Burghley relating the manner in which the Queen of 
Scots received the news of the Duke of Norfolk's condemnation, 
has been already printed in the Second Series of these Volumes. 

The first diplomatic office in which Sir Ralph Sadler was en- 


gaged, during this reign, is disclosed in the present letter. It was 
resolved by the English Council to support the Protestant nobility of 
Scotland in their struggle with the Queen Regent ; but with such 
secrecy, as neither to bring upon the Lords of the Congregation the 
odium of being the friends and pensioners of England, nor to engage 
Elizabeth in an open war with her sister and rival. 

To manage the intrigues necessary for the successful execution of 
this plan, it was necessary that an accredited agent should be sent 
to the frontier. With this view, a commission was granted to the 
Earl of Northumberland, Sir Ralph Sadler, and Sir James Crofts, to 
settle certain disputes concerning Border matters with Commission- 
ers to be named by the Queen Regent of Scotland, and to direct the 
repairs proposed to be made on the fortifications of Berwick and 
other Border fortresses. But the object vtba only to furnish osten- 
sible reasons for Sadler to make a long stay in the town of Berwick, 
whence he could most easily correspond with the Lords of the Con- 

A second Letter, authorising the expenditure of another 30002, 
accredited in the same way, was despatched to Sadler on the 5th of 
October, and a third with money to the same amount in November of 
the same year. The originals are preserved in the same volume with 
the present Letter. 

By the Queue. 


Trusty and welbeloved, we grete you well. And 
will and comande you of such our treasure as re- 
mayneth in your handes to deliver or cause to be 
delivered vnto our trusty and welbeloved S*" Raff 
Sadler, Knight, the some of thre thousand poundes, 
to be by him employed according to suche instruc- 
tions as we shall give hym. And thies our Lettres, 
with th'acquittance of the said S' Raff, witnesseng 
the recepte of the said money, shall be your sufficient 

* See Clifford'! edit, of Sadler*! State Papen, i. zzi.— zziv. 


warraunt in this behalf. Yeven vnder our signet at 
our Manor of Eltham, the iij* of August, the first 
yere of our reign. 

To our trusty and welbeloued servaunt, 
George Bred3rman esquier, Reper of 
our Pallace of Westm*. 

L. S. 

Then folhms, 

"Trustie and welbeloued, we grete you well. 
Like as we haue, vppon greate trust conceyved in 
yow, conferrid for speciall seruyce to be don by yow 
vppon our frontiers toward Scotland, so do we aucto- 
rize yow to conferre, treate, or practise with any 
maner of persone of Scotland, either in furtherance 
of our seruyce and of any other thinge that maye 
tende to make a perpetuall concorde betwixte the 
nation of Scotland and ours. We do also auctorize 
yow to rewarde any maner of persone of Scotlande, 
with such sommez of money as ye shall think meete, 
to be taken of the some of thre thowsande pounds 
which we have ordered shulde be delyuerid vnto yow 
in golde ; wherein such discrestion and secrecye is to 
be vsed, as no parte of your doings maie empaire the 
treatise of peax lately concluded betwixte vs and 
Scotland. And for enlargement of our further mean- 
yng in this, we referre you to considre a Memoriall 
of certeyn Articles to be delyuered to yow by our 
Secretory, wherunto you shall not nede to haue fur- 


ther respecte then the oportUnyte of the tyme will 
requyre. Geven vnder our Signet, the vij**^ of August, 
at Nonsuch, 1559, the first yere of our reigne.'* 

This is the true copye of the Queues 

Highnes Lettres remayning with 

S' Rajffe Sadleir. 



Lord Robert Dudley to John Scudamore, Esq. re- 
garding the Wardship of the latter*s Nephew, 

[SCUDAMORE PAPERS, MS. ADDIT. BRIT. MOS. 11049. fol. 2. Ortg,^ 

After my right hartie commendations. Whereas 
at the request of my Lady Croft, I obteynyd the 
wardship of your nephewe for hir husband, trusting 
therby to procure a marriage for my kinswoman 
S'. James Crofts doghter, and perceyving by him 
that the manage as yet dothe not tak^ place, not- 
withstanding that the yonge folks do verie well like, 
and that the staye therof is for that you demaunde of 
him great somes of mon^ ^whiche he is not able to 
paye ; fynding him nevertheles wilKng to satisfie you 
to the uttermost of his power. Forasmoche as my 
trareill hathe bene herein to matche my kinswoman 
with your howse, and in ^che a place as I trust shall 
not be against your worship, I shall hartely pray you 


•to deale with the said S^ James Croft in soche frendly 
sorte, as not onely I may have cawse to gyve you 
thankes^ but also to shewe you from tyme to tyme 
the pleasure and frendship thay maye lye in me. 
And thus fare you most hartely well. From the 
Court at S*. James, the first of Decembre 1561. 

. Yo' lovinge frende, 

To my vearie loving frend John Skydmour, 
Esquier, at Home, yeiye this. 


The Portuguese Ambassador to Lady Cecil, offering 
to put the Affairs of his King into Sir Wilham 
CeciVs hands y and promising a pension of two thou- 
sand pieces of gold. 

[MS-'oOTTOir. NERO. B. I. 98 h, OHg,'] 
MAG*. D''NA. 

Cum negotia serenissimi Regis Portugallise Do- 
mini mei quae habet in hoc Regno indigeant patrono 
aliquo atque Protectore, me infra paueos dies disces- 
suroi ea nemini visum est mihi commodius commen- 
dari posse quam mag*^® domino Secretario viro tuo, 
cujus opera atque patrocinio confido fore ut nedum 
ea quae nunc mihi sunt tractanda felicem habeant exi- 
tum, sed ut etiam quae posthae inciderint favorabi- 
liter terminentur prout eorum aequitas atque justitia 


postulabit. Id ego ei breviter insinuavi^ tibi latius 
explicatur, quod faciam quam primum tecum mihi 
coUoquendi facultas dabitur : interim tamen differre 
nolui tibi significare quod postea sum ipse dicturus, 
decrevisse scilicet Regem Dominum meum viro tuo 
hac de causa bis mille aureorum pensionem annuam 
concedere^ quae singulis annis hoc tempore exolvetur, 
cujus pensionis primam solutionem ego tibi solvi 
curabo antequam discedam^ ut inde dotem pares filise 
tuse puellas suavissimse ; cujus collocandae cura cum 
ad te 8Bque atque ad ilium pertineat malui tibi quam 
illi munus hoc offerre, quae minus es occupata. Jam 
vero peto a te, mea Domina, agas id ut boni ipse con- 
sulate Regis enim liberalitati injuriam faceret nisi 
libenter acciperet quod illi Majestas sua libentissime 
largitur. Vale. Ex sedib. die Sabbati, 23 Maij. 


Vre bon & aSectionne amy, 


The ambassador^a Seal stands beUw 
the signature. 


Conach G^Donnell to the Lord Deputy of Irelandy 

complaining of John O'Neill and Hugh O'Donnell, 

[MS. oonoN. VESPAS. F. xn. 76 Orig,'] 

%* The reader will now have a few short Letters laid before 
him, Latin and English, between some of Queen Elizabeth's Irish 


subjects and her Lord Deputy. They are samples of a much greater 
number, all exhibiting the same traits of incivility and savageness of 
manners. One Letter only is in Irish, 

Some portion of those in Latin were probably composed for the 
writers by their priests ; but, that Latin at that time was cultivated 
in Ireland even among the wildest chiefs of the Septs is undoubted. 
Fynes Moryson,^ noting the visit of a Bohemian Baron, who went 
from Scotland to the northern parts of Ireland, states his reception 
there at the house of a great lord named Ocane. He found the fe- 
males of the family to a considerable number assembled at the door, 
young and old, with no dress but a loose mantle; and even that was 
dispensed with when they entered the interior of the house. *^ Soon 
after,'' he says, ** Ocane, the lord of the country, came in, all naked 
except a loose mantle and shoes, which he put off as soon as he 
came in, and, entertaining the Baron qfter his best manner in the 
Latin tongue, desired him to put off his apparel, which he thought 
to be a burthen to him, and to sit naked by the fire with this naked 
company." An invitation which the Baron declined. 

Henry the Eighth, it appears, had a curiosity to see a wild Irish- 
man. Among the Privy-purse expenses of his 32d year, A.D. 1540, 
we read, *^ Item, to Henry Bradshaw, which brought two wilde 
Irishemen, xx*. : and to the said Iryshemen, in way of the King's 
rewarde, also xx".'"* 

Ireland from the earliest period has been the statesman's puzzle. 
The words which Lord Bacon addressed to James the First con- 
tinue applicable to its condition : " Your Majesty accepted my poor 
field fruits touching the Union ; but let me assure you that England, 
Scotland, and Ireland, well united, will be a trefoil worthy to be 
worn in your crown. She is blessed with all the dowries of nature, 
and with a race of generous and noble people ; but the hand of man 
does not unite with the hand of nature. The Harp of Ireland is not 
strung to concord. It is not attuned with the harp of David in cast- 
ing out the evil spirit of superstition, or the harp of Orpheus in 
casting out desolation and barbarism."^ 

Per Chonaciam Odonnayll R**. Domino deputato 
S. P. cum humili subjectione. 

* Disc, at the end of his Itinerary, pp. 180, 181. 

^ MS, Arundel. Brit. Mus. 97. 

" Bacon's Works by Montagu, vol. xri. Ft. ii. p. cccclzix. 


Jokaasmem Oma2 ec H^22<c 

triam fiocoaflt mrrttno fiafMrnagHy 
ae ocdteciptTisi itairua i eC ikaBtr:i=i ImjauK aMe 
ietiimentsm^ pn> ct k^as ■iiiumii lyiimrt ab 
Lomizubos ipsias Jofaaimis Onexll aneqiielmiuir. 
Noloimos eoim pandere omnia anxielatis oostrs 
qnando in Testro eoc^ectn fuimu a, Ighnr nimc 
Tcaiiaiu dominatioiieni ezhortamnr nt m't < ussi tatUan 
noatiam in nemotia Tiabeatinj etYcstnm famhafem. 
adrerras ipaom Johannem cekriter dednoeatis. £t 
n Teatri ambasatorea adkoc nan lepetienint Hiber- 
ttiani^ jubemns Tobb tardare noatram nandnm to- 
biscum usque ad eventnm Testromm ambasiatanim 
quo adnsqne certioralntis noa de bis quae Domina 
Regina Tobis rescripserit. Ut breriter quidem aUo- 
qmmur, omnia nobis possibilia. Paiati somns ad 
vet trum jussum explere. £t sic valetote ex Manerio 
domini Maguydlyr 9 die Octobiis, Anno Domini 



Post scripta. Pandimus quod vehementi morbo 
opus est celeri remedio. Igitur finem faustum 
nostris conatibus imponetis. Contemptus autem 
Majestatis regiae generatur ex commissione dainno« 
rum quando simus in vestro colloquio^ et quia stoli- 
dorum scbomatibus afficimur, igitur, &c. Nobis 
enim asseritur quod ipse Johannes Oneill facit multos 
amicos adversus vestram Majestatem ab orientali et 
occidentali, Unde precavendum est, Oportet emm 
nos elaborate pro aliquo medicamento aliunde acqui- 
rendo nisi celeriter nobis per vestrum suffiragium suc- 
curretur. De digno autem responso horum omnium 
nobis rescribetis, et de promissionibus vestris nobis 
fiendis quas vellitis deducere ad finem si possibile erit 

Your humble servant to comawnd at all times, 


Reverentissimo domino Deputato hamm 
Litterarum, cum reverentia honoreque 
condigno, fiat tradicio. 


Owen Howe to the Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant, 

offering his services with two hundred men. 

[ibid. f. xii. fol. 23. Orig,'] 

It maye please your Honor to be atvertysed that I 
Owen Rowe, your Honors pore sarvytor, am now 
verey pore, and not so pore but I am able to serve 

Q 2 


your Honor in what place your Lordsship will apoynt 
me with ij« hundred men, and am alwayes redey at 
your Honors commaundement. Therfore I desier 
your Lordship to accept my symple serves in good 
parte, for yff I were able to conquer all Erlande, 
your Honor should commande me to do yt as well as 
you maye commaunde oney man you have. I desyer 
your Honor to send me word yff your Lordship wyll 
commaunde me oney serves. From hir Heyghnes 
toune off Craigfergis, the v* of September, 1562. 

Your Honors to commaunde duryng lyfe to serve 

To the ryght honorable and his synguler 
good Lord th'Erle off Sussei, Lord 
Leftenant off hir Heyghnes realme off 
£yrlande, geye thes. 



The Bailiffs of Dundalk to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland^ concerning mutual restitution of Cattle be- 
tween their Town and Shane O'Neile. 
[ibid. f. xii. fol. 53. Or%g,'\ 

Our humble duety premised unto your honorable 
Lordship. And where informacion was gyvin to 
your Honor that sum of Shane O'Neylls men shoulde 
stell certen bevys from the warde of Armaghe, we 
certify your Honor that the same are restorid ; ffor 


certen of our townsmen, that were yesterday at Ar- 
maghe, as they were retumyng from Shane, praing 
him of restitueion of a pray that sum of M*^ Mahoun3 
men made uppon us a Friday last past, showid us 
thereof. And they fainid that the bevys ware 
scatteryd abrode by wolffs; and ij. of them, that is 
nat restorid, to be etten by the said wolffffi. Never- 
theles, he saithe he will se them satisfied thereof. 
So that we nede nat send any bevys at this tyme. 
And as concerning our pray, made by M*^ Mahonns 
men as afforsaid, he will never se cow restorid, nor 
he wolde nat have lokid uppon our lettre, but sent it 
back again undisclosid, callyng us false chorlys with 
other vile names; wherfor we pray your Honor to di- 
rect your strait commaundement to M*' Mahown will- 
ing and commaunding him to restore our said pray. 
The names of them that made the pray are Neyll 
oge M*^ Neyll, More O Neyll, and the sons of Evyr 
son of Hughe Roo M*^ Mahown : and the number of 
the pray is fifty kyne and iiij. g'rans. And thus we 
humbly take leve. From Dundalke, this viij*** of Oc- 
tobre, 1562. 

Your humbles 



To the right honorable the Erie of Sussex, 
L. Lieutenaunt of Irelande, gyre these. 

[ Bayllyves. 



A Complaint from three Inhabitants of Dundalk to the 
Queen's Majesty's Commissioners^ against Cowly 
Mac Cormucky who had robbed them of some Cattle. 

[ibid. p. xii. fol. 16. OrigJ] 

To the Ouenes Ma**~, Commissioners, 
CoMPLAYNETHE unto youT wisdoms, Walter Ma- 
pas of Dundalky mercchanti John Loggan, and Patrick 
M*^ Gonyll of the same, how that Cowly Mac Cor* 
muck Mac Cardyle, of Mac Mahonns contrey, the 
xxiiij^ of July last past, came to Dundalke afforsaid, 
and ther and then prayd and robbid your comj>lay« 
nant of xxxyj. kyne, whereof he restoridxxvij. kyne, 
and the residue, viij*** kyne, he utterly refusithe to 
restore, whereof they praiethe remedy, &c. * 


The Earl of Sussex to Patrick M^Rowry; charging 
him to retain in safe custody y or to surrender to him, 
the brother ofMc. Mahon, whom he had taken. 
[ibid. f. xii. fol. 101. Orig.'] 

Fredilecte Salutem. Hodie intelleximus te 
M^ Mahon occidisse et fratrem suum manucepisse, de 
quo certe ob tuam causam letamur* Cum vero salus 


tua in manibus tuis est hortamur te quatenus fratrem 
M^ Mahon nuUo modo e vinculis dimittas sine nostro 
consensu^ et si in loco tuto ilium custodire non 
poteris ad nos ilium mitte^ nosque ilium non solum 
in saluo custodire per Presentes promittimus^ sed 
etiam illiim pro te et in tuum usum custodire/cum ad 
te jam gubemacio illius patriae sicut nobis videtur 
maxime spectat. Si ad nos veneris, libenter collo* 
quium tecum habebimus de his qui non scribebimus. 
Interim yero ne dictus M^ Mahon pacto aut dolo e 
manibus tuis liberetur caue, ne post factum peniteas. 
Vale. Datum ex Arbrakon 6° Nouembris, 1562. 

Tuus amicus 

Predilecto nro Patricio filio Rogeri. 

*«* At the back of this Letter is apparently the rough copy of an 
intended Answer, signed ''Vester verus subditus Patricins filius 
Rogery capitonius de Ffemy. 


The Bailiffs and Magistrates of Dundalk to the Lord 
Lieutenant and Council of Ireland, stating that 
Shane 0*Neile had refused to restore a prey he 
had made upon them. 

[ibid. f. zii. fol. 45, OrigJ] 

Our humble duetyes premised unto your honor'* 
able wisdoms, pleas it the same to be advertised that 


where you addressid your lettres to Shane O Neyll, 
willing him to restore unto us our pray, mad by his 
men the viij*** of Novembre last past, we did send our 
messingers therwith to him, and he utterly refusid to 
restore the same, alledging that they were none of 
his men that made the said pray, where of truthe we 
are hable to prove that they ware his men. And for 
profe thereof the saide pray is with Neyll M*^ Shane 
Boy, o Donylly, Neyll Oryraghe o Neyll, and others 
of his best men. And where he alledgith for a jest 
that they ware of the Hanlons that made our pray, 
the same was by his devise and commaundement ; 
videlicet, that they and the kern of Neyll M'' Shane 
Boy afforesaid, shoulde manyfestlybe seen taking the 
pray away, and that Neyll Oryragh o Neyll and xij. 
horsemen shoulde ly in an Anbushment, reddy to 
rescowe them, which thing was done accordingly. 
Therfor we humbly beseche your wisdoms to gyve 
credit to our sufficient and true matter, and nat to 
his untrue denyalL And not onely with this pray 
wille he be satisfied, but he hathe sent us wamyng 
that so longe as he lyve, if any man from Tyreoyn to 
Kildare do him wrong he will revendge the same 
uppon us. So that we understond none othir thing 
but that he wyll distroye this town without spedy 
remedy may be had. Thus beseching your wisdoms 
to have us in remembraunce concemyng the Artilary 
mencionyd in our last letter, and to send the 


vectualls yf you send the souldiors, we take leve. 
From DundaJke, this iij^« of Decembre, 1562. 

Your humbles 


r oahjfs. 







To the right honorable the Erie of Sussex, 
L. Liewtenaunt of Ireland, and to the 
Queues Ma*^ Consaill of the same. 


Nardogh MacPryor to the Lord Lieutenant^ to obtain 

the liberty of his Souy whom Shane G'Neile kept as 

a prisoner. 

[ibid. f. xii. IS. Orig.l 

CoMPLEYNYNG showth unto youi moste honorable 
Lordshype, whereas Sean Oneyll haw taken all. my 
goodes from me, and kyps my sonne daylye bounde 
with hym, and cut of one of is fyngers, therfore 
I beseche your honorable Lordship to get my sonne 
from Sean Oneyll and my sayd goods. My Lorde, I 
do tary daylye for your helpe and pouer and gett me 
my lyvyng that I may serv your Lordship in tymes 

Q 5 


comjng. My Lord remembre that you promyt me 
to be my good Lord and to helpe me. Now or never, 
my Lorde. 

Your very orator and dayly servant, 



Patrick Rowry, Captain of Feamay^ to the Lord De- 
puty ^ desiring redress for a hundred and sixty Cows 
which had been stolen from him. 

[MS. COTTON. TIT. B. xi. fol. 20. b. Or%g.'\ 

Premissa salutatione illustri invictissimoque do- 
mino Locum tenenti ac Deputato serenissimae Do- 
minae Reginae in terris Hiberniae. Noverit vestra pre- 
eminentia atque dominacio quod eo tempore quo nos 
fuimus vobiscum, et accessimus ad presentiam ves- 
tram, causa salutandi vestram dominationem, OHverus 
Georgii filii ThomaB Plunket et filius Roberti flavi filii 
Geraldi ejusdem cognominis depredarunt nos ad sum- 
iQftm centum sextaginta vaccarum. Quapropter ves- 
tram dominationem humiliter imploramus, atque obr 
nixe deprecamur, quatenus absque dilatione quacun- 
que praefatam nostram praedam ab illis Olivero et fiHo 
Roberti nobis exigatis, aut occupandi bona illorum 
nobi^ licentiam concedatis, et quod in premissis 
faciatis ad nos cum presentiimi latore scribatur,. Item, 

ORIGINAL Letters. 347 

non content! malis contra nos comissis, volunt venire 
cum filiis Hugonis Yragyllyd causa depredandi nos- 
tram predam. Ideoque rogamus vestram Excellen- 
tiam quatenus scribatis minatorie ad dominum 
Oragyllyd et Hugonem ut inhibiant omnibus suis 
filiis et fratribus ne aliquid nocumenti Vel prejudicii 
nobis generabunt. Ex loco nostraemansionis, penul- 
timo die mensis Augusti, instantis Anni. 

Per me Patrlcium Rogeri Capitanium de Fearnay, 
vrm fidelem servum. 


James Prendergdst to the Earl of Ormond and Ossort/y 
concerning injuries sustained from Morris Fitz- 
Garatt and others. 

[VESPAS. F. XII. fol. 65. OrigJ] 

My mooste reverente and humble duetye pre- 
mysed^ my good Lorde hit is so that the laste Satur- 
daye, Moris Fytz Gerott, with certaine of Jeames 
Russell of Lyffynyne is men, toke ftbta me by nyght 
tyme a hundred stode caples.* And that (as I am 
made sure) by the procurement and troughe the 
meanes of Piers Butler of the Cahir, who sende myne 
evill conseyled and dysposed brother John to that 
partyes to shewe the sayde Morys and Jeames Rus- 
sell wher to fynde my sayde stode. Wherfore, and 

■ cftple, a horse, caballos. 


forasmyche as I dare not to be revenged on them tyll 

I sholde knowe of your Honors advise, I beseche your 

Lordship to lett me be made sure of your counseyll 

therein, that I may worke thereafter. Thus I take 

my leave at your Honor. From Newe castell this 

instante Fryday, 1563. 

Your Lordship's humble servant, 


To the right honorable myne especiall 
and mooste reverent Lord, th'Erle 
of Ormon and Ossorye, thes gyye 
in haBte. 


Alexander Mac RanAyllhoy to the Lord Lieutenant^ 
complaining of spoils committed vpon his property 
hy O'Neil and Ferdorca M^ Donyll Oge. 

£ms. cotton, vespas. f. fol. XII. 96. OrigJ] 

To the Lord Lyfittenot. 
After my hartty comendaoyons I comend me unto 
your Honors, showyng that Onell made a pray or ij. 
apon me sen I hawe bein with your Lordship, and 
more ower he hawe senyd his messengers to me for 
to get a byinge of me and to be his daylly servant. 
And, more ower, showyng your Honors that Ferdorca 
M^ Donyll Oge made ij. prays apone me after my de- 


; partynge frome your Lordschipe, for the which caws I 

[ desyer your Honors to gyf me lew* to rewnge the 

[ said ij. prais apone the said Ferdorca. And I desier 

your Honors to send a defens or help, for the said 

Onell is stronge apone all Irys men, and send me 

your consayll what I shall doe to gyf hime his 

desier or not ; and send me ansuer, and mynd in wryt- 

tynge, and all nywes by this berrer, in all haste, &c. 

By your lowynge and serwant to his power, 


This Byll be delywerede to the Lord 
Lyfftenant of lerland with spyde. 


Edmund Grindal^ Bishop of London^ to Sir WilUam 
Cecily upon the state of Cotvpland^ apart of Cum^ 
herlandy where the Bishop was born. 
[MS. LANSD. 6. art. 51. Orig.] 

I understande a gentleman, one Skelton, verie 
neare my native towne, is departed, and doubt 
nothing but my countreymen make goode spede for 
the wardship. My meaninge is nott att this tyme to 
hinder anie particular sute ; but I have ofFte thowght 
to make a generall sute to you for regarde to that 
little angle wher I was borne, called Cowplande, 



parcell of Cumberlande ; the ignoranteste parte in 
Religion f and moite oppressed offcovetouse landlordss, 
off ante one parte of this Reahne to my knowlege. I 
entende att my nexte cominge to you to discourse 
more largely off the stiite theroff, which, Godde wyl- 
lynge, shall be shortely. I have no more to saye for 
this matter, butt only to praye you, yff your grawnte 
be not fullye paste, to take order bothe for the goode 
education off the Warde, and nott to leave the poore 
tenentes subjecte to the expilation of those cowntrey 
gentlemen withoute some choyse, wherin if it please 
you to undrestand myne opinion I will utter it 
simplye according to my imderstandinge. 
Godde kepe you, 17 Maii, 1563. 

Yo' in Christe, 


To the honorable S' William Cecill^ » 

Knighte, Secretarie to the Queues 


Edmund Scambler, Bishop of Peterborough, to Sir 
William Cecil: upon the proposal to change the 
Name of an Individual at Confirmation. 

[ibid. art. 50. Orig,] 

%* Wheatley, in his Illustration of the Book of Common Prayer, 
says, by a Provincial Constitution of our Church, made by Arch- 
bishop Peccham, A.D. 1281, it is proyided that no wanton names 


be given to children at their baptism, or, if they be, that they be 
changed at Confirmation/ The giving consent to such change was 
probably one of the reasons for our rubric anciently enjoining the 
attendance of a Godfather or Godmother at the latter ceremony. 

Camden, in his Remains, edit. 1674, p. 66, says the practice of 
changing the baptismal name was usual in other countries as well 
as our own : and instances two sons of King Henry the Second of 
France, who were christened by the names of Alexander and Her- 
cules, but had them changed at their confirmation into Henry and 

After my humble commendations unto your 
Honor premised, these ar to signifie unto you that 
whereas your Honor and Sir Ambrose Cave wrott 
unto me conceminge the changing of a name at the 
ConfiimatioQ, I have lemed that I may not change 
usuall or comon names, but onlie strange and not 
comon ; and further, if the name be changed at Con- 
firmation it taketh effect but from the Confirmation. 
And thus wishing your Honor prosperous health, I 
committ you to God, who ever preserve you. From 
Peterborough, this xxv*** of Maie, 1563. 

Your Honors to command, 


To the right honorable S' William Cecill, 
Knight, Principall Secretary to the 
Queues Majestic, yeve these. 

• See Gibson, Godez Eod. edit, 1713, vol. i. p. 440. " Johannes Peccham in 
Ckmst. drca Sacramentum, subdit. de Baptismo, &e. — ' Attendant etiam Sacerdotes, 
ne lasdva nomina,' quae scilicet moz prolata sonent in lasciviam, imponi permit- 
"taot parvulis baptisatis, sezui praecipue foeminiai ; et si contrarium fiat, per Confir- 
mantes Episcopos conigatur.* " Gibson adds, iirom Lyndwode, " scil. mutando 
nomen, et honestius nomen imponendo," further adding, " Quod sic in Confirma- 
tione mutatom, legale nomen reputabitur.*' 



L(yrd Rich, to Sir William Cecil, concerning the 
Wardship of one Sarah Stane. 

[ibid. art. 23. Orig."] 

%* The misery entailed on families in former times by the grant 
of Wardships has been already made apparent in Letters of different 
periods. We have here an instance of its extending even to humble 
life, from the holding of a small tenement. 

After my right haxtie commendacions unto you, 
good maister Secretarie, It may please you to un- 
derstand that apon the deathe of one Richard Stane, 
late of Pakellesham, in the countie of Essex, yeoman, 
who did holde eertaine lands of me, as of the Honor 
of Rayleigh, by Knight's service, at suche time as 
the same Honor was in my possession, I seased one 
Sara Stane, daughter and heire of the said Richard 
as my warde, and afterwarde sold the wardeship of 
her for ten pounds to Margery Stane, her mother, 
then widowe, and nowe the wiffe of this berer. Syns 
which time it appereth, by auncient records, that 
parcell of the lands of the said Richarde Stane, be 
holden of the Queues Majestic in chief, by reason 
wherof I became humble suter to you, to graunt the 
wardeship of the said Sara Stane to this berer, as it 
pleased you to do, for the which I render to you my 
verie hartie thankes. And syns that time ther is an 
office founde in Essex of the premisses, by the which 


(as I am enformyd) the lands- are presented to be of 
the clere yerely value of ix*i. by reason wherof the 
wif of this berer can haue, by way of dower, but Ix'. 
by the yere, wher by the last will and testament of 
her late husband, she should haue had yerely vj^i. It 
may therfore nowe please you, the premisses consi- 
dered, and the rather at my humble sute, to graunte 
all the said lands in farme to this berer, during the 
minoritie and nonage of the said Sara, for the yerely 
value above expressed, his wyves dower being out of 
the same deducted. And thus doing, in myn opinion, 
you shall do a good and charitable dede. As knoweth 
Almightie God, to whom I commytte you. From 
my poore house at Rocheford, the xxvj*** of July, 
1563. Your loving friend assuredly, 

to comaunde, 

To the right honorable S' William Cecill, 
Knight, Secretarie to the Queues Ma^, 
be theis yeyen. 


Richard Cheney y Bishop of Gloucester^ to Sir William 
Cecil; expressing his desire to resign his bishop- 
ricks of Gloucester and Bristol. A. D. 1563. 

[ibid. art. 72. Orig,'] 
I CANNOT but renue my former sute to your 

Honour touchyng the resignyng of myne office, for 


consideryng that the jurisdiction of Bristow is taken 

from me, and in some poynctes suche prechyng of 

the rashe and ignoraunt is continued in Gloucester 

diocese, as my consciens and poore leamyng can thynk 

not to be good, contrarie to the promyse that my 

Lords Grace of Canterbury made me at my beyng at 

London: I had moche rayther Ijrve a private lyfe, 

like a poore man, as I dyd before I was drawen to 

office, then thus to continue with suche burden and 

torment of conscience, beside care for great pay- 

mentes, and charges of housholde, exceadyng great 

now in this deere worlde, beyng compelled to lyve 

now in the tyme of my first fruites (for lacke of an 

house otherwise then hiered) in a great citie as 

Gloucester, there bying all in a maner of the penye, 

where, yf I had not t'help of Bristowes revenues by 

your Honoures meanes, I shoulde have lyved hitherto 

moste miserablie. I doubt not but there are ynowe 

that wolde take Bristowe alone, and Gloucestre 

alone, as they were in Kyng Edwardes and Quene 

Maries tyme ; or the Queues Majestic, yf her Graces 

pleasure were so, might, after her exceadyng great 

charges latelle susteyned, be somewhat eased for a 

season with the revenues of Bristowe, whiche I wolde 

gladlie leave, so that I might be rydde also of 

Gloucester, and resigne at suche tyme, that T might 

departe from my lyvyng out of debt, as I suppose I 


might dooy yf I resigne betwene Michelmas and 
Ailhaloutide next comyng. I have alredye ynoughe 
of Lordyng, wherin I fynde nothyng but splendidam 
mueriam. My trust is, that as I have ever hytherto 
fownde your Honour my verie greate and almoste one- 
lie frende, so I shall bothe now and hereafter fynde you 
in other sutes, as yet unknowen, my greatest frende ; 
assuryng your Honour that there hath not wanted in 
me good wyll, somewhat to considre your goodnes 
towaxdes me, but there hath wanted poure and ha- 
bilitie. Yf yt shall so fall out hereafter, that I be 
hable, you shall perceyve that you have doone for a 
man not alltogither unkynde or unthankfuU. This 
booke whiche I have sent is by reason of some lea- 
sure perfectlie drawen, and the like is in a redynes 
at Bristowe ; but Doctor Cotrell, who is there under 
my Lords Grace of Canterbury, sent me worde that 
he dothe not send yt up to the honourable Lordes of 
the Counsell, because he receyved no letter concern- 
yng that matier, but onelie from me, and not from 
my Lords Grace of Canterbury. Your Honour 
maye sauflie call my man unto you, yf your pleasure 
be so, for there is no plage, thankes be to God, in 
our countrey, by whome, yf I may receive twoo 
wordes in your letter to my comforte in the pre- 
misses, I shall thynk myself excedynglie bounde 
imto you, as I doo neverthelesse. Thus wysshyng 


you encrease of grace, vertue, and honour, I take 
my leave. From Lekyngton, this 17 of Septembre, 
your Honoures at commaundment. 

To the right honourable syr Wyllyam Sicile, 
knyght, Princypall Secretarie to the Quenes 
moste excellent Majestie. 


Edmund y Bishop of London^ to Sir William Cecil; 
expressing his hope that the Queen would take notice 
of the Duke of Wirtemherg's kindness to the Eng- 
Ush Protestants, who were Exiles at Strasburgh. 

[ibid. art. 58. OrigJ] 
The Duke of Wirtemberges gentleman, whiche 
ye comendett unto me, returneth herwith to Courte 
agayne. I cowlde have ben contented to have hadde 
his companie lenger, I lyke it so well. He was a 
student in the Civille Lawe, att Strasburge, when I 
was ther, but we wer nott ther acqwaynted. By oc- 
casion off talke, we have somewhatt differed in opi- 
nion concerninge Brentius doctrine off Ubiquitie, 
which he semeth to approove, and nott I ; butt so, 
as we wer conttented one to heare anothers reasons, 
and eche to suffer other to abownde in his owne 

The Duke of Wirtemberg his master gave, att 
one tyme, to the exiled Englishe att Strasburge, 3 or 


4 hundreth Dallers, besydes thatt he gave att Frank- 
furde. Iff ye thinke it conveniente, I wolde wisshe 
ye mooved the Quenes Ma*" to make some signifi- 
cation to the bringer, that her Highenesse hathe 
hearde thereoff, that it maye appeare his liberalitie is 
not alltogether buried in oblivion ; or els iff some 
remembrance theroff passe frome yowr mowthe, it 
mighte doo goode. 

Godde kepe you. 

Yo' in Christe, 


Frome Fulham, Januarij, 1563. 

To the right honorable Sir William Cecill, 
Knighte^ Secretarie to the Queues Mafi^. 

The Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the Lord- 
Lieutenant^ upon the depredations of the Earl of 

[MS. COTTON. VESPAS. F. XII. fol. 1. Of^.] 

%* The date of year of this Letter is not apparent. It was pro- 
bably written in 1565. An original Letter of Queen Elizabeth to 
Sir Henry Sydney, in the late Lord Kingsborough's possession, 
dated Westminster, 8th Jan. 1565, began as follows : 

" Right trusty and well beloyed. We greet you well. Forasmuch 
as there hath been found in the examination of the Controyersies 
betwixt the Earls of Ormond and Desmond such and so many diffi- 
culties and uncertainties in their sundry Allegations and Answers, 
as well for the unlawful assemblies, riots, and conflicts which were 


committed the last year in the County of Waterfoid, and a mnlti- 
tude of other disorders and misdemeanors ; as for titles of lands, 
liberties, and possessions claimed and chalenged by the one against 
the other, that we could no wise come to any certain knowlege or 
determination, and in what sort to proceed to the condemnation or 
acquittal of any one of them, without further proofs and trial to be 
had in that realme of the circumstances belonging to the matters in 
controTersy, which necessarily ought to be prosecuted in that Sealme 
where the same controversies and causes have arisen." 

My veray good Lord, my duty remembred, and 
whear your pleasur is I shold repayr to Dubling, for 
the matters in controversy betwyxt th'Erle of Des- 
monde and me, I have sent for there complayntes 
that have ben spoyled, which, when they are wrytten^ 
I woU wyth sped repayr to your Lordship. In the 
mean tyme, I humbly pray your Lordship to pardon 
myne absens. My men axe dayly spoyled by th'Erle 
of Desmonds, as your Lordship may perceve by the 
letter here enclosed, as knowth God, who send your 
Lordship your harts desyr. From Waterford, the 
XXV. of February. 

Your Lordships assured to command, 


My Lord, I pray you take order wyth th'Erle of 
Desmond for stayeng Pers Grace, for he never seases 
from spoyling my tenants, when I am not in the 
cownty of Kylkeny. 

To the ryght honorable (and my very good 
Lord) my Lord-Lyutenant. 



Qtieen Elizabeth to Mr. afterwards Sir Thomas Man- 
dolph, her Ambassador in Scotland, privately to 
sound the Earl of Argyle, and find how he was af- 
fected to her interest with regard to the Rebellion 

in Ireland. 

[ibid. 9. art. 20. Orig,"] 

%* Archibald, fifth Earl of Arg^le, one of the great promoters of 
the Reformation of Religion in Scotland, was the nobleman here 
alluded to. He was the chief commander of the Qaeen of Scots' 
forces at the memorable battle of Langside in 1568, where, as the 
armies were beginning to engage, he was seized with an apoplectic 
fit. He did not die, however, till 1575. The Scottish Historians 
make no mention oi any interference on his part in the affairs of 
Ireland ; but there is a Letter of this Earl to Queen Elizabeth in 
the Cottonian Collection (Calig. C. I. fol. 166 b.), dated from Dum- 
barton, 24th August, 1568, which clearly shows that she was still 
afraid of his giving assistance to her enemies. He says, ''And 
quhan zo*" Ma**^ writtis that thair is greit numeris of people levyed 
in my boundis and my Lord of Cassilis, quha is my frende, to invaid 
ao' Ma*^ lieges in the realme of Irelande, I assuir on my honor 
that zour M a^^ sail not fynd thai reportis to be trew, nor zit sail do 
na thing that may be offensive to zo' Ma'^, ze standing gude freinde 
to my soverane : bot sail do zour Hienes all the honor and service 
that lyes in my power nixt her Grace quhome to I aucht my obedi- 
ence and service. 

"Zour Ma***^ humble servitor, 

" Ar**. Argyle." 

By the Quene. 
Elizabeth R. 

Trusty and welbeloued, we grete yo^ well, foras^ 
much as of late we perceaved by some advertise'^ 


ments sent yow out of Scotland^ that there shuld^ in 
a communication lately betwixt the Erie of Argile 
and an other^ certen words passe from the said Crle, 
pretending some remissenes and diminution of his 
former good will towards our service, and specially 
for the matters of Ireland, in respect (as he alledgeth) 
that he found some lack of our favor in time of his 
nede : and yet it semeth by those advertisements (if 
he might be sure of our favor towardes him) he wold 
be as redy to gratify vs with his good will, as in for- 
mer times he professed to be : We haue herevpon 
thought mete to have the said Erie somewhat delt 
withal], for the reteyning of him to beare like good 
will to our service, specially in Irland, as heretofore 
he did, and to forbeare from all maner of ayde and 
comeforting of such as are knowen to be rebellious 
in the same realm. Lyke, as by the said advertise- 
ment sent vnto yow, it doth appeare that he which is 
the principal] and almost the only rebell in that 
realme hath his servitors secretly following practises 
about the Queue there in Scotland, and others, to 
such purposes. 

And, therfore, first, we wold have yow, by such good 
meanes as yow can secretly lerne, to knowe the truth 
of the disposicon of the said Erie of Argile towards 
vs. And, if he be dowtf uU in dede vpon the respects 
intended, we wold gladly have him reduced from the 
same, and to be made assured (as the truthe is) that 


we were not only right sorry for the troble wherin he 
and his frends was, but did also as much as we could 
be in honor perswaded, to be convenient for vs to do 
(omitting nothing but open hostility) for the preserva- 
tion of him and the other noblemen jojmed with 
him in that action, as we trust the Erie of Murray 
can truly report. 

And because we knowe not by what more conveni- 
ent meanes he might be induced to be assured of 
our good will and favor, we wold have yow for the 
acquaintance yow have with the Erie of Murray or 
some others, as yow shall think mete, to require 
them to communicat thus much to the said Erla of 
Argile. And as yow shall think metest, so wold we 
have yow vse any convenient persuasion for the time 
to alter the said Erie of Argiles mind herin, and to 
with drawe him from the favoring of that principal! 
rebell, being not only rebellious towards vs, but also 
a swome cruell adversary to the state of all true relli- 
gion : for which respect we think the said Erie of 
Argile ought to be moved to impeache his enterpris'. 
And yet this we do not conceave of that rebell as of 
one whom we cannot correct and suppresse, (though 
he shuld have ayde of diverse) but for that if he be 
not ayded and comeforted other wayes, he shall ether 
submitt him self the soner to our correction, as he 
doth alwayes in speches do ; or be more spedily, and, 
with our lesse charges, chastised ox supprested. And 



80 we wold have yow vse this matter^ as none mig'hl 
think otherwise of him : for^ in dede, so we well un- 
derstand what we can do to the subversion of him. 
And so we meane playnly to procede, if we shalbe 
therto provoked. 

Nevertheless considering we think the said rebell 
may growe the more audacious vpon hope of helpes 
and succors out of Scotland^ and therby provoke vs 
to the greater charges for the subduing of him^ we 
could be well content to have all good meanes vsed, 
both to vnderstand his practises there^ and his assur- 
ancesy and finaHy, to have him disapointed of the 
same. And the rather then he shuld receave any 
ayde or comefort from thence^ we could be content 
to have some portion of money by waye of reward 
secretly bestowed there to the hinderance of his ayde^ 
or rather to the playne annoyance of him at such 
convenient time as should be thought mete by our 
direction^ or by th'advertisement of our Deputy in 

And yet of this last matter of money, we rather 
make mention as of a thing for yow to think ther« 
vppon vntill yow may heare furder from vs: then 
that you shall deale with any person therin, for we 
have of late sent our Yicechamberlein into Ireland, to 
conferr with our Deputy there; and vntil some re- 
tume of answer from him, we have suspended our 
resolution. And yet, vpon diese advertisements sent 


f from yow, we thought mete to commimicat thus much 

I vnto yow, not dowting but yow will vse the same 

I secretly and discretely to the best for our service, as 

I the time may serve you* Yeven vnder our Signet, 

at our manor of Grenewich, the xxiij**» of May, 1566, 

the eight yere of our reigne. 

To our trasty and welbeloved servant, 
Thomaa Randolph ^squier. 


Albert of Brandenhurghi to Que^ Elizabeth, with a 
Present of Ten MJcons. 

[MS. COTTON. VESPAS. F. IIU fol. 91. b. OHgJ] 

Serenissima Regina, potentissima Princeps et 
Domina. Post salutis et incoluinitati» preqationem 
Reginali vestrse dignitati promptissimam am'mi nos- 
tri voluntatem offerimus, eique fausta et foelicia 
omnia exoptamus. Serenissima Regina, Domina et 
Cons^guinea colendissima, pro consuetudine nostra 
annua, ReginaJji vestry dignitati iterum 10 n\mc 
transmittimus Falcones, a Deo optimo Maximo pe- 
tentes ut ReginaU^ vestxa digpitas iis multa cum 
delectatione foeliciter utatur. Si etiam Reginali 
vestras dignita:ti in maioribus studium erga ipsam 
nostrum declarare potuerimus, id pro ea quae cum 
Reginali vestra dignitate nobis intercedit arcta con- 

R 2 


iunctione animo libentissimo sumus prsestitiiri* Quod 
reliquum est Reginali yestrse dignitatis quam et 
amamus et colimus plurimunis protectioni Divinae ab i 

omnibus rebus aduersis clementer tutandam, etiam | 

atque etiam commendamus. Datas Begiomonti yii. 
die Octobris, anno M.D. LXVI. 

Albertus senior, Dei gratia Marchio 
Brandeburgen, ac in Prussia, Stetiniae, 
Pomeraniae, Cassubarum et Yandalo- 
rum Dux, Burgrauius Noribergensis, 
Bugiaeque Princeps. 
L. S. manu propria scripgiL 

SereniBsimo ac potentissimo Principi et 
DominsB dommaB.£lizabeth», AnglisD, 
Francie, Hibemiaeqae Regin8B,Ghri8- 
tiane fidei patrone, et Ecclesiae An* 
Glicane ac Hibernicae gnpremas Ga- 
bematrici, Dominae et ConsanguineaB 
nostrsB colendiBsimae. 


Edmund, Bishop of London, to Sir William Cecil, 

noticing the Ctutom of Creeping to the Cross as 

used at Dunbar. 

[lansd. MBS. z. art. 44. Ong.\ 

I SENDE you herwith letters from M'. Deane of 

Powles : my man shalle attende for answer, as you 

shalle apoynte. 


Owre men are all retoumed owte of Scotlande, 
and^ so faxre as I can leame^ make no preparation to 
goo theder agayne* In the meane tyme they cease 
nott her frome theyr olde practeses and assemblyes* 
Ytt maye please you to consider whether they are to 
be called agayne before you to knowe theyr mean- 

One of them, named Evans, who is thowght a man 
off more simplicitie then the reste, hathe reported 
(as I am crediblye enfourmed) that att Dunbarre on 
Goode Frydaye, they sawe certeyn persons goo bare- 
footed, and bare legged to the churche, to creepe to 
the Crosse. Yf it be so, the Churche off Scotland 
wille nott be pure inowghe for owr men. They axe 
a wilfulle companie ; Godde kepe you humble spirites* 

8® Maii. From my howse att Powles. 

Yo' in Christe, edm. London. 

To the honorable Sir WilliAm Cecill, 
Knighte, Secretarie to the Queues 


Bishop Grindal to Sir William Cecil; desiring that 
the Bishop of Ross may not he sent to him. 
[ibid. xii. art. 82. Orig.l 
%* It was no uncommon practice in Queen Elizabeth's time for 
Churchmen who had fallen into disgrace, or who had been guilty of 
delinquency, to be committed to the temporary care of other Church- 
men, in preference to sending them to prisons. Such was the case 
of John Leslie, the well-known Bishop of Ross, who appearing at 
the English Court as ambassador for Mary Queen of Scots, was 


thoagixt to haye exceeded his priTilege, and fell into disgrace, by iiis 
exertions to procure her liberty. He was committed^ at different 
timesy to different custodies. To the Bishop of London; to the 
Bishop of Ely ; to the Bishop of Winchester ; and at last to tihe 
Tower of London. He was at length set at liberty in 157S, and 
banished to the Netherlands. 

Leslie was a man of great learning, an able statesman, and a sea- 
Ions chnrchman ; but appears to have been a rery troublesome pri- 
soner. He died at Guirtenburg, two miles from Bmssells, May Slst, 
1596. The Bishop of Winchester's Letter, to be delivered from the 
Bishop of Ross, though of later date, here follows Bishop Grindal's. 

SiR^ I praye you moste instantlye to be a meane 
that I be nott trobled with the Bishoppe of Rbsse : 
he is a man of suche qualities as I lyke nothynge att 
all^ Yf nedes I muste have a gheste, I hadde rather 
kepe M^ Hare stille. l^e Deane off Powles his 
wiffe and howseholde is att Hadham ; he himselfe^ is 
commonly with me att meales* And iff it please you 
to knowe myne opinion in genere^ surely I thynke it 
wer goode that suche as deserve to be committed, 
shulde be sente ad custodicts pubUcas. 

Experience declareth thatt none off them are re- 
formed, which are sente to me and others : and by 
receivinge off them, the punishement lighteth apon 
us- Godde kepe you. From my howse att Powles, 
this Sondaye momynge, betwene 8 and 9^ imediately 
affter the receipte of your letter, 5** Febr. 1569. 

Your in Christe, 

To the honorable Sir William Gecill, 
Knighte, Secretarie to the Quenes 



Robert Horne, Bishop of Winchester to the Lord 
Treasurer, to be delivered from the Bishop of 

[ibid. xrii. art. 57. OrigJ] 

Ryght hono**^% the woman of Cananaea thorow her 
moche importunitie obtained for her daughter deli- 
uerie from a troublesom sprite. The griefe that 
growethe towardes me by a troublesome sprite 
causeth me to be a more importune suter to your 
Honor for my deliuerie from soche a develleshe sprite 
as my house is possest withall. I praye your. Honor 
therfor help me, that this devill were ridde out of my 
house. My trust is that your Honor will have me in 
remembraunce, and I shall not forgett in my praiers 
to the Allmightye to beseche him hartilye to defend 
and deliver you from the malitious practises of all 
your spritishe fooes. At my house by the Clinke, in 
Southwerk, 14Novemb. 

Your Ho. to comande in Xo, 


To the right hono**** my verye good Lorde, 
the L. Burleighe, highe Treasurare of 

%• The following was the 

« Forme to be observed by my Lords the Bishops in the ordering 
of such as were committed to their custody for Popery. 


*' That the lodging be in such a convenient part of your House as 
he may both be there in safe custody, and also hare no easy access 
of your household people unto him, other than such as you shall ap- 
point and know to be settled in religion and honesty, as that they 
may not be preverted in religion or any otherwise corrupted by 

''That he be not admitted unto your own table, except upon 
some good occasion to have ministred to him there, in that presence 
of some that shall happen to resort unto you, such talk whereby the 
hearers may be confirmed in the truth ; but to have his diet by him- 
self alone in his chamber, and that in no superfluitie, but afler the 
spare manner of Scholars' commons. 

*' That you suffer none (unless some one to attend upon him) to 
have access unto him but such as you shall know to be persons well 
^confirmed in true religion, and are not likely to be weakened in the 
profession of the said religion by any conference they shall hare 
with him. 

''That you permit him not at anytime and place, whilst he is 

with you, to enter into any disputation of matters of religion, or to 

^ reason tfiereof, otherwise thah upon such occasion as shall be by 

you, or in your presence, with your good liking, by some other mi-^ 

nistred unto him« 

" That he have ministred unto him such books of learned men 
and sound writers in divinity as you are able to lend him, and none 

" That he have no liberty to walk abroad to take the air : but 
when yourself is at best leisure to go with him, or accompanied 
with such as you shall appoint. 

" That you do your endeavor by all good persuasions to bring 
him to the hearing of sermons and other exercises of religion in your 
House, and the Chapel or Church vrhich you most commonly fre> 

* MS. Lanad. 155, fol: 198. 



Draught of a Letter from the Marquess of Winchester 
to Queen Elizabeth in 1571, upon the state of the- 
Crown Debt. 

[ibid. cli. fol. 195.} 

%* This Letter, or Draught, or Minute, contains a summary re- 
port of the origin of the Debt with which King Henry the Eighth 
incumbered both his children and his successors. 

The Marquess of Winchester was a man of great natural and 
great acquired abilities. He was comptroller and afterwards trea- 
surer of the Household to King Henry the Eighth, and Lord High 
Treasurer during the reigns of King Edward the Sixth and Queen 
Mary, and through part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Granger 
has given the Marquess's character, when repeating one of his 
answers to a less experienced courtier. Being enquired of how he 
could by possibility accommodate himself to Princes of such differ- 
ent characters, so as to retain the same high post through so many 
changes of administration, he answered, << by being a willowy and 
not an oak.'' The passage in this Letter relating to the forbearance 
of Henry the Seventh to disclose the quantum of his accumulated 
treasure is curious. 

A Memorandum at the end of the Draught says, 

'' This Lettre was ment to be written to the Q. Majestic by the 
Lord William Marques of Winchestr, high treasorer of England, 
but he never finished it : and it was written in April 1571.** 

The Marquess of Winchester, who was extremely aged died be- 
fore the close of that year. 

The King your grandfather having good title to 
the Crowne of England, entred the same, and by 
strength and Godds helpe slewe Kinge Richard in the 
feld, and so preceded to the governance of the realme 
and raigned in great honor twenty fourd yeres, and 

R 5 


in that tyme had iij. fought felds, and no mo Counsel- 
lers but Cardinall Morton, Foxe, Lovell, and Bray, 
and Sir Giles Dawbeney, whome he made Baron and 
Lord Chamberlen. The great Lords he could not 
take to Counsell for the variance that was amonge 
them. And in that tyme his Majestie grew so riche 
that he never made declaracon of his estate, but lefte 
all to his Sonne, the Kinge your father. 

The King your father, vpon the deathe of your 
grandfather, was brought to the Tower, and there 
kept howse till the Duke of Buckingham, and the 
old Erie of Oxford came to the Court; and when 
they were assembled, there were ij. questions moved 
amonge them. The one was whether the Kyngs 
Majestie should be brought up in worldly know- 
lege, or els in pleasure and liberty, leaving the care to 
his Counsell. And it was agreed best to bringe him 
vp in all pleasure, for otherwise he should growe to 
hard among his subjects as the King his father did ; 
and that agrement was kept. The King your father, 
delighting in pleasant life, was forced to apoint the 
Cardinall to call his Counsell togethers and sett forth 
the order and govemement of the realm e, and so it 
contynewed till his cummynge to the xxij* yere of 
his raigne, and in that tyme he had spent all the 
treasure his father lefte, and as much more taken of 
the subjects, of whome he could take no more. And 
then was it devised to take of the Clergy ; and so was it 


done. And so nere was thstt wasted, when his Grace 
came to the xxxij*** yere of his raigne, that he devised 
to consider his estate for mayntenance of the same, 
which could not be found before the end of his life* 

Then your brother the Eong entred his raigne, and 
continewed the same all in governance by reason of 
his nonage ; and by all that tyme kept in the warre 
wherin his father had lefte him, and thereby, and 
with his faders dett was growne into great dett, and 
so died. 

Then came the Queue your sister with sum diflS- 
culty to the Crowne, and to all the said dett, that her 
Highnes was forced to se her state; and that her 
Grace comanded me to make, and so I didd upon 
trust her Majestic would have kept the same secret, 
but that was not done : but I, called before her Grace, 
and commanded to declare that which I had written 
to all my Lords of her Privy Coimsell, to make profe 
of that I had written, and so I didd, though it was 
never followed in in all her life. And thereby all 
the said dett with the Crowne was, and is cum to 
your Majestic, and the dett encreased by the warres, 
and by making of great provicons, and by losses in 
exchange, which moveth your Majestie to call agayn 
to se your estate, and how your dett may be dis- 
charged, wherof I have made Papers, and delivered 
the same to your Secretory that my L. Keper of 
your Great Scale and your Secretory may reade and 


consider the same, whereby thej may the better cofii- 
ferre with your Majestie in every thinge, at tlie 
doiiige wherof I would gladly haye bene, but I am 
so trowbled with the humor upon my nose that I am 
not able to go abrode, and for that cause only I de- 
sire your l^ajesty to accept my excuse. 

\* There is a copy of a Doamieiit among the Haririan IfSS. ia 
the hand-writiiig of Ralph Staricej which throws great bght upon 
the wasteful expenditnre of moDey at the dose of the reign of 
Henrjr VXII., so pointedly alloded to in tiiis Letter. It pniporfs to 
be a ^ Brief Declaration of the Charges of the King's Wars and For- 
tifications,'' divided for the sake of perspicaity, into seyeral branches, 
some extending over a longer period of time than otliers, between 
the 90^ Hen. VIII. and the 6^ Edw. VI. 

The fint diyision contains tlie charges of Hen« Vlll. when he 
went in his own perBOn to besiege the towns of Boulogne and Mon- 
trenll ; with the subsequent expense of maintaining the fortifications 
of the Boulognois, from Ist Jan. 35 Hen. Vm. to the Ist May 
4 Edw. VI., being the day of rendering and learing the town and 
county to tlie French. 2. The Charges of the fortifications and gar- 
risons at Calais, Guisnes, and tlie Marches, between SO Sept 30th 
Hen. VIII., and the last of July, 6 Edw. VI. S. The Charges of 
dirers and sundry armies and ganisons in the North parts of the 
realm, with those of the Invasions made into Scotland, from 9 Sept. 
U Hen. VIII. to Ist May 4 Edw. VI. 4. The Charges of the Ma- 
rine, and of the men-of-war upon the seas, at sundry enterprises 
against both French and Scots, ^ within the time of all the said, 
wars.'' 6. The expenses of the journey of Landrecy made by the 
Emperor against the French King, 35 Hen. VIII. 6. The Charges 
of the Castles, Forts, and Bulwarks, made and fortified upon the 
sea-coasts for the defence of England. 7. The Charges of suppress/ 
ing the Rebels in the 3 Edw. VI. 

The sum total of the expenses included in these several divisions, 
amounted very nearly to three millions and a half. The exact siua 
was 3,491,4711. 19«. 5^. 



George Buchanan to Mr. Thomas Randolph f*^ jeering 

him upon his second Marriage. Busied on the Story 

of Scotland. Knox^s History. Commends BezcHs: 

Poetry. 1572. 

[ibid. XT. art 24. Oni;:\ 

I resav't twa pair of lettres of you sens my latlie 
wryting to you. Wyth the fyrst I resavit Marinus 
Scotus, of quhylk I thank you greatly, and specialy 
that your Inglishmen ar found liars in thair cronicles, 
allegyng on him sic thyngs as he never said. I haif 
beyne vexit wyth seiknes al the tyme sens, and geif 
I had decessit ye suld haif leset bath thar lettris and 
recompens. Now I must neid thank you, hot geif 
wear brokke vp of thys foly laitly done on the bor- 
der, for than I wyl hald the recompense as Inglis 
geir ; hot geif peace followis, and nother ye die seik 
of mariage or of the twa symptomes following on 
manage, quhylk ar jalozie and cuccaldry, and tho 
gut* cary not me away, I most other find sum way to 
pay or leise kyndnes, or ellis geifing vp kyndnes pay 
zow with evil wordis ; and geif thys fasson of dealing 
pleasit me, I haif reddy occasion to be angry wyth 
you that haif wissit me to be ane Kentys man, 
quylk in a maner is ane centaure, half man, half 
beast; and yit for ane certaine consideration I wyl 



pas over that iniury, imputyng it evar to your new 
foly than to aid wysdome ; for geif ye had beine in 
your ryt wyt, ye being anis** escapit the tempestuous 
stormes and naufrage of mariage, had never entexid 
agane in the samyng dangeris, for I can not tak you 
for ane Stoik philosopher, having ane head inexpug*- 
nable with the j&enetyk tormentis of jalozie, or ane 
cairless hart skeptik that taks cuccaldris as thyng in- 
different. In thys caise I most nedis praefer the 
srude Scottis wyt of Capitane Cocburne to your 
Inglis solomonical sapience, quhylke every of ane 
wyfis deliuerit hir to the queyne againe, hot you, 
deliuerit of ane wyfe, castis your self in the samyn 
nette, etferrepotes dominam sahiis tot restibus ullam : ^ 
and so Capitane Cocburne is in better case than 
you, for his seiknes is in the feitte and zowris in the 
heid. I pray you geif I be out of purpose, thynke 
not that I shuld be maryitt, hot rathe;r consider your 
awyn dangerouse estait of the quhylk the speking as 
thus troublit my braine and put me sa far outof the way. 
As to my occupation at thys present tyme, I am 
besy with oiu* Story of Scotland, to purge it of sum 
Inglis lyis and Scottis vanite. 

As to Maister Knoks, his Historic is in hys 
fieindis handis, and thai ar in consultation to miti- 
gat sum part the acerbite of certaine wordis, and 
sum tauntis quhair in he has foUowit to muche sum 

^ once. 


of your Inglis writaxis, as M. Hal, et snppUcatorem 
eim Graf tone :^ and as to M. Beza I fear that eild, 
quhyk has put me from verss making, sal deliure hym 
sone a scabie poetica^ quhylk wax ane great pitye for 
he is ane of the moost singular poetes that has beine 
thys lang tyme. As to your great prasyng gevin to 
me in your lettre, geif ye scome not I thank you of 
luif and kyndnes towart me, but I am sorie of your 
corrupt iugement. Heir I wald say mony iniuries 
to yow war not yat my gut** comandis me to cesse, 
and I wyl als spair mater to my mixt writings. 
Fairweal and God keip you« At Sterling, the sext 
of August Be youris at al a power, 

To his singular freynd, M. Randolf, 
Maister of Postis to the Qaeines 
G. of Ingland, in London. 

• Henry Killigrew, in the latter part of a Letter to Lord BurgUey, dated from 
Edinbuj^h, 6th Oct. 1572, gives the following short but interesting notice of Knox's 
latest days. He died Nov. 24th following. 

" The Postscript of your L. Lettre I answer thus. I trust to satisfy Morton, and 
for John Knox, that thing you may see by my dispatch to Mr. Secretary is done 
and dinng daQy. The people in general well boit to En^and, abhOTring tiie fiEu:t in 
France, and fearing their tiranny. 

" John Knox is now so feeble as scarce can he stand alone, oi speak to be heard 
of any audience, yet doth he every Sunday cause himself to be caried to a place 
where a certain numbre do hear him, and preacheth with the same vehemency and . 
leal that ever he did. He doth reverence your L. much, and willed me once agtdn 
to send you word that he thanks God he had obtained at his hands that the Gospel 
ol Jesus Christ is truely and simply preached throughout Scotland, which doth so 
comfort him as he now desireth to be out of this miserable life. He said further, 
that it was not long of your L. that he was not a great bishop in England, but that 
' effect grown in Scotland, he being an instrument, doth much more satisfy him. He 
desired me to make his last commendations most humbly to your Tjordalhip, and 
withall that he pr^ed God to increase his strong spirit in you, saying there was 
never more need. And quoth he to me, ' Take heed how you believe them of the 
Castle, for sure they will deceive you ; and trust me I know they seek nothing more 
than the ruin of your Mistress, which they have been about a long time." Cott. 
MS.CaUg. C.iii.fol. 371. 

* gout 



Sir Thonias Smith to Sir Francis Walsingham. T^Tie 
Mcissacre of St Bartholomew. 

[MS. COTTON. VESP. P. tI. fol. ISO. OrigJ] 

*4»* The Massacre of St. Bartholomew received a short Comment 
in the second Series of these Volumes. The terror which it stiuck 
into surrounding countries may be imagined from this and from, the 
succeeding Letter. 

A ControTersy relating to it was carried on a few years ago, with 
some degree of warmth, between the late Mr. John Allea and Or. 
Lingard, the former having attacked the fidelity of the latter's state- 
ments in his History, in the Edinburgh Review. On one side, every 
credible document was represented as declaring that the Massacre 
was a sudden and unforeseen expedient, an ebullition of popular ven- 
geance, suggested by the alarm which the failure of an attempt upon 
the life of the Admiral Coligni had excited, and by the danger to be 
expected from the revenge of his adherents. On the other side, it 
was represented as the consequence of a premeditated plot to entrap 
and destroy the Hugonots in general. Again, on the one side, 
the hypothesis of a preconcerted plot was represented as not rest- 
ing upon contemporary evidence. The other stating the hypo- 
thesis as positively advanced upon such authority. There cannot be 
a doubt but that contemporary opinion leaned to the ^ide of preme^ 
ditation; and that there was not a Court in Europe but believed 
that the Massacre of Paris was the result of a Plot, as deeply as- it 
was deliberately planned. A fiict which affords this opinion no 
trifling corroboration, is, that the documents upon the subject in 
France, have long ceased to exist among the Public Records. 

Some years ago the Editor of the present Volumes communicated 
to the Society of Antiquaries a Copy of the Instructions sent to 
Henry Killigrew, Esq'., then Resident at the Court of Scotland, to 
announce this Massacre, in which Elizabeth and her Ministers de^ 
clare, that at the first they supposed it to come but of private 
quarrel and contention betvveen the Admiral and certain noblemen 
of the Reformed Religion and the House of Guise ; but adding 
that, from later circumstances ''you may say that we are afraide, and 


in maimer perfectly do see, that this hath been premeditated and 
minded of long time before/' 

The present Letter, dated 11th September, 1572, says, ''You will 
not think how much we are desirous to hear what end these troubles 
will have ; whether it rangeth further into all France, or it did, or 
will cease there at Paris." The dates have been already given in 
tbe former Series^ of the contmuance qfthe butchery. 

Among the Egerton Manuscripts in the Museum *> there is one 
preserved, relating to this Massacre, of no common character, en- 
titled ^ Instruction a M. de Guise apres la Barthelemy :'' dated 
30 Aug. 1572 ; signed by Charles ix^ himself, and countersigned by 
Bndart. Lord Bridgewater has added this Note in his own Cata- 
logue : '' Cette Apologie fut envoy^e dans toutes les Cours de TEu- 
rope ; entr*autres en celle d'Angleterre.'' 

S*, this accident in Fraunce semeth to us so 
strannge^ and beyond all expectacon, that we can 
not tell what to saie to it. And the excuse tarn 
votpdio^a that we wote not what to think of it. The 
mater apereth all maner of waies very lamentable. 
The King so sodenly and in one day to have de- 
spoyled him self and his realme of so many notable 
capitaines^ so many brave soldiars^ so wise and so 
valiant men. And if they were ungilty of that 
which is in word laid to them, yt is most pitifuU. 
Yf they were giltie, Cur inaudita causa damnati ac 
ccBsi? In suche sodeine and extreame dealings cita 
sed sera pcBnitentia solet sequu Yf yet it were 
sodein, and not of long tyme premeditate before; 
and if so, then the worse, and more infamous. Thus 
yow see what privately eny man may think of the 
fact. I am glad yet in these tumultes, and cruell 

* Second Series, vol. ui. p. S3. ^ MS. Egerton, 9* 


proscriptions tliat yow did escape^ and the ycmg 
gentlemen that be there with yow; and that the 
King had so great pitie and care of our nation so 
lately w*** streight amitie confederate unto him. 
Yet we here saie, that he that was sent by my Lord 
Chamberlayn, to be scholemaster to the yong Lord 
Wharton, being but com the daie before, was then 
slaine. Alas he was acquainted with no body, nor 
could be parte taker of eny evill dealing. 

How fearfull, and carefull, the mothers and parents 
that be here be of such yong gentlemen as be there, 
you may easely ges, by my Lady Lane, who prayeth 
very emestly, that hir son might be saufely sent 
home, w^ as mich spede as may be. And if my 
Ladie yo' wief w* yo*" daughter, and the rest of such 
as yow may spare, were sent away home, untill this 
rage and tempest were somwhat more apeasid, you 
should be the quieter, and disbourdened of mich of 
your care. 

Yow will not think how mich we are desirous to 
here what end these troubles will have ; whether it 
rangeth further into all Fraunce, or it did, or will 
cease there at Paris. 

Our Marchaunts be afraid now to go into Fraunce; 
and who can blame ? who wolde, where such liberty 
is geven to soldiars, and where nee pietas necjustitia 
doth restreyne and kepe back the unruly malice and 
sworde of the raging populace* 


Mons** de la Motte is somwhat spoken to in this 
mater ; and now the vintage as you know is at hand, 
and our trafique into Roan and other places in 
France is almost laid downe with this new feare. Yt 
greveth no man in England so mich as me, and in 
dede I have in som respects the greatest cawse. 
Fare ye well. From Woodstock, the xi* of Septem- 
ber, 1572. 

My Lady Lane hath sent by yo' man xxx*i. in 
gold to pay hir sons detts there and charges in com- 
myng home. 

Yo*" allwais assurid 


I most hartely thank yow for yo"^ Booke of the 
storye of the passid trobles in Fraunce, but helas 
who shall now worthely write of these new treasons 
and cruelties more barbarous then ever the Scithians 
used. Both my L. Treasurer and I have bene more 
then ones or twies suters to her Ma*** for yo' comyng 
home, and somtyme we had it grawntid but streight 
revokid; the lettres faier written, and immediately 
callid back. Ye must I se enduer for a tyme, but I 
trust it shall not be long. 



William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester ^ and jRobert 
Homey Bishxyp of Winchester , to Sir Henry JRctd- 
cliffe^ Captain of Portsmouth^ and the Mayor and 
Officers there, to examine all Strangers who resort 
into the Kingdom, under pretence of Liberty of 

[MS. COTTON. VESPAs. P. xii. fol. 191. Orig.l 

Whereas the bono***" Counsaile have directed their 
lettres unto us, which came to our hands this pre- 
sente morning, declaring howe they are enformed 
from sondrie partes that siihence the first daie of 
September last past, many straungiers are repaired 
in to this realm, under pretence of the libertie of 
their consciences, and for safetie of their lives ; and 
more are to be looked for dailie fibr that under the 
coulour thereof many besides may resorte which have 
not like honest meanings towards the preservacion of 
the state and quiet of our country : and, thereupon 
have required us forthw* to geve order unto all the 
officers of suche townes and parts adjoyning unto us 
where any such straungiers doe make their abode, 
to viewe and note as circumspectlie and directlie as 
theie may, what number of straungers have sithence 
the said first daie of September, repaired unto suche 
townes and portes, and howe manie do remaine, and 


howe many be departed thence^ and whither ; noting 

perticulerlie what their names be, what nation, con- 

dicon and qualitie theie be of, howe they doe behave 

them selves, howe manie masters, wifes, children, 

and servaunts they be in the whole, and howe manie 

the said towne and portes is able to beare : we do 

require you, and also in the Queenes Ma^ name doe 

chardge you personallie, to be with us at the citie of 

Winchester, upon this daie sevennight, which shalbe 

the V*** daie of November. And in the meane tyme 

so to indevour your selves as then we may receave in 

Mrriting at your hands or at th'ands of some of yours, 

sufficient notice and certificate of the state touching 

the premisses within your chardge, for the satisffieng 

of the bono***' Counsaile, yeven under o' hands, the 

xxjx*>» daie of Octob', 1572. 

Yo' loving frends, wynchester. 

To the right worahip^l qt loving frende 

S' Henrie Radcliff, knight, Capitaine 

of Portesmouth. 
And to o' loving frends the Maior and 

other Officers of the same, haste, 

Constables and Tithingmen, see this 

Lettre conveighed from place to 

place, till they come to the place ap- 
pointed for the Quenes Ma** service. 



Printed hj S. A J. Bwtlit, Wxxflov, and Flit> 
Bangor iloiiM, Shoa Lane.